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Quetiapine Fumarate XR Tablets

Pronunciation

Dosage Form: tablet, extended release

WARNING: INCREASED MORTALITY IN ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH DEMENTIA-RELATED PSYCHOSIS; and SUICIDAL THOUGHTS AND BEHAVIORS

Increased Mortality in Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis

Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.1)]. Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.1)].

Suicidal Thoughts and Behavior

Antidepressants increased the risk of suicidal thoughts and behavior in children, adolescents, and young adults in short-term studies. These studies did not show an increase in the risk of suicidal thoughts and behavior with antidepressant use in patients over age 24; there was a reduction in risk with antidepressant use in patients aged 65 and older [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.2)]. In patients of all ages who are started on antidepressant therapy, monitor closely for worsening, and for emergence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Advise families and caregivers of the need for close observation and communication with the prescriber [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.2)]

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is not approved for use in pediatric patients under ten years of age [see USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS (8.4)].

Indications and Usage for Quetiapine Fumarate XR Tablets

Schizophrenia

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia. The efficacy of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in schizophrenia was established in one 6-week and one maintenance trial in adults with schizophrenia. Efficacy was supported by three 6-week trials in adults with schizophrenia and one 6-week trial in adolescents with schizophrenia (13 to 17 years) treated with quetiapine fumarate tablet [see CLINICAL STUDIES (14.1)].

Bipolar Disorder

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is indicated for the acute treatment of manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder, both as monotherapy and as an adjunct to lithium or divalproex. The efficacy of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in manic or mixed episodes of bipolar I disorder was established in one 3-week trial in adults with manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder. Efficacy was supported by two 12-week monotherapy trials and one 3-week adjunctive trial in adults with manic episodes associated with bipolar I disorder as well as one 3-week monotherapy trial in children and adolescents (10 to 17 years) with manic episodes associated with bipolar I disorder treated with quetiapine fumarate tablet [see CLINICAL STUDIES (14.2)].

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is indicated for the acute treatment of depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder. The efficacy of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet was established in one 8-week trial in adults with bipolar I or II disorder and supported by two 8-week trials in adults with bipolar I or II disorder treated with quetiapine fumarate tablet [see CLINICAL STUDIES (14.2)].

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is indicated for the maintenance treatment of bipolar I disorder, as an adjunct to lithium or divalproex. Efficacy was extrapolated from two maintenance trials in adults with bipolar I disorder treated with quetiapine fumarate tablet. The effectiveness of monotherapy for the maintenance treatment of bipolar I disorder has not been systematically evaluated in controlled clinical trials [see CLINICAL STUDIES (14.2)].

Adjunctive Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is indicated for use as adjunctive therapy to antidepressants for the treatment of MDD. The efficacy of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet as adjunctive therapy to antidepressants in MDD was established in two 6-week trials in adults with MDD who had an inadequate response to antidepressant treatment [see CLINICAL STUDIES (14.3)].

Special Considerations in Treating Pediatric Schizophrenia and Bipolar I Disorder

Pediatric schizophrenia and bipolar I disorder are serious mental disorders, however, diagnosis can be challenging. For pediatric schizophrenia, symptom profiles can be variable, and for bipolar I disorder, patients may have variable patterns of periodicity of manic or mixed symptoms. It is recommended that medication therapy for pediatric schizophrenia and bipolar I disorder be initiated only after a thorough diagnostic evaluation has been performed and careful consideration given to the risks associated with medication treatment. Medication treatment for both pediatric schizophrenia and bipolar I disorder is indicated as part of a total treatment program that often includes psychological, educational and social interventions.

Quetiapine Fumarate XR Tablets Dosage and Administration

Important Administration Instructions

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablets should be swallowed whole and not split, chewed or crushed.

It is recommended that quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet be taken without food or with a light meal (approximately 300 calories) [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY (12.3)].

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet should be administered once daily, preferably in the evening.

Recommended Dosing

The recommended initial dose, titration, dose range and maximum quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet dose for each approved indication is displayed in Table 1 below. After initial dosing, adjustments can be made upwards or downwards, if necessary, depending upon the clinical response and tolerability of the patient [see CLINICAL STUDIES (14.1, 14.2 and 14.3)].

Table 1:Recommended Dosing for Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablet

n/a-not applicable

Indication
Initial Dose and Titration
Recommended Dose
Maximum Dose
Schizophrenia-Adults
Day 1: 300 mg/day 
Dose increases can be made at intervals as short as 1 day and in increments of up to 300 mg/day
400 to 800 mg/day
800 mg/day
Schizophrenia-Adolescents 
(13 to 17 years)
Day 1: 50 mg/day
Day 2: 100mg/day
Day 3: 200 mg/day
Day 4: 300mg/day
Day 5: 400 mg/day
400 to 800 mg/day
800 mg/day
Schizophrenia Maintenance-Monotherapy-Adults
n/a
400 to 800 mg/day
800 mg/day
Bipolar I Disorder manic or mixed-Acute monotherapy or adjunct to lithium or divalproex-Adults
Day 1: 300 mg/day
Day 2: 600 mg/day
Day 3: between 400 and
800 mg/day
400 to 800 mg/day
800 mg/day
Bipolar I Disorder, manic -Acute monotherapy -Children and Adolescents (10 to 17 years)
Day 1: 50 mg/day
Day 2: 100 mg/day
Day 3: 200 mg/day
Day 4: 300 mg/day
Day 5: 400 mg/day
400 to 600 mg/day
600 mg/day
Bipolar Disorder, Depressive Episodes-Adults
Day 1: 50 mg/day
Day 2: 100 mg/day
Day 3: 200 mg/day
Day 4: 300 mg/day
300 mg/day
300 mg/day
Bipolar I Disorder Maintenance-Adjunct to lithium or divalproex-Adults
n/a
400 to 800 mg/day
800 mg/day
Major Depressive Disorder- Adjunctive Therapy with Antidepressants-Adults
Day 1: 50 mg/day
Day 2: 50 mg/day
Day 3: 150 mg/day
150 to 300 mg/day
300 mg/day

Maintenance Treatment for Schizophrenia and Bipolar I Disorder

Maintenance Treatment:

Patients should be periodically reassessed to determine the need for maintenance treatment and the appropriate dose for such treatment [see CLINICAL STUDIES (14.1, 14.2)].

Dose Modifications in Elderly Patients

Consideration should be given to a slower rate of dose titration and a lower target dose in the elderly and in patients who are debilitated or who have a predisposition to hypotensive reactions [see USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS (8.5, 8.7) and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY (12.3)]. When indicated, dose escalation should be performed with caution in these patients.

Elderly patients should be started on quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet 50 mg/day and the dose can be increased in increments of 50 mg/day depending on the clinical response and tolerability of the individual patient.

Dose Modifications in Hepatically Impaired Patients

Patients with hepatic impairment should be started on quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet 50 mg/day. The dose can be increased daily in increments of 50 mg/day to an effective dose, depending on the clinical response and tolerability of the patient.

Dose Modifications when used with CYP3A4 Inhibitors

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet dose should be reduced to one sixth of original dose when co-medicated with a potent CYP3A4 inhibitor (e.g. ketoconazole, itraconazole, indinavir, ritonavir, nefazodone, etc.). When the CYP3A4 inhibitor is discontinued, the dose of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet should be increased by 6 fold [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY (12.3) and DRUG INTERACTIONS 7.1)].

Dose Modifications when used with CYP3A4 Inducers

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet dose should be increased up to 5 fold of the original dose when used in combination with a chronic treatment (e.g., greater than 7 to 14 days) of a potent CYP3A4 inducer (e.g. phenytoin, carbamazepine, rifampin, avasimibe, St. John's wort etc.). The dose should be titrated based on the clinical response and tolerance of the individual patient. When the CYP3A4 inducer is discontinued, the dose of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet should be reduced to the original level within 7 to 14 days [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY (12.3) and DRUG INTERACTIONS (7.1)].

Re-initiation of Treatment in Patients Previously Discontinued

Although there are no data to specifically address re-initiation of treatment, it is recommended that when restarting therapy of patients who have been off quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet for more than one week, the initial dosing schedule should be followed. When restarting patients who have been off quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet for less than one week, gradual dose escalation may not be required and the maintenance dose may be re-initiated.

Switching Patients from Quetiapine Fumarate Tablets to Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablets

Patients who are currently being treated with quetiapine fumarate tablets (immediate release formulation) may be switched to quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet at the equivalent total daily dose taken once daily. Individual dosage adjustments may be necessary.

Switching from Antipsychotics

There are no systematically collected data to specifically address switching patients from other antipsychotics to quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet, or concerning concomitant administration with other antipsychotics. While immediate discontinuation of the previous antipsychotic treatment may be acceptable for some patients, more gradual discontinuation may be most appropriate for others. In all cases, the period of overlapping antipsychotic administration should be minimized. When switching patients from depot antipsychotics, if medically appropriate, initiate quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet therapy in place of the next scheduled injection. The need for continuing existing extrapyramidal syndrome medication should be re-evaluated periodically.

Dosage Forms and Strengths

   •   50 mg extended-release tablets are peach to red colored, capsule shaped, biconvex, film coated tablets debossed with "LU" on one side and "K71" on the other side.

   •   150 mg extended-release tablets are white colored, capsule shaped, biconvex, film coated tablets debossed with "LU" on one side and "K72" on the other side.

   •   200 mg extended-release tablets are yellow colored, capsule shaped, biconvex, film coated tablets debossed with "LU" on one side and "K73" on the other side.

   •   300 mg extended-release tablets are pale yellow colored, capsule shaped, biconvex, film coated tablets debossed with "LU" on one side and "K74" on the other side.

   •   400 mg extended-release tablets are white colored, capsule shaped, biconvex, film coated tablets debossed with "LU" on one side and "K75" on the other side.

Contraindications

Hypersensitivity to quetiapine or to any excipients in the quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet formulation. Anaphylactic reactions have been reported in patients treated with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet.

Warnings and Precautions

Increased Mortality in Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis

Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death. Analysis of 17 placebo-controlled trials (modal duration of 10 weeks), largely in patients taking atypical antipsychotic drugs, revealed a risk of death in drug-treated patients of between 1.6 to 1.7 times the risk of death in placebo-treated patients. Over the course of a typical 10-week controlled trial, the rate of death in drug-treated patients was about 4.5%, compared to a rate of about 2.6% in the placebo group. Although the causes of death were varied, most of the deaths appeared to be either cardiovascular (e.g., heart failure, sudden death) or infectious (e.g., pneumonia) in nature. Observational studies suggest that, similar to atypical antipsychotic drugs, treatment with conventional antipsychotic drugs may increase mortality. The extent to which the findings of increased mortality in observational studies may be attributed to the antipsychotic drug as opposed to some characteristic(s) of the patients is not clear. Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis [see BOXED WARNING].

Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors in Adolescents and Young Adults

Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), both adult and pediatric, may experience worsening of their depression and/or the emergence of suicidal ideation and behavior (suicidality) or unusual changes in behavior, whether or not they are taking antidepressant medications, and this risk may persist until significant remission occurs. Suicide is a known risk of depression and certain other psychiatric disorders, and these disorders themselves are the strongest predictors of suicide. There has been a long-standing concern, however, that antidepressants may have a role in inducing worsening of depression and the emergence of suicidality in certain patients during the early phases of treatment. Pooled analyses of short-term placebo-controlled trials of antidepressant drugs (SSRIs and others) showed that these drugs increase the risk of suicidal thinking and behavior (suicidality) in children, adolescents, and young adults (ages 18 to 24) with major depressive disorder (MDD) and other psychiatric disorders. Short-term studies did not show an increase in the risk of suicidality with antidepressants compared to placebo in adults beyond age 24; there was a reduction with antidepressants compared to placebo in adults aged 65 and older.

The pooled analyses of placebo-controlled trials in children and adolescents with MDD, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), or other psychiatric disorders included a total of 24 short-term trials of 9 antidepressant drugs in over 4400 patients. The pooled analyses of placebo-controlled trials in adults with MDD or other psychiatric disorders included a total of 295 short-term trials (median duration of 2 months) of 11 antidepressant drugs in over 77,000 patients. There was considerable variation in risk of suicidality among drugs, but a tendency toward an increase in the younger patients for almost all drugs studied. There were differences in absolute risk of suicidality across the different indications, with the highest incidence in MDD. The risk differences (drug vs. placebo), however, were relatively stable within age strata and across indications. These risk differences (drug-placebo difference in the number of cases of suicidality per 1000 patients treated) are provided in Table 2.

Table 2:Drug-Placebo Difference in Number of Cases of Suicidality per 1000 Patients Treated
Age Range
Drug-Placebo Difference in Number of Cases of Suicidality per 1000 Patients Treated

Increases Compared to Placebo
<18
14 additional cases
18 to 24
5 additional cases

Decreases Compared to Placebo
25 to 64
1 fewer case
≥65
6 fewer cases

No suicides occurred in any of the pediatric trials. There were suicides in the adult trials, but the number was not sufficient to reach any conclusion about drug effect on suicide.

It is unknown whether the suicidality risk extends to longer-term use, i.e., beyond several months. However, there is substantial evidence from placebo-controlled maintenance trials in adults with depression that the use of antidepressants can delay the recurrence of depression.

All patients being treated with antidepressants for any indication should be monitored appropriately and observed closely for clinical worsening, suicidality, and unusual changes in behavior, especially during the initial few months of a course of drug therapy, or at times of dose changes, either increases or decreases.

The following symptoms, anxiety, agitation, panic attacks, insomnia, irritability, hostility, aggressiveness, impulsivity, akathisia (psychomotor restlessness), hypomania, and mania, have been reported in adult and pediatric patients being treated with antidepressants for major depressive disorder as well as for other indications, both psychiatric and nonpsychiatric. Although a causal link between the emergence of such symptoms and either the worsening of depression and/or the emergence of suicidal impulses has not been established, there is concern that such symptoms may represent precursors to emerging suicidality.

Consideration should be given to changing the therapeutic regimen, including possibly discontinuing the medication, in patients whose depression is persistently worse, or who are experiencing emergent suicidality or symptoms that might be precursors to worsening depression or suicidality, especially if these symptoms are severe, abrupt in onset, or were not part of the patient's presenting symptoms.

Families and caregivers of patients being treated with antidepressants for major depressive disorder or other indications, both psychiatric and nonpsychiatric, should be alerted about the need to monitor patients for the emergence of agitation, irritability, unusual changes in behavior, and the other symptoms described above, as well as the emergence of suicidality, and to report such symptoms immediately to healthcare providers. Such monitoring should include daily observation by families and caregivers. Prescriptions for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet should be written for the smallest quantity of tablets consistent with good patient management, in order to reduce the risk of overdose.

Screening Patients for Bipolar Disorder

A major depressive episode may be the initial presentation of bipolar disorder. It is generally believed (though not established in controlled trials) that treating such an episode with an antidepressant alone may increase the likelihood of precipitation of a mixed/manic episode in patients at risk for bipolar disorder. Whether any of the symptoms described above represent such a conversion is unknown. However, prior to initiating treatment with an antidepressant, including quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet, patients with depressive symptoms should be adequately screened to determine if they are at risk for bipolar disorder; such screening should include a detailed psychiatric history, including a family history of suicide, bipolar disorder, and depression.

Cerebrovascular Adverse Reactions, Including Stroke, in Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis

In placebo-controlled trials with risperidone, aripiprazole, and olanzapine in elderly subjects with dementia, there was a higher incidence of cerebrovascular adverse reactions (cerebrovascular accidents and transient ischemic attacks), including fatalities, compared to placebo-treated subjects. Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis [see BOXED WARNING and WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.1)].

Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS)

A potentially fatal symptom complex sometimes referred to as Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS) has been reported in association with administration of antipsychotic drugs, including quetiapine. Rare cases of NMS have been reported with quetiapine. Clinical manifestations of NMS are hyperpyrexia, muscle rigidity, altered mental status, and evidence of autonomic instability (irregular pulse or blood pressure, tachycardia, diaphoresis, and cardiac dysrhythmia). Additional signs may include elevated creatine phosphokinase, myoglobinuria (rhabdomyolysis) and acute renal failure.

The diagnostic evaluation of patients with this syndrome is complicated. In arriving at a diagnosis, it is important to exclude cases where the clinical presentation includes both serious medical illness (e.g., pneumonia, systemic infection, etc.) and untreated or inadequately treated extrapyramidal signs and symptoms (EPS). Other important considerations in the differential diagnosis include central anticholinergic toxicity, heat stroke, drug fever and primary central nervous system (CNS) pathology.

The management of NMS should include: 1) immediate discontinuation of antipsychotic drugs and other drugs not essential to concurrent therapy; 2) intensive symptomatic treatment and medical monitoring; and 3) treatment of any concomitant serious medical problems for which specific treatments are available. There is no general agreement about specific pharmacological treatment regimens for NMS.

If a patient requires antipsychotic drug treatment after recovery from NMS, the potential reintroduction of drug therapy should be carefully considered. The patient should be carefully monitored since recurrences of NMS have been reported.

Metabolic Changes

Atypical antipsychotic drugs have been associated with metabolic changes that include hyperglycemia/diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and body weight gain. While all of the drugs in the class have been shown to produce some metabolic changes, each drug has its own specific risk profile. In some patients, a worsening of more than one of the metabolic parameters of weight, blood glucose, and lipids was observed in clinical studies. Changes in these metabolic profiles should be managed as clinically appropriate.

Hyperglycemia and Diabetes Mellitus

Hyperglycemia, in some cases extreme and associated with ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar coma or death, has been reported in patients treated with atypical antipsychotics, including quetiapine. Assessment of the relationship between atypical antipsychotic use and glucose abnormalities is complicated by the possibility of an increased background risk of diabetes mellitus in patients with schizophrenia and the increasing incidence of diabetes mellitus in the general population. Given these confounders, the relationship between atypical antipsychotic use and hyperglycemia-related adverse reactions is not completely understood. However, epidemiological studies suggest an increased risk of treatment-emergent hyperglycemia-related adverse reactions in patients treated with the atypical antipsychotics. Precise risk estimates for hyperglycemia-related adverse reactions in patients treated with atypical antipsychotics are not available.

