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Beclomethasone (Systemic, Oral Inhalation) (Monograph)

Brand name: QVAR
Drug class: Adrenals
Molecular formula: C28H37ClO7
CAS number: 5534-09-8

Medically reviewed by on Feb 5, 2024. Written by ASHP.


Synthetic corticosteroid; minimal mineralocorticoid activity.

Uses for Beclomethasone (Systemic, Oral Inhalation)


Used for the long-term prevention of bronchospasm in patients with asthma.

Should not be used in the treatment of nonasthmatic bronchitis.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Efficacy in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (e.g., bronchitis) [off-label] who are stabilized with oral corticosteroids or whose disease is corticosteroid responsive remains to be fully evaluated.

Inflammatory Conditions of the GI Tract

Has been used as an oral solution or rectal suspension (these dosage forms not commercially available in the US) in the management of inflammatory diseases of the GI tract [off-label] (e.g., inflammatory bowel disease [off-label], eosinophilic gastroenteritis [off-label]). However, the role of beclomethasone dipropionate in the management of inflammatory conditions of the GI tract remains to be established.

Beclomethasone (Systemic, Oral Inhalation) Dosage and Administration


Conversion to Orally Inhaled Therapy in Patients Receiving Systemic Corticosteroids


Oral Inhalation

Administer by oral inhalation using an oral aerosol inhaler.

Test-spray inhalation aerosol (2 times) before first use or whenever the aerosol not used for prolonged periods (>10 days).

Oral inhalation aerosol is formulated as a solution, which does not require shaking.

Exhale slowly and completely and place the mouthpiece of the inhaler well into the mouth with the lips closed firmly around it; keep the tongue below the mouthpiece. Inhale slowly and deeply through the mouth while actuating the inhaler. Hold the breath for as long as possible (about 5–10 seconds), withdraw the mouthpiece, and exhale gently. If additional inhalations are required, repeat the procedure.

Rinse the mouth thoroughly with water to remove drug deposited in the oropharyngeal area.

Clean the mouthpiece weekly using a clean, dry tissue or cloth. Do not wash or place any part of the inhaler canister in water.


Available as beclomethasone dipropionate; dosage expressed in terms of the salt.

Oral inhalation aerosol releases 50 or 100 mcg of beclomethasone dipropionate, and delivers 40 or 80 mcg, respectively, from the actuator (mouthpiece) per metered spray.

Pediatric Patients

Oral Inhalation

Children 5–11 years of age receiving bronchodilators alone or inhaled corticosteroids previously: Initially, 40 mcg twice daily. If required, dosage may be increased to a maximum 80 mcg twice daily.

Children ≥12 years of age receiving bronchodilators alone previously: Initially, 40–80 mcg twice daily. If required, dosage may be increased to a maximum 320 mcg twice daily.

Children ≥12 years of age receiving inhaled corticosteroids previously: Initially, 40–160 mcg twice daily. If required, dosage may be increased to a maximum 320 mcg twice daily.


Oral Inhalation

In adults receiving bronchodilators alone previously: Initially, 40–80 mcg twice daily. If required, dosage may be increased to a maximum 320 mcg twice daily.

Adults receiving inhaled corticosteroids: Initially, 40–160 mcg twice daily. If required, dosage may be increased to a maximum of 320 mcg twice daily.

Prescribing Limits

Pediatric Patients

Oral Inhalation

Children 5–11 years of age: Maximum 80 mcg twice daily.

Children ≥12 years of age: Maximum 320 mcg twice daily.


Oral Inhalation

Maximum 320 mcg twice daily.

Special Populations

Geriatric Patients

Consider initial dosages at the lower end of the usual range due to possible age-related decrease in hepatic, renal, and/or cardiac function and concomitant disease and drug therapy.

