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Uterine Fibroids


Uterine fibroids are growths found inside your uterus (womb). Uterine fibroids also may be called tumors (lumps) or leiomyomas. Uterine fibroids often appear in groups, or you may have only one. They can be small or large, and they can grow in size. They are almost always benign (not cancer) and likely will not spread to other parts of your body.



  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine: This group of medicine is also called NSAIDs. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine may help decrease pain, fever, and swelling. This medicine can be bought without a doctor's order. This medicine can cause stomach bleeding or kidney problems in certain people.
  • Hormone medicine: This medicine changes the level of certain hormones and may then help shrink your fibroids.
  • Contraceptives: These medicines help prevent pregnancy. They also may help shrink your fibroids.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Contact your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him or her if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your gynecologist as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Contact your gynecologist if:

  • Your symptoms, such as heavy bleeding, pain, and pelvic pressure, worsen.
  • You feel weak and are more tired than usual.
  • You do not feel like your bladder is empty after you urinate. You also may urinate small amounts more often.
  • You have more trouble having or are not able to have a BM.
  • You have new or worse hot flashes.
  • You have any questions about your condition or care.

Return to the emergency department if:

  • Your heart begins to race, and you feel faint.
  • You begin to pass large blood clots from your vagina.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Uterine Fibroids (Aftercare Instructions)

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