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Menstrual Complete (acetaminophen / caffeine / pyrilamine) Disease Interactions

There are 19 disease interactions with Menstrual Complete (acetaminophen / caffeine / pyrilamine):

Major

Acetaminophen (Includes Menstrual Complete) ↔ Alcoholism

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Alcoholism

Chronic alcohol abusers may be at increased risk of hepatotoxicity during treatment with acetaminophen (APAP). Severe liver injury, including cases of acute liver failure resulting in liver transplant and death, has been reported in patients using acetaminophen. Therapy with acetaminophen should be administered cautiously, if at all, in patients who consume three or more alcoholic drinks a day. In general, patients should avoid drinking alcohol while taking acetaminophen-containing medications. Patients should be warned not to exceed the maximum recommended total daily dosage of acetaminophen (4 g/day in adults and children 12 years of age or older), and to read all prescription and over-the-counter medication labels to ensure they are not taking multiple acetaminophen-containing products, or check with a healthcare professional if they are unsure. They should also be advised to seek medical attention if they experience signs and symptoms of liver injury such as fever, rash, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, right upper quadrant pain, dark urine, and jaundice.

References

  1. Whitcomb DC, Block GD "Association of acetaminopphen hepatotoxicity with fasting and ethanol use." JAMA 272 (1994): 1845-50
  2. Bonkovsky HL "Acetaminophen hepatotoxicity, fasting, and ethanol." JAMA 274 (1995): 301
  3. Kaysen GA, Pond SM, Roper MH, Menke DJ, Marrama MA "Combined hepatic and renal injury in alcoholics during therapeutic use of acetaminophen." Arch Intern Med 145 (1985): 2019-23
View all 11 references
Major

Acetaminophen (Includes Menstrual Complete) ↔ Liver Disease

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Liver Disease

Acetaminophen is primarily metabolized in the liver to inactive forms. However, small quantities are converted by minor pathways to metabolites that can cause hepatotoxicity or methemoglobinemia. Patients with hepatic impairment may be at increased risk of toxicity due to increased minor metabolic pathway activity. Likewise, chronic or overuse of acetaminophen can saturate the primary hepatic enzymes and lead to increased metabolism by minor pathways. Severe liver injury, including cases of acute liver failure resulting in liver transplant and death, has been reported in patients using acetaminophen. Therapy with acetaminophen should be administered cautiously in patients with hepatic insufficiency. Clinical monitoring of hepatic function is recommended. Instruct patients to avoid drinking alcohol while taking acetaminophen-containing medications. Patients should be warned not to exceed the maximum recommended total daily dosage of acetaminophen (4 g/day in adults and children 12 years of age or older), and to read all prescription and over-the-counter medication labels to ensure they are not taking multiple acetaminophen-containing products, or check with a healthcare professional if they are unsure.

References

  1. Gillette JR "An integrated approach to the study of chemically reactive metabolites of acetaminophen." Arch Intern Med 141 (1981): 375-9
  2. "Product Information. Tylenol (acetaminophen)." McNeil Pharmaceutical, Raritan, NJ.
  3. Clements JA, Critchley JA, Prescott LF "The role of sulphate conjugation in the metabolism and disposition of oral and intravenous paracetamol in man." Br J Clin Pharmacol 18 (1984): 481-5
View all 6 references
Major

Antihistamines (Includes Menstrual Complete) ↔ Anticholinergic Effects

Severe Potential Hazard, Low plausibility

Applies to: Gastrointestinal Obstruction, Urinary Retention, Glaucoma/Intraocular Hypertension

Antihistamines often have anticholinergic activity, to which elderly patients are particularly sensitive. Therapy with antihistamines should be administered cautiously, if at all, in patients with preexisting conditions that are likely to be exacerbated by anticholinergic activity, such as urinary retention or obstruction; angle-closure glaucoma, untreated intraocular hypertension, or uncontrolled primary open-angle glaucoma; and gastrointestinal obstructive disorders. Conventional, first-generation antihistamines such as the ethanolamines (bromodiphenhydramine, carbinoxamine, clemastine, dimenhydrinate, diphenhydramine, doxylamine, phenyltoloxamine) tend to exhibit substantial anticholinergic effects. In contrast, the newer, relatively nonsedating antihistamines (e.g., cetirizine, fexofenadine, loratadine) reportedly have low to minimal anticholinergic activity at normally recommended dosages and may be appropriate alternatives.