Cautions for Beclomethasone (Systemic, Oral Inhalation)




Withdrawal Of Systemic Corticosteroid Therapy

Possible corticosteroid withdrawal symptoms (e.g., joint pain, muscular pain, lassitude, depression); acute adrenal insufficiency; life-threatening exacerbation of asthma; pulmonary infiltrates with eosinophilia; or symptomatic exacerbation of allergic conditions if prolonged systemic corticosteroid therapy is replaced with oral inhalation corticosteroid therapy. Such symptoms may be observed especially in patients maintained on ≥20 mg of prednisone (or its equivalent) daily and particularly during the later part of the transfer.

In general, the greater the dosage and duration of systemic corticosteroid therapy, the greater the time required for withdrawal of systemic corticosteroids and replacement by orally inhaled corticosteroids.

Taper the dosage of the systemic corticosteroid, and carefully monitor patients during dosage reduction for objective signs of adrenal insufficiency (e.g., hypotension, weight loss).

Immunosuppressed Patients

Increased susceptibility to infections in patients who are taking immunosuppressant drugs compared with healthy individuals. Certain infections (e.g., varicella [chickenpox], measles) can have a more serious or even fatal outcome in such patients, particularly in children.

Exposure to varicella and measles should be avoided in previously unexposed patients. If exposure to varicella (chickenpox) or measles occurs in susceptible patients, consider administering varicella zoster immune globulin (VZIG) or immune globulin (IG), respectively. Consider treatment with an antiviral agent if varicella develops.

Concomitant Therapy

Use with caution in patients receiving systemic prednisone for any disease. Concomitant use with prednisone in an alternate-day or daily dosing regimen could increase the likelihood of HPA-axis suppression compared with therapeutic dosages of either drug alone.

Resume systemic corticosteroids during periods of stress (e.g., infection, trauma, surgery) or a severe asthma exacerbation in patients who were attempting a switch from systemic to orally inhaled corticosteroid therapy.

Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) Axis Suppression

Avoid higher than recommended dosages of the drug, since suppression of HPA function may occur. If higher than recommended dosages are used, carefully consider the relative risks of adrenal suppression and potential therapeutic benefits. Recommended dosages of orally inhaled drug provide less than normal physiologic amounts of glucocorticoid systemically and do not provide mineralocorticoid activity. Orally inhaled drug will not compensate for insufficient endogenous cortisol production caused by previous systemic corticosteroid therapy.

Respiratory Effects

Bronchospasm, cough, and/or wheezing may occur, especially in asthmatic patients with hyperactive airways.

If bronchospasm occurs, treat immediately with a short-acting bronchodilator, and discontinue treatment with beclomethasone dipropionate and institute alternative therapy.


Use with caution, if at all, in patients with clinical tuberculosis or latent M. tuberculosis infection of the respiratory tract; untreated systemic fungal, bacterial, or parasitic infections; or ocular herpes simplex or untreated, systemic viral infections.

Sensitivity Reactions

Immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reactions, including bronchospasm, anaphylactic/anaphylactoid reactions, urticaria, angioedema, and rash reported rarely.

General Precautions

Systemic Corticosteroid Effects

Possible signs and symptoms of Cushing’s syndrome (e.g., hypertension, glucose intolerance, cushingoid features) in patients who are particularly sensitive to corticosteroid effects or when usual dosages of the drug are exceeded.

Carefully monitor neonates exposed to prenatal corticosteroids for manifestations of hypoadrenalism.

Ocular Effects

Glaucoma, increased intraocular pressure, and cataracts reported rarely.

Other Effects

Unknown long-term, systemic, and local effects of the drug in humans, particularly developmental or immunologic processes in the mouth, pharynx, trachea, and lung.

Specific Populations


Category C. (See Systemic Corticosteroid Effects under Cautions.)


Distributed into milk. Discontinue nursing or the drug.

Pediatric Use

Safety and efficacy not established in children <5 years of age. No overall differences in the pattern, severity, or frequency of adverse events in children 5–12 years of age compared with those in adults. Monitor periodically children receiving prolonged therapy for possible adverse effects on growth and development.

Geriatric Use

Insufficient experience in patients ≥65 years of age to determine whether geriatric patients respond differently than younger adults.

