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Quetiapine Disease Interactions

There are 23 disease interactions with quetiapine:

Major

Atypical Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Dementia

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Dementia

Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death, mostly from cardiovascular (e.g., heart failure, sudden death) or infectious (e.g., pneumonia) causes. A causal relationship with antipsychotic use has not been established. In controlled trials, treatment with some atypical antipsychotic drugs had was also associated with an increased risk of cerebrovascular adverse events (e.g., stroke, transient ischemic attack), including fatalities, in elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis. These agents are not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis.

Major

Neuroleptics (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Alcoholism

The use of neuroleptic agents is contraindicated in patients with acute alcohol intoxication exhibiting depressed vital signs. The central nervous system depressant effects of neuroleptic agents may be additive with those of alcohol. Severe respiratory depression and respiratory arrest may occur. Therapy with neuroleptic agents should be administered cautiously in patients who might be prone to acute alcohol intake.

References

  1. "Product Information. Geodon (ziprasidone)." Pfizer US Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY.
  2. "Product Information. Orap Tablets (pimozide)." Gate Pharmaceuticals, Sellersville, PA.
  3. "Product Information. Zyprexa (olanzapine)." Lilly, Eli and Company, Indianapolis, IN.
View all 10 references
Major

Neuroleptics (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Cns Depression

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Altered Consciousness, Respiratory Arrest

The use of neuroleptic agents is contraindicated in comatose patients and patients with severe central nervous system depression. Neuroleptic agents may potentiate the CNS and respiratory depression in these patients.

References

  1. "Product Information. Haldol (haloperidol)." McNeil Pharmaceutical, Raritan, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. Moban (molindone)." Gate Pharmaceuticals, Sellersville, PA.
  3. "Product Information. Navane (thiothixene)." Roerig Division, New York, NY.
View all 7 references
Major

Neuroleptics (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Nms

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

The central dopaminergic blocking effects of neuroleptic agents may precipitate or aggravate a potentially fatal symptom complex known as neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). NMS is observed most frequently when high-potency agents like haloperidol are administered intramuscularly, but may occur with any neuroleptic agent given for any length of time. Clinical manifestations of NMS include hyperpyrexia, muscle rigidity, altered mental status and autonomic instability (irregular pulse or blood pressure, tachycardia, diaphoresis and cardiac arrhythmias). Additional signs may include elevated creatine phosphokinase, myoglobinuria, and acute renal failure. Neuroleptic agents should not be given to patients with active NMS and should be immediately discontinued if currently being administered in such patients. In patients with a history of NMS, introduction or reintroduction of neuroleptic agents should be carefully considered, since NMS may recur.

References

  1. Anderson ES, Powers PS "Neuroleptic malignant syndrome associated with clozapine use." J Clin Psychiatry 52 (1991): 102-4
  2. Sharma R, Trappler B, Ng YK, Leeman CP "Risperidone-induced neutroleptic malignant syndrome." Ann Pharmacother 30 (1996): 775-8
  3. "Product Information. Haldol (haloperidol)." McNeil Pharmaceutical, Raritan, NJ.
View all 40 references
Major

Neuroleptics (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Tardive Dyskinesia

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Tardive Dyskinesia

Neuroleptic agents may precipitate symptoms of tardive dyskinesia (TD), a syndrome consisting of rhythmic involuntary movements variously involving the tongue, face, mouth, lips, jaw, and/or trunk and extremities, following chronic use of at least several months but often years. Elderly patients, particularly women, are most susceptible. Both the risk of developing the syndrome and the likelihood that it will become irreversible increase with the duration and total cumulative dose of neuroleptic therapy administered. However, patients may infrequently develop symptoms after relatively brief treatment periods at low dosages. If TD occurs during neuroleptic therapy, prompt withdrawal of the offending agent or at least a lowering of the dosage should be considered. TD symptoms may become more severe after drug discontinuation or a dosage reduction, but may gradually improve over months to years. In patients with preexisting drug-induced TD, initiating or increasing the dosage of neuroleptic therapy may temporarily mask the symptoms of TD but could eventually worsen the condition. The newer, atypical neuroleptic agents (e.g., risperidone, quetiapine, olanzapine) tend to be associated with a substantially reduced risk of inducing TD and are considered the drugs of choice in patients being treated for psychosis.

