Generic Name: trisodium citrate dihydrate
Dosage Form: extracorporeal solution
Medically reviewed on February 1, 2018
ANTICOAGULANT SODIUM CITRATE CONCENTRATE – 46.7% Trisodium Citrate
PN 6030, 30 mL
Tricitrasol® Anticoagulant Sodium Citrate Concentrate, 46.7% Trisodium Citrate, is a sterile, non-pyrogenic solution of Trisodium Citrate (Dihydrate), USP.
Each 30 mL of concentrate contains:
|Trisodium Citrate, dihydrate, USP||14.0 grams|
|Water for Injection, USP||q.s.|
pH adjusted with Citric Acid
pH: 6.3 – 6.6
Single patient use only, on a single occasion.
Tricitrasol - Clinical Pharmacology
A sodium citrate solution acts as an anticoagulant by the action of the citrate ion chelating free ionized calcium; thus, the calcium ion is unavailable to the coagulation system 1.
Indications and Usage for Tricitrasol
Tricitrasol® Anticoagulant Sodium Citrate Concentrate, 46.7% Trisodium Citrate, is an anticoagulant used in granulocytapheresis procedures (granulocyte collection by apheresis). Just prior to performing granulocytapheresis, aseptically add 30 mL of Tricitrasol® to 500 mL of the 6% solution of Hydroxyethyl Starch (HES), e.g. Hespan ® 2-8. Agitate the resultant solution for 1 minute to assure a uniform concentration of anticoagulant. The resultant solution of Tricitrasol® and 6% solution of HES contains the following concentration depending upon the volume used:
|Volume of Tricitrasol®||Volume of HES||Total Volume||Final Concentration of Tricitrasol®|
|30 mL||500 mL (measured from HES bag)||530 mL||2.6%|
|30 mL||558 mL (injected directly into HES bag)||588 mL||2.4%|
The Tricitrasol®/HES solution is stable for up to 24 hours at room temperature after mixing.
Refer to the manufacturer's Operator's Manual of the apheresis medical device for the directions to perform the granulocytapheresis procedure.
NOT FOR DIRECT INTRAVENOUS INFUSION.
CONCENTRATED ANTICOAGULANT – DILUTE PRIOR TO USE.
Aseptic technique must be maintained at all times.
Tricitrasol® Anticoagulant Sodium Citrate Concentrate is a clear/colorless solution. If the product shows any cloudiness or turbidity, the concentrate should be discarded.
The cap/stopper system provides a biological barrier and should be intact – discard product if system is comprised.
Information for Patients
There are no laboratory tests for the drug product at this time.
There are no adverse reactions for the addition of the product to the rouleaux agent.
Carcinogenesis, mutagenesis, impairment of fertility
Long-term studies in animals have not been performed to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of Tricitrasol®.
Long-term studies in animals have not been performed to evaluate the effects of Tricitrasol® on pregnant women.
The safety and effectiveness of Tricitrasol® in children have not been established.
Citrate reactions or toxicity may occur with the infusion of blood products containing citrate anticoagulant 1. 9 11. The recipient of the citrated blood product should be monitored for the signs and symptoms of citrate toxicity 1. 9 11. The signs and symptoms of citrate toxicity begin with paresthesia, a "tingling" sensation around the mouth or in the extremities, followed by severe reactions that are characterized by chills, stomach cramps, or pressure in the chest, followed by more severe reactions that are characterized by hypotension and possible cardiac arrhythmia 1. 9 11. Citrate toxicity may occur more frequently in patients that are hypothermic 10, have impaired liver or renal function 10, or have low calcium levels because of an underlying disease 9.
Since the bottle of Tricitrasol® contains only 30mL of the product, it is impossible to overdose the addition of the product to the 6% solution of HES. However, in the event of a reaction to the infusion of citrated blood products, evaluate the patient and institute appropriate corrective actions 1, 9.
Tricitrasol Dosage and Administration
The apheresis system will control the amount of the citrate/6% solution of HES that is added to the whole blood and the method of administration of the solution. Refer to the Operator's Manual of the apheresis medical device.
How is Tricitrasol Supplied
Tricitrasol® Anticoagulant Sodium Citrate Concentrate 46.7% Trisodium Citrate
|PN 6030-25||30 mL Vial||25 Vials/Case|
|PN 6030-10||30 mL Vial||10 Vials/Case|
It is recommended that the product be stored at ambient room temperature, 24°C (75°F); however, the product can be stored between 15°C (59°F) and 30°C (86°F). Protect from freezing and exposure to excessive heat should be minimized.
