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Kyphoplasty is surgery to fix broken vertebrae. Your vertebrae are the bones in your back that form your spine.


Before your surgery:

  • Informed consent is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.
  • An IV is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.
  • Anesthesia is medicine to make you comfortable during the surgery. Healthcare providers will work with you to decide which anesthesia is best for you.
    • General anesthesia will keep you asleep and free from pain during surgery. You may get anesthesia through your IV. You may instead breathe it in through a mask or a tube placed down your throat. The tube may cause you to have a sore throat when you wake up.
    • Local anesthesia is a shot of medicine put into your back. It is used to numb the area and dull the pain. You may still feel pressure or pushing during surgery.
  • Medicines:
    • Antibiotics help prevent an infection caused by bacteria.
    • A sedative helps you stay calm and relaxed if you have local anesthesia.

During your surgery:

Your surgeon will use an x-ray to locate your broken vertebrae and guide him during surgery. He will make a small incision over your broken vertebrae. A balloon will be inserted near the broken vertebrae and inflated to make a pocket. The balloon will be removed and bone cement will be injected into the pocket. The hardened cement will help keep your broken vertebrae together so it can heal. A bandage will be placed over the surgery site. Your surgeon may do an x-ray or CT scan to check for any cement leaks.

After your surgery:

You will be taken to a room to rest until you are fully awake. You will have to lie flat for up to 2 hours so the cement can fully harden. Healthcare providers will monitor you closely for any problems. Do not get out of bed until your healthcare provider says it is okay. When your healthcare provider sees that you are okay, you will be taken to your hospital room.

  • Your neurological signs will be checked after surgery. These are also called neuro signs, neuro checks, or neuro status. Healthcare providers check your eyes, your memory, and how awake and alert you are. This helps tell healthcare providers how your brain is working after your surgery.
  • Pain medicine will decrease or take away your pain. Do not wait until the pain is severe to ask for your medicine. Pain medicine can make you dizzy or sleepy. Prevent falls by calling a healthcare provider when you want to get out of bed or if you need help.


  • You may have an allergic reaction to the bone cement. Your nerves and spinal cord may be damaged. Spinal cord damage may cause you to leak spinal fluid. This can cause paralysis. You may be bruised or get an infection after surgery. Vertebrae that are near the surgery area may break. Cement may leak into your spinal cord, kidneys, and blood vessels. Cement leaks may travel into your lungs and brain. This can be life-threatening.
  • Without surgery, your pain may get worse. The changes in the curve of your spine may make it harder for you to breathe. You may have more trouble walking and doing the activities you enjoy.


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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