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Desoximetasone

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Jul 14, 2019.

Pronunciation

(des oks i MET a sone)

Index Terms

  • Desoxymethasone

Dosage Forms

Excipient information presented when available (limited, particularly for generics); consult specific product labeling.

Cream, External:

Topicort: 0.05% (60 g) [contains cetostearyl alcohol, edetate disodium]

Topicort: 0.25% (60 g) [contains cetostearyl alcohol]

Generic: 0.05% (15 g, 60 g, 100 g); 0.25% (15 g, 60 g, 100 g)

Gel, External:

Topicort: 0.05% (60 g) [contains alcohol, usp, edetate disodium, trolamine (triethanolamine)]

Generic: 0.05% (15 g, 60 g)

Liquid, External:

Topicort Spray: 0.25% (100 mL) [contains isopropyl alcohol, levomenthol]

Generic: 0.25% (100 mL)

Ointment, External:

Topicort: 0.05% (60 g, 100 g); 0.25% (60 g)

Generic: 0.05% (60 g, 100 g); 0.25% (15 g, 60 g, 100 g)

Brand Names: U.S.

  • Topicort
  • Topicort Spray

Pharmacologic Category

  • Corticosteroid, Topical

Pharmacology

Topical corticosteroids have anti-inflammatory, antipruritic, and vasoconstrictive properties. May depress the formation, release, and activity of endogenous chemical mediators of inflammation (kinins, histamine, liposomal enzymes, prostaglandins) through the induction of phospholipase A2 inhibitory proteins (lipocortins) and sequential inhibition of the release of arachidonic acid. Desoximetasone has intermediate to high range potency (dosage-form dependent).

Absorption

May be increased with occlusion, inflammation, or vary with site of application

Metabolism

Hepatic

Excretion

Urine, feces

Use: Labeled Indications

Cream, gel, ointment: Relief of inflammation and pruritic symptoms of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses

Spray: Plaque psoriasis treatment

Contraindications

Cream, gel, ointment: Hypersensitivity to desoximetasone or any component of the formulation.

Spray: There are no contraindications listed in the manufacturer's labeling.

Canadian labeling: Additional contraindications (not in US labeling): Untreated bacterial, tubercular, fungal, and most viral lesions of the skin (including herpes simplex, vaccinia, and varicella); ophthalmic use.

Dosing: Adult

Note: Therapy should be discontinued when control is achieved; if no improvement is seen within 4 weeks, reassessment of diagnosis may be necessary.

Corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses: Topical: Cream, gel, ointment: Apply a thin film to affected area twice daily

Plaque psoriasis treatment: Topical: Spray: Apply a thin film to affected area twice daily

Dosing: Geriatric

Refer to adult dosing.

Dosing: Pediatric

Note: Dosage should be based on severity of disease and patient response; use smallest amount for shortest period of time to avoid HPA axis suppression. Therapy should be discontinued when control is achieved. If no improvement is seen within 4 weeks, reassessment of diagnosis may be necessary.

Dermatoses (steroid-responsive, including contact/atopic dermatitis): Topical:

Cream/gel: Children and Adolescents: Apply a thin film to affected area twice daily

Ointment: Children ≥10 years and Adolescents: Apply a thin film to affected area twice daily

Administration

Topical: For external use only. Apply to clean, dry skin and rub in gently. Wash hands thoroughly before and after use. Unless otherwise directed by health care professional, do not use with occlusive dressing.

Cream, gel, ointment: Avoid contact with eyes.

Spray: Avoid use on the face, axilla, groin, or in the presence of atrophy at the treatment site. Avoid heat, flame, or smoking when applying (flammable). For external use only. Discard unused portion after 30 days.

Storage

Store between at 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F).

Spray is flammable; keep away from heat or flame. Prior to dispensing, insert spray pump into bottle and fasten tightly. Spray must be discarded 30 days after dispensing.

