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Uterine Fibroids

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Feb 4, 2024.

What are uterine fibroids?

Uterine fibroids are growths found inside your uterus. Uterine fibroids are benign (not cancer) and may also be called myomas or leiomyomas. Uterine fibroids often appear in groups, or you may have only one. They can be small or large, and they can grow. Fibroids likely will not spread to other parts of your body. They may grow when you are pregnant and shrink after you no longer have a monthly period.

Uterine Fibroid

What increases my risk for uterine fibroids?

The cause of uterine fibroids is not clear. Ask your healthcare provider about these and other risk factors for uterine fibroids:

What are the signs and symptoms of uterine fibroids?

Symptoms depend on the size, type, and number of fibroids you have. Symptoms also depend on where the fibroids are inside your uterus:

How are uterine fibroids diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will examine you and ask about your symptoms. Tell the provider if any women if your family have had uterine fibroids. You may also need any of the following:

How are uterine fibroids treated?

Watchful waiting may be recommended if your signs and symptoms are mild. The following treatments may shrink your fibroids and decrease your symptoms:

Treatment options

The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

How can I help prevent uterine fibroids?

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor or gynecologist?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

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