Patients with an established diagnosis of diabetes mellitus who are started on atypical antipsychotics should be monitored regularly for worsening of glucose control. Patients with risk factors for diabetes mellitus (e.g., obesity, family history of diabetes) who are starting treatment with atypical antipsychotics should undergo fasting blood glucose testing at the beginning of treatment and periodically during treatment. Any patient treated with atypical antipsychotics should be monitored for symptoms of hyperglycemia including polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia, and weakness. Patients who develop symptoms of hyperglycemia during treatment with atypical antipsychotics should undergo fasting blood glucose testing. In some cases, hyperglycemia has resolved when the atypical antipsychotic was discontinued; however, some patients required continuation of anti-diabetic treatment despite discontinuation of the suspect drug.

Adults:

Table 3: Fasting Glucose-Proportion of Patients Shifting to ≥ 126 mg/dL in Short-Term (≤ 12 weeks) Placebo-Controlled Studies*
*
Includes quetiapine fumarate tablet and quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet data.
Laboratory Analyte
Category Change
(At Least Oncefrom Baseline
Treatment Arm
N
Patients
(%)
Fasting Glucose
Normal to High
Quetiapine
2907
71 (2.4%)

(<100mg/dL to ≥ 126 mg/dL)
Placebo
1346
19 (1.4%)

Borderline to High
Quetiapine
572
67 (11.7%)

(≥ 100 mg/dL and
<126 mg/dL to ≥ 126 mg/dL)
Placebo
279
33 (11.8%)

In a 24-week trial (active-controlled, 115 patients treated with quetiapine tablet) designed to evaluate glycemic status with oral glucose tolerance testing of all patients, at week 24 the incidence of a treatment-emergent post-glucose challenge glucose level ≥ 200 mg/dL was 1.7% and the incidence of a fasting treatment-emergent blood glucose level ≥ 126 mg/dL was 2.6%. The mean change in fasting glucose from baseline was 3.2 mg/dL and mean change in 2-hour glucose from baseline was -1.8 mg/dL for quetiapine.

In 2 long-term placebo-controlled randomized withdrawal clinical trials for bipolar I disorder maintenance, mean exposure of 213 days for quetiapine fumarate tablet (646 patients) and 152 days for placebo (680 patients), the mean change in glucose from baseline was +5.0 mg/dL for quetiapine and -0.05 mg/dL for placebo. The exposure-adjusted rate of any increased blood glucose level (≥ 126 mg/dL) for patients more than 8 hours since a meal (however, some patients may not have been precluded from calorie intake from fluids during fasting period) was 18.0 per 100 patient years for quetiapine fumarate tablet (10.7% of patients; n=556) and 9.5 for placebo per 100 patient years (4.6% of patients; n=581).

Table 4 shows the percentage of patients with shifts in blood glucose to ≥ 126 mg/dL from normal baseline in MDD adjunct therapy trials by dose.

Table 4: Percentage of Patients with Shifts from Normal Baseline in Blood Glucose to ≥ 126 mg/dL (assumed fasting) in MDD Adjunct Therapy Trials by Dose
Laboratory Analyte
Treatment Arm
N
Patients
(%)
Blood Glucose ≥ 126 mg/dL
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet 150 mg
280
19 (7%)

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet 300 mg
269
32 (12%)

Placebo
277
17(6%)

Children and Adolescents:

Safety and effectiveness of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is supported from studies of quetiapine fumarate tablet in children and adolescent patients 10 to 17 years of age [see CLINICAL STUDIES (14.2)]. In a placebo-controlled quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet monotherapy study (8 weeks duration) of children and adolescent patients (10 to 17 years of age) with bipolar depression, in which efficacy was not established, the mean change in fasting glucose levels for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (n = 60) compared to placebo (n = 62) was 1.8 mg/dL versus 1.6 mg/dL. In this study, there were no patients in the quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet or placebo-treated groups with a baseline normal fasting glucose level (< 100 mg/dL) that had an increase in blood glucose level ≥ 126 mg/dL. There was one patient in the quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet group with a baseline borderline fasting glucose level (≥ 100 mg/dL and < 126 mg/dL) who had an increase in blood glucose level of > 126 mg/dL compared to zero patients in the placebo group.

In a placebo-controlled quetiapine fumarate tablet monotherapy study of adolescent patients (13 to 17 years of age) with schizophrenia (6 weeks duration), the mean change in fasting glucose levels for quetiapine fumarate tablet (n=138) compared to placebo (n=67) was -0.75 mg/dL versus -1.70 mg/dL. In a placebo-controlled quetiapine fumarate tablet monotherapy study of children and adolescent patients (10 to 17 years of age) with bipolar mania (3 weeks duration), the mean change in fasting glucose level for quetiapine fumarate tablet (n=170) compared to placebo (n=81) was 3.62 mg/dL versus -1.17 mg/dL. No patient in either study with a baseline normal fasting glucose level (<100 mg/dL) or a baseline borderline fasting glucose level (≥100 mg/dL and <126 mg/dL) had a treatment-emergent blood glucose level of ≥126 mg/dL.

Dyslipidemia

Adults:

Table 5 shows the percentage of patients with changes in cholesterol and triglycerides from baseline by indication in clinical trials with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet.

Table 5: Percentage of Adult Patients with Shifts in Total Cholesterol, Triglycerides, LDL-Cholesterol and HDL-Cholesterol from Baseline to Clinically Significant Levels by Indication
*
6 weeks duration
8 weeks duration
3 weeks duration
Laboratory Analyte
Indication
Treatment Arm
N
Patients
(%)
Total Cholesterol ≥240 mg/dL
Schizophrenia*
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet
718
67 (9%)


Placebo
232
21 (9%)

Bipolar Depression Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet
85
6 (7%)


Placebo
106
3 (3%)

Bipolar Mania
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet
128
9 (7%)


Placebo
134
5 (4%)

Major Depressive Disorder
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet
420
67 (16%)

(Adjunct Therapy)*
Placebo
213
15 (7%)
Triglycerides ≥200 mg/dL
Schizophrenia*
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet
659
118 (18%)


Placebo
214
11 (5%)

Bipolar Depression
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet
84
7 (8%)


Placebo
93
7 (8%)

Bipolar Mania
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet
102
15 (15%)


Placebo
125
8 (6%)

Major Depressive Disorder
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet
458
75 (16%)

(Adjunct Therapy)*
Placebo
223
18 (8%)
LDL-Cholesterol ≥ 160 mg/dL
Schizophrenia*
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet
691
47 (7%)


Placebo
227
17 (8%)

Bipolar Depression
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet
86
3 (4%)


Placebo
104
2 (2%)

Bipolar Mania
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet
125
5 (4%)


Placebo
135
2 (2%)

Major Depressive Disorder
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet
457
51 (11%)

(Adjunct Therapy)*
Placebo
219
21 (10%)
HDL-Cholesterol ≤ 40 mg/dL
Schizophrenia*
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet
600
87 (15%)


Placebo
195
23 (12%)

Bipolar Depression
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet
78
7 (9%)


Placebo
83
6 (7%)

Bipolar Mania
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet
100
19 (19%)


Placebo
115
15 (13%)

Major Depressive Disorder
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet
470
34 (7%)

(Adjunct Therapy)*
Placebo
230
19 (8%)

In quetiapine fumarate tablet clinical trials for schizophrenia, the percentage of patients with shifts in cholesterol and triglycerides from baseline to clinically significant levels were 18% (placebo: 7%) and 22% (placebo: 16%). HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol parameters were not measured in these studies. In quetiapine fumarate tablet clinical trials for bipolar depression, the following percentage of patients had shifts from baseline to clinically significant levels for the four lipid parameters measured: total cholesterol 9% (placebo: 6%); triglycerides 14% (placebo: 9%); LDL-cholesterol 6% (placebo: 5%) and HDL-cholesterol 14% (placebo: 14%). Lipid parameters were not measured in the bipolar mania studies.

Table 6 shows the percentage of patients in MDD adjunctive therapy trials with clinically significant shifts in total-cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol from baseline by dose.

Table 6: Percentage of Patients with Shifts in Total Cholesterol, Triglycerides, LDL-Cholesterol and HDL-Cholesterol from Baseline to Clinically Significant Levels in MDD Adjunctive Therapy Trials by Dose
*
6 weeks duration
Laboratory Analyte
Treatment Arm*
N
Patients
(%)
Cholesterol ≥240 mg/dL
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet 150 mg
223
41 (18%)

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet 300 mg
197
26 (13%)

Placebo
213
15 (7%)
Triglycerides ≥200 mg/dL
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet 150 mg
232
36 (16%)

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet 300 mg
226
39 (17%)

Placebo
223
18 (8%)
LDL-Cholesterol ≥ 160 mg/dL
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet 150 mg
242
29 (12%)

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet 300 mg
215
22 (10%)

Placebo
219
21 (10%)
HDL-Cholesterol ≤ 40 mg/dL
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet 150 mg
238
14 (6%)

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet 300 mg
232
20 (9%)

Placebo
230
19 (8%)

Children and Adolescents:

Safety and effectiveness of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is supported by studies of quetiapine fumarate tablet in children and adolescent patients 10 to 17 years of age [see CLINICAL STUDIES (14.1 and 14.2)].

In a placebo-controlled quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet monotherapy study (8 weeks duration) of children and adolescent patients (10 to 17 years of age) with bipolar depression, in which efficacy was not established, the percentage of children and adolescents with shifts in total cholesterol (≥200 mg/dL), triglycerides (≥150 mg/dL), LDL-cholesterol (≥ 130 mg/dL) and HDL-cholesterol (≤40 mg/dL) from baseline to clinically significant levels were: total cholesterol 8% (7/83) for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet vs. 6% (5/84) for placebo; triglycerides 28% (22/80) for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet vs. 9% (7/82) for placebo; LDL-cholesterol 2% (2/86) for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet vs. 4% (3/85) for placebo and HDL- cholesterol 20% (13/65) for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet vs 15% (11/74) for placebo.

Table 7 shows the percentage of children and adolescents with shifts in total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol from baseline to clinically significant levels by indication in clinical trials with quetiapine fumarate tablet in adolescents (13 to 17 years) with schizophrenia and in children and adolescents (10 to 17 years) with bipolar mania.

Table 7: Percentage of Children and Adolescents with Shifts in Total Cholesterol, Triglycerides LDL-Cholesterol and HDL-Cholesterol from Baseline to Clinically Significant Levels by Indication
*
13 to 17 years, 6 weeks duration
10 to 17 years, 3 weeks duration
Laboratory Analyte
Indication
Treatment Arm
N
Patients
(%)
Total Cholesterol ≥200 mg/dL
Schizophrenia*
Quetiapine fumarate tablet
107
13 (12%)


Placebo
56
1 (2%)

Bipolar Mania
Quetiapine fumarate tablet
159
16 (10%)


Placebo
66
2 (3%)
Triglycerides ≥150 mg/dL
Schizophrenia*
Quetiapine fumarate tablet
103
17 (17%)


Placebo
51
4 (8%)

Bipolar Mania
Quetiapine fumarate tablet
149
32 (22%)


Placebo
60
8 (13%)
LDL-Cholesterol ≥ 130 mg/dL
Schizophrenia*
Quetiapine fumarate tablet
112
4 (4%)


Placebo
60
1 (2%)

Bipolar Mania
Quetiapine fumarate tablet
169
13 (8%)


Placebo
74
4 (5%)
HDL-Cholesterol ≤ 40 mg/dL
Schizophrenia*
Quetiapine fumarate tablet
104
16 (15%)


Placebo
54
10 (19%)

Bipolar Mania
Quetiapine fumarate tablet
154
16 (10%)


Placebo
61
4 (7%)

Weight Gain

Increases in weight have been observed in clinical trials. Patients receiving quetiapine should receive regular monitoring of weight.

Adults:

Table 8 shows the percentage of adult patients with weight gain of ≥7% of body weight by indication.

Table 8: Percentage of Patients with Weight Gain ≥7% of Body Weight (Adults) by Indication
*
6 weeks duration
3 weeks duration
8 weeks duration
Vital Sign
Indication
Treatment Arm
N
Patients
(%)

Schizophrenia*
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet
907
90 (10%)


Placebo
299
16 (5%)
Weight gain 7of Body Weight
Bipolar Mania
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet
138
7 (5%)


Placebo
150
0 (0%)

Bipolar Depression
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet
110
9 (8%)


Placebo
125
1 (1%)

Major Depressive Disorder
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet
616
32 (5%)

(Adjunctive Therapy) *
Placebo
302
5 (2%)

In schizophrenia trials, the proportions of patients meeting a weight gain criterion of ≥7% of body weight were compared in a pool of four 3- to 6-week placebo-controlled clinical trials, revealing a statistically significant greater incidence of weight gain for quetiapine fumarate tablet (23%) compared to placebo (6%).

Table 9 shows the percentage of adult patients with weight gain of >7% of body weight for MDD by dose.

Table 9: Percentage of Patients with Weight Gain ≥7% of Body Weight in MDD Adjunctive Therapy Trials by Dose (Adults)
Vital Sign
Treatment Arm
N
Patients
(%)

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet 150 mg
309
10 (3%)
Weight gain 7of Body weight in MDD Adjunctive Therapy
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet 300 mg
307
22 (7%)

Placebo
302
5 (2%)

Children and Adolescents:

Safety and effectiveness of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is supported by studies of quetiapine fumarate tablet in children and adolescent patients 10 to 17 years of age [see CLINICAL STUDIES (14.1 and 14.2)]. In a clinical trial for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in children and adolescents (10 to 17 years of age) with bipolar depression, in which efficacy was not established, the percentage of patients with weight gain ≥7% of body weight at any time was 15% (14/92) for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet vs. 10% (10/100) for placebo. The mean change in body weight was 1.4 kg in the quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet group vs. 0.6 kg in the placebo group.

Weight gain was greater in patients 10 to 12 years of age compared to patients 13 to 17 years of age. The percentage of patients 10 to 12 years of age with weight gain ≥ 7% at any time was 28% (7/25) for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet vs. 0% (0/28) for placebo. The percentage of patients 13 to 17 years of age with weight gain ≥ 7% at any time was 10.4% (7/67) for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet vs. 13.9% (10/72) for placebo.

Table 10 shows the percentage of children and adolescents with weight gain ≥7% of body weight in clinical trials with quetiapine fumarate tablet in adolescents (13 to 17 years) with schizophrenia and in children and adolescents (10 to 17 years) with bipolar mania.

Table 10: Percentage of Patients with Weight Gain ≥7% of Body Weight (Children and Adolescents)
*
6 weeks duration
3 weeks duration
Vital Sign
Indication
Treatment Arm
N
Patients
(%)

Schizophrenia*
Quetiapine fumarate tablet 
111
23 (21%)
Weight gain 7of Body Weight

Placebo
44
3 (7%)

Bipolar Mania
Quetiapine fumarate tablet
157
18 (12%)


Placebo
68
0 (0%)

The mean change in body weight in the schizophrenia trial was 2.0 kg in the quetiapine fumarate tablet group and -0.4 kg in the placebo group and in the bipolar mania trial it was 1.7 kg in the quetiapine fumarate tablet group and 0.4 kg in the placebo group.

In an open-label study that enrolled patients from the above two pediatric trials, 63% of patients (241/380) completed 26 weeks of therapy with quetiapine fumarate tablet. After 26 weeks of treatment, the mean increase in body weight was 4.4 kg. Forty-five percent of the patients gained ≥ 7% of their body weight, not adjusted for normal growth. In order to adjust for normal growth over 26 weeks, an increase of at least 0.5 standard deviation from baseline in BMI was used as a measure of a clinically significant change; 18.3% of patients on quetiapine fumarate tablet met this criterion after 26 weeks of treatment.

When treating pediatric patients with quetiapine fumarate tablet for any indication, weight gain should be assessed against that expected for normal growth.

Tardive Dyskinesia

A syndrome of potentially irreversible, involuntary, dyskinetic movements may develop in patients treated with antipsychotic drugs including quetiapine. Although the prevalence of the syndrome appears to be highest among the elderly, especially elderly women, it is impossible to rely upon prevalence estimates to predict, at the inception of antipsychotic treatment, which patients are likely to develop the syndrome. Whether antipsychotic drug products differ in their potential to cause tardive dyskinesia is unknown.

The risk of developing tardive dyskinesia and the likelihood that it will become irreversible are believed to increase as the duration of treatment and the total cumulative dose of antipsychotic drugs administered to the patient increase. However, the syndrome can develop, although much less commonly, after relatively brief treatment periods at low doses or may even arise after discontinuation of treatment.

There is no known treatment for established cases of tardive dyskinesia, although the syndrome may remit, partially or completely, if antipsychotic treatment is withdrawn. Antipsychotic treatment, itself, however, may suppress (or partially suppress) the signs and symptoms of the syndrome and thereby may possibly mask the underlying process. The effect that symptomatic suppression has upon the long-term course of the syndrome is unknown.

Given these considerations, quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet should be prescribed in a manner that is most likely to minimize the occurrence of tardive dyskinesia. Chronic antipsychotic treatment should generally be reserved for patients who appear to suffer from a chronic illness that (1) is known to respond to antipsychotic drugs, and (2) for whom alternative, equally effective, but potentially less harmful treatments are not available or appropriate. In patients who do require chronic treatment, the smallest dose and the shortest duration of treatment producing a satisfactory clinical response should be sought. The need for continued treatment should be reassessed periodically.

If signs and symptoms of tardive dyskinesia appear in a patient on quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet, drug discontinuation should be considered. However, some patients may require treatment with quetiapine despite the presence of the syndrome.

Hypotension

Quetiapine may induce orthostatic hypotension associated with dizziness, tachycardia and, in some patients, syncope, especially during the initial dose-titration period, probably reflecting its α1-adrenergic antagonist properties. Syncope was reported in 0.3% (5/1866) of the patients treated with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet across all indications, compared with 0.2% (2/928) on placebo. Syncope was reported in 1% (28/3265) of the patients treated with quetiapine fumarate tablet, compared with 0.2% (2/954) on placebo. Orthostatic hypotension, dizziness, and syncope may lead to falls.

Quetiapine should be used with particular caution in patients with known cardiovascular disease (history of myocardial infarction or ischemic heart disease, heart failure or conduction abnormalities), cerebrovascular disease or conditions which would predispose patients to hypotension (dehydration, hypovolemia and treatment with antihypertensive medications). If hypotension occurs during titration to the target dose, a return to the previous dose in the titration schedule is appropriate.

5.8 Falls

Atypical antipsychotic drugs, including quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet, may cause somnolence, postural hypotension, motor and sensory instability, which may lead to falls and, consequently, fractures or other injuries. For patients with diseases, conditions, or medications that could exacerbate these effects, complete fall risk assessments when initiating antipsychotic treatment and recurrently for patients on long-term antipsychotic therapy.