References

  1. "Product Information. Optimine (azatadine)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. Periactin (cyproheptadine)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  3. "Product Information. Tavist (clemastine)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
View all 20 references
Major

Anxiolytics/Sedatives/Hypnotics (Includes Menstrual Complete) ↔ Depression

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Depression

A variety of abnormal thinking and behavior changes have been reported to occur in association with the use of most anxiolytics, sedatives and hypnotics. Some of these changes include decreased inhibition, aggressiveness, agitation, and hallucinations. These drugs can cause or exacerbate mental depression and cause suicidal behavior and ideation. Therapy with these drugs should be administered cautiously in patients with a history of depression or other psychiatric disorders. Patients should be monitored for any changes in mood or behavior. It may be prudent to refrain from dispensing large quantities of medication to these patients.

References

  1. "Product Information. Placidyl (ethchlorvynol)." Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
  2. "Product Information. Ambien (zolpidem)." Searle, Skokie, IL.
  3. "Product Information. Equanil (meprobamate)." Wallace Laboratories, Cranbury, NJ.
View all 5 references
Major

Cns Stimulants (Includes Menstrual Complete) ↔ Cardiac Disease

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Hypertension, Hyperthyroidism, Heart Disease, Pheochromocytoma, Peripheral Arterial Disease

The use of CNS stimulants is contraindicated in patients with significant cardiovascular impairment such as uncompensated heart failure, severe coronary disease, severe hypertension (including that associated with hyperthyroidism or pheochromocytoma), cardiac structural abnormalities, serious arrhythmias, etc. Sudden death has been reported in adults and children taking CNS stimulant treatment. Additionally, stroke, myocardial infarction, chest pain, syncope, arrhythmias and other symptoms have been reported in adults under treatment. A careful assessment of the cardiovascular status should be done in patients being considered for treatment. This includes family history, physical exam and further cardiac evaluation (EKG and echocardiogram). Patients who develop symptoms should have a detailed cardiac evaluation and if needed, treatment should be suspended.

References

  1. "Product Information. Dopram (doxapram)." West-Ward Pharmaceutical Corporation, Eatontown, NJ.
Major

Cns Stimulants (Includes Menstrual Complete) ↔ Hypertension

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Hypertension

CNS stimulant medications have shown to increase blood pressure and their use is contraindicated in patients with severe hypertension. Caution should be used when administering to patients with preexisting high blood pressure and other cardiovascular conditions. All patients under treatment should be regularly monitored for changes in blood pressure and heart rate.

References

  1. "Product Information. Dopram (doxapram)." West-Ward Pharmaceutical Corporation, Eatontown, NJ.
Major

Cns Stimulants (Includes Menstrual Complete) ↔ Liver Disease

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Liver Disease

In general, CNS stimulants are extensively metabolized by the liver. Their plasma clearance may be decreased and their half-life prolonged in patients with impaired hepatic function. Therapy with CNS stimulants should be administered cautiously in patients with moderate to severe liver disease, and the dosage should be adjusted accordingly. Additionally, postmarketing reports have shown that atomoxetine can cause severe liver injury. Laboratory testing should be done at the first sign or symptom of liver dysfunction (jaundice, dark urine, upper quadrant tenderness) and treatment should be discontinued in patients with evidence of liver injury.

References

  1. "Product Information. Provigil (modafinil)." Cephalon, Inc, West Chester, PA.
Major

Cns Stimulants (Includes Menstrual Complete) ↔ Seizure Disorders

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Seizures

Due to general central nervous system stimulation, therapy with CNS stimulant drugs may cause seizures. These drugs may lower the convulsive threshold in patients with prior history of seizures or EEG abnormalities, and very rarely in patients with no previous history of seizures. Therapy with CNS stimulants should be used with caution in patients with or predisposed to seizures. If seizures appear, therapy should be discontinued.

