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Guiatussin with Codeine Side Effects

Generic Name: codeine / guaifenesin

Note: This document contains side effect information about codeine / guaifenesin. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Guiatussin with Codeine.

For the Consumer

Applies to codeine / guaifenesin: oral liquid, oral solution, oral syrup

What are some side effects that I need to call my doctor about right away?

WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:

  • Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
  • Very bad dizziness or passing out.
  • Chest pain or pressure or a fast heartbeat.
  • Trouble breathing, slow breathing, or shallow breathing.
  • Noisy breathing.
  • Feeling very sleepy.
  • Feeling confused.
  • A heartbeat that does not feel normal.
  • Hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not there).
  • Mood changes.
  • Seizures.
  • Very bad belly pain.
  • Very bad headache.
  • Trouble passing urine.
  • Shakiness.
  • Change in eyesight.
  • Very upset stomach or throwing up.
  • Very hard stools (constipation).
  • Feeling very tired or weak.

What are some other side effects of this drug?

All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:

  • Hard stools (constipation).
  • Dizziness.
  • Feeling sleepy.
  • Upset stomach or throwing up.
  • Sweating a lot.
  • Feeling tired or weak.

These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.

You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch.

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to codeine / guaifenesin: oral capsule, oral liquid, oral syrup, oral tablet

General

The more commonly reported adverse effects of codeine include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Guaifenesin is generally well tolerated.

Nervous system

Codeine
Frequency not reported: CNS depression, lightheadedness, dizziness, sedation, headache, convulsions, weakness[Ref]

Cardiovascular

Codeine
Frequency not reported: Tachycardia, bradycardia, palpitation, faintness, syncope, orthostatic hypotension, circulatory depression

Gastrointestinal

Codeine
Frequency not reported: Nausea, vomiting, constipation, biliary tract spasm, increased colonic motility, toxic dilation

Guaifenesin:
Frequency not reported: Abdominal pain (upper), diarrhea, nausea, vomiting[Ref]

Genitourinary

Codeine
Frequency not reported: Oliguria, urinary retention, antidiuretic effect[Ref]

Dermatologic

Codeine-induced rash may be related to direct stimulation of histamine release.[Ref]

Codeine:
Frequency not reported: Rash

Guaifenesin:
Frequency not reported: Rash[Ref]

Hypersensitivity

Codeine
Frequency not reported: Pruritus, giant urticaria, angioneurotic edema, laryngeal edema

Guaifenesin:
Frequency not reported: Hypersensitivity reactions (pruritus, urticaria)

Ocular

Codeine
Frequency not reported: Visual disturbances

Psychiatric

Codeine
Frequency not reported: Euphoria, dysphoria, transient hallucination, disorientation

Respiratory

Codeine:
Frequency not reported: Respiratory depression[Ref]

Respiratory depression and death have occurred in children who received codeine in the postoperative period following tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy. Further investigation has shown these patients to be ultra-rapid metabolizers of codeine. Children with obstructive sleep apnea who are treated with codeine appear to be particularly sensitive to the respiratory depressant effects of codeine.[Ref]

References

1. de Groot AC, Conemans J "Allergic urticarial rash from oral codeine." Contact Dermatitis 14 (1986): 209-14

2. "Product Information. Robitussin (guaifenesin)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.

3. Gonzalogarijo MA, Revengaarranz F "Fixed drug eruption due to codeine." Br J Dermatol 135 (1996): 498-9

4. US Food and Drug Administration "FDA News Release: FDA requires strong warnings for opioid analgesics, prescription opioid cough products, and benzodiazepine labeling related to serious risks and death from combined use. Available from: URL: http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAn" ([2016, Aug 31]):

Some side effects of Guiatussin with Codeine may not be reported. Always consult your doctor or healthcare specialist for medical advice. You may also report side effects to the FDA.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. This information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill , knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate safety, effectiveness, or appropriateness for any given patient. Drugs.com does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of materials provided. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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