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Recurrent Seizures In Adults


A seizure is an episode of abnormal brain activity that can cause jerky muscle movements, loss of consciousness, or confusion. Recurrent means you have a seizure more than once. The cause of your seizures may not be known. Recurrent seizures may occur if you do not take antiseizure medicine as directed. Some common triggers are alcohol, drugs, lack of sleep, fever, or a virus. High or low blood sugar levels, pregnancy, a head injury, or a stroke could also trigger a seizure.



You may need the following:

  • Antiseizure medicine may be given to shorten or prevent seizures. You may need to take this medicine for 12 months or longer. Do not stop taking this medicine unless your primary healthcare provider tells you to.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Call your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your primary healthcare provider or neurologist as directed:

You may need more tests to help find the cause of your seizures. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Safety measures after a seizure:

  • Do not drive until your primary healthcare provider says it is okay.
  • Do not operate heavy equipment or dangerous machines for at least 6 months. Ask when it is okay to use machines again.
  • Do not swim, scuba dive, or climb for up to 3 months.
  • Ask your primary healthcare provider about healthy habits that can help you prevent another seizure. Limit the amount of alcohol you drink. Eat healthy foods, exercise, and reduce stress. Try to get plenty of sleep.

Contact your primary healthcare provider if:

You or someone close to you notices:

  • Your seizures are worse or different than usual.
  • You pick at your clothes, smack your lips, or fidget, but do not seem to be aware of your actions.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Return to the emergency department if:

You or someone close to you notices:

  • You have a seizure that lasts longer than 5 minutes.
  • You have more than one seizure and are not conscious between seizures.
  • You do not wake up after a seizure.
  • You do not behave normally after a seizure.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.