Drug Interactions

Aldesleukin: Corticosteroids may diminish the antineoplastic effect of Aldesleukin. Avoid combination

Corticorelin: Corticosteroids may diminish the therapeutic effect of Corticorelin. Specifically, the plasma ACTH response to corticorelin may be blunted by recent or current corticosteroid therapy. Monitor therapy

Deferasirox: Corticosteroids may enhance the adverse/toxic effect of Deferasirox. Specifically, the risk for GI ulceration/irritation or GI bleeding may be increased. Monitor therapy

Hyaluronidase: Corticosteroids may diminish the therapeutic effect of Hyaluronidase. Management: Patients receiving corticosteroids (particularly at larger doses) may not experience the desired clinical response to standard doses of hyaluronidase. Larger doses of hyaluronidase may be required. Consider therapy modification

Ritodrine: Corticosteroids may enhance the adverse/toxic effect of Ritodrine. Monitor therapy

Adverse Reactions

>10%: Endocrine & metabolic: HPA-axis suppression (psoriasis patients: spray: 8% to 22%)

<1%: Acneiform eruption, allergic contact dermatitis, atrophic striae, burning sensation, erythema, folliculitis (including folliculopustular lesions), hypertrichosis, hypopigmentation, local irritation, localized burning, localized vesiculation, maceration of the skin, miliaria, perioral dermatitis, pruritus, secondary infection, skin atrophy, xeroderma

Warnings/Precautions

Concerns related to adverse effects:

• Adrenal suppression: May cause hypercortisolism or suppression of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, particularly in younger children or in patients receiving high doses for prolonged periods. HPA axis suppression may lead to adrenal crisis.

• Contact dermatitis: Allergic contact dermatitis can occur; it is usually diagnosed by failure to heal rather than clinical exacerbation.

• Immunosuppression: Prolonged use may result in fungal or bacterial superinfection; discontinue if dermatological infection persists despite appropriate antimicrobial therapy.

• Kaposi's sarcoma: Prolonged treatment with corticosteroids has been associated with the development of Kaposi's sarcoma (case reports); if noted, discontinuation of therapy should be considered.

• Skin reactions: Local adverse effects (eg, atrophy, striae, telangiectasias, burning, itching, irritation, dryness, folliculitis, acneiform eruptions, hypopigmentation, perioral dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, secondary infection, and miliaria) may occur. Reactions may not be reversible and may be more likely to occur with prolonged use, higher potency corticosteroids, and occlusive dressings.

• Systemic effects: Topical corticosteroids may be absorbed percutaneously. Absorption of topical corticosteroids may cause manifestations of Cushing's syndrome, hyperglycemia, or glycosuria. Absorption is increased by the use of occlusive dressings, application to denuded skin, or application to large surface areas.

Disease-related concerns:

• Skin infections: Use appropriate antibacterial or antifungal agents to treat concomitant skin infections; discontinue desoximetasone treatment if infection does not resolve promptly.

Special populations:

• Pediatric: Children may absorb proportionally larger amounts after topical application and may be more prone to systemic effects. HPA axis suppression, intracranial hypertension, and Cushing's syndrome have been reported in children receiving topical corticosteroids. Prolonged use may affect growth velocity; growth should be routinely monitored in pediatric patients.

Dosage form specific issues:

• Spray: Flammable; avoid heat, flame, or smoking when applying.

Pregnancy Risk Factor

C

Pregnancy Considerations

Corticosteroids were found to be teratogenic following topical application in animal reproduction studies. In general, the use of topical corticosteroids during pregnancy is not considered to have significant risk; however, intrauterine growth retardation in the infant has been reported (rare). The use of large amounts or for prolonged periods of time should be avoided (Reed, 1997).

Patient Education

What is this drug used for?

• It is used to treat skin irritation and psoriasis.

Frequently reported side effects of this drug

• Application site burning, itching, dryness, or irritation

Other side effects of this drug: Talk with your doctor right away if you have any of these signs of:

• Adrenal gland problems like severe nausea, vomiting, severe dizziness, passing out, muscle weakness, severe fatigue, mood changes, lack of appetite, or weight loss

• Cushings disease like weight gain in upper back or abdomen; moon face; severe headache; or slow healing

• High blood sugar like confusion, fatigue, increased thirst, increased hunger, polyuria, flushing, fast breathing, or breath that smells like fruit

• Skin changes like acne, stretch marks, slow healing, or hair growth

• Thinning of skin

• Educate patient about signs of a significant reaction (eg, wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat). Note: This is not a comprehensive list of all side effects. Patient should consult prescriber for additional questions.

Intended Use and Disclaimer: Should not be printed and given to patients. This information is intended to serve as a concise initial reference for health care professionals to use when discussing medications with a patient. You must ultimately rely on your own discretion, experience, and judgment in diagnosing, treating, and advising patients.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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