Maalox Total Relief (bismuth subsalicylate) Disease Interactions
There are 2 disease interactions with Maalox Total Relief (bismuth subsalicylate):
Salicylates (Includes Maalox Total Relief) ↔ Reye's Syndrome
Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility
Applies to: Influenza, Varicella-Zoster
The use of salicylates, primarily aspirin, in children with varicella infections or influenza-like illnesses has been associated with an increased risk of Reye's syndrome. Although a causal relationship has not been established, the majority of evidence to date seems to support the association. Most authorities, including the American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Infectious Diseases, recommend avoiding the use of salicylates in children and teenagers with known or suspected varicella or influenza and during presumed outbreaks of influenza. If antipyretic or analgesic therapy is indicated under these circumstances, acetaminophen may be an appropriate alternative. The same precautions should also be observed with related agents such as salicylamide or diflunisal because of their structural and pharmacological similarities to salicylate.
- Belay ED, Bresee JS, Holman RC, Khan AS, Shahriari A, Schonberger LB "Reye's syndrome in the United States from 1981 through 1997." N Engl J Med 340 (1999): 1377-82
- "Product Information. Salflex (salsalate)." Carnrick Laboratories Inc, Cedar Knolls, NJ.
- "Product Information. Rexolate (sodium thiosalicylate)" Hyrex Pharmaceuticals, Memphis, TN.
Salicylates (Includes Maalox Total Relief) ↔ Coagulation
Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility
Applies to: Bleeding, Coagulation Defect, Thrombocytopathy, Thrombocytopenia, Vitamin K Deficiency
All salicylates can interfere with the action of vitamin K and induce a dose-dependent alteration in hepatic synthesis of coagulation factors VII, IX and X. At usual recommended dosages, a slight increase in prothrombin time (PT) may occur. Therapy with salicylates, especially if given in high dosages, should be administered cautiously in patients with significant active bleeding or a hemorrhagic diathesis, including hemostatic and/or coagulation defects associated with hemophilia, vitamin K deficiency, hypoprothombinemia, thrombocytopenia, thrombocytopathy, or severe hepatic impairment. The same precaution should also be observed with the use of related agents such as salicylamide because of their structural and pharmacological similarities to salicylate.
- Fausa O "Salicylate-induced hypoprothrombinemia: a report of four cases." Acta Med Scand 188 (1970): 403-8
- American Medical Association, Division of Drugs and Toxicology "Drug evaluations annual 1994." Chicago, IL: American Medical Association; (1994):
- "Product Information. Pepto-Bismol (bismuth subsalicylate)." Procter and Gamble Pharmaceuticals, Cincinnati, OH.
Maalox Total Relief (bismuth subsalicylate) drug Interactions
There are 246 drug interactions with Maalox Total Relief (bismuth subsalicylate)
Drug Interaction Classification
The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.
|Major||Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.|
|Moderate||Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.|
|Minor||Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.|
Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.
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