Skip to Content

Gildagia Side Effects

Generic Name: ethinyl estradiol / norethindrone

Note: This document contains side effect information about ethinyl estradiol / norethindrone. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Gildagia.

For the Consumer

Applies to ethinyl estradiol / norethindrone: oral capsule liquid filled, oral tablet, oral tablet chewable

Along with its needed effects, ethinyl estradiol / norethindrone may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking ethinyl estradiol / norethindrone:

Incidence not known
  • Abdominal or stomach pain
  • absent, missed, or irregular menstrual periods
  • anxiety
  • change in vision
  • changes in skin color
  • chest pain or discomfort
  • chills
  • clay-colored stools
  • constipation
  • cough
  • dark urine
  • diarrhea
  • dizziness or lightheadedness
  • fainting
  • fast heartbeat
  • fever
  • headache
  • hives or welts
  • itching skin
  • large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
  • loss of appetite
  • medium to heavy, irregular vaginal bleeding between regular monthly periods, which may require the use of a pad or a tampon
  • nausea and vomiting
  • pain or discomfort in the arms, jaw, back, or neck
  • pain, tenderness, or swelling of the foot or leg
  • pains in the chest, groin, or legs, especially in the calves of the legs
  • pounding in the ears
  • rash
  • redness of the skin
  • severe headaches of sudden onset
  • slow or fast heartbeat
  • sudden loss of coordination or slurred speech
  • sudden onset of shortness of breath for no apparent reason
  • sudden shortness of breath or troubled breathing
  • sweating
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
  • vomiting of blood

Some side effects of ethinyl estradiol / norethindrone may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Incidence not known
  • Abdominal or stomach cramps
  • bloating
  • blotchy spots on the exposed skin
  • breast enlargement or tenderness
  • discouragement
  • feeling sad or empty
  • irritability
  • itching of the vagina or outside genitals
  • loss of interest or pleasure
  • pain during sexual intercourse
  • thick, white curd-like vaginal discharge without odor or with mild odor
  • tiredness
  • trouble concentrating
  • trouble sleeping
  • trouble wearing contact lenses

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to ethinyl estradiol / norethindrone: oral capsule, oral tablet, oral tablet chewable

General

The most frequently reported side effects were headache, vaginal candidiasis, nausea, menstrual cramps, breast tenderness, abdominal pain, mood changes, bacterial vaginitis, acne, irregular uterine bleeding, and weight gain.[Ref]

Genitourinary

Common (1% to 10%): Vaginal candidiasis, menstrual cramps, breast tenderness, bacterial vaginitis, abnormal/irregular bleeding, metrorrhagia, irregular menstruation, menorrhagia, vaginal hemorrhage, breast pain, dysmenorrhea, vaginal hemorrhage, dysfunctional uterine bleeding
Frequency not reported: Ovarian vein thrombosis, vaginitis, amenorrhea, breakthrough bleeding, breast enlargement, breast secretion, cervical erosion changed, cervical secretion, menstrual flow changed, diminution in lactation, spotting, temporary infertility after discontinuation of treatment, premenstrual syndrome, uterine fibroid disease exacerbated
Postmarketing reports: Vaginal infection, pollakiuria, dysuria, ovarian cyst, pelvic pain, ovarian cyst rupture, pelvic fluid collection, nipple pain, nipple discharge, galactorrhea, fibrocystic breast change, breast disorder, breast mass, uterine leiomyomata size increased, cervical ectropion changed, endometrial hyperplasia, ovarian cyst, uterine enlargement[Ref]

Cardiovascular

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Blood pressure increased
Frequency not reported: Deep vein thrombosis, myocardial infarction, hypertension, arterial thromboembolism, thrombophlebitis
Postmarketing reports: Coronary artery thrombosis, palpitation, tachycardia, angina pectoris, hot flush, heart rate irregular[Ref]

Gastrointestinal

Common (1% to 10%): Nausea/vomiting, abdominal pain
Frequency not reported: Abdominal cramps, bloating, colitis, dyspepsia, inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, mesenteric thrombosis
Postmarketing reports: Constipation, pancreatitis[Ref]

