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Electroencephalogram in Children

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Mar 5, 2023.

An EEG can help providers diagnose or monitor brain conditions. It can also help providers decide what treatments your child needs.


Call 911 for any of the following:

  • Your child stops breathing, turns blue, or you cannot feel his or her pulse.
  • Your child cannot be woken after his or her seizure.
  • Your child's seizure lasts longer than 5 minutes.
  • Your child has more than 1 seizure before he or she is fully awake or aware.
  • Your child has a seizure and is diabetic.
  • Your child has a seizure in the water.

Seek care immediately if:

  • Your child does not act normally after a seizure.
  • Your child is very weak and tired, has a stiff neck, or cannot stop vomiting.
  • Your child is injured during a seizure.

Contact your child's healthcare provider if:

  • Your child has seizures even with treatment.
  • Your child picks at his or her clothes, smacks his or her lips, or fidgets, but does not seem to be aware of his or her actions.
  • You have questions or concerns about your child's condition or care.

What to do if your child has a seizure:

  • Do not panic.
  • Note the start time of the seizure. Record how long it lasts.
  • Gently guide your child to the floor or a soft surface. Cushion his or her head and remove sharp objects from the area around him or her.
  • Place your child on his or her side to help prevent him or her from swallowing saliva or vomit.
  • Loosen your child's clothing around the head and neck.
  • Remove any objects from your child's mouth. Do not put anything in your child's mouth. This may prevent him or her from breathing.
  • Perform CPR if your child stops breathing or you cannot feel his or her pulse.
  • Let your child sleep or rest after his or her seizure. He or she may be confused for a short time after his or her seizure. Do not give him or her anything to eat or drink until he or she is fully awake.

Give your child's medicine as directed:

Call your child's provider if you think the medicine is not helping or if your child has side effects. Tell your child's provider if your child is taking any vitamins, herbs, or other medicines. Keep a list of the medicines your child takes. Include the amounts, and when and why your child takes them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits.

Follow up with your child's doctor as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your child's visits.

© Copyright Merative 2023 Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.