Use caution due to the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, and/or cardiac function and of concomitant disease and drug therapy in geriatric patients. (See Geriatric Patients under Dosage and Administration.)

Common Adverse Effects

Headache, pharyngitis, upper respiratory tract infection, rhinitis.

Drug Interactions

Metabolized by CYP3A4.

Drugs Affecting Hepatic Microsomal Enzymes

Inhibitors of CYP3A4: potential pharmacokinetic interaction (increased plasma beclomethasone dipropionate concentrations).

Inducers of CYP3A4: potential pharmacokinetic interaction (decreased plasma beclomethasone dipropionate concentrations).

Specific Drugs




Antidiabetic agents

May increase blood glucose concentrations in patients with diabetes mellitus

Adjust insulin and/or oral hypoglycemic dosages as needed


Possible increased risk of GI ulceration

Decreased serum salicylate concentrations. When corticosteroids are discontinued, serum salicylate concentration may increase possibly resulting in salicylate intoxication

Use salicylates and corticosteroids concurrently with caution

Observe patients receiving both drugs closely for adverse effects of either drug

May be necessary to increase salicylate dosage when corticosteroids are administered concurrently or decrease salicylate dosage when corticosteroids are discontinued

Vaccines and Toxoids

May cause a diminished response to toxoids and live or inactivated vaccines

May potentiate replication of some organisms contained in live, attenuated vaccines

Can aggravate neurologic reactions to some vaccines (supraphysiologic dosages)

Generally defer routine administration of vaccines or toxoids until corticosteroid therapy is discontinued

May need serologic testing to ensure adequate antibody response for immunization

Additional doses of the vaccine or toxoid may be necessary

May undertake immunization procedures in patients receiving nonimmunosuppressive doses of glucocorticoids or in patients receiving glucocorticoids as replacement therapy (e.g., Addison’s disease)

Beclomethasone (Systemic, Oral Inhalation) Pharmacokinetics



Absorbed into circulation following oral inhalation, with peak plasma concentrations usually attained at 0.5 hour. After oral inhalation, 51–60% of the dose is deposited in the respiratory tract.


Relief of respiratory symptoms usually is evident within 24 hours; however, about 1–4 weeks of continuous therapy may be required for optimum effectiveness.



Glucocorticoids cross the placenta and are distributed into milk. No evidence of tissue storage of parent drug or metabolites.



Metabolized to active metabolites via CYP3A4.

Elimination Route

Beclomethasone dipropionate and its metabolites eliminated principally in feces and to a lesser extent in the urine (<10%).


2.8 hours.



Oral Inhalation

25°C (may be exposed to 15–30°C).

Do not puncture aerosol containers, use or store near heat or an open flame, expose to temperatures >49°C, or place into a fire or incinerator for disposal.


Advice to Patients

Additional Information

The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. represents that the information provided in the accompanying monograph was formulated with a reasonable standard of care, and in conformity with professional standards in the field. Readers are advised that decisions regarding use of drugs are complex medical decisions requiring the independent, informed decision of an appropriate health care professional, and that the information contained in the monograph is provided for informational purposes only. The manufacturer’s labeling should be consulted for more detailed information. The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. does not endorse or recommend the use of any drug. The information contained in the monograph is not a substitute for medical care.


Excipients in commercially available drug preparations may have clinically important effects in some individuals; consult specific product labeling for details.

Please refer to the ASHP Drug Shortages Resource Center for information on shortages of one or more of these preparations.

Beclomethasone Dipropionate


Dosage Forms


Brand Names


Oral Inhalation


40 mcg/metered spray

QVAR Oral Inhaler (with tetrafluoroethane propellants)


80 mcg/metered spray

QVAR Oral Inhaler (with tetrafluoroethane propellants)


AHFS DI Essentials™. © Copyright 2024, Selected Revisions February 15, 2013. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc., 4500 East-West Highway, Suite 900, Bethesda, Maryland 20814.

† Off-label: Use is not currently included in the labeling approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

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