Generic Name: nicotine (Inhalation route)
Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Feb 25, 2019.
Commonly used brand name(s)
In the U.S.
- Nicorette Inhaler
Available Dosage Forms:
Therapeutic Class: Smoking Cessation Agent
Pharmacologic Class: Cholinergic
Uses for Nicotrol
Nicotine inhaler is used to help you stop smoking. Nicotine is absorbed in the mouth and throat and enters the blood stream. This replaces the nicotine you would get from smoking and makes the withdrawal effects from not smoking less severe. The amount of nicotine is decreased over time until use is stopped.
This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Before using Nicotrol
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of inhaled nicotine in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established. Small amounts of nicotine can cause serious unwanted effects in children, and the inhaler contains enough nicotine to cause problems, including used cartridges.
Although appropriate studies on the relationship of age to the effects of inhaled nicotine have not been performed in the geriatric population, no geriatric-specific problems have been documented to date. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related kidney, liver, or heart problems, which may require caution and an adjustment in the dose for patients receiving inhaled nicotine.
|All Trimesters||D||Studies in pregnant women have demonstrated a risk to the fetus. However, the benefits of therapy in a life threatening situation or a serious disease, may outweigh the potential risk.|
Studies in women breastfeeding have demonstrated harmful infant effects. An alternative to this medication should be prescribed or you should stop breastfeeding while using this medicine.
Interactions with medicines
Interactions with food/tobacco/alcohol
Other medical problems
- Angina (severe chest pain) or
- Asthma or
- Breathing problems or
- Buerger disease (circulation problem) or
- Diabetes (insulin-dependent) or
- Heart rhythm problems (eg, arrhythmia) or
- Hypertension (high blood pressure) or
- Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) or
- Pheochromocytoma (adrenal problem) or
- Raynaud disease (circulation problem) or
- Stomach ulcer or
- Tachycardia (fast heart rate)—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
- Heart attack, history of or
- Heart or blood vessel disease—Use with caution. May cause side effects to become worse.
- Kidney disease, severe or
- Liver disease—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.
Proper use of Nicotrol
This section provides information on the proper use of a number of products that contain nicotine. It may not be specific to Nicotrol. Please read with care.
Use this medicine only as directed by your doctor. Do not use more of it, do not use it more often, and do not use it for a longer time than your doctor ordered.
This medicine should come with patient instructions. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
You should stop smoking completely before you start using this medicine. Do not use any tobacco products during therapy. If you continue to smoke with the inhaler, you may have serious unwanted effects from nicotine.
It is also important to use a stop-smoking program that may include education, counseling, and psychological support. This may make it easier for you to stop smoking.
- The inhaler comes with a plastic mouthpiece and cartridges (small tubes) of nicotine. The cartridges are inserted into the mouthpiece.
- Use the inhaler at a room temperature above 60 degrees F.
- After inserting the cartridge, inhale or puff through the mouthpiece. The cartridge will last about 20 minutes with active puffing.
- When the cartridge is empty, take it out of the mouthpiece. Throw it away where children and pets cannot reach it.
- The mouthpiece can be reused. Wash it regularly with soap and water. Store it in the original plastic storage case.
- For oral inhalation dosage form (cartridge):
- To help you stop smoking:
- Adults—At first, use 6 cartridges per day. Your doctor may adjust the dose based on the number of cigarettes you smoke per day or based on how well you tolerate the medicine. However, the total dose is usually not more than 16 cartridges per day. Your dose will be gradually reduced before stopping treatment completely.
- Children—Use is not recommended.
- To help you stop smoking:
If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
When the cartridge is empty, take it out of the mouthpiece. Throw it away where children and pets cannot reach it.
The mouthpiece can be reused. Wash it regularly with soap and water. Store it in the original plastic storage case.
Precautions while using Nicotrol
Do not smoke or use any tobacco products with the inhaler. If you continue to smoke or chew tobacco, you may have serious unwanted effects from nicotine. Call your doctor right away if you have dizziness, headaches, an upset stomach, drooling, vomiting, diarrhea, cold sweats, blurred vision, trouble hearing, confusion, fainting, or weakness.
Do not use any other nicotine products with the inhaler. This includes nicotine patches, lozenges, or gum. You may have serious unwanted effects if you use more than one nicotine product.
Pregnant women should only use this medicine as directed by a doctor. Cigarette smoke can seriously harm your child. Try to stop smoking without using medicine. The risks to your child from this medicine are not fully known.
Nicotine products must be kept out of the reach of children and pets. Small amounts of nicotine can cause serious unwanted effects in children, and a used cartridge may contain enough nicotine to cause problems. If the cartridge is touched by a child, contact your doctor or poison control center at once.
During the first week, your mouth or throat may feel irritated. Do not stop using the medicine. If you continue to use the inhaler, you should adjust to these effects. If the irritation does not get better after several weeks, check with your doctor.
Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.
Nicotrol side effects
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:
- Fast or irregular heartbeat
- fever with or without chills
- nausea with or without vomiting
- runny nose
- skin rash, itching, or hives
- tearing of the eyes
- tightness in the chest
- trouble breathing
Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur:
Symptoms of overdose
- Cold sweat
- convulsions (seizures)
- hearing and vision changes
- nausea and vomiting
- pale skin
- stomach pain
- Acid or sour stomach
- mouth and throat irritation
- stomach discomfort, upset, or pain
- stuffy nose
- back pain
- change in taste
- feeling of burning, numbness, tightness, tingling, warmth, or heat
- muscle pain
- pain in the jaw and neck
- passing of gas
- teeth problems
- trouble sleeping
- unusual tiredness or weakness
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More about Nicotrol Inhaler (nicotine)
- Side Effects
- During Pregnancy or Breastfeeding
- Dosage Information
- Drug Interactions
- Pricing & Coupons
- En Español
- 33 Reviews
- Drug class: smoking cessation agents