Increases in Blood Pressure (Children and Adolescents)

Safety and effectiveness of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is supported by studies of quetiapine fumarate tablet in children and adolescent patients 10 to 17 years of age [see CLINICAL STUDIES (14.1 and 14.2)].

In a placebo-controlled quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet clinical trial (8 weeks duration) in children and adolescents (10 to 17 years of age) with bipolar depression, in which efficacy was not established, the incidence of increases at any time in systolic blood pressure (≥20 mmHg) was 6.5% (6/92) for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and 6.0% (6/100) for placebo; the incidence of increases at any time in diastolic blood pressure (≥10 mmHg) was 46.7% (43/92) for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and 36.0% (36/100) for placebo.

In placebo-controlled trials in children and adolescents with schizophrenia (13 to 17 years old, 6-week duration) or bipolar mania (10 to 17 years old, 3-week duration), the incidence of increases at any time in systolic blood pressure (≥20 mmHg) was 15.2% (51/335) for quetiapine fumarate tablet and 5.5% (9/163) for placebo; the incidence of increases at any time in diastolic blood pressure (≥10 mmHg) was 40.6% (136/335) for quetiapine fumarate tablet and 24.5% (40/163) for placebo. In the 26-week open-label clinical trial, one child with a reported history of hypertension experienced a hypertensive crisis. Blood pressure in children and adolescents should be measured at the beginning of, and periodically during treatment.

Leukopenia, Neutropenia and Agranulocytosis

In clinical trials and postmarketing experience, events of leukopenia/neutropenia have been reported temporally related to atypical antipsychotic agents, including quetiapine fumarate. Agranulocytosis (including fatal cases) has also been reported.

Possible risk factors for leukopenia/neutropenia include pre-existing low white cell count (WBC) and history of drug induced leukopenia/neutropenia. Patients with a pre-existing low WBC or a history of drug induced leukopenia/neutropenia should have their complete blood count (CBC) monitored frequently during the first few months of therapy and should discontinue quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet at the first sign of a decline in WBC in absence of other causative factors.

Patients with neutropenia should be carefully monitored for fever or other symptoms or signs of infection and treated promptly if such symptoms or signs occur. Patients with severe neutropenia (absolute neutrophil count <1000/mm3) should discontinue quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and have their WBC followed until recovery.

Cataracts

The development of cataracts was observed in association with quetiapine treatment in chronic dog studies [see NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY (13.2)]. Lens changes have also been observed in adults, children, and adolescents during long-term quetiapine treatment but a causal relationship to quetiapine use has not been established. Nevertheless, the possibility of lenticular changes cannot be excluded at this time. Therefore, examination of the lens by methods adequate to detect cataract formation, such as slit lamp exam or other appropriately sensitive methods, is recommended at initiation of treatment or shortly thereafter, and at 6-month intervals during chronic treatment.

QT Prolongation

In clinical trials quetiapine was not associated with a persistent increase in QT intervals. However, the QT effect was not systematically evaluated in a thorough QT study. In post marketing experience there were cases reported of QT prolongation in patients who overdosed on quetiapine [see OVERDOSAGE (10.1)], in patients with concomitant illness, and in patients taking medicines known to cause electrolyte imbalance or increase QT interval.

The use of quetiapine should be avoided in combination with other drugs that are known to prolong QTc including Class 1A antiarrythmics (e.g., quinidine, procainamide) or Class III antiarrythmics (e.g., amiodarone, sotalol), antipsychotic medications (e.g., ziprasidone, chlorpromazine, thioridazine), antibiotics (e.g., gatifloxacin, moxifloxacin), or any other class of medications known to prolong the QTc interval (e.g., pentamidine, levomethadyl acetate, methadone).

Quetiapine should also be avoided in circumstances that may increase the risk of occurrence of torsade de pointes and/or sudden death including (1) a history of cardiac arrhythmias such as bradycardia; (2) hypokalemia or hypomagnesemia; (3) concomitant use of other drugs that prolong the QTc interval; and (4) presence of congenital prolongation of the QT interval.

Caution should also be exercised when quetiapine is prescribed in patients with increased risk of QT prolongation (e.g. cardiovascular disease, family history of QT prolongation, the elderly, congestive heart failure and heart hypertrophy).

Seizures

During short-term clinical trials with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet, seizures occurred in 0.05% (1/1866) of patients treated with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet across all indications compared to 0.3% (3/928) on placebo. During clinical trials with quetiapine fumarate tablet, seizures occurred in 0.5% (20/3490) of patients treated with quetiapine fumarate tablet compared to 0.2% (2/954) on placebo. As with other antipsychotics, quetiapine fumarate should be used cautiously in patients with a history of seizures or with conditions that potentially lower the seizure threshold, e.g., Alzheimer's dementia. Conditions that lower the seizure threshold may be more prevalent in a population of 65 years or older.

Hypothyroidism

Adults

Clinical trials with quetiapine demonstrated dose-related decreases in thyroid hormone levels. The reduction in total and free thyroxine (T4) of approximately 20% at the higher end of the therapeutic dose range was maximal in the first six weeks of treatment and maintained without adaptation or progression during more chronic therapy. In nearly all cases, cessation of quetiapine treatment was associated with a reversal of the effects on total and free T4, irrespective of the duration of treatment. The mechanism by which quetiapine effects the thyroid axis is unclear. If there is an effect on the hypothalamic-pituitary axis, measurement of TSH alone may not accurately reflect a patient's thyroid status. Therefore, both TSH and free T4, in addition to clinical assessment, should be measured at baseline and at follow-up.

In quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet clinical trials across all indications 1.8% (24/1336) of patients on quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet versus 0.6% (3/530) on placebo experienced decreased free thyroxine (<0.8 LLN) and 1.6% (21/1346) on quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet versus 3.4% (18/534) on placebo experienced increased thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). About 0.7% (26/3489) of quetiapine fumarate tablet patients did experience TSH increases in monotherapy studies. Some patients with TSH increases needed replacement thyroid treatment.

In all quetiapine trials, the incidence of shifts in thyroid hormones and TSH were*: decrease in free T4 (<0.8 LLN), 2.0% (357/17513); decrease in total T4, 4.0% (75/1861); decrease in free T3, 0.4% (53/13766); decrease in total T3, 2.0% (26/1312), and increase in TSH, 4.9% (956/19412). In eight patients, where TBG was measured, levels of TBG were unchanged.

1. Based on shifts from normal baseline to potentially clinically important value at anytime post-baseline. Shifts in total T4, free T4, total T3 and free T3 are defined as <0.8 x LLN (pmol/L) and shift in TSH is > 5 mIU/L at any time.

Table 11 shows the incidence of these shifts in short term placebo-controlled clinical trials.

Table 11: Incidence of Shifts in Thyroid Hormone Levels and TSH in Short Term Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials*,
*
Based on shifts from normal baseline to potentially clinically important value at any time post-baseline. Shifts in total T4, free T4, total T3and free T3 are defined as <0.8 x LLN (pmol/L) and shift in TSH is > 5 mIU/L at any time.
Includes quetiapine fumarate tablet and quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet data.
Total T4

Free T4

Total T3

Free T3

TSH

Quetiapine
Placebo
Quetiapine
Placebo
Quetiapine
Placebo
Quetiapine
Placebo
Quetiapine
Placebo
3.4 %
(37/1097)
0.6%
(4/651)
0.7%
(52/7218)
0.1%
(4/3668)
0.5%
(2/369)
0.0%
(0/113)
0.2%
(11/5673)
0.0%
(1/2679)
3.2%
(240/7587)
2.7%
(105/3912)

In short-term placebo-controlled monotherapy trials, the incidence of reciprocal shifts in T3 and TSH was 0.0 % for both quetiapine (1/4800) and placebo (0/2190) and for T4 and TSH the shifts were 0.1% (7/6154) for quetiapine versus 0.0 % (1/3007) for placebo.

Children and Adolescents 

Safety and effectiveness of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is supported by studies of quetiapine fumarate tablet in children and adolescent patients 10 to 17 years of age [see CLINICAL STUDIES (14.1 and 14.2)].

In acute placebo-controlled trials in children and adolescent patients with schizophrenia (6-week duration) or bipolar mania (3-week duration), the incidence of shifts at any time for quetiapine fumarate tablet treated patients and placebo-treated patients for elevated TSH was 2.9% (8/280) vs. 0.7% (1/138), respectively and for decreased total thyroxine was 2.8% (8/289) vs. 0% (0/145), respectively. Of the quetiapine fumarate tablet treated patients with elevated TSH levels, 1 had simultaneous low free T4 level at end of treatment.

Hyperprolactinemia

Adults

During clinical trials with quetiapine across all indications, the incidence of shifts in prolactin levels to a clinically significant value occurred in 3.6% (158/4416) of patients treated with quetiapine compared to 2.6% (51/1968) on placebo.

Children and Adolescents

Safety and effectiveness of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is supported by studies of quetiapine fumarate tablet in children and adolescent patients 10 to 17 years of age [see CLINICAL STUDIES (14.1 and 14.2)]. In acute placebo-controlled trials in children and adolescent patients with bipolar mania (3-week duration) or schizophrenia (6-week duration), the incidence of shifts in prolactin levels to a value (>20 µg/L males; > 26 µg/L females at any time) was 13.4% (18/134) for quetiapine fumarate tablet compared to 4% (3/75) for placebo in males and 8.7% (9/104) for quetiapine fumarate tablet compared to 0% (0/39) for placebo in females.

Like other drugs that antagonize dopamine D2 receptors, quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet elevates prolactin levels in some patients and the elevation may persist during chronic administration. Hyperprolactinemia, regardless of etiology, may suppress hypothalamic GnRH, resulting in reduced pituitary gonadotrophin secretion. This, in turn, may inhibit reproductive function by impairing gonadal steroidogenesis in both female and male patients. Galactorrhea, amenorrhea, gynecomastia, and impotence have been reported in patients receiving prolactin-elevating compounds. Long-standing hyperprolactinemia when associated with hypogonadism may lead to decreased bone density in both female and male subjects.

Tissue culture experiments indicate that approximately one-third of human breast cancers are prolactin dependent in vitro, a factor of potential importance if the prescription of these drugs is considered in a patient with previously detected breast cancer. As is common with compounds which increase prolactin release, mammary gland, and pancreatic islet cell neoplasia (mammary adenocarcinomas, pituitary and pancreatic adenomas) was observed in carcinogenicity studies conducted in mice and rats. Neither clinical studies nor epidemiologic studies conducted to date have shown an association between chronic administration of this class of drugs and tumorigenesis in humans, but the available evidence is too limited to be conclusive [see NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY (13.1)].

Potential for Cognitive and Motor Impairment

Somnolence was a commonly reported adverse reaction reported in patients treated with quetiapine especially during the 3-day period of initial dose titration. In schizophrenia trials, somnolence was reported in 24.7% (235/951) of patients on quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet compared to 10.3% (33/319) of placebo patients. In a bipolar depression clinical trial, somnolence was reported in 51.8% (71/137) of patients on quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet compared to 12.9% (18/140) of placebo patients. In a clinical trial for bipolar mania, somnolence was reported in 50.3% (76/151) of patients on quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet compared to 11.9% (19/160) of placebo patients. Since quetiapine has the potential to impair judgment, thinking, or motor skills, patients should be cautioned about performing activities requiring mental alertness, such as operating a motor vehicle (including automobiles) or operating hazardous machinery until they are reasonably certain that quetiapine therapy does not affect them adversely. Somnolence may lead to falls.

In short-term adjunctive therapy trials for MDD, somnolence was reported in 40% (252/627) of patients on quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet respectively compared to 9% (27/309) of placebo patients. Somnolence was dose-related in these trials (37% (117/315) and 43% (135/312) for the 150 mg and 300 mg groups, respectively).

Body Temperature Regulation

Disruption of the body's ability to reduce core body temperature has been attributed to antipsychotic agents. Appropriate care is advised when prescribing quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet for patients who will be experiencing conditions which may contribute to an elevation in core body temperature, e.g., exercising strenuously, exposure to extreme heat, receiving concomitant medication with anticholinergic activity, or being subject to dehydration.

Dysphagia

Esophageal dysmotility and aspiration have been associated with antipsychotic drug use. Aspiration pneumonia is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in elderly patients, in particular those with advanced Alzheimer's dementia. Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and other antipsychotic drugs should be used cautiously in patients at risk for aspiration pneumonia.

Discontinuation Syndrome

Acute withdrawal symptoms, such as insomnia, nausea and vomiting have been described after abrupt cessation of atypical antipsychotic drugs, including quetiapine fumarate. In short-term placebo-controlled, monotherapy clinical trials with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet that included a discontinuation phase which evaluated discontinuation symptoms, the aggregated incidence of patients experiencing one or more discontinuation symptoms after abrupt cessation was 12.1% (241/1993) for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and 6.7% (71/1065) for placebo. The incidence of the individual adverse reactions (i.e., insomnia, nausea, headache, diarrhea, vomiting, dizziness and irritability) did not exceed 5.3% in any treatment group and usually resolved after 1 week post-discontinuation. Gradual dose reduction is advised.

Adverse Reactions

The following adverse reactions are discussed in more detail in other sections of the labeling:

  • Increased mortality in elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.1)]
  • Suicidal thoughts and behaviors in adolescents and young adults [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.2)]
  • Cerebrovascular adverse reactions, including stroke in elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.3)]
  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS) [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.4)]
  • Metabolic changes (hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, weight gain) [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.5)]
  • Tardive dyskinesia [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.6)]
  • Hypotension [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.7)]
  • Falls [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.8)]
  • Increases in blood pressure (children and adolescents) [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.9)]
  • Leukopenia, neutropenia and agranulocytosis [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.10)]
  • Cataracts [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.11)]
  • QT Prolongation [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.12)]
  • Seizures [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.13)]
  • Hypothyroidism [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.14)]
  • Hyperprolactinemia [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.15)]
  • Potential for cognitive and motor impairment [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.16)]
  • Body temperature regulation [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.17)]
  • Dysphagia [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.18)]
  • Discontinuation Syndrome [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.19)]

Clinical Studies Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

Adults

The information below is derived from a clinical trial database for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet consisting of approximately 3400 patients exposed to quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet for the treatment of Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder, and Major Depressive Disorder in placebo-controlled trials. This experience corresponds to approximately 1020.1 patient-years. Adverse reactions were assessed by collecting adverse reactions, results of physical examinations, vital signs, body weights, laboratory analyses and ECG results.

The stated frequencies of adverse reactions represent the proportion of individuals who experienced, at least once, an adverse reaction of the type listed.

Adverse Reactions Associated with Discontinuation of Treatment in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Trials

Schizophrenia:

There were no adverse reactions leading to discontinuation that occurred at an incidence of ≥ 2% for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in schizophrenia trials.

Bipolar I Disorder, Manic or Mixed Episodes:

There were no adverse reactions leading to discontinuation that occurred at an incidence of ≥ 2% for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in the bipolar mania trial.

Bipolar Disorder, Depressive Episode:

In a single clinical trial in patients with bipolar depression, 14% (19/137) of patients on quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet discontinued due to an adverse reaction compared to 4% (5/140) on placebo. Somnolence2 was the only adverse reaction leading to discontinuation that occurred at an incidence of ≥ 2% in quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in the bipolar depression trial.

MDD, Adjunctive Therapy:

In adjunctive therapy clinical trials in patients with MDD, 12.1% (76/627) of patients on quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet discontinued due to adverse reaction compared to 1.9% (6/309) on placebo. Somnolence2 was the only adverse reaction leading to discontinuation that occurred at an incidence of ≥ 2% in quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in MDD trials.

2Somnolence combines adverse reaction terms somnolence and sedation

Commonly Observed Adverse Reactions in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Trials

In short-term placebo-controlled studies for schizophrenia the most commonly observed adverse reactions associated with the use of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (incidence of 5% or greater) and observed at a rate on quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet at least twice that of placebo were somnolence (25%), dry mouth (12%), dizziness (10%), and dyspepsia (5%).

Adverse Reactions occurring at an Incidence of 2% or more Among quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet Treated Patients in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Trials

Table 12 enumerates the incidence, rounded to the nearest percent, of adverse reactions that occurred during acute therapy of schizophrenia (up to 6 weeks) in 2% or more in patients treated with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (doses ranging from 300 to 800 mg/day) where the incidence in patients treated with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet was greater than the incidence in placebo-treated patients.

Table 12: Adverse Reactions in 6-Week Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials for the Treatment of Schizophrenia
*
Somnolence combines adverse reaction terms somnolence and sedation.
Extrapyramidal symptoms include the terms: akathisia, cogwheel rigidity, drooling, dyskinesia dystonia, extrapyramidal disorder, hypertonia, movement disorder, muscle rigidity, oculogyration, parkinsonism, parkinsonian gait, psychomotor hyperactivity, tardive dyskinesia, restlessness and tremor.
Preferred Term 
Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablet
(n=951)
Placebo
(n=319)
Somnolence*
25%
10%
Dry Mouth 
12%
1%
Dizziness 
10%
4%
Extrapyramidal Symptoms
8%
5%
Orthostatic Hypotension 
7%
5%
Constipation 
6%
5%
Dyspepsia 
5%
2%
Heart Rate Increased 
4%
1%
Tachycardia 
3%
1%
Fatigue 
3%
2%
Hypotension 
3%
1%
Vision blurred 
2%
1%
Toothache 
2%
0%
Increased Appetite 
2%
0%
Muscle Spasms 
2%
1%
Tremor 
2%
1%
Akathisia 
2%
1%
Anxiety 
2%
1%
Schizophrenia 
2%
1%
Restlessness 
2%
1%

In a 3-week, placebo-controlled study in bipolar mania the most commonly observed adverse reactions associated with the use of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (incidence of 5% or greater) and observed at a rate on quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet at least twice that of placebo were somnolence (50%), dry mouth (34%), dizziness (10%), constipation (10%), weight gain (7%), dysarthria (5%), and nasal congestion (5%).

Table 13 enumerates the incidence, rounded to the nearest percent, of adverse reactions that occurred during acute therapy of bipolar mania (up to 3 weeks) in 2% or more of patients treated with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (doses ranging from 400 to 800 mg/day) where the incidence in patients treated with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet was greater than the incidence in placebo-treated patients.

