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Transient Ischemic Attack

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Apr 2, 2024.

What is a transient ischemic attack (TIA)?

A TIA, or mini-stroke, happens when blood cannot flow to part of the brain. A TIA only lasts minutes to hours and does not cause lasting damage. It is still important to get immediate medical care. A TIA may be a warning that you are about to have an ischemic stroke. An ischemic stroke happens when blood flow to the brain is suddenly blocked, usually by a blood clot.

Ischemic Stroke

What are the warning signs of a stroke?

The words BE FAST can help you remember and recognize warning signs of a stroke:


What are the signs and symptoms of a TIA?

Any of the following may happen suddenly and be gone quickly:

What increases my risk for a TIA?

How is a TIA diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will ask you about the TIA. He or she may want to talk to anyone who witnessed the TIA or found you after it. You or the person should describe your signs and symptoms and when they started. Tell your provider about any medical conditions you have. You may also need any of the following:

How is a TIA treated?

A TIA does not need to be treated. The following may be used to treat the cause of your TIA to prevent a stroke:

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

What can I do to prevent another TIA or a stroke?

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) or have someone else call if:

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.