Tricitrasol® is a registered trademark of Citra Labs, LLC, Braintree, MA.
Hespan ® is a registered trademark of B. Braun Medical, Inc., Irvine, CA.
- Grindon, A. J., "Adverse Reactions to Whole Blood Donation and Plasmapheresis", CRC Crit. Rev Clin. Lab. Sci., 17:51-75, 1982.
- Rock, G., and McCombie, N., "Alternate Dosage Regimens for High-Molecular-Weight Hydroxyethyl Starch", Transfusion, 25:417-419, 1985.
- Strauss, R. G., Hester, J. P., Vogler, W.R., Higby, D. J., Snikeris, A. C., Imig, K. M., Greazel, C., Mallard, G., Burnett, D., Gupta, S., and Hulse, J.D., "A Multicenter Trial to Document the Efficacy and Safety of a Rapidly Excreted Analog of Hydroxyethyl Starch for Leukapheresis with a Note on Steroid Stimulation of Granulocyte Donors", Transfusion, 26:258-264, 1986.
- Strauss, R.G., Rohret, P.A., Randels, M. J., and Wihegarden, D. C., "Granulocyte Collection", J. of Clin. Apheresis, 6:241-243, 1991.
- Lee, J.H., and Klein, H. G., "The Effect of Donor Red Cell Sedimentation Rate on Efficiency of Granulocyte Collection by Centrifugal Leukapheresis", Transfusion, 35:384-388, 1995.
- Adkins, D., Ali., S. Despotis, G., Dynis, M. and Goodnough, L. T., "Granulocyte Collection Efficiency and Yield are Enhanced by the Use of a Higher Interface Offset During Apheresis of Donors Given Granulocyte-Colony-Stimulating Factor", Transfusion, 38:557-564, 1998.
- Jendiroba, D. B., Lichtiger, B., Anaissie, E., Reddy, V., O'Brien, S., Kantarjian, H., and Freireich, E. J., "Evaluation and Comparison of Three Mobilization Methods for the Collection of Granulocytes". Transfusion, 38:722-728, 1998.
- Leavey P. J., Thurman, G., and Anbruso, D. R., "Functional Characteristics of Neutrophils Collected and Stored After Administration of G-CSF", Transfusion. 40:414-419, 2000.
- AABB Technical Manual, 14 th Edition, page 590, 2001.
- Denlinger, J.V., Nahrwold, M. L., Gibbs, P.S., and Lecky, J.H., "Hypocalcemia During Rapid Blood Transfusion in Anaesthetized Man", Br. J. Anaesth., 48-995-1000, 1976.
- Stack, G., Judge, J.V., and Snyder, E.L., "Febrile and Nonimmune Transfusion Reactions", in Principles of Transfusion Medicine, pp. 780-781, editors Rossi, E.C., Simon, T.L., Moss, G.S., and Gould, S.A., Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, MD, 2 nd ed., 1996.
Manufactured & Distributed by: Citra Labs, LLC, 55 Messina Drive, Braintree, MA 02184 • 1-800-299-3411 or 1-781-848-2174 Fax: 1-781-848-6781
Printed in USA
PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 10 Vial Case Label
ANTICOAGULANT SODIUM CITRATE CONCENTRATE
46.7% Trisodium Citrate
PN 6030 - 30 mL
WARNING: CONCENTRATED ANTICOAGULANT
Dilute prior to use
NOT FOR DIRECT INTRAVENOUS INFUSION
THIS CARTON CONTAINS
10 Sterile Units - 30 mL each
Used with 6% Hydroxyethyl Starch 500 mL (diluent) for the Collection of
Granulocytes by Apheresis. Do not use for other anticoagulant purposes.
See package insert for directions for use.
Manufactured & Distributed by:
55 Messina Drive, Braintree, MA 02184 • USA
Phone Number: 1-800-299-3411
Fax Number: 781-848-6781
Sterile ■ Non-Pyrogenic
Composition per 30 mL of Concentrate:
Trisodium Citrate (Dihydrate), USP 14.0 g
(pH adjusted with Citric Acid)
CAUTION: Single Procedure Use - Discard Unused Portion
Do Not Use Unless Solution is Clear and Seal is intact
Store Between 15°C - 30° C (59° F - 86° F)
trisodium citrate dihydrate solution
|Labeler - Citra Labs LLC (962863838)|
|Citra Labs, LLC||962863838||manufacture(23731-6030)|