Table 13: Adverse Reactions in a 3-Week Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial for the Treatment of Bipolar Mania
*
Somnolence combines adverse reaction terms somnolence and sedation.
Extrapyramidal symptoms include the terms: muscle spasms, akathisia, cogwheel rigidity, dystonia, extrapyramidal disorder, restlessness and tremor.
Preferred Term
Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablet
(n=151)
Placebo
(n=160)
Somnolence*
50%
12%
Dry Mouth
34%
7%
Dizziness
10%
4%
Constipation
10%
3%
Dyspepsia
7%
4%
Fatigue
7%
4%
Weight Gain
7%
1%
Extrapyramidal Symptoms
7%
4%
 Nasal Congestion
5%
1%
Dysarthria
5%
0%
Increased Appetite
4%
2%
Back Pain
3%
2%
Toothache
3%
1%
Heart Rate Increased
3%
0%
Abnormal Dreams
3%
0%
Orthostatic Hypotension
3%
0%
Tachycardia
2%
1%
Vision Blurred
2%
1%
Sluggishness
2%
1%
Lethargy
2%
1%

In the 8-week placebo-controlled bipolar depression study in adults, the most commonly observed adverse reactions associated with the use of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (incidence of 5% or greater) and observed at a rate on quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet at least twice that of placebo were somnolence (52%), dry mouth (37%), increased appetite (12%), weight gain (7%), dyspepsia (7%), and fatigue (6%).

Table 14 enumerates the incidence, rounded to the nearest percent, of adverse reactions that occurred during acute therapy of bipolar depression (up to 8 weeks) in 2% or more of adult patients treated with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet 300 mg/day where the incidence in patients treated with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet was greater than the incidence in placebo-treated patients.

Table 14: Adverse Reactions in an 8-Week Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial for the Treatment of Bipolar Depression
*
Somnolence combines adverse reaction terms somnolence and sedation.
Extrapyramidal symptoms include the terms: muscle spasms, akathisia, dystonia, extrapyramidal disorder, hypertonia, and tremor.
Preferred Term
Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablet
(n=137)
Placebo
(n=140)
Somnolence*
52%
13%
Dry Mouth
37%
7%
Dizziness
13%
11%
Increased Appetite
12%
6%
Constipation
8%
6%
Dyspepsia
7%
1%
Weight Gain
7%
1%
Fatigue
6%
2%
Irritability
4%
3%
Viral Gastroenteritis
4%
1%
Arthralgia
4%
1%
Extrapyramidal Symptoms
4%
1%
Paresthesia
3%
2%
Back Pain
3%
1%
Muscle Spasms
3%
1%
Toothache
3%
0%
Abnormal Dreams
3%
0%
Ear Pain
2%
1%
Seasonal Allergy
2%
1%
Sinusitis
2%
1%
Decreased Appetite
2%
1%
Myalgia
2%
1%
Disturbance in Attention
2%
1%
Migraine
2%
1%
Restless Legs Syndrome
2%
1%
Anxiety
2%
1%
Sinus Headache
2%
1%
Libido Decreased
2%
1%
Pollakiuria
2%
1%
Sinus Congestion
2%
1%
Hyperhidrosis
2%
1%
Orthostatic Hypotension
2%
1%
Urinary Tract Infection
2%
0%
Heart Rate Increased
2%
0%
Neck Pain
2%
0%
Dysarthria
2%
0%
Akathisia
2%
0%
Hypersomnia
2%
0%
Mental Impairment
2%
0%
Confusion State
2%
0%
Disorientation 2% 0%

In the 6-week placebo-controlled fixed dose adjunctive therapy clinical trials, for MDD, the most commonly observed adverse reactions associated with the use of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (incidence of 5% or greater and observed at a rate on quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and at least twice that of placebo) were somnolence (150 mg: 37%; 300 mg: 43%), dry mouth (150 mg: 27%; 300 mg: 40%), fatigue (150 mg: 14%; 300 mg: 11%), constipation (300 mg only: 11%) and weight increased (300 mg only: 5%).

Table 15 enumerates the incidence, rounded to the nearest percent, of adverse reactions that occurred during short-term adjunctive therapy of MDD (up to 6 weeks) in 2% or more of patients treated with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (at doses of either 150 mg or 300 mg/day) where the incidence in patients treated with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet was greater than the incidence in placebo-treated patients.

Table 15: Adverse Reactions in Placebo-Controlled Adjunctive Therapy Clinical Trials for the Treatment of MDD by Fixed Dose
*
Somnolence combines the adverse reaction terms somnolence and sedation.
Extrapyramidal symptoms include the terms: muscle spasms, akathisia, cogwheel rigidity, drooling, dyskinesia, extrapyramidal disorder, hypertonia, hypokinesia, psychomotor hyperactivity, restlessness, and tremor
Preferred Term
Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablet 150 mg
(n=315)
Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablet 300 mg
(n=312)
Placebo
(n=309)
Somnolence*
37%
43%
9%
Dry Mouth
27%
40%
8%
Fatigue
14%
11%
4%
Dizziness
11%
12%
7%
Nausea
7%
8%
7%
Constipation
6%
11%
4%
Irritability
4%
2%
3%
Extrapyramidal Symptoms
4%
6%
4%
Vomiting
3%
1%
1%
Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
3%
2%
2%
Weight Increased
3%
5%
0%
Increased Appetite
3%
5%
3%
Back pain
3%
3%
1%
Vertigo
2%
2%
1%
Vision Blurred
2%
1%
1%
Dyspepsia
2%
3%
2%
Influenza
2%
1%
0%
Fall
2%
0%
1%
Muscle Spasms
2%
1%
1%
Lethargy
2%
1%
1%
Akathisia
2%
2%
1%
Abnormal Dreams
2%
2%
1%
Anxiety
2%
2%
1%
Depression
2%
1%
1%

Adverse Reactions In Clinical Trials With Quetiapine And Not Listed Elsewhere In The Label

Pyrexia, nightmares, peripheral edema, dyspnea, palpitations, rhinitis, eosinophilia, hypersensitivity, elevations in gamma-GT levels, and elevations in serum creatine phosphokinase (not associated with NMS), somnambulism (and other related events), hypothermia, decreased platelets, galactorrhea, bradycardia (which may occur at or near initiation of treatment and be associated with hypotension and/ or syncope), and priapism.

Extrapyramidal Symptoms (EPS)

Dystonia:

Class Effect

Symptoms of dystonia, prolonged abnormal contractions of muscle groups, may occur in susceptible individuals during the first few days of treatment. Dystonic symptoms include: spasm of the neck muscles, sometimes progressing to tightness of the throat, swallowing difficulty, difficulty breathing, and/or protrusion of the tongue. While these symptoms can occur at low doses, they occur more frequently and with greater severity with high potency and at higher doses of first generation antipsychotic drugs. An elevated risk of acute dystonia is observed in males and younger age groups.

Four methods were used to measure EPS: (1) Simpson-Angus total score (mean change from baseline) which evaluates Parkinsonism and akathisia, (2) Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale (BARS) Global Assessment Score, (3) incidence of spontaneous complaints of EPS (akathisia, akinesia, cogwheel rigidity, extrapyramidal syndrome, hypertonia, hypokinesia, neck rigidity, and tremor), and (4) use of anticholinergic medications to treat emergent EPS.

Adults

In placebo-controlled clinical trials with quetiapine, utilizing doses up to 800 mg per day, the incidence of any adverse reactions related to EPS ranged from 8% to 11% for quetiapine and 4% to 11% for placebo.

In three-arm placebo-controlled clinical trials for the treatment of schizophrenia, utilizing doses between 300 mg and 800 mg of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet, the incidence of any adverse reactions related to EPS was 8% for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and 8% for quetiapine fumarate tablet (without evidence of being dose related), and 5% in the placebo group. In these studies, the incidence of the individual adverse reactions (akathisia, extrapyramidal disorder, tremor, dyskinesia, dystonia, restlessness, and muscle rigidity) was generally low and did not exceed 3% for any treatment group.

At the end of treatment, the mean change from baseline in SAS total score and BARS Global Assessment score was similar across the treatment groups. The use of concomitant anticholinergic medications was infrequent and similar across the treatment groups. The incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms was consistent with that seen with the profile of quetiapine fumarate tablet in schizophrenia patients.

In Tables 16 to 19, dystonic event included nuchal rigidity, hypertonia, dystonia, muscle rigidity, oculogyration; parkinsonism included cogwheel rigidity, tremor, drooling, hypokinesia; akathisia included akathisia, psychomotor agitation; dyskinetic event included tardive dyskinesia, dyskinesia, choreoathetosis; and other extrapyramidal event included restlessness, extrapyramidal disorder, movement disorder.

Table 16: Adverse Reactions Associated with Extrapyramidal Symptoms in Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials for Schizophrenia
Preferred Term
Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablet
300 mg/day
(N=91)
Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablet
400 mg/day
(N=227)
Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablet
600 mg/day
(N=310)
Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablet
800 mg/day
(N=323)
All Doses
(N=951)
Placebo
(N=319)

n
%
n
%
n
%
n
%
n
%
n
%
Dystonic event
3
3.3
0
0.0
4
1.3
1
0.3
8
0.8
0
0.0
Parkinsonism
1
1.1
3
1.3
11
3.6
7
2.2
22
2.3
4
1.3
Akathisia
0
0.0
3
1.3
7
2.3
7
2.2
17
1.8
4
1.3
Dyskinetic event
2
2.2
1
0.4
1
0.3
1
0.3
5
0.5
2
0.6
Other extrapyramidal event
3
3.3
4
1.8
7
2.3
12
3.7
26
2.7
7
2.2

In a placebo-controlled clinical trial for the treatment of bipolar mania, utilizing the dose range of 400 to 800 mg/day of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet, the incidence of any adverse reactions related to EPS was 6.6% for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and 3.8% in the placebo group. In this study, the incidence of the individual adverse reactions (akathisia, extrapyramidal disorder, tremor, dystonia, restlessness, and cogwheel rigidity) did not exceed 2.0% for any adverse reaction.

Table 17: Adverse Reactions Associated with Extrapyramidal Symptoms in a Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial for Bipolar Mania
*
There were no adverse experiences with the preferred term of dyskinetic event.
Preferred Term*
Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablet
(N=151)

Placebo
(N=160)


n
%
n
%
Dystonic event
1
0.7
0
0.0
Parkinsonism
4
2.7
3
1.9
Akathisia
2
1.3
1
0.6
Other extrapyramidal event
3
2.0
2
1.3

In a placebo-controlled clinical trial for the treatment of bipolar depression utilizing 300 mg of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet, the incidence of any adverse reactions related to EPS was 4.4% for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and 0.7% in the placebo group. In this study, the incidence of the individual adverse reactions (akathisia, extrapyramidal disorder, tremor, dystonia, hypertonia) did not exceed 1.5% for any individual adverse reaction.

Table 18: Adverse Reactions Associated with Extrapyramidal Symptoms in a Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial for Bipolar Depression
*
There were no adverse experiences with the preferred term of dyskinetic event.
Preferred Term*
Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablet
(N=137)
Placebo
(N=140)

n
%
n
%
Dystonic event
2
1.5
0
0.0
Parkinsonism
1
0.7
1
0.7
Akathisia
2
1.5
0
0.0
Other extrapyramidal event
1
0.7
0
0.0

In two placebo-controlled short-term adjunctive therapy clinical trials for the treatment of MDD utilizing between 150 mg and 300 mg of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet, the incidence of any adverse reactions related to EPS was 5.1% for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and 4.2% for the placebo group.

Table 19 shows the percentage of patients experiencing adverse reactions associated with EPS in adjunct clinical trials for MDD by dose:

Table 19: Adverse Reactions Associated with EPS in MDD Trials by Dose, Adjunctive Therapy Clinical Trials (6 weeks duration)
Preferred Term
Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablet 150 mg/day
(N=315)
Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablet 300 mg/day
(N=312)
All Doses
(N=627)
Placebo
(N=309)

n
%
n
%
n
%
n
%
Dystonic event
1
0.3
0
0.0
1
0.2
0
0.0
Parkinsonism
3
1.0
4
1.3
7
1.1
5
1.6
Akathisia
5
1.6
8
2.6
13
2.1
3
1.0
Dyskinetic event
0
0.0
1
0.3
1
0.2
0
0.0
Other extrapyramidal event
5
1.6
7
2.2
12
1.9
5
1.6

Children and Adolescents

The information below is derived from a clinical trial database for quetiapine fumarate tablet consisting of over 1000 pediatric patients. This database includes 677 adolescents (13 to 17 years old) exposed to quetiapine fumarate tablet for the treatment of schizophrenia and 393 children and adolescents (10 to 17 years old) exposed to quetiapine fumarate tablet for the treatment of acute bipolar mania.

Adverse Reactions Associated with Discontinuation of Treatment in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Trials

Schizophrenia:

The incidence of discontinuation due to adverse reactions for quetiapine-treated and placebo-treated patients was 8.2% and 2.7%, respectively. The adverse reaction leading to discontinuation in 2% or more of patients on quetiapine and at a greater incidence than placebo was somnolence (2.7% and 0% for placebo).

Bipolar I Mania: 

The incidence of discontinuation due to adverse reactions for quetiapine-treated and placebo-treated patients was 11.4% and 4.4%, respectively. The adverse reactions leading to discontinuation in 2% or more of patients on quetiapine fumarate tablet and at a greater incidence than placebo were somnolence (4.1% vs. 1.1%) and fatigue (2.1% vs. 0).

Commonly Observed Adverse Reactions in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Trials

In an acute (8-week) quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet trial in children and adolescents (10 to 17 years of age) with bipolar depression, in which efficacy was not established, the most commonly observed adverse reactions associated with the use of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (incidence of 5% or greater and at least twice that for placebo) were: dizziness 7%, diarrhea 5%, fatigue 5% and nausea 5%.

In therapy for schizophrenia (up to 6 weeks), the most commonly observed adverse reactions associated with the use of quetiapine in adolescents (incidence of 5% or greater and quetiapine incidence at least twice that for placebo) were somnolence (34%), dizziness (12%), dry mouth (7%), tachycardia (7%).

In bipolar mania therapy (up to 3 weeks) the most commonly observed adverse reactions associated with the use of quetiapine in children and adolescents (incidence of 5% or greater and quetiapine incidence at least twice that for placebo) were somnolence (53%), dizziness (18%), fatigue (11%), increased appetite (9%), nausea (8%), vomiting (8%), tachycardia (7%), dry mouth (7%), and weight increased (6%).

Adverse Reactions Occurring at an Incidence of ≥ 2% among Quetiapine Fumarate Tablet Treated Patients in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Trials

Schizophrenia (Adolescents, 13 to 17 years old):

The following findings were based on a 6-week placebo-controlled trial in which quetiapine was administered in either doses of 400 or 800 mg/day.

Table 20 enumerates the incidence, rounded to the nearest percent, of adverse reactions that occurred during therapy (up to 6 weeks) of schizophrenia in 2% or more of patients treated with quetiapine fumarate tablet (doses of 400 or 800 mg/day) where the incidence in patients treated with quetiapine fumarate tablet was greater than the incidence in placebo-treated patients.

Adverse reactions that were potentially dose-related with higher frequency in the 800 mg group compared to the 400 mg group included dizziness (8% vs. 15%), dry mouth (4% vs. 10%), and tachycardia (6% vs. 11%).

Table 20: Adverse Reactions in a 6-Week Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial for the Treatment of Schizophrenia in Adolescent Patients
*
Somnolence combines adverse reaction terms somnolence and sedation.
Tachycardia combines adverse reaction terms tachycardia and sinus tachycardia.
Preferred Term
Quetiapine Fumarate Tablet 400 mg
(n=73)
Quetiapine Fumarate Tablet 800 mg
(n=74)
Placebo
(n=75)
Somnolence*
33%
35%
11%
Dizziness
8%
15%
5%
Dry Mouth
4%
10%
1%
Tachycardia
6%
11%
0%
Irritability
3%
5%
0%
Arthralgia
1%
3%
0%
Asthenia
1%
3%
1%
Back Pain
1%
3%
0%
Dyspnea
0%
3%
0%
Abdominal Pain
3%
1%
0%
Anorexia
3%
1%
0%
Tooth Abscess
3%
1%
0%
Dyskinesia
3%
0%
0%
Epistaxis
3%
0%
1%
Muscle Rigidity
3%
0%
0%

Bipolar I Mania (Children and Adolescents 10 to 17 years old):

The following findings were based on a 3-week placebo-controlled trial in which quetiapine was administered in either doses of 400 or 600 mg/day.

Table 21 enumerates the incidence, rounded to the nearest percent, of treatment-emergent adverse reactions that occurred during therapy (up to 3 weeks) of bipolar mania in 2% or more of patients treated with quetiapine fumarate tablet (doses of 400 or 600 mg/day) where the incidence in patients treated with quetiapine fumarate tablet was greater than the incidence in placebo-treated patients.

Adverse reactions that were potentially dose-related with higher frequency in the 600 mg group compared to the 400 mg group included somnolence (50% vs. 57%), nausea (6% vs. 10%) and tachycardia (6%vs. 9%).

Table 21: Adverse Reactions in a 3-Week Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial for the Treatment of Bipolar Mania in Children and Adolescent Patients
*
Somnolence combines adverse reaction terms somnolence and sedation.
Tachycardia combines adverse reaction terms tachycardia and sinus tachycardia.
Preferred Term
Quetiapine Fumarate Tablet 400 mg
(n=95)
Quetiapine Fumarate Tablet 600 mg
(n=98)
Placebo
(n=90)
Somnolence*
50%
57%
14%
Dizziness
19%
17%
2%
Nausea
6%
10%
4%
Fatigue
14%
9%
4%
Increased Appetite
10%
9%
1%
Tachycardia
6%
9%
0%
Dry Mouth
7%
7%
0%
Vomiting
8%
7%
3%
Nasal Congestion
3%
6%
2%
Weight Increased
6%
6%
0%
Irritability
3%
5%
1%
Pyrexia
1%
4%
1%
Aggression
1%
3%
0%
Musculoskeletal Stiffness
1%
3%
1%
Accidental Overdose
0%
2%
0%
Acne
3%
2%
0%
Arthralgia
4%
2%
1%
Lethargy
2%
2%
0%
Pallor
1%
2%
0%
Stomach Discomfort
4%
2%
1%
Syncope
2%
2%
0%
Vision Blurred
3%
2%
0%
Constipation
4%
2%
0%
Ear Pain
2%
0%
0%
Paresthesia
2%
0%
0%
Sinus Congestion
3%
0%
0%
Thirst
2%
0%
0%

Extrapyramidal Symptoms

Safety and effectiveness of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is supported by studies of quetiapine fumarate tablet in children and adolescent patients 10 to 17 years of age [see CLINICAL STUDIES (14.1 and 14.2)].