References

  1. American Medical Association, Division of Drugs and Toxicology "Drug evaluations annual 1994." Chicago, IL: American Medical Association; (1994):
Major

Methylxanthines (Includes Menstrual Complete) ↔ Pud

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Peptic Ulcer

Methylxanthines are known to stimulate peptic acid secretion. Therapy with products containing methylxanthines should be administered with extreme caution in patients with active peptic ulcer disease. Some manufacturers consider their use to be contraindicated under such circumstance.

References

  1. "Product Information. Theo-Dur (theophylline)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  2. Alterman P, Spiegel D, Feldman J, Yaretzky A "Histamine h2-receptor antagonists and chronic theophylline toxicity." Am Fam Physician 54 (1996): 1473
  3. Stoller JL "Oesophageal ulceration and theophylline." Lancet 2 (1985): 328-9
View all 4 references
Moderate

Acetaminophen (Includes Menstrual Complete) ↔ Pku

Moderate Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Phenylketonuria

Several oral acetaminophen and acetaminophen-combination products, particularly flavored chewable tablets, contain the artificial sweetener, aspartame (NutraSweet). Aspartame is converted to phenylalanine in the gastrointestinal tract following ingestion. Chewable and effervescent formulations of acetaminophen products may also contain phenylalanine. The aspartame/phenylalanine content should be considered when these products are used in patients who must restrict their intake of phenylalanine (i.e. phenylketonurics).

References

  1. "Product Information. Tylenol (acetaminophen)." McNeil Pharmaceutical, Raritan, NJ.
Moderate

Antihistamines (Includes Menstrual Complete) ↔ Asthma/Copd

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

It has been suggested that the anticholinergic effect of antihistamines may reduce the volume and cause thickening of bronchial secretions, resulting in obstruction of respiratory tract. Some manufacturers and clinicians recommend that therapy with antihistamines be administered cautiously in patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

References

  1. "Product Information. Temaril (trimeprazine)" Allergan Inc, Irvine, CA.
  2. "Product Information. Tavist (clemastine)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  3. "Product Information. Periactin (cyproheptadine)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
View all 17 references
Moderate

Antihistamines (Includes Menstrual Complete) ↔ Cardiovascular

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Cardiovascular Disease, Hyperthyroidism, Hypotension

Antihistamines may infrequently cause cardiovascular adverse effects related to their anticholinergic and local anesthetic (quinidine-like) activities. Tachycardia, palpitation, ECG changes, arrhythmias, hypotension, and hypertension have been reported. Although these effects are uncommon and usually limited to overdosage situations, the manufacturers and some clinicians recommend that therapy with antihistamines be administered cautiously in patients with cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and/or hyperthyroidism.

References

  1. "Product Information. Dimetane (brompheniramine)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  2. "Product Information. Chlortrimeton (chlorpheniramine)." Schering-Plough, Liberty Corner, NJ.
  3. "Product Information. Optimine (azatadine)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
View all 15 references
Moderate

Antihistamines (Includes Menstrual Complete) ↔ Renal/Liver Disease

Moderate Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Liver Disease, Renal Dysfunction

Limited pharmacokinetic data are available for the older, first-generation antihistamines. Many appear to be primarily metabolized by the liver, and both parent drugs and metabolites are excreted in the urine. Patients with renal and/or liver disease may be at greater risk for adverse effects from antihistamines due to drug and metabolite accumulation. Therapy with antihistamines should be administered cautiously in such patients. Lower initial dosages may be appropriate.

References

  1. Paton DM, Webster DR "Clinical pharmacokinetics of H1-receptor antagonists (the antihistamines)." Clin Pharmacokinet 10 (1985): 477-97
  2. Rumore MM "Clinical pharmacokinetics of chlorpheniramine." Drug Intell Clin Pharm 18 (1984): 701-7
  3. Simons FE, Frith EM, Simons KJ "The pharmacokinetics and antihistaminic effects of brompheniramine." J Allergy Clin Immunol 70 (1982): 458-64
View all 15 references
Moderate

Anxiolytics/Sedatives/Hypnotics (Includes Menstrual Complete) ↔ Glaucoma

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Glaucoma/Intraocular Hypertension, Urinary Retention

Some hypnotic drugs can have an anticholinergic effect and should be used with caution in patients with glaucoma, and trouble urinating due to retention or enlarged prostate.