References

  1. Pinder RM, Brogden RN, Swayer R, Speight TM, Spencer R, Avery GS "Pimozide: a review of its pharmacological properties and therapeutic uses in psychiatry." Drugs 12 (1976): 1-40
  2. Ghelber D, Belmaker RH "Tardive dyskinesia with quetiapine." Am J Psychiat 156 (1999): 796-7
  3. "Product Information. Risperdal (risperidone)." Janssen Pharmaceutica, Titusville, NJ.
View all 42 references
Moderate

Antidepressant/Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Depression

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Depression, Bipolar Disorder

Adult and pediatric patients with depression and other psychiatric disorders may experience worsening of their symptoms and may have the emergence of suicidal thoughts and behavior. Patients should be monitored appropriately and observed closely for worsening of their symptoms, suicidality or changes in their behavior, especially during the first few months of treatment, and at times of dose changes. Discontinuing the medication should be considered if symptoms are persistently worse, or abrupt in onset.

Moderate

Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Aspiration

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Dysphagia

Esophageal dysmotility and aspiration have been associated with the use of antipsychotic drugs. These drugs should be administered cautiously in patients at risk for aspiration pneumonia.

Moderate

Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Seizure

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Alcoholism, Seizures, Head Injury

Antipsychotic drugs can lower the seizure threshold and trigger seizures in a dose-dependent manner. This risk is greatest in patients with a history of seizures or with conditions that lower the seizure threshold. Therapy with Antipsychotic drugs should be administered cautiously in patients with a history of seizures or other predisposing factors, such as head trauma, CNS abnormalities, and alcoholism.

Moderate

Atypical Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Qt Prolongation

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Diarrhea, Hypokalemia, Arrhythmias, Magnesium Imbalance, Abnormal Electrocardiogram, Myocardial Infarction, Congestive Heart Failure

Some atypical antipsychotic agents can prolong the QTc interval of the electrocardiogram in a dose-dependent manner. Electrolyte disturbances such as hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia may augment the prolongation effect of these agents on the QT interval and should be corrected prior to institution of therapy. In addition, patients who experience frequent, severe, or prolonged diarrhea may be subject to electrolyte losses and should be followed closely and managed accordingly during therapy with these agents. Atypical antipsychotic agents should be avoided in patients with a history of cardiac arrhythmias or other conditions that may increase the risk of torsade de pointes and/or sudden death, including bradycardia; hypokalemia or hypomagnesemia; and congenital long QT syndrome.

Moderate

Atypical Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Hematologic Abnormalities

Moderate Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Neutropenia

Cases of leukopenia, neutropenia, and agranulocytosis have been reported with the use of atypical antipsychotic agents. Patients with preexisting low white blood cell count may be at increased risk. Therapy with these agents should be administered cautiously in patients with a history of, or predisposition to, decreased white blood cell or neutrophil counts. Clinical monitoring of hematopoietic function is recommended. At the first sign of a clinically significant decline in white blood cells, discontinuation of atypical antipsychotic therapy should be considered in the absence of other causative factors, and the patient closely monitored for fever or other signs and symptoms of infection.

Moderate

Atypical Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Hyperglycemia/Diabetes

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Diabetes Mellitus, Obesity

Hyperglycemia, in some cases extreme and associated with ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar coma or death, has been reported with the use of atypical antipsychotic agents. Patients with diabetes should be monitored for worsening control of blood glucose when treated with these agents. It is recommended that patients with risk factors for diabetes mellitus starting treatment with atypical antipsychotics should undergo fasting blood glucose testing at the beginning of treatment, and periodically thereafter. Any patient treated with atypical antipsychotics should be monitored for symptoms of hyperglycemia including polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia, and weakness. Patients who develop symptoms of hyperglycemia during treatment with atypical antipsychotics should undergo fasting blood glucose testing. In some cases, hyperglycemia has resolved when treatment with these agents was discontinued; however, some patients required continuation of anti-diabetic treatment despite discontinuation of the atypical antipsychotic drug.