In a short-term placebo-controlled quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet monotherapy trial in children and adolescent patients (10 to 17 years of age) with bipolar depression (8-week duration), in which efficacy was not established, the aggregated incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms was 1.1% (1/92) for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and 0% (0/100) for placebo.

In a short-term placebo-controlled quetiapine fumarate tablet monotherapy trial in adolescent patients (13 to 17 years of age) with schizophrenia (6-week duration), the aggregated incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms was 12.9% (19/147) for quetiapine fumarate tablet and 5.3% (4/75) for placebo, though the incidence of the individual adverse reactions (e.g., akathisia, tremor, extrapyramidal disorder, hypokinesia, restlessness, psychomotor hyperactivity, muscle rigidity, dyskinesia) did not exceed 4.1% in any treatment group. In a short-term placebo-controlled quetiapine fumarate tablet monotherapy trial in children and adolescent patients (10 to 17 years of age) with bipolar mania (3-week duration), the aggregated incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms was 3.6% (7/193) for quetiapine fumarate tablet and 1.1% (1/90) for placebo.

In Tables 22 and 23, dystonic events included nuchal rigidity, hypertonia, dystonia, and muscle rigidity; parkinsonism included cogwheel rigidity and tremor; akathisia included akathisia only; dyskinetic event included tardive dyskinesia, dyskinesia and choreoathetosis; and other extrapyramidal event included restlessness and extrapyramidal disorder.

Table 22 below presents a listing of patients with adverse reactions associated with EPS in the short-term placebo-controlled quetiapine tablet monotherapy trial in adolescent patients with schizophrenia (6-week duration).

Table 22: Adverse Reactions Associated with Extrapyramidal Symptoms in the Placebo-controlled Trial in Adolescent Patients with Schizophrenia (6-week duration).
Preferred Term
Quetiapine Fumarate Tablet
400 mg/day
(N=73)
Quetiapine Fumarate Tablet
800 mg/day
(N=74)
All Quetiapine Fumarate Tablet
(N=147)
Placebo
(N=75)

n
%
n
%
n
%
n
%
Dystonic event
2
2.7
0
0.0
2
1.4
0
0.0
Parkinsonism
4
5.5
4
5.4
8
5.4
2
2.7
Akathisia
3
4.1
4
5.4
7
4.8
3
4.0
Dyskinetic event
2
2.7
0
0.0
2
1.4
0
0.0
Other extrapyramidal event
2
2.7
2
2.7
4
2.7
0
0.0

Table 23 below presents a listing of patients with adverse reactions associated with EPS in a short-term placebo-controlled monotherapy trial in children and adolescent patients with bipolar mania (3-week duration).

Table 23: Adverse Reactions Associated with Extrapyramidal Symptoms in a Placebo-controlled Trial in Children and Adolescent Patients with Bipolar I Mania (3-week duration)
*
There were no adverse reactions with the preferred term of dystonic or dyskinetic events.
Preferred Term*
Quetiapine Fumarate Tablet 
400 mg/day
(N=95)
Quetiapine Fumarate Tablet
600 mg/day
(N=98)
All Quetiapine Fumarate Tablet
(N=193)
Placebo
(N=90)

n
%
n
%
n
%
n
%
Parkinsonism
2
2.1
1
1.0
3
1.6
1
1.1
Akathisia
1
1.0
1
1.0
2
1.0
0
0.0
Other extrapyramidal event
1
1.1
1
1.0
2
1.0
0
0.0

Laboratory, ECG and Vital Sign Changes Observed in Clinical Studies

Laboratory Changes:

Neutrophil Counts

Adults:

In three-arm quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet placebo-controlled monotherapy clinical trials, among patients with a baseline neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 x 109/L, the incidence of at least one occurrence of neutrophil count <1.5 x 109/L was 1.5% in patients treated with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and 1.5% for quetiapine fumarate tablet, compared to 0.8% in placebo-treated patients.

In placebo-controlled monotherapy clinical trials involving 3368 patients on quetiapine fumarate and 1515 on placebo, the incidence of at least one occurrence of neutrophil count <1.0 x 109/L among patients with a normal baseline neutrophil count and at least one available follow up laboratory measurement was 0.3% (10/2967) in patients treated with quetiapine, compared to 0.1% (2/1349) in patients treated with placebo [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.10)].

Transaminase Elevations:

Adults:

Asymptomatic, transient and reversible elevations in serum transaminases (primarily ALT) have been reported. The proportions of adult patients with transaminase elevations of >3 times the upper limits of the normal reference range in a pool of placebo-controlled trials ranged between 1% and 2% for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet compared to 2% for placebo. In schizophrenia trials in adults, the proportions of patients with transaminase elevations of >3 times the upper limits of the normal reference range in a pool of 3- to 6-week placebo-controlled trials were approximately 6% (29/483) for quetiapine fumarate tablet compared to 1% (3/194) for placebo. These hepatic enzyme elevations usually occurred within the first 3 weeks of drug treatment and promptly returned to pre-study levels with ongoing treatment with quetiapine.

Decreased Hemoglobin:

Adults

In short-term placebo-controlled trials, decreases in hemoglobin to ≤ 13 g/dL males, ≤ 12 g/dL females on at least one occasion occurred in 8.3% (594/7155) of quetiapine-treated patients compared to 6.2%(219/3536) of patients treated with placebo. In a database of controlled and uncontrolled clinical trials, decreases in hemoglobin to ≤ 13 g/dL males, ≤ 12 g/dL females on at least one occasion occurred in 11% (2277/20729) of quetiapine-treated patients.

Interference with Urine Drug Screens

There have been literature reports suggesting false positive results in urine enzyme immunoassays for methadone and tricyclic antidepressants in patients who have taken quetiapine. Caution should be exercised in the interpretation of positive urine drug screen results for these drugs, and confirmation by alternative analytical technique (e.g. chromatographic methods) should be considered.

ECG Changes:

Adults

2.5% of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet patients, and 2.3% of placebo patients, had tachycardia (>120 bpm) at any time during the trials. Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet was associated with a mean increase in heart rate, assessed by ECG, of 6.3 beats per minute compared to a mean increase of 0.4 beats per minute for placebo. This is consistent with the rates for quetiapine fumarate tablet. The incidence of adverse reactions of tachycardia was 1.9% for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet compared to 0.5% for placebo. Quetiapine fumarate tablet use was associated with a mean increase in heart rate, assessed by ECG, of 7 beats per minute compared to a mean increase of 1 beat per minute among placebo patients. The slight tendency for tachycardia may be related to quetiapine's potential for inducing orthostatic changes [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.7)].

Children and Adolescents

Safety and effectiveness of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is supported by studies of quetiapine fumarate tablet in children and adolescent patients 10 to 17 years of age [(see CLINICAL STUDIES (14.1 and 14.2)].

In an acute (8-week) quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet trial in children and adolescents (10 to 17 years of age) with bipolar depression, in which efficacy was not established, increases in heart rate (> 110 bpm 10 to 12 years and 13 to 17 years) occurred in 0% of patients receiving quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and 1.2% of patients receiving placebo. Mean increases in heart rate were 3.4 bpm for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet, compared to 0.3 bpm in the placebo group [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.7)].

In the acute (6-week) quetiapine fumarate tablet schizophrenia trial in adolescents (13 to 17 years of age), increases in heart rate (> 110 bpm) occurred in 5.2% of patients receiving quetiapine fumarate tablet 400 mg and 8.5% of patients receiving quetiapine fumarate tablet 800 mg compared to 0% of patients receiving placebo. Mean increases in heart rate were 3.8 bpm and 11.2 bpm for quetiapine fumarate tablet 400 mg and 800 mg groups, respectively, compared to a decrease of 3.3 bpm in the placebo group [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.7)].

In the acute (3-week) quetiapine fumarate tablet bipolar mania trial in children and adolescents (10 to 17 years of age), increases in heart rate (> 110 bpm) occurred in 1.1% of patients receiving quetiapine fumarate tablet 400 mg and 4.7% of patients receiving quetiapine fumarate tablet 600 mg compared to 0% of patients receiving placebo. Mean increases in heart rate were 12.8 bpm and 13.4 bpm for quetiapine fumarate tablet 400 mg and 600 mg groups, respectively, compared to a decrease of 1.7 bpm in the placebo group [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.7)].

Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions were identified during post approval use of quetiapine fumarate tablet. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Adverse reactions reported since market introduction which were temporally related to quetiapine therapy include anaphylactic reaction, cardiomyopathy, drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), hyponatremia, myocarditis, nocturnal enuresis, pancreatitis, retrograde amnesia, rhabdomyolysis, syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH), Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN).

Drug Interactions

Effect of Other Drugs on Quetiapine

The risks of using quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in combination with other drugs have not been extensively evaluated in systematic studies. Given the primary CNS effects of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet, caution should be used when it is taken in combination with other centrally acting drugs. Quetiapine potentiated the cognitive and motor effects of alcohol in a clinical trial in subjects with selected psychotic disorders, and alcoholic beverages should be limited while taking quetiapine.

Quetiapine exposure is increased by the prototype CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g., ketoconazole, itraconazole, indinavir, ritonavir, nefazodone, etc.). and decreased by the prototype of CYP3A4 inducers (e.g, phenytoin, carbamazepine, rifampin, avasimibe, St. John's wort etc.) Dose adjustment of quetiapine will be necessary if it is co-administered with potent CYP3A4 inducers or inhibitors.

CYP3A4 inhibitors

Coadministration of ketoconazole, a potent inhibitor of cytochrome CYP3A4, resulted in significant increase in quetiapine exposure. The dose should be reduced to one sixth of the original dose in patients coadministered with a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION (2.5) and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY (12.3)].

CYP3A4 inducers

Coadministration of quetiapine and phenytoin, a CYP3A4 inducer increased the mean oral clearance of quetiapine by 5-fold. Increased doses of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet up to 5 fold may be required to maintain control of symptoms of schizophrenia in patients receiving quetiapine and phenytoin, or other known potent CYP3A4 inducers [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION (2.6) and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY (12.3)]. When the CYP3A4 inducer is discontinued, the dose of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet should be reduced to the original level within 7 to 14 days [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION (2.6)].

The potential effects of several concomitant medications on quetiapine pharmacokinetics were studied.

Effect of Quetiapine on Other Drugs

Because of its potential for inducing hypotension, quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet may enhance the effects of certain antihypertensive agents.

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet may antagonize the effects of levodopa and dopamine agonists.

There are no clinically relevant pharmacokinetic interactions of quetiapine fumarate tablet on other drugs based on the CYP pathway. Quetiapine fumarate tablet and its metabolites are non-inhibitors of major metabolizing CYP's (1A2, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6 and 3A4).

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category C

Risk Summary:

There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet use in pregnant women. In limited published literature, there were no major malformations associated with quetiapine exposure during pregnancy. In animal studies, embryo-fetal toxicity occurred. Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

Human Data:

There are limited published data on the use of quetiapine for treatment of schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders during pregnancy. In a prospective observational study, 21 women exposed to quetiapine and other psychoactive medications during pregnancy delivered infants with no major malformations. Among 42 other infants born to pregnant women who used quetiapine during pregnancy, there were no major malformations reported (one study of 36 women, 6 case reports). Due to the limited number of exposed pregnancies, these postmarketing data do not reliably estimate the frequency or absence of adverse outcomes. Neonates exposed to antipsychotic drugs (including quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet), during the third trimester of pregnancy are at risk for extrapyramidal and/or withdrawal symptoms following delivery. There have been reports of agitation, hypertonia, hypotonia, tremor, somnolence, respiratory distress and feeding disorder in these neonates. These complications have varied in severity; while in some cases symptoms have been self-limited, in other cases neonates have required intensive care unit support and prolonged hospitalization.

Animal Data:

When pregnant rats and rabbits were exposed to quetiapine during organogenesis, there was no teratogenic effect in fetuses at doses up to 2.4 times the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD), for schizophrenia of 800 mg/day based on mg/m2 body surface area. However, there was evidence of embryo-fetal toxicity. These included delays in skeletal ossification occurred at approximately 1 and 2 times the MRHD of 800 mg/day and in both rats and rabbits and an increased incidence of carpal/tarsal flexure (minor soft tissue anomaly) in rabbit fetuses at approximately 2 times the MRHD. In addition, fetal weights were decreased in both species. Maternal toxicity observed as decreased body weights and/or death occurred at 2 times the MRHD in rats and at approximately 1-2 times the MRHD (all doses) in rabbits.

In a peri/postnatal reproductive study in rats, no drug-related effects were observed when pregnant dams were treated with quetiapine at doses 0.01, 0.1, and 0.2 times the MRHD of 800 mg/day on mg/m2body surface area. However, in a preliminary peri/postnatal study, there were increases in fetal and pup death, and decreases in mean litter weight at 3 times the MRHD.

Labor and Delivery

The effect of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet on labor and delivery in humans is unknown.

Nursing Mothers

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet was excreted into human milk. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother's health.

In published case reports, the level of quetiapine in breast milk ranged from undetectable to 170 mcg/L. The estimated infant dose ranged from 0.09% to 0.43% of the weight-adjusted maternal dose. Based on a limited number (N=8) of mother/infant pairs, calculated infant daily doses range from less than 0.01 mg/kg (at a maternal daily dose up to 100 mg quetiapine) to 0.1 mg/kg (at a maternal daily dose of 400 mg).

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is supported by studies of quetiapine fumarate tablet for schizophrenia in adolescent patients 13 to 17 years of age and in bipolar mania in children and adolescent patients 10 to 17 years of age [see CLINICAL STUDIES (14.1 and 14.2)].

In general, the adverse reactions observed in children and adolescents during the clinical trials with quetiapine fumarate tablet were similar to those in the adult population with few exceptions. Increases in systolic and diastolic blood pressure occurred in children and adolescents and did not occur in adults. Orthostatic hypotension occurred more frequently in adults (4 to 7%) compared to children and adolescents (< 1%) [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.7) and ADVERSE REACTIONS (6.1)].

Bipolar Depression

The effectiveness of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet for the treatment of bipolar depression in patients under the age of 18 years has not been established. One 8-week trial was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in the treatment of bipolar depression in pediatric patients 10 to 17 years of age. The primary objective of the study was to evaluate whether quetiapine extended-release tablet at a dose of 150 to 300 mg/day demonstrated superior efficacy (as measured by change in CDRS-R total score from baseline to end of 8 weeks) compared to placebo in children and adolescents 10 to 17 years of age with bipolar depression. A total of 193 patients with bipolar depression were randomized to placebo or quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet. The primary results of this study did not show a difference between quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and placebo in decreasing depression symptoms in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder. In this study, patients treated with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet exhibited metabolic changes, weight gain, increases in blood pressure and increases in heart rate [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.5, 5.9) and ADVERSE REACTIONS (6.1)].

Some differences in the pharmacokinetics of quetiapine were noted between children/adolescents (10 to 17 years of age) and adults. When adjusted for weight, the AUC and Cmax of quetiapine were 41% and 39% lower, respectively, in children and adolescents compared to adults. The pharmacokinetics of the active metabolite, norquetiapine, were similar between children/adolescents and adults after adjusting for weight [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY (12.3)].

Schizophrenia

The efficacy and safety of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in the treatment of schizophrenia in adolescents aged 13 to 17 years is supported by one 6-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with quetiapine fumarate tablet [see INDICATIONS AND USAGE (1.1), DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION (2.2), ADVERSE REACTIONS (6.1), and CLINICAL STUDIES (14.1)].

Safety and effectiveness of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in pediatric patients less than 13 years of age with schizophrenia have not been established.

The safety and effectiveness of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in the maintenance treatment of schizophrenia has not been established in patients less than 18 years of age.

Bipolar Mania

The efficacy and safety of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in the treatment of bipolar mania in children and adolescents ages 10 to 17 years is supported by one 3-week, double-blind, placebo controlled trial with quetiapine fumarate tablet [see INDICATIONS AND USAGE (1.2), DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION (2.2), ADVERSE REACTIONS (6.1), and CLINICAL STUDIES (14.2)].

Safety and effectiveness of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in pediatric patients less than 10 years of age with bipolar mania have not been established.

The safety and effectiveness of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in the maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder has not been established in patients less than 18 years of age.

Geriatric Use

Sixty-eight patients in clinical studies with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet were 65 years of age or over. In general, there was no indication of any different tolerability of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in the elderly compared to younger adults. Nevertheless, the presence of factors that might decrease pharmacokinetic clearance, increase the pharmacodynamic response to quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet, or cause poorer tolerance or orthostasis, should lead to consideration of a lower starting dose, slower titration, and careful monitoring during the initial dosing period in the elderly. The mean plasma clearance of quetiapine was reduced by 30% to 50% in elderly patients when compared to younger patients [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION (2.3) and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY (12.3)].

Renal Impairment

Clinical experience with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in patients with renal impairment is limited [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY (12.3)].

Hepatic Impairment

Since quetiapine is extensively metabolized by the liver, higher plasma levels are expected in patients with hepatic impairment. In this population, a low starting dose of 50 mg/day is recommended and the dose may be increased in increments of 50 mg/day [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION (2.4) and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY (12.3)].

Drug Abuse and Dependence

Controlled Substance

Quetiapine fumarate is not a controlled substance.

Abuse

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet has not been systematically studied in animals or humans for its potential for abuse, tolerance or physical dependence. While the clinical trials did not reveal any tendency for any drug-seeking behavior, these observations were not systematic and it is not possible to predict on the basis of this limited experience the extent to which a CNS-active drug will be misused, diverted, and/or abused once marketed. Consequently, patients should be evaluated carefully for a history of drug abuse, and such patients should be observed closely for signs of misuse or abuse of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (e.g., development of tolerance, increases in dose, drug-seeking behavior).

Overdosage

Human Experience

In clinical trials, survival has been reported in acute overdoses of up to 30 grams of quetiapine. Most patients who overdosed experienced no adverse reactions or recovered fully from the reported events. Death has been reported in a clinical trial following an overdose of 13.6 grams of quetiapine alone. In general, reported signs and symptoms were those resulting from an exaggeration of the drug's known pharmacological effects, i.e., drowsiness and sedation, tachycardia and hypotension. Patients with pre-existing severe cardiovascular disease may be at an increased risk of the effects of overdose [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.12)]. One case, involving an estimated overdose of 9600 mg, was associated with hypokalemia and first degree heart block. In post-marketing experience, there were cases reported of QT prolongation with overdose. There were also very rare reports of overdose of quetiapine fumarate tablet alone resulting in death or coma.