Moderate

Anxiolytics/Sedatives/Hypnotics (Includes Menstrual Complete) ↔ Liver Disease

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Liver Disease

In general, anxiolytics, sedatives and hypnotics are extensively metabolized by the liver. Their plasma clearance may be decreased and their half-life prolonged in patients with impaired hepatic function. Therapy with these drugs should be administered cautiously in patients with liver disease (some are not recommended in severe liver impairment), and the dosage should be adjusted accordingly. Laboratory testing is recommended prior and during treatment.

Moderate

Caffeine (Includes Menstrual Complete) ↔ Cardiotoxicity

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Tachyarrhythmia, Myocardial Infarction, Post MI Syndrome, Hypertension, Hyperthyroidism, Angina Pectoris

Like other methylxanthines, caffeine at high dosages may be associated with positive inotropic and chronotropic effects on the heart. Caffeine may also produce an increase in systemic vascular resistance, resulting in elevation of blood pressure. Therapy with products containing caffeine should be administered cautiously in patients with severe cardiac disease, hypertension, hyperthyroidism, or acute myocardial injury. Some clinicians recommend avoiding caffeine in patients with symptomatic cardiac arrhythmias and/or palpitations and during the first several days to weeks after an acute myocardial infarction.

References

  1. "Multum Information Services, Inc. Expert Review Panel"
Moderate

Cns Stimulants (Includes Menstrual Complete) ↔ Psychiatric Disorders

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Psychosis, Bipolar Disorder, Depression, Mania

The use of CNS stimulants can cause psychotic or maniac symptoms, suicidal ideation, aggression and can exacerbate symptoms of behavior disturbance and thought disorder. Psychiatric symptoms have been reported in patients with and without history of psychiatric disorders, and all patients should be monitored closely, specially during treatment initiation and at times of dose changes. Extreme caution should be exercised when CNS stimulants are given to patients with a history of psychosis, depression, mania, or bipolar disorder. All patients receiving treatment should be screened for bipolar disease prior to initiation. If any psychiatric symptoms emerge or are exacerbated, treatment suspension should be considered. CNS stimulants are contraindicated in patients with marked agitation or anxiety.

References

  1. "Product Information. Provigil (modafinil)." Cephalon, Inc, West Chester, PA.
Moderate

Cns Stimulants (Includes Menstrual Complete) ↔ Renal Dysfunction

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Renal Dysfunction

Overall CNS stimulants should be administered with caution in patients with significantly impaired renal function as the reduction in the rate of elimination may alter the therapeutic response. The dosage should be adjusted accordingly.

References

  1. "Product Information. Provigil (modafinil)." Cephalon, Inc, West Chester, PA.
Moderate

Methylxanthines (Includes Menstrual Complete) ↔ Gerd

Moderate Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Methylxanthines increase gastric acidity and may also relax lower esophageal sphincter, which can lead to gastric reflux into the esophagus. Therapy with products containing methylxanthines should be administered cautiously in patients with significant gastroesophageal reflux.

References

  1. American Medical Association, Division of Drugs and Toxicology "Drug evaluations annual 1994." Chicago, IL: American Medical Association; (1994):
  2. Stoller JL "Oesophageal ulceration and theophylline." Lancet 2 (1985): 328-9
  3. Alterman P, Spiegel D, Feldman J, Yaretzky A "Histamine h2-receptor antagonists and chronic theophylline toxicity." Am Fam Physician 54 (1996): 1473
View all 4 references

Menstrual Complete (acetaminophen / caffeine / pyrilamine) drug Interactions

There are 792 drug interactions with Menstrual Complete (acetaminophen / caffeine / pyrilamine)

Menstrual Complete (acetaminophen / caffeine / pyrilamine) alcohol/food Interactions

There are 6 alcohol/food interactions with Menstrual Complete (acetaminophen / caffeine / pyrilamine)

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Multum is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. Multum's information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Multum Information Services, Inc. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. Copyright 2000-2016 Multum Information Services, Inc. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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