Moderate

Atypical Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Hypotension

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Hypotension, Dehydration, Diarrhea, Vomiting, Syncope, Ischemic Heart Disease, Arrhythmias, Congestive Heart Failure, History - Myocardial Infarction, Cerebrovascular Insufficiency

The use of atypical antipsychotic agents has been associated with orthostatic hypotension and syncope. Therapy with atypical antipsychotics should be administered cautiously in patients with hypotension or conditions that could be exacerbated by hypotension, such as a history of myocardial infarction, angina, or ischemic stroke. Patients with dehydration (e.g., due to severe diarrhea or vomiting) may be predisposed to hypotension and should also be managed carefully during therapy with atypical antipsychotics. Blood pressure should be monitored at regular intervals, particularly during dosage escalation or whenever dosage has been altered, and patients should be advised not to rise abruptly from a sitting or recumbent position.

Moderate

Atypical Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Lipid Alterations

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Hyperlipidemia

Atypical antipsychotic drugs have been associated with undesirable alterations in lipid levels. While all agents in the class have been shown to produce some changes, each drug has its own specific risk profile. Before or soon after initiation of antipsychotic medication, obtain a fasting lipid profile at baseline and monitor periodically during treatment.

Moderate

Atypical Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Weight Gain

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Obesity

Weight gain has been observed with atypical antipsychotic use. While all agents in the class have been shown to produce some changes, each drug has its own specific risk profile. When treating pediatric patients with atypical antipsychotic agents, weight gain should be monitored and assessed against that expected for normal growth. Monitor weight at baseline and frequently thereafter.

Moderate

Neuroleptics (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Breast Cancer

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Breast Cancer

The chronic use of neuroleptic agents can cause persistent elevations in prolactin levels. Based on in vitro data, approximately one-third of human breast cancers are thought to be prolactin-dependent. The clinical significance of this observation with respect to long-term neuroleptic therapy is unknown. Chronic administration of neuroleptic drugs has been associated with mammary tumorigenesis in rodent studies but not in human clinical or epidemiologic studies. Until further data are available, therapy with neuroleptic agents should be administered cautiously in patients with a previously detected breast cancer.

References

  1. Dickson RA, Dalby JT, Williams R, Edwards AL "Risperidone-induced prolactin elevations in premenopausal women with schizophrenia." Am J Psychiatry 152 (1995): 1102-3
  2. "Product Information. Moban (molindone)." Gate Pharmaceuticals, Sellersville, PA.
  3. "Product Information. Navane (thiothixene)." Roerig Division, New York, NY.
View all 16 references
Moderate

Neuroleptics (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Liver Disease

Moderate Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Liver Disease

Most neuroleptic agents are extensively metabolized by the liver. The plasma concentrations of these agents may be increased and the half-lives prolonged in patients with impaired hepatic function. Therapy with neuroleptic agents should be administered cautiously in patients with significant liver disease. Lower initial dosages and slower titration may be appropriate.

References

  1. Hobbs DC "Metabolism of thiothixene." J Pharm Sci 57 (1968): 105-11
  2. Jann MW, Grimsley SR, Gray EC, Chang WH "Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of clozapine." Clin Pharmacokinet 24 (1993): 161-76
  3. "Product Information. Geodon (ziprasidone)." Pfizer US Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY.
View all 11 references
Moderate

Neuroleptics (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Parkinsonism

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Parkinsonism

The use of neuroleptic agents is associated with pseudo-parkinsonian symptoms such as akinesia, bradykinesia, tremors, pill-rolling motion, cogwheel rigidity, and postural abnormalities including stooped posture and shuffling gait. The onset is usually 1 to 2 weeks following initiation of therapy or an increase in dosage. Older neuroleptic agents such as haloperidol are more likely to induce these effects, and their use may be contraindicated in patients with Parkinson's disease or parkinsonian symptoms.

References

  1. Pinder RM, Brogden RN, Swayer R, Speight TM, Spencer R, Avery GS "Pimozide: a review of its pharmacological properties and therapeutic uses in psychiatry." Drugs 12 (1976): 1-40
  2. Moleman P, Janzen G, von Bargen BA, et al "Relationship between age and incidence of parkinsonism in psychiatric patients treated with haloperidol." Am J Psychiatry 143 (1986): 232-4
  3. "Product Information. Orap Tablets (pimozide)." Gate Pharmaceuticals, Sellersville, PA.
View all 14 references
Moderate

Neuroleptics (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Seizure Disorders

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: CNS Disorder, Alcoholism

Neuroleptic agents can lower the seizure threshold and induce seizures, particularly when dosages are high or increased rapidly and during the initiation of therapy. Clozapine appears to have the greatest epileptogenic potential, while most of the other newer, atypical neuroleptic agents (e.g., risperidone, quetiapine, olanzapine), as well as haloperidol and molindone, have the least. Therapy with neuroleptic agents should be administered cautiously in patients with a history of seizures or other factors predisposing to seizures such as abnormal EEG, preexisting CNS pathology, or head trauma. Adequate anticonvulsant therapy should be maintained during administration of neuroleptic agents. Clozapine should not be used in patients with uncontrolled epilepsy.