Management of Overdosage

In case of acute overdosage, establish and maintain an airway and ensure adequate oxygenation and ventilation. Gastric lavage (after intubation, if patient is unconscious) and administration of activated charcoal together with a laxative should be considered. The possibility of obtundation, seizure or dystonic reaction of the head and neck following overdose may create a risk of aspiration with induced emesis. Cardiovascular monitoring should commence immediately and should include continuous electrocardiographic monitoring to detect possible arrhythmias. If antiarrhythmic therapy is administered, disopyramide, procainamide and quinidine carry a theoretical hazard of additive QT-prolonging effects when administered in patients with acute overdosage of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet. Similarly it is reasonable to expect that the α-adrenergic-blocking properties of bretylium might be additive to those of quetiapine, resulting in problematic hypotension.

There is no specific antidote to quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet. Therefore, appropriate supportive measures should be instituted. The possibility of multiple drug involvement should be considered. Hypotension and circulatory collapse should be treated with appropriate measures such as intravenous fluids and/or sympathomimetic agents (epinephrine and dopamine should not be used, since β stimulation may worsen hypotension in the setting of quetiapine-induced α blockade). In cases of severe extrapyramidal symptoms, anticholinergic medication should be administered. Close medical supervision and monitoring should continue until the patient recovers.

Quetiapine Fumarate XR Tablets Description

Quetiapine fumarate is an atypical antipsychotic belonging to a chemical class, the dibenzothiazepine derivatives. The chemical designation is 2-[2-(4-dibenzo [b,f] [1,4]thiazepin-11-yl-1-piperazinyl)ethoxy]-ethanol fumarate (2:1) (salt). It is present in tablets as the fumarate salt. All doses and tablet strengths are expressed as milligrams of base, not as fumarate salt. Its molecular formula is C42H50N6O4S2 .C4H4O4 and it has a molecular weight of 883.11 (fumarate salt). The structural formula is:

Quetiapine fumarate is a white to off-white crystalline powder which is moderately soluble in water.

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablets are supplied for oral administration as 50 mg (peach to red), 150 mg (white), 200 mg (yellow), 300 mg (yellow to pale yellow), and 400 mg (white). All tablets are capsule shaped and film coated.

Inactive ingredients for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablets are hypromellose, hypromellose 2208, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose and sodium citrate dihydrate. The film coating for all quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablets contain hypromellose 2910, macrogol and titanium dioxide. In addition, red iron oxide (for 50 mg) and yellow iron oxide (for 50 mg, 200 mg and 300 mg) are included in the film coating of specific strengths.

Each 50 mg tablet contains 58 mg of quetiapine fumarate equivalent to 50 mg quetiapine. Each 150 mg tablet contains 173 mg of quetiapine fumarate equivalent to 150 mg quetiapine. Each 200 mg tablet contains 230 mg of quetiapine fumarate equivalent to 200 mg quetiapine. Each 300 mg tablet contains 345 mg of quetiapine fumarate equivalent to 300 mg quetiapine. Each 400 mg tablet contains 461 mg of quetiapine fumarate equivalent to 400 mg quetiapine.

USP Dissolution Test Pending.

Quetiapine Fumarate XR Tablets - Clinical Pharmacology

Mechanism of Action

The mechanism of action of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in the treatment of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder (MDD), is unknown. However, its efficacy in schizophrenia could be mediated through a combination of dopamine type 2 (D2) and serotonin type 2A (5HT2A) antagonism. The active metabolite, N-desalkyl quetiapine (norquetiapine), has similar activity at D2, but greater activity at 5HT2A receptors, than the parent drug (quetiapine). Quetiapine's efficacy in bipolar depression and MDD may partly be explained by the high affinity and potent inhibitory effects that norquetiapine exhibits for the norepinephrine transporter.

Antagonism at receptors other than dopamine and serotonin with similar or greater affinities may explain some of the other effects of quetiapine and norquetiapine: antagonism at histamine H1 receptors may explain the somnolence, antagonism at adrenergic α1b receptors may explain the orthostatic hypotension, and antagonism at muscarinic M1 receptors may explain the anticholinergic effects.

Pharmacodynamics

Quetiapine and norquetiapine have affinity for multiple neurotransmitter receptors including dopamine D1 and D2, serotonin 5HT1A and 5HT2A, histamine H1, muscarinic M1, and adrenergic α1b and α2 receptors. Quetiapine differs from norquetiapine in having no appreciable affinity for muscarinic M1 receptors whereas norquetiapine has high affinity. Quetiapine and norquetiapine lack appreciable affinity for benzodiazepine receptors.

Table 24: Receptor Affinities (Ki, nM) for Quetiapine and Norquetiapine
Receptor
Quetiapine
Norquetiapine
Dopamine D1 428
99.8
Dopamine D2 626
489
Serotonin 5HT1A 1040
191
Serotonin 5HT2A 38
2.9
Norepinephrine transporter
>10000
34.8
Histamine H1 4.41
1.15
Adrenergic α1b
14.6
46.4
Adrenergic α2 617
1290
Muscarinic M1 1086
38.3
Benzodiazepine
>10000
>10000

Effect on QT Interval

In clinical trials quetiapine was not associated with a persistent increase in QT intervals. However, the QT effect was not systematically evaluated in a thorough QT study. In post marketing experience there were cases reported of QT prolongation in patients who overdosed on quetiapine [see OVERDOSAGE (10.1)], in patients with concomitant illness, and in patients taking medicines known to cause electrolyte imbalance or increase QT interval.

Pharmacokinetics

Adults

Following multiple dosing of quetiapine up to a total daily dose of 800 mg, administered in divided doses, the plasma concentration of quetiapine and norquetiapine, the major active metabolite of quetiapine, were proportional to the total daily dose. Accumulation is predictable upon multiple dosing. Steady-state mean Cmax and AUC of norquetiapine are about 21 to 27% and 46 to 56%, respectively of that observed for quetiapine. Elimination of quetiapine is mainly via hepatic metabolism. The mean-terminal half-life is approximately 7 hours for quetiapine and approximately 12 hours for norquetiapine within the clinical dose range. Steady-state concentrations are expected to be achieved within two days of dosing. Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is unlikely to interfere with the metabolism of drugs metabolized by cytochrome P450 enzymes.

Children and Adolescents

At steady state, the pharmacokinetics of the parent compound, in children and adolescents (10 to 17 years of age), were similar to adults. However, when adjusted for dose and weight, AUC and Cmax of the parent compound were 41% and 39% lower, respectively, in children and adolescents than in adults. For the active metabolite, norquetiapine, AUC and Cmax were 45% and 31% higher, respectively, in children and adolescents than in adults. When adjusted for dose and weight, the pharmacokinetics of the metabolite, norquetiapine, was similar between children and adolescents and adults [see USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS (8.4)].

Absorption

Quetiapine fumarate reaches peak plasma concentrations approximately 6 hours following administration. Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet dosed once daily at steady state has comparable bioavailability to an equivalent total daily dose of quetiapine fumarate tablet administered in divided doses, twice daily. A high-fat meal (approximately 800 to 1000 calories) was found to produce statistically significant increases in the quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet Cmax and AUC of 44% to 52% and 20% to 22%, respectively, for the 50 mg and 300 mg tablets. In comparison, a light meal (approximately 300 calories) had no significant effect on the Cmax or AUC of quetiapine. It is recommended that quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet be taken without food or with a light meal [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION (2.1)].

Distribution

Quetiapine is widely distributed throughout the body with an apparent volume of distribution of 10±4 L/kg. It is 83% bound to plasma proteins at therapeutic concentrations. In vitro, quetiapine did not affect the binding of warfarin or diazepam to human serum albumin. In turn, neither warfarin nor diazepam altered the binding of quetiapine.

Metabolism and Elimination

Following a single oral dose of 14C-quetiapine, less than 1% of the administered dose was excreted as unchanged drug, indicating that quetiapine is highly metabolized. Approximately 73% and 20% of the dose was recovered in the urine and feces, respectively. The average dose fraction of free quetiapine and its major active metabolite is <5% excreted in the urine.

Quetiapine is extensively metabolized by the liver. The major metabolic pathways are sulfoxidation to the sulfoxide metabolite and oxidation to the parent acid metabolite; both metabolites are pharmacologically inactive. In vitro studies using human liver microsomes revealed that the cytochrome P450 3A4 isoenzyme is involved in the metabolism of quetiapine to its major, but inactive, sulfoxide metabolite and in the metabolism of its active metabolite norquetiapine.

Age

Oral clearance of quetiapine was reduced by 40% in elderly patients (>65 years, n = 9) compared to young patients (n=12), and dosing adjustment may be necessary [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION (2.3)].

Gender

There is no gender effect on the pharmacokinetics of quetiapine.

Race

There is no race effect on the pharmacokinetics of quetiapine.

Smoking

Smoking has no effect on the oral clearance of quetiapine.

Renal Insufficiency

Patients with severe renal impairment (CLcr=10 to 30 mL/min/1.73m2, n=8) had a 25% lower mean oral clearance than normal subjects (CLcr>80 mL/min/1.73m2, n=8), but plasma quetiapine concentrations in the subjects with renal insufficiency were within the range of concentrations seen in normal subjects receiving the same dose. Dosage adjustment is therefore not needed in these patients [see USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS (8.6)].

Hepatic Insufficiency

Hepatically impaired patients (n=8) had a 30% lower mean oral clearance of quetiapine than normal subjects. In 2 of the 8 hepatically impaired patients, AUC and Cmax were 3 times higher than those observed typically in healthy subjects. Since quetiapine is extensively metabolized by the liver, higher plasma levels are expected in the hepatically impaired population, and dosage adjustment may be needed [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION (2.4) and USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS (8.7)].

Drug-Drug Interaction Studies

The in vivo assessments of effect of other drugs on the pharmacokinetics of quetiapine are summarized in Table 25 [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION (2.5 and 2.6) and DRUG INTERACTIONS (7.1)].

Table 25: The Effect of Other Drugs on the PK of Quetiapine
Coadministered Drug
Dose Schedules

Effect on Quetiapine Pharmacokinetics

Coadministered Drug
Quetiapine

Phenytoin
100 mg three times daily
250 mg three times daily
5 fold Increase in oral clearance
Divalproex
500 mg twice daily
150 mg twice daily
17% increase mean max plasma concentration at steady state. No effect on absorption or mean oral clearance
Thioridazine
200 mg twice daily
300 mg twice daily
65% increase in oral clearance
Cimetidine
400 mg three times daily for 4 days
150 mg three times daily
20% decrease in mean oral clearance
Ketoconazole
(potent CYP 3A4 inhibitor)
200 mg once daily for 4 days
25 mg single dose
84% decrease in oral clearance resulting in a 6.2 fold increase in AUC of quetiapine
Fluoxetine
60 mg once daily
300 mg twice daily
No change in steady state PK
Imipramine
75 mg twice daily
300 mg twice daily
No change in steady state PK
Haloperidol
7.5 mg twice daily
300 mg twice daily
No change in steady state PK
Risperidone
3 mg twice daily
300 mg twice daily
No change in steady state PK

In vitro enzyme inhibition data suggest that quetiapine and 9 of its metabolites would have little inhibitory effect on in vivo metabolism mediated by cytochromes CYP 1A2, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6 and 3A4. Quetiapine at doses of 750 mg/day did not affect the single dose pharmacokinetics of antipyrine, lithium or lorazepam (Table 26) [see DRUG INTERACTIONS (7.2)]. 

Table 26: The Effect of Quetiapine on the PK of Other Drugs
Coadministered Drug
Dose Schedules

Effect On Other Drugs Pharmacokinetics

Coadministered drug
Quetiapine

Lorazepam
2 mg, single dose
250 mg three times daily
Oral clearance of lorazepam reduced by 20%
Divalproex
500 mg twice daily
150 mg twice daily
Cmax and AUC of free valproic acid at steady-state was decreased by 10 to 12%
Lithium
Up to 2400 mg/day given in twice daily doses
250 mg three times daily
No effect on steady-state
pharmacokinetics of lithium
Antipyrine
1 g, single dose
250 mg three times daily
No effect on clearance of antipyrine or urinary recovery of its metabolites

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Carcinogenesis

Carcinogenicity studies were conducted in C57BL mice and Wistar rats. Quetiapine was administered in the diet to mice at doses of 20, 75, 250, and 750 mg/kg and to rats by gavage at doses of 25, 75, and 250 mg/kg for two years. These doses are equivalent to 0.1, 0.5, 1.5, and 4.5 times the maximum human dose (MRHD) of 800 mg/day based on mg/m2 body surface area (mice) or 0.3, 1, and 3 times the MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area (rats). There were statistically significant increases in thyroid gland follicular adenomas in male mice at doses 1.5 and 4.5 times the MRHD on mg/m2 body surface area and in male rats at a dose of 3 times the MRHD on mg/m2 body surface area. Mammary gland adenocarcinomas were statistically significantly increased in female rats at all doses tested (0.3, 1, and 3 times the MRHD on mg/m2body surface area).

Thyroid follicular cell adenomas may have resulted from chronic stimulation of the thyroid gland by thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) resulting from enhanced metabolism and clearance of thyroxine by rodent liver. Changes in TSH, thyroxine, and thyroxine clearance consistent with this mechanism were observed in subchronic toxicity studies in rat and mouse and in a 1-year toxicity study in rat; however, the results of these studies were not definitive. The relevance of the increases in thyroid follicular cell adenomas to human risk, through whatever mechanism, is unknown.

Antipsychotic drugs have been shown to chronically elevate prolactin levels in rodents. Serum measurements in a 1-year toxicity study showed that quetiapine increased median serum prolactin levels a maximum of 32- and 13-fold in male and female rats, respectively. Increases in mammary neoplasms have been found in rodents after chronic administration of other antipsychotic drugs and are considered to be prolactin-mediated. The relevance of this increased incidence of prolactin-mediated mammary gland tumors in rats to human risk is unknown [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.15)].

Mutagenesis

The mutagenic potential of quetiapine was tested in the in vitro Ames bacterial gene mutation assay and in the in vitro mammalian gene mutation assay in Chinese Hamster Ovary cells. The clastogenic potential of quetiapine was tested in the in vitro chromosomal aberration assay in cultured human lymphocytes and in the in vivo bone marrow micronucleus assay in rats up to 500 mg/kg which is 6 times the maximum recommended human dose on mg/m2 body surface area. Based on weight of evidence quetiapine was not mutagenic or clastogenic in these tests.

Impairment of Fertility

Quetiapine decreased mating and fertility in male Sprague-Dawley rats at oral doses of 50 and 150 mg/kg or approximately 1 and 3 times the maximum human dose (MRHD) of 800 mg/day on mg/m2 body surface area. Drug-related effects included increases in interval to mate and in the number of matings required for successful impregnation. These effects continued to be observed at 3 times the MRHD even after a two-week period without treatment. The no-effect dose for impaired mating and fertility in male rats was 25 mg/kg, or 0.3 times the MRHD dose on mg/m2 body surface area. Quetiapine adversely affected mating and fertility in female Sprague-Dawley rats at an oral dose approximately 1 times the MRHD of 800 mg/day on mg/m2 body surface area. Drug-related effects included decreases in matings and in matings resulting in pregnancy, and an increase in the interval to mate. An increase in irregular estrus cycles was observed at doses of 10 and 50 mg/kg, or approximately 0.1 and 1 times the MRHD of 800 mg/day on mg/m2body surface area. The no-effect dose in female rats was 1 mg/kg, or 0.01 times the MRHD of 800 mg/day on mg/m2 body surface area.

Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology

Quetiapine caused a dose-related increase in pigment deposition in thyroid gland in rat toxicity studies which were 4 weeks in duration or longer and in a mouse 2-year carcinogenicity study. Doses were 10 to 250 mg/kg in rats and 75 to 750 mg/kg in mice; these doses are 0.1 to 3, and 0.1 to 4.5 times the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD) of 800 mg/day on mg/m2 body surface area, respectively. Pigment deposition was shown to be irreversible in rats. The identity of the pigment could not be determined, but was found to be co-localized with quetiapine in thyroid gland follicular epithelial cells. The functional effects and the relevance of this finding to human risk are unknown.

In dogs receiving quetiapine for 6 or 12 months, but not for 1 month, focal triangular cataracts occurred at the junction of posterior sutures in the outer cortex of the lens at a dose of 100 mg/kg, or 4 times the MRHD of 800 mg/day on mg/m2 body surface area. This finding may be due to inhibition of cholesterol biosynthesis by quetiapine. Quetiapine caused a dose-related reduction in plasma cholesterol levels in repeat-dose dog and monkey studies; however, there was no correlation between plasma cholesterol and the presence of cataracts in individual dogs. The appearance of delta 8 cholestanol in plasma is consistent with inhibition of a late stage in cholesterol biosynthesis in these species. There also was a 25% reduction in cholesterol content of the outer cortex of the lens observed in a special study in quetiapine treated female dogs. Drug-related cataracts have not been seen in any other species; however, in a 1-year study in monkeys, a striated appearance of the anterior lens surface was detected in 2/7 females at a dose of 225 mg/kg or 5.5 times the MRHD of 800 mg/day on mg/m2body surface area.

Clinical Studies

Schizophrenia

Short-term Trials - Adults

The efficacy of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in the treatment of schizophrenia was demonstrated in 1 short-term, 6-week, fixed-dose, placebo-controlled trial of inpatients and outpatients with schizophrenia (n=573) who met DSM IV criteria for schizophrenia. Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (once daily) was administered as 300 mg on Day 1, and the dose was increased to either 400 mg or 600 mg by Day 2, or 800 mg by Day 3. The primary endpoint was the change from baseline of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total score at the end of treatment (Day 42). Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet doses of 400 mg, 600 mg and 800 mg once daily were superior to placebo in the PANSS total score at Day 42 (study 1 in Table 27).

Short-term Trials -Adolescents (ages 13 to 17)

The efficacy of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in the treatment of schizophrenia in adolescents (13 to 17 years of age) was supported by a 6-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Patients who met DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia were randomized into one of three treatment groups: quetiapine fumarate tablet 400 mg/day (n = 73), quetiapine fumarate tablet 800 mg/day (n = 74), or placebo (n = 75). Study medication was initiated at 50 mg/day and on day 2 increased to 100 mg/per day (divided and given two or three times per day). Subsequently, the dose was titrated to the target dose of 400 mg/day or 800 mg/day using increments of 100 mg/day, divided and given two or three times daily. The primary efficacy variable was the mean change from baseline in total Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). Quetiapine fumarate tablet at 400 mg/day and 800 mg/day was superior to placebo in the reduction of PANSS total score (study 2 in Table 27).