Nervous system

Common (1% to 10%): Headache
Frequency not reported: Migraine, dizziness, cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral thrombosis
Postmarketing reports: Loss of consciousness, hyperesthesia, paresthesia, hypoesthesia, somnolence, sensory disturbance, transient ischemic attack, ischemic stroke, chorea, epilepsy exacerbated, dementia, hemiparesis[Ref]

Oncologic

Frequency not reported: Hepatic adenoma, hepatic carcinoma, benign liver tumor
Postmarketing reports: Hemangioma of liver, breast cancer, ovarian cancer, endometrial cancer, uterine cancer[Ref]

Endocrine

Postmarketing reports: Hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism[Ref]

Psychiatric

Common (1% to 10%): Mood swing, depression, mood changed, anxiety
Frequency not reported: Nervousness
Postmarketing reports: Insomnia, suicidal ideation, panic attack, libido changed, homicidal ideation, dissociation, bipolar disorder, mood disturbed, irritability[Ref]

Dermatologic

Common (1% to 10%): Acne
Frequency not reported: Hirsutism, loss of scalp hair, melasma, chloasma, erythema multiforme, erythema nodosum, hemorrhagic eruption, photosensitivity, pruritus
Postmarketing reports: Alopecia, generalized rash, allergic rash, skin discoloration, urticaria, angioedema, night sweats, angioedema, hirsutism, skin burning sensation, generalized erythema[Ref]

Hepatic

Frequency not reported: Liver disease, gallbladder disease, cholestatic jaundice, Budd-Chiari syndrome
Postmarketing reports: Cholelithiasis, cholecystitis[Ref]

Hematologic

Frequency not reported: Hemolytic uremic syndrome
Postmarketing reports: Anemia[Ref]

Immunologic

Postmarketing reports: Hypersensitivity reaction, anaphylactic/anaphylactoid reaction[Ref]

Ocular

Frequency not reported: Corneal curvature change/steepening, contact lens intolerance, cataracts, retinal thrombosis
Postmarketing reports: Vision blurred, vision impaired, corneal thinning, fungal infection, transient blindness[Ref]

Respiratory

Frequency not reported: Pulmonary embolism
Postmarketing reports: Asthma exacerbated, dyspnea[Ref]

Musculoskeletal

Frequency not reported: Leg cramp, backache
Postmarketing reports: Myalgia, arthralgia, back pain[Ref]

Metabolic

Common (1% to 10%): Weight fluctuation
Frequency not reported: Tolerance to carbohydrates reduced
Postmarketing reports: Appetite increased, appetite decreased, diabetes mellitus, hypoglycemia, hypocalcemia, triglycerides increased, blood glucose abnormal[Ref]

Other

Common (1% to 10%): Cervical smear abnormal, weight gain, edema
Frequency not reported: Fatigue, porphyria, Vitamin B6 deficient
Postmarketing reports: Weight decreased, peripheral edema, malaise, chest pain[Ref]

Renal

Frequency not reported: Renal function impaired
Postmarketing reports: Cystitis-like syndrome[Ref]

References

1. "Product Information. Loestrin 24 Fe (ethinyl estradiol-norethindrone)." Warner Chilcott Laboratories, Rockaway, NJ.

2. "Product Information. Lo Minastrin Fe (ethinyl estradiol-norethindrone)." Warner Chilcott Laboratories, Rockaway, NJ.

3. "Product Information. Estrostep Fe (ethinyl estradiol-norethindrone)." Parke-Davis, Morris Plains, NJ.

4. "Product Information. Femhrt (ethinyl estradiol-norethindrone)" Parke-Davis, Morris Plains, NJ.

5. "Product Information. Femcon FE (ethinyl estradiol-norethindrone)." Actavis (formerly Abrika Pharmaceuticals LLP), Sunrise, FL.

6. "Product Information. Briellyn (ethinyl estradiol-norethindrone)." Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Inc, Princeton, NJ.

7. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0

8. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0

9. "Product Information. Lo Loestrin Fe (ethinyl estradiol-norethindrone)." Warner Chilcott Laboratories, Rockaway, NJ.

Some side effects of Gildagia may not be reported. Always consult your doctor or healthcare specialist for medical advice. You may also report side effects to the FDA.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. This information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill , knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate safety, effectiveness, or appropriateness for any given patient. Drugs.com does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of materials provided. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

Hide