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Heart Failure


Heart failure (HF) is a condition that does not allow your heart to fill or pump properly. Not enough oxygen in your blood gets to your organs and tissues. HF can occur in the right side, the left side, or both lower chambers of your heart. HF is often caused by damage or injury to your heart. The damage may be caused by heart attack, other heart conditions, or high blood pressure. HF is a long-term condition that tends to get worse over time. It is important to manage your health to improve your quality of life. HF can be worsened by heavy alcohol use, smoking, diabetes that is not controlled, or obesity.

Heart Failure


Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.


Medicines may be given to help regulate your heart rhythm. You may also be given medicine to lower blood pressure, and to get rid of extra fluid.


  • Blood tests are used to check for any damage to your heart. Blood tests also give healthcare providers information about your kidney, liver, and thyroid function.
  • Telemetry is continuous monitoring of your heart rhythm. Sticky pads placed on your skin connect to an EKG machine that records your heart rhythm.
  • X-ray, CT, or MRI pictures may be taken of your heart and lungs. The pictures may show the cause of your HF, or blood clots or fluid in your lungs. You may be given contrast liquid before a CT scan or MRI to help healthcare providers see the pictures better. Tell the healthcare provider if you have ever had an allergic reaction to contrast liquid. Do not enter the MRI room with anything metal. Metal can cause serious injury. Tell the healthcare provider if you have any metal in or on your body.
  • Intake and output measures how much liquid you drink or get in your IV, and how much you urinate. Healthcare providers will compare your weight from day to day to check how much body fluid you have. Rapid weight gain can be a sign of fluid retention. This may mean your HF is worsening.


  • Oxygen may help you breathe easier if your oxygen level is lower than normal. A CPAP may be used to keep your airway open while you sleep. You may need a ventilator if you cannot breathe on your own.
  • Surgery can be done to implant a pacemaker in your chest to regulate your heart rhythm. Other types of surgery can open blocked heart vessels, replace a damaged heart valve, or remove scar tissue.


HF can be life-threatening. It can cause fluid in your lungs. HF can damage your heart so that it no longer pumps.


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Heart Failure (Inpatient Care)

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