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Urethral Stent Placement
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:
- Urethral stent placement is a procedure to open a blockage or stricture (narrowing) in your urethra with a stent. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from your bladder out of your body. A stent is a small plastic or metal tube that is used to open your narrowed urethra. Blockages and strictures can make it hard for urine to flow out of your body. Pelvic (hip) injuries and repeat urinary tract infections may lead to urethral strictures and blockages. The urinary tract includes your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Cancer of the prostate, or an enlarged prostate can also lead to a blockage in your urethra. The prostate is the gland that lies at the bottom of the bladder in males. Urethral stents are also commonly needed for people with brain or spine injuries who have problems urinating.
- You may only need a urethral stent for a short period of time. You may also need a urethral stent for the rest of your life. During your procedure, your caregiver may use an endoscope to put the stent inside your blocked urethra. An endoscope is a long bendable tube with a light and camera at the end. Fluoroscopy (special x-ray) may also be used during your procedure to help guide your caregiver in placing the stent. Having a urethral stent placed may help decrease your symptoms such as trouble urinating. Stent placement may also decrease your risk for urinary tract infections.
Take your medicine as directed:
Call your primary healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.
- Antibiotics: This medicine is given to fight or prevent an infection caused by bacteria. Always take your antibiotics exactly as ordered by your primary healthcare provider. Do not stop taking your medicine unless directed by your primary healthcare provider. Never save antibiotics or take leftover antibiotics that were given to you for another illness.
- Pain medicine: You may need medicine to take away or decrease pain.
- Learn how to take your medicine. Ask what medicine and how much you should take. Be sure you know how, when, and how often to take it.
- Do not wait until the pain is severe before you take your medicine. Tell caregivers if your pain does not decrease.
- Pain medicine can make you dizzy or sleepy. Prevent falls by calling someone when you get out of bed or if you need help.
Ask for information about where and when to go for follow-up visits:
For continuing care, treatments, or home services, ask for more information.
- You may need follow-up urine tests after your procedure. You may also need an ultrasound to check if your bladder is emptying properly. A urethroscopy may be needed to check for any blockages in your stent. Your caregiver may also do a repeat cystoscopy to check your bladder and urethra. These tests may also be done to check if your stent has moved out of place. Ask your caregiver for more information about these tests and about when to return for them.
Ask your caregiver when you can return to work, school, or your usual activities.
You may need to avoid having sex for a few weeks after your procedure. Ask your caregiver when you can have sex again.
CONTACT A CAREGIVER IF:
- You have pain in your lower abdomen (stomach).
- You feel like you need to urinate more often than usual.
- You have pain in the area between your anus and your genitals.
- You have pain with an erection (hardening of the penis).
- You have pain during or after having sex.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition, medicine, or care.
SEEK CARE IMMEDIATELY IF:
- You have a fever (high body temperature) and shaking chills.
- You have blood or discharge in your urine.
- You have severe flank (area between your ribs and hips) or low back pain.
- You have trouble urinating, or pain when you urinate.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.