Table 27: Schizophrenia Short-Term Trials

SD: standard deviation; SE: standard error; LS Mean: least-squares mean; CI: unadjusted confidence interval.

*
Difference (drug minus placebo) in least-squares mean change from baseline.
Doses that are statistically significantly superior to placebo.
Included in the trial for assay sensitivity.
Study 
Treatment Group
Primary 
Efficacy Endpoint
PANSS Total
Number

Mean Baseline Score (SD)
LS Mean Change from Baseline (SE)
Placebo-subtracted Difference* (95CI)
Study 1
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (400 mg/day)
95.8 (13.9)
-24.8 (2.5)
-6.1 (-11.5, -0.6)

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (600 mg/day) 
96.8 (14.1)
-30.9 (2.5)
-12.1 (-17.6, -6.7)

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (800 mg/day) 
97.3 (14.7)
-31.3 (2.5)
-12.5 (-17.9, -7.1)

Quetiapine fumarate tablet (400 mg/day) ,
96.5 (16.0)
-26.6 (2.4)
-7.8 (-13.1, -2.4)

Placebo
96.2 (13.3)
-18.8 (2.5)
--
Study 2
Quetiapine fumarate tablet (400 mg/day) 
96.2 (17.7)
-27.3 (2.6)
-8.2 (-16.1, -0.3)
(adolescents)
Quetiapine fumarate tablet (800 mg/day) 
96.9 (15.3)
-28.4 (1.8)
-9.3 (-16.2, -2.4)

Placebo
96.2 (17.7)
-19.2 (3.0)

Maintenance Trials

In a longer-term trial (study 3), clinically stable adult outpatients (n=171) meeting DSM-IV criteria for schizophrenia who remained stable following 16 weeks of open-label treatment with flexible doses of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (400 mg/day-800 mg/day) were randomized to placebo or to continue on their current quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (400 mg/day - 800 mg/day) for observation for possible relapse during the double-blind continuation (maintenance) phase. Stabilization during the open-label phase was defined as receiving a stable dose of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and having a CGI-S≤4 and a PANSS score ≤60 from beginning to end of this open-label phase (with no increase of ≥10 points in PANSS total score). Relapse during the double-blind phase was defined in terms of a ≥30% increase in the PANSS Total score, or CGI-Improvement score of ≥6, or hospitalization due to worsening of schizophrenia, or need for any other antipsychotic medication. Patients on quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet experienced a statistically significant longer time to relapse than did patients on placebo (Figure 1).

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar I Disorder, manic or mixed episodes

Adults

The efficacy of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet in the acute treatment of manic episodes was established in one 3-week, placebo-controlled trial (Study 1 in Table 28) in patients who met DSM-IV criteria for bipolar I disorder with manic or mixed episodes with or without psychotic features (N=316). Patients were hospitalized for a minimum of 4 days at randomization. Patients randomized to quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet received 300 mg on Day 1 and 600 mg on Day 2. Afterwards, the dose could be adjusted between 400 mg and 800 mg per day.

The primary rating instrument used for assessing manic symptoms in these trials was the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), an 11-item clinician-rated scale traditionally used to assess the degree of manic symptoms in a range from 0 (no manic features) to 60 (maximum score). Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet was superior to placebo in the reduction of the YMRS total score at week 3.

The efficacy of quetiapine fumarate tablet in the treatment of acute manic episodes was also established in 3 placebo-controlled trials in patients who met DSM-IV criteria for bipolar I disorder with manic episodes. These trials included patients with or without psychotic features and excluded patients with rapid cycling and mixed episodes. Of these trials, 2 were monotherapy (12 weeks) and 1 was adjunct therapy (3 weeks) to either lithium or divalproex. Key outcomes in these trials were change from baseline in the YMRS score at 3 and 12 weeks for monotherapy and at 3 weeks for adjunct therapy. Adjunct therapy is defined as the simultaneous initiation or subsequent administration of quetiapine fumarate tablet with lithium or divalproex.

The results of the trials follow:

Monotherapy

In two 12-week trials (n=300, n=299) comparing quetiapine fumarate tablet to placebo, quetiapine fumarate tablet was superior to placebo in the reduction of the YMRS total score at weeks 3 and 12. The majority of patients in these trials taking quetiapine tablet were dosed in a range between 400 mg/day and 800 mg/ day (Studies 2 and 3 in Table 28).

Adjunct Therapy

In a 3-week placebo-controlled trial, 170 patients with bipolar mania (YMRS ≥ 20) were randomized to receive quetiapine fumarate tablet or placebo as adjunct treatment to lithium or divalproex. Patients may or may not have received an adequate treatment course of lithium or divalproex prior to randomization. Quetiapine fumarate tablet was superior to placebo when added to lithium or divalproex alone in the reduction of YMRS total score. The majority of patients in this trial taking quetiapine tablet were dosed in a range between 400 mg/day and 800 mg/day (study 4 in Table 28).

Children and Adolescents (ages 10 to 17)

The efficacy of quetiapine fumarate in the acute treatment of manic episodes associated with bipolar I disorder in children and adolescents (10 to 17 years of age) was extrapolated from a 3-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial. Patients who met DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for a manic episode were randomized into one of three treatment groups: quetiapine fumarate tablet 400 mg/day (n = 95), quetiapine fumarate tablet 600 mg/day (n = 98), or placebo (n = 91). Study medication was initiated at 50 mg/day and on day 2 increased to 100 mg/day (divided doses given two or three times daily). Subsequently, the dose was titrated to a target dose of 400 mg/day or 600 mg/day using increments of 100 mg/day, given in divided doses two or three times daily. The primary efficacy variable was the mean change from baseline in total YMRS score. Quetiapine fumarate tablet 400 mg/day and 600 mg/day were superior to placebo in the reduction of YMRS total score (study 5 in Table 28).

Table 28: Mania Trials

Mood stabilizer: lithium or divalproex; SD: standard deviation; SE: standard error; LS Mean: least-squares mean; CI: unadjusted confidence interval.

*
Adult data mean baseline score is based on patients included in the primary analysis, pediatric mean baseline score is based on all patients in the ITT population.
Difference (drug minus placebo) in least-squares mean change from baseline.
Doses that are statistically significantly superior to placebo.
§
Included in the trial as an active comparator.
Study 
Treatment Group
Primary 
Efficacy Measure
YMRS Total
Number

Mean Baseline
Score (SD)*
LS Mean Change from Baseline (SE)
Placebo-subtracted Difference (95CI)
Study 1
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (400-800 mg/day)
28.8 (5.4)
-14.3 (0.9)
-3.8 (-5.7, -2.0)

Placebo
28.4 (5.1)
-10.5 (0.9)
--
Study 2
Quetiapine fumarate tablet 
(200-800mg/day) 
34.0 (6.1)
-12.3 (1.3)
-4.0 (-7.0, -1.0)

Haloperidol,§ 32.3 (6.0)
-15.7 (1.3)
-7.4 (-10.4, -4.4)

Placebo
33.1 (6.6)
-8.3 (1.3)
--
Study 3
Quetiapine fumarate tablet
(200-800mg/day) 
32.7 (6.5)
-14.6 (1.5)
-7.9 (-10.9, -5.0)

Lithium,§ 33.3 (7.1)
-15.2 (1.6)
-8.5 (-11.5, -5.5)

Placebo
34.0 (6.9)
-6.7 (1.6)
--
Study 4
Quetiapine fumarate tablet
(200-800 mg/day)  + mood stabilizer
31.5 (5.8)
-13.8 (1.6)
-3.8 (-7.1, -0.6)

Placebo + mood stabilizer
31.1 (5.5)
-10 (1.5)
--
Study 5
(children and adolescents)
Quetiapine fumarate tablet (400 mg/day) 
29.4 (5.9)
-14.3 (0.96)
-5.2 (-8.1, -2.3)

Quetiapine fumarate tablet
(600 mg/day)
29.6(6.4)

-15.6 (0.97)

-6.6 (-9.5, -3.7)


Placebo
30.7(5.9)
-9.0 (1.1)
--

Bipolar Disorder, Depressive Episodes

Adults:

The efficacy of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet for the acute treatment of depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder in patients who met DSM-IV criteria for bipolar disorder was established in one 8-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study (N=280 outpatients). This study included patients with bipolar I and II disorder, and those with and without a rapid cycling course. Patients randomized to quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet were administered 50 mg on Day 1, 100 mg on Day 2, 200 mg on Day 3, and 300 mg on Day 4 and after.

The primary rating instrument used to assess depressive symptoms was the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), a 10-item clinician-rated scale with scores ranging from 0 (no depressive features) to 60 (maximum score). The primary endpoint was the change from baseline in MADRS score at week 8. Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet was superior to placebo in reduction of MADRS score at week 8 (study 6 in Table 29).

The efficacy of quetiapine fumarate tablet for the treatment of depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder was established in 2 identical 8-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies (N=1045). These studies included patients with either bipolar I or II disorder and those with or without a rapid cycling course. Patients randomized to quetiapine tablet were administered fixed doses of either 300 mg or 600 mg once daily.

The primary rating instrument used to assess depressive symptoms in these studies was the MADRS. The primary endpoint in both studies was the change from baseline in MADRS score at week 8. In both studies, quetiapine fumarate tablet was superior to placebo in reduction of MADRS score at week 8 (Studies 7 and 8 in Table 29). In these studies, no additional benefit was seen with the 600 mg dose. For the 300 mg dose group, statistically significant improvements over placebo were seen in overall quality of life and satisfaction related to various areas of functioning, as measured using the Q-LES-Q(SF).

Table 29: Depressive Episodes Associated with Bipolar Disorder

SD: standard deviation; SE: standard error; LS Mean: least-squares mean; CI: unadjusted confidence interval.

*
Difference (drug minus placebo) in least-squares mean change from baseline.
Doses that are statistically significantly superior to placebo.
Study 
Treatment Group

Primary Efficacy 
MeasureMADRS Total
Number

Mean Baseline Score (SD)
LS Mean Change from Baseline (SE)
Placebo-subtracted Difference* (95CI)
Study 6
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (300 mg/day)
29.8(5.2)
-17.4(1.2)
-5.5(-7.9,-3.2)

Placebo
30.1(5.5)
-11.9(1.2)
--
Study 7
Quetiapine fumarate tablet (300 mg/day) 
30.3(5.0)
-16.4(0.9)
-6.1(-8.3,-3.9)

Quetiapine fumarate tablet (600 mg/day) 
30.3(5.3)
-16.7(0.9)
-6.5(-8.7,-4.3)

Placebo
30.6(5.3)
-10.3(0.9)
--
Study 8
Quetiapine fumarate tablet (300 mg/day) 
31.1(5.7)
-16.9(1.0)
-5.0(-7.3,-2.7)

Quetiapine fumarate tablet (600 mg/day) 
29.9(5.6)
-16.0(1.0)
-4.1(-6.4,-1.8)

Placebo
29.6(5.4)
-11.9(1.0)
--

Maintenance Treatment as an Adjunct to Lithium or Divalproex

The efficacy of quetiapine fumarate tablet in the maintenance treatment of bipolar I disorder was established in 2 placebo-controlled trials in patients (n=1326) who met DSM-IV criteria for bipolar I disorder (studies 9 and 10). The trials included patients whose most recent episode was manic, depressed, or mixed, with or without psychotic features. In the open-label phase, patients were required to be stable on quetiapine tablet plus lithium or divalproex for at least 12 weeks in order to be randomized. On average, patients were stabilized for 15 weeks. In the randomization phase, patients continued treatment with lithium or divalproex and were randomized to receive either quetiapine fumarate tablet (administered twice-daily totaling 400 mg/day to 800 mg/day) or placebo. Approximately 50% of the patients had discontinued from the quetiapine fumarate tablet group by day 280 and 50% of the placebo group had discontinued by day 117 of double-blind treatment. The primary endpoint in these studies was time to recurrence of a mood event (manic, mixed or depressed episode). A mood event was defined as medication initiation or hospitalization for a mood episode; YMRS score ≥ 20 or MADRS score ≥ 20 at 2 consecutive assessments; or study discontinuation due to a mood event.

In both studies, quetiapine fumarate tablet was superior to placebo in increasing the time to recurrence of any mood event (Figure 2 and Figure 3). The treatment effect was present for increasing time to recurrence of both manic and depressed episodes. The effect of quetiapine fumarate tablet was independent of any specific subgroup (assigned mood stabilizer, sex, age, race, most recent bipolar episode, or rapid cycling course).

Major Depressive Disorder, Adjunctive Therapy to Antidepressants

The efficacy of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet as adjunctive therapy to antidepressants in the treatment of MDD was demonstrated in two 6-week placebo-controlled, fixed-dose trials (n=936). Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet 150 mg/day or 300 mg/day was given as adjunctive therapy to existing antidepressant therapy in patients who had previously shown an inadequate response to at least one antidepressant. Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet was administered as 50 mg/day on Days 1 and 2, and increased to 150 mg/day on Day 3 for both dose groups. On Day 5, the dose was increased to 300 mg/day in the 300 mg/day fixed-dose group. Inadequate response was defined as having continued depressive symptoms for the current episode [Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) total score of ≥ 20] despite using an antidepressant for 6 weeks at or above the minimally effective labelled dose. The mean HAM-D total score at entry was 24, and 17% of patients scored 28 or greater. Patients were on various antidepressants prior to study entry including SSRI's (paroxetine, fluoxetine, sertraline, escitalopram, or citalopram), SNRI's, (duloxetine and venlafaxine,) TCA (amitriptyline) and other (bupropion).

The primary endpoint in these trials was change from baseline to week 6 in the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS.), quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet 300 mg once daily as adjunctive treatment to other antidepressant therapy was superior to antidepressant alone in reduction of MADRS total score in both trials. Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet 150 mg once daily as adjunctive treatment was superior to antidepressant therapy alone in reduction of MADRS total score in one trial. (studies 1 and 2 in Table 30)

Table 30: Major Depressive Disorder, Adjunctive Therapy to Antidepressants

AD: Antidepressant; SD: standard deviation; SE: standard error; LS Mean: least-squares mean; CI: unadjusted confidence interval.

*
Difference (drug minus placebo) in least-squares mean change from baseline.
Doses that are statistically significantly superior to placebo.
Study
Treatment Group

Primary Efficacy 
MeasureMADRS Total
Number

Mean Baseline Score (SD)
LS Mean Change from Baseline (SE)
Placebo-subtracted Difference* (95CI)
Study 1
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (150 mg/day) + AD
27.2 (5.2)
-13.6 (0.8)
-1.9 (-3.9, 0.1)

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (300 mg/day) + AD
27.6 (5.0)
-14.7 (0.8)
-3.0 (-5.0, -1.0)

Placebo + AD
27.6 (5.5)
-11.7 (0.8)
--
Study 2
Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (150 mg/day) + AD
28.6 (5.4)
-15.3 (0.7)
-3.1 (-4.9, -1.2)

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet (300 mg/day) + AD
28.4 (5.5)
-14.9 (0.7)
-2.7 (-4.6, -0.8)

Placebo
28.2 (5.6)
-12.2 (0.7)
--

How Supplied/Storage and Handling

    •    50 mg Tablets are peach to red colored, capsule shaped, biconvex, film coated tablets debossed with "LU" on one side and "K71" on the other side

        Bottle of 60 tablets (NDC 68180-612-07).

        Bottle of 100 tablets (NDC 68180-612-01).

    •    150 mg Tablets are white colored, capsule shaped, biconvex, film coated tablets debossed with "LU" on one side and "K72" on the other side

        Bottle of 60 tablets (NDC 68180-613-07).

        Bottle of 100 tablets (NDC 68180-613-01).

    •    200 mg Tablets are yellow colored, capsule shaped, biconvex, film coated tablets debossed with "LU" on one side and "K73" on the other side

        Bottle of 60 tablets (NDC 68180-614-07).

        Bottle of 100 tablets (NDC 68180-614-01).

    •    300 mg Tablets are pale yellow colored, capsule shaped, biconvex, film coated tablets debossed with "LU" on one side and "K74" on the other side

        Bottle of 60 tablets (NDC 68180-615-07).

        Bottle of 100 tablets (NDC 68180-615-01).

    •    400 mg Tablets are white colored, capsule shaped, biconvex, film coated tablets debossed with "LU" on one side and "K75" on the other side

        Bottle of 60 tablets (NDC 68180-616-07).

        Bottle of 100 tablets (NDC 68180-616-01).

Store quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablets at 25ºC (77ºF); excursions permitted to 15 to 30ºC (59 to 86ºF) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

Patient Counseling Information

See FDA-approved patient labeling (Medication Guide).

Information for Patients

Prescribers or other health professionals should inform patients, their families, and their caregivers about the benefits and risks associated with treatment with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and should counsel them in its appropriate use. A patient Medication Guide about "Antidepressant Medicines, Depression and other Serious Mental Illness, and Suicidal Thoughts or Actions" is available for quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet. The prescriber or health professional should instruct patients, their families, and their caregivers to read the Medication Guide and should assist them in understanding its contents. Patients should be given the opportunity to discuss the contents of the Medication Guide and to obtain answers to any questions they may have. The complete text of the Medication Guide is reprinted at the end of this document.

Patients should be advised of the following issues and asked to alert their prescriber if these occur while taking quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet.

Increased Mortality in Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis

Patients and caregivers should be advised that elderly patients with dementia-related psychoses treated with atypical antipsychotic drugs are at increased risk of death compared with placebo. Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is not approved for elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.1)].

Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors

Patients, their families, and their caregivers should be encouraged to be alert to the emergence of anxiety, agitation, panic attacks, insomnia, irritability, hostility, aggressiveness, impulsivity, akathisia (psychomotor restlessness), hypomania, mania, other unusual changes in behavior, worsening of depression, and suicidal ideation, especially early during antidepressant treatment and when the dose is adjusted up or down. Families and caregivers of patients should be advised to look for the emergence of such symptoms on a day-to-day basis, since changes may be abrupt. Such symptoms should be reported to the patient's prescriber or health professional, especially if they are severe, abrupt in onset, or were not part of the patient's presenting symptoms. Symptoms such as these may be associated with an increased risk for suicidal thinking and behavior and indicate a need for very close monitoring and possibly changes in the medication [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.2)].

Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS)

Patients should be advised to report to their physician any signs or symptoms that may be related to NMS. These may include muscle stiffness and high fever [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.4)].

Hyperglycemia and Diabetes Mellitus

Patients should be aware of the symptoms of hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) and diabetes mellitus. Patients who are diagnosed with diabetes, those with risk factors for diabetes, or those that develop these symptoms during treatment should have their blood glucose monitored at the beginning of and periodically during treatment [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.5)].

Hyperlipidemia

Patients should be advised that elevations in total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides and decreases in HDL-cholesterol may occur. Patients should have their lipid profile monitored at the beginning of and periodically during treatment [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.5)].

Weight Gain

Patients should be advised that they may experience weight gain. Patients should have their weight monitored regularly [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.5)].

Orthostatic Hypotension

Patients should be advised of the risk of orthostatic hypotension (symptoms include feeling dizzy or lightheaded upon standing, which may lead to falls) especially during the period of initial dose titration, and also at times of re-initiating treatment or increases in dose [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.7)].

Increased Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents 

Children and adolescent patients should have their blood pressure measured at the beginning of, and periodically during, treatment [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.9)].

Leukopenia/Neutropenia

Patients with a pre-existing low WBC or a history of drug induced leukopenia/neutropenia should be advised that they should have their CBC monitored while taking quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.10)].

Interference with Cognitive and Motor Performance 

Patients should be advised of the risk of somnolence or sedation (which may lead to falls), especially during the period of initial dose titration. Patients should be cautioned about performing any activity requiring mental alertness, such as operating a motor vehicle (including automobiles) or operating machinery, until they are reasonably certain quetiapine therapy does not affect them adversely [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.16)].

Heat Exposure and Dehydration

Patients should be advised regarding appropriate care in avoiding overheating and dehydration [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.17)].

Concomitant Medication

As with other medications, patients should be advised to notify their physicians if they are taking, or plan to take, any prescription or over-the-counter drugs [see DRUG INTERACTIONS (7.1)].

Pregnancy and Nursing

Patients should be advised to notify their physician if they become pregnant or intend to become pregnant during therapy with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet [see USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS (8.1 and 8.3)].

Need for Comprehensive Treatment Program 

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is indicated as an integral part of a total treatment program for adolescents with schizophrenia and pediatric bipolar disorder that may include other measures (psychological, educational, and social). Effectiveness and safety of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet have not been established in pediatric patients less than 13 years of age for schizophrenia or less than 10 years of age for bipolar mania. Appropriate educational placement is essential and psychosocial intervention is often helpful. The decision to prescribe atypical antipsychotic medication will depend upon the physician's assessment of the chronicity and severity of the patient's symptoms [see INDICATIONS AND USAGE (1.4)].

Manufactured for:

Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Baltimore, Maryland 21202

United States

Manufactured by:

Lupin Limited

Pithampur – 454 775

INDIA.

May 2017                                                                                                        ID#: 243497

Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablet

(kweh-TYE-uh-peen)

Read this Medication Guide before you start taking quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This Medication Guide does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition or treatment.

What is the most important information I should know about quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet?

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet may cause serious side effects, including:

    1    Risk of death in the elderly with dementia: Medicines like quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet can increase the risk of death in elderly people who have memory loss (dementia). Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is not for treating psychosis in the elderly with dementia.

    2    Risk of suicidal thoughts or actions (antidepressant medicines, depression and other serious mental illnesses, and suicidal thoughts or actions).

Talk to your, or your family member's, healthcare provider about:

            •    all risks and benefits of treatment with antidepressant medicines

            •    all treatment choices for depression or other serious mental illness

    •    Antidepressant medicines may increase suicidal thoughts or actions in some children, teenagers, and young adults within the first few months of treatment.

    •    Depression and other serious mental illnesses are the most important causes of suicidal thoughts and actions. Some people may have a particularly high risk of having suicidal thoughts or actions. These include people who have (or have a family history of) depression, bipolar illness (also called manic-depressive illness), or suicidal thoughts or actions.

    •    How can I watch for and try to prevent suicidal thoughts and actions in myself or a family member?

            •    Pay close attention to any changes, especially sudden changes, in mood, behaviors, thoughts, or feelings. This is very important when an antidepressant medicine is started or when the dose is changed.

            •    Call the healthcare provider right away to report new or sudden changes in mood, behavior, thoughts, or feelings.

            •    Keep all follow-up visits with the healthcare provider as scheduled. Call the healthcare provider between visits as needed, especially if you have concerns about symptoms.

Call a healthcare provider right away if you or your family member has any of the following symptoms, especially if they are new, worse, or worry you:

    •    thoughts about suicide or dying

    •    attempts to commit suicide

    •    new or worse depression

    •    new or worse anxiety

    •    feeling very agitated or restless

    •    panic attacks

    •    trouble sleeping (insomnia)

    •    new or worse irritability

    •    acting aggressive, being angry, or violent

    •    acting on dangerous impulses

    •    an extreme increase in activity and talking (mania)

    •    other unusual changes in behavior or mood

What else do I need to know about antidepressant medicines?

    •    Never stop an antidepressant medicine without first talking to your healthcare provider. Stopping an antidepressant medicine suddenly can cause other symptoms.

    •    Antidepressants are medicines used to treat depression and other illnesses. It is important to discuss all the risks of treating depression and also the risks of not treating it. Patients and their families or other caregivers should discuss all treatment choices with the healthcare provider, not just the use of antidepressants.

    •    Antidepressant medicines have other side effects. Talk to the healthcare provider about the side effects of the medicine prescribed for you or your family member.

    •    Antidepressant medicines can interact with other medicines. Know all of the medicines that you or your family member take. Keep a list of all medicines to show the healthcare provider. Do not start new medicines without first checking with your healthcare provider.

    •    Not all antidepressant medicines prescribed for children are FDA approved for use in children. Talk to your child's healthcare provider for more information.

What is quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet?

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is a prescription medicine used to treat:

    •    schizophrenia in people 13 years of age or older

    •    bipolar disorder in adults, including:

            •    depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder

            •    manic episodes associated with bipolar I disorder alone or with lithium or divalproex

            •    long-term treatment of bipolar I disorder with lithium or divalproex

    •    manic episodes associated with bipolar I disorder in children ages 10 to 17 years old

    •    major depressive disorder as add-on treatment with antidepressant medicines when your healthcare provider determines that 1 antidepressant alone is not enough to treat your depression.

It is not known if quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is safe and effective in children under 10 years of age.

Who should not take quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet?

Do not take quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet if you are allergic to quetiapine fumarate or any of the ingredients in quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet. See the end of this Medication Guide for a complete list of ingredients in quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet.

What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet?

Before you take quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet, tell your healthcare provider if you have or have had:

    •    diabetes or high blood sugar in you or your family. Your healthcare provider should check your blood sugar before you start quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and also during therapy.

    •    high levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides or LDL-cholesterol or low levels of HDL-cholesterol

    •    low or high blood pressure

    •    low white blood cell count

    •    cataracts

    •    seizures

    •    abnormal thyroid tests

    •    high prolactin levels

    •    heart problems

    •    liver problems

    •    any other medical condition

    •    pregnancy or plans to become pregnant. It is not known if quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet will harm your unborn baby

    •    breast-feeding or plans to breast-feed. Quetiapine fumarate can pass into your breast milk. You and your healthcare provider should decide if you will take quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet or breast-feed. You should not do both.

Tell the healthcare provider about all the medicines that you take or recently have taken including prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines, herbal supplements and vitamins.

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and other medicines may affect each other causing serious side effects. Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet works.

Tell your healthcare provider if you are having a urine drug screen because quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet may affect your test results. Tell those giving the test that you are taking quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet.

How should I take quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet?

    •    Take quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to take it. Do not change the dose yourself.

    •    Take quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet by mouth, with a light meal or without food.

    •    Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet should be swallowed whole and not split, chewed or crushed.

    •    If you feel you need to stop quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet, talk with your healthcare provider first. If you suddenly stop taking quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet, you may have side effects such as trouble sleeping or trouble staying asleep (insomnia), nausea, and vomiting.

    •    If you miss a dose of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet, take it as soon as you remember. If you are close to your next dose, skip the missed dose. Just take the next dose at your regular time. Do not take 2 doses at the same time unless your healthcare provider tells you to. If you are not sure about your dosing, call your healthcare provider.

What should I avoid while taking quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet?

    •    Do not drive, operate machinery, or do other dangerous activities until you know how quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet affects you. Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet may make you drowsy.

    •    Avoid getting overheated or dehydrated.

            •    Do not over-exercise.

            •    In hot weather, stay inside in a cool place if possible.

            •    Stay out of the sun. Do not wear too much or heavy clothing.

    •    Do not drink alcohol while taking quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet. It may make some side effects of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet worse.

What are possible side effects of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet?

Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet can cause serious side effects, including:

See "What is the most important information I should know about quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet?"

    •    stroke that can lead to death can happen in elderly people with dementia who take medicines like quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet

    •    neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). NMS is a rare but very serious condition that can happen in people who take antipsychotic medicines, including quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet. NMS can cause death and must be treated in a hospital. Call your healthcare provider right away if you become severely ill and have some or all of these symptoms:

            •    high fever

            •    excessive sweating

            •    rigid muscles

            •    confusion

            •    changes in your breathing, heartbeat, and blood pressure

    •    falls can happen in some people who take quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet. These falls may cause serious injuries.

    •    high blood sugar (hyperglycemia). High blood sugar can happen if you have diabetes already or if you have never had diabetes. High blood sugar could lead to:

            •    build up of acid in your blood due to ketones (ketoacidosis)

            •    coma

            •    death

Increases in blood sugar can happen in some people who take quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet. Extremely high blood sugar can lead to coma or death. If you have diabetes or risk factors for diabetes (such as being overweight or a family history of diabetes) your healthcare provider should check your blood sugar before you start quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and during therapy.

Call your healthcare provider if you have any of these symptoms of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) while taking quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet:

            •    feel very thirsty

            •    need to urinate more than usual

            •    feel very hungry

            •    feel weak or tired

            •    feel sick to your stomach

            •    feel confused, or your breath smells fruity

    •    high fat levels in your blood (increased cholesterol and triglycerides). High fat levels may happen in people treated with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet. You may not have any symptoms, so your healthcare provider may decide to check your cholesterol and triglycerides during your treatment with quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet.

    •    increase in weight (weight gain). Weight gain is common in people who take quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet so you and your healthcare provider should check your weight regularly. Talk to your healthcare provider about ways to control weight gain, such as eating a healthy, balanced diet, and exercising.

    •    movements you cannot control in your face, tongue, or other body parts (tardive dyskinesia). These may be signs of a serious condition. Tardive dyskinesia may not go away, even if you stop taking quetiapine extended-release tablet. Tardive dyskinesia may also start after you stop taking quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet.

    •    decreased blood pressure (orthostatic hypotension), including lightheadedness or fainting caused by a sudden change in heart rate and blood pressure when rising too quickly from a sitting or lying position.

    •    increases in blood pressure in children and teenagers. Your healthcare provider should check blood pressure in children and adolescents before starting quetiapine extended-release tablet and during therapy. Quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet is not approved for patients under 10 years of age.

    •    low white blood cell count

    •    cataracts

    •    seizures

    •    abnormal thyroid tests: Your healthcare provider may do blood tests to check your thyroid hormone level.

    •    increases in prolactin levels: Your healthcare provider may do blood tests to check your prolactin levels.

    •    sleepiness, drowsiness, feeling tired, difficulty thinking and doing normal activities

    •    increased body temperature

    •    difficulty swallowing

    •    trouble sleeping or trouble staying asleep (insomnia), nausea, or vomiting if you suddenly stop taking quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet. These symptoms usually get better 1 week after you start having them.

The most common side effects of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet include:

    •    dry mouth

    •    constipation

    •    dizziness  

    •    increased appetite

    •    upset stomach

    •    fatigue

    •    stuffy nose

    •    difficulty moving

These are not all the possible side effects of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or you may also report side effects to Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. at 1-800-399-2561.

How should I store quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet?

    •    Store quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet at room temperature, between 15 to 30ºC (59 to 86ºF).

    •    Keep quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General information about the safe and effective use of quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet.

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them.

This Medication Guide summarizes the most important information about quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet that is written for health professionals.

For more information, call Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. at 1-800-399-2561 or you can visit the Lupin website at www.lupinpharmaceuticals.com.

What are the ingredients in quetiapine fumarate extended-release tablet?

Active ingredient: quetiapine fumarate

Inactive ingredients: hypromellose, hypromellose 2208, hypromellose 2910, lactose monohydrate, macrogol, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, red iron oxide (for 50 mg), sodium citrate dihydrate, titanium dioxide and yellow iron oxide (for 50 mg, 200 mg and 300 mg).

This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Manufactured for:

Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Baltimore, Maryland 21202

United States

Manufactured by:

Lupin Limited

Pithampur – 454 775

INDIA.

May 2017                                                                                                       ID#: 243498

NDC 68180-612-07

60 Tablets

Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablets

50 mg*

ONCE DAILY

PHARMACIST: Dispense the enclosed Medication Guide to each Patient.

*Each film-coated tablet contains 58 mg quetiapine fumarate USP equivalent to 50 mg quetiapine

Rx only

NDC 68180-613-07

60 Tablets

Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablets

150 mg*

ONCE DAILY

PHARMACIST: Dispense the enclosed Medication Guide to each Patient.

*Each film-coated tablet contains 173 mg quetiapine fumarate USP equivalent to 150 mg quetiapine

Rx only

NDC 68180-614-07

60 Tablets

Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablets

200 mg*

ONCE DAILY

PHARMACIST: Dispense the enclosed Medication Guide to each Patient.

*Each film-coated tablet contains 230 mg quetiapine fumarate USP equivalent to 200 mg quetiapine

Rx only

NDC 68180-615-07

60 Tablets

Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablets

300 mg*

ONCE DAILY

PHARMACIST: Dispense the enclosed Medication Guide to each Patient.

*Each film-coated tablet contains 345 mg quetiapine fumarate USP equivalent to 300 mg quetiapine

Rx only

NDC 68180-616-07

60 Tablets

Quetiapine Fumarate Extended-Release Tablets

400 mg*

ONCE DAILY

PHARMACIST: Dispense the enclosed Medication Guide to each Patient.

*Each film-coated tablet contains 461 mg quetiapine fumarate USP equivalent to 400 mg quetiapine

Rx only

QUETIAPINE FUMARATE 
quetiapine fumarate tablet, extended release
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:68180-612
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
QUETIAPINE FUMARATE (QUETIAPINE) QUETIAPINE 50 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
FERRIC OXIDE RED  
FERRIC OXIDE YELLOW  
HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 MPA.S)  
HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (6 MPA.S)  
HYPROMELLOSES  
LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE  
MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400  
TITANIUM DIOXIDE  
TRISODIUM CITRATE DIHYDRATE  
Product Characteristics
Color RED (peach to red) Score no score
Shape CAPSULE ((biconvex)) Size 11mm
Flavor Imprint Code LU;K71
Contains     
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:68180-612-07 60 TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE
2 NDC:68180-612-01 100 TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
ANDA ANDA204203 07/17/2017
QUETIAPINE FUMARATE 
quetiapine fumarate tablet, extended release
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:68180-613
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
QUETIAPINE FUMARATE (QUETIAPINE) QUETIAPINE 150 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 MPA.S)  
HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (15000 MPA.S)  
HYPROMELLOSES  
LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE  
MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400  
TITANIUM DIOXIDE  
TRISODIUM CITRATE DIHYDRATE  
Product Characteristics
Color WHITE Score no score
Shape CAPSULE ((biconvex)) Size 17mm
Flavor Imprint Code LU;K72
Contains     
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:68180-613-07 60 TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE
2 NDC:68180-613-01 100 TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
ANDA ANDA204203 07/17/2017
QUETIAPINE FUMARATE 
quetiapine fumarate tablet, extended release
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:68180-614
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
QUETIAPINE FUMARATE (QUETIAPINE) QUETIAPINE 200 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
FERRIC OXIDE YELLOW  
HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 MPA.S)  
HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (15000 MPA.S)  
HYPROMELLOSES  
LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE  
MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400  
TITANIUM DIOXIDE  
TRISODIUM CITRATE DIHYDRATE  
Product Characteristics
Color YELLOW Score no score
Shape CAPSULE ((biconvex)) Size 17mm
Flavor Imprint Code LU;K73
Contains     
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:68180-614-07 60 TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE
2 NDC:68180-614-01 100 TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
ANDA ANDA204203 07/17/2017
QUETIAPINE FUMARATE 
quetiapine fumarate tablet, extended release
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:68180-615
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
QUETIAPINE FUMARATE (QUETIAPINE) QUETIAPINE 300 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
FERRIC OXIDE YELLOW  
HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 MPA.S)  
HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (6 MPA.S)  
HYPROMELLOSES  
LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE  
MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400  
TITANIUM DIOXIDE  
TRISODIUM CITRATE DIHYDRATE  
Product Characteristics
Color YELLOW (pale yellow) Score no score
Shape CAPSULE ((biconvex)) Size 19mm
Flavor Imprint Code LU;K74
Contains     
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:68180-615-07 60 TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE
2 NDC:68180-615-01 100 TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
ANDA ANDA204203 07/17/2017
QUETIAPINE FUMARATE 
quetiapine fumarate tablet, extended release
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:68180-616
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
QUETIAPINE FUMARATE (QUETIAPINE) QUETIAPINE 400 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 MPA.S)  
HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (6 MPA.S)  
HYPROMELLOSES  
LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE  
MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400  
TITANIUM DIOXIDE  
TRISODIUM CITRATE DIHYDRATE  
Product Characteristics
Color WHITE Score no score
Shape CAPSULE ((biconvex)) Size 19mm
Flavor Imprint Code LU;K75
Contains     
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:68180-616-07 60 TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE
2 NDC:68180-616-01 100 TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
ANDA ANDA204203 07/17/2017
Labeler - Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (089153071)
Registrant - LUPIN LIMITED (675923163)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
LUPIN LIMITED 863645527 manufacture(68180-612, 68180-613, 68180-614, 68180-615, 68180-616), pack(68180-612, 68180-613, 68180-614, 68180-615, 68180-616)
Revised: 07/2017
 
Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
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