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Female Athlete Triad

Medically reviewed by Last updated on May 1, 2023.


The female athlete triad

is a combination of 3 health problems. These health problems include disordered eating, loss of monthly period, and low bone density. The condition occurs when a female athlete does intense training or exercise and has a strict diet.

Common symptoms include the following:

  • Irregular or no monthly periods
  • Dry, cracked skin, and thinning hair
  • Large amount of weight loss
  • Scars or callouses on your hands or knuckles caused by forcing yourself to throw up
  • Feeling more tired than usual
  • Frequent injuries such as stress fractures
  • Trouble concentrating or mood changes

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) or have someone call if:

  • You have a seizure.
  • You have trouble breathing, chest pain, or a fast heartbeat.
  • You feel like hurting yourself.

Call your doctor if:

  • You feel you cannot cope at home, work, or school.
  • Your symptoms are getting worse.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Treatment for female athlete triad

may include any of the following:

  • A dietitian can help you with a meal plan and proper nutrition. He or she can discuss healthy eating habits and how to help you balance food and your sport. You may need to take extra vitamins or minerals.
  • Medicines may be needed to make your bones stronger, treat an abnormal heartbeat, or treat depression.
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) will help you identify any negative feelings and behaviors about food and your weight. You and a therapist work together to learn the reasons you are unhappy with your body.
  • Talk therapy is a type of counseling that is usually done in a series of meetings or talks. You, your family members, coaches, teammates, or people who are close to you may also attend.

Treatment options

The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

Prevent the female athlete triad:

  • Ask for help at any time. Talk to your coach, trainers, friends, or family if you have problems with your health.
  • Try not to compare yourself to others. Focus on your own ideal body weight and sports performance. Try to choose friends or role models with healthy body images and eating habits. Coaches, trainers, teammates, and family members should not pressure you to diet and lose weight.
  • Eat healthy foods. Healthy foods may help you feel better and have more energy. Eat foods that are high in calcium, iron, and protein. Calcium is found in dairy products such as milk, cheese, and yogurt. Protein and iron are found in chicken, fish, meat, and beans. Include fruit, colorful vegetables, and whole grains. Do not skip meals and snacks.
    Healthy Foods
  • Monitor your weight and monthly period. You or a healthcare provider may need to check your weight regularly. Keep track of your menstrual periods so that you can check the number of days between cycles.

Follow up with your doctor as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

© Copyright Merative 2023 Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Female Athlete Triad

Treatment options

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Symptoms and treatments

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.