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Electroencephalogram In Children


  • An electroencephalogram (e-lek-tro-en-SEF-ah-lo-gram) is usually called an "EEG". An EEG measures the electrical activity made by your child's brain. A machine or a computer is used to make a tracing that shows the electrical activity as "brain waves". Caregivers study this tracing to learn about your child's brain and how it is working. Your child will not get a shock from having an EEG. The machine or computer cannot "read" your child's mind.
  • EEGs can help caregivers learn about epilepsy (EP-i-lep-see). Epilepsy is a condition where your child may have unusual electrical rhythms. These unusual rhythms may cause seizures (convulsions). EEGs also help caregivers learn about sleeping problems, brain injury, brain tumors, and many other problems.



  • Keep a written list of what medicines your child takes, the amounts, and when and why they are taken. Bring the list of your child's medicines or the pill bottles when you visit your child's caregivers. Ask your child's caregiver for more information about the medicines. Do not give any medicines to your child without first asking your child's caregiver. This includes prescriptions, over-the-counter drugs, vitamins, herbs, or food supplements.
  • Always give your child's medicine as directed by his caregivers. Call your child's caregiver if you think your child's medicines are not helping. Call if you feel your child is having side effects. Do not quit giving the medicines to your child until you discuss it with your child's caregiver. If your child is taking antibiotics (an-ti-bi-OT-iks), give them until they are all gone. Even if your child seems to feel better.
  • Never give aspirin to your child without first asking your child's caregiver. Giving aspirin to your child when he is ill may cause a very serious illness called Reye's syndrome. Read medicine labels to see if your child's medicine has aspirin.

What happens after my child's EEG?

  • The caregiver will tell you when you and your child can go home. Your child's caregiver may talk to you about the results before or after your child leaves the hospital. The caregiver may give a letter to you explaining your child's EEG results in about five to seven days.
  • Usually, your child may start doing his normal daily activities right after the EEG. Ask the caregiver if there are any special instructions for your child after the EEG.
  • Wash your child's hair after the EEG. Your child may use his regular hair conditioners, sprays, or oils afterward.
  • If you stopped giving any medicines because of the EEG, talk to your child's caregiver before you leave. Ask the caregiver when you should start giving your child the medicine again.


  • The problem for which your child had the test has gotten worse.
  • You have questions about your child's test results or if you have other concerns.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Electroencephalogram In Children (Aftercare Instructions)

Micromedex® Care Notes