References

  1. "Product Information. Geodon (ziprasidone)." Pfizer US Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY.
  2. "Product Information. Orap Tablets (pimozide)." Gate Pharmaceuticals, Sellersville, PA.
  3. "Product Information. Zyprexa (olanzapine)." Lilly, Eli and Company, Indianapolis, IN.
View all 29 references
Moderate

Quetiapine (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Alt Elevations

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Liver Disease

The use of quetiapine may be associated with transient, asymptomatic elevations in serum transaminase. During a series of 3- to 6-week clinical trials, 6% of patients exposed to quetiapine experienced ALT (SGPT) elevations greater than three times the upper limit of normal, compared to 1% in the placebo group. Liver enzymes tended to increase within the first 3 weeks of therapy and return to baseline with continued treatment. Therapy with quetiapine should be administered cautiously in patients with signs and symptoms of hepatic impairment. Periodic assessment of serum transaminases should be performed in patients with significant hepatic disease.

References

  1. "Product Information. Seroquel (quetiapine)." Zeneca Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE.
Moderate

Quetiapine (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Cataracts

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Cataracts

Prolonged use of quetiapine was associated with the development of cataracts in dogs. Lens changes have also been observed in humans during chronic treatment with quetiapine, but a causal relationship has not been established. Long-term therapy with quetiapine should be administered cautiously in patients with a history of cataracts. Examination of the lens by slit lamp exam or other appropriately sensitive methods is recommended at initiation of treatment or shortly thereafter and at 6-month intervals during chronic treatment.

References

  1. "Product Information. Seroquel (quetiapine)." Zeneca Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE.
  2. Valibhai F, Phan NB, Still DJ, True J "Cataracts and quetiapine." Am J Psychiat 158 (2001): 966
Moderate

Quetiapine (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Hyperlipidemia

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Hyperlipidemia

According to the manufacturer, patients treated with quetiapine in 3- to 6-week placebo-controlled trials had increases in cholesterol and triglyceride of 11% and 17%, respectively, compared to slight decreases in the placebo group. Patients with preexisting hyperlipidemia may require closer monitoring during quetiapine therapy, and adjustments made accordingly in their lipid-lowering regimen.

References

  1. "Product Information. Seroquel (quetiapine)." Zeneca Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE.
Moderate

Quetiapine (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Hypothyroidism

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Thyroid Disease

During clinical trials, the use of quetiapine was associated with a dose-related decrease in total and free thyroxine (T4) levels that reached approximately 20% at the higher end of the therapeutic dose range and peaked within the first 2 to 4 weeks of treatment. Generally, the changes were of no clinical significance and were reversible following discontinuation of quetiapine regardless of the duration of treatment. TBG levels were not altered in any patient, while TSH increased in 0.4% (10/2386) of patients, some of whom required thyroid replacement therapy. Therapy with quetiapine should be administered cautiously in patients with thyroid disease. Closer monitoring of thyroid function may be appropriate following initiation or cessation of quetiapine.

References

  1. "Product Information. Seroquel (quetiapine)." Zeneca Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE.
Moderate

Quetiapine (Includes Quetiapine) ↔ Increase Systolic And Diastolic Blood Pressure

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Hypertension

The use of quetiapine may be associated with in increase systolic and diastolic blood pressure in children and adolescents. During the 26 week open-label clinical trial, one child with a reported history of hypertension experienced a hypertensive crisis. Blood pressure in children and adolescents should be measured at the beginning of, and periodically during treatment with quetiapine.

You should also know about...

quetiapine drug Interactions

There are 1070 drug interactions with quetiapine

quetiapine alcohol/food Interactions

There are 6 alcohol/food interactions with quetiapine

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

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