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Cefuroxime Patient Tips

Medically reviewed on Nov 29, 2017 by C. Fookes, BPharm

How it works

  • Cefuroxime is an antibiotic that is used to treat certain types of bacterial infection.
  • Cefuroxime belongs to the class of antibiotics known as cephalosporins. Cefuroxime is a second-generation cephalosporin. Second-generation cephalosporins have enhanced activity against gram-negative bacteria compared with first-generation cephalosporins while retaining some activity against gram-positive bacteria. They are also more resistant to beta-lactamase.
  • Cephalosporins are bactericidal (kill bacteria) and work in a similar way to penicillins. They bind to and block the activity of enzymes responsible for making peptidoglycan, an important component of the bacterial cell wall. They are called broad-spectrum antibiotics because they are effective against a wide range of bacteria.

Upsides

  • Treats a wide range of infections such as those occurring in the respiratory tract, ear, on the skin, in the genitourinary area, and in bone.
  • Also used for the early treatment of Lyme disease caused by susceptible strains of Borrelia burgdorferi in adults and children over the age of 13 years.
  • Cefuroxime has excellent activity against gram-positive streptococci and gram-negative aerobes including susceptible isolates of: Staphylococcus aureus (methicillin-susceptible isolates only), Streptococcus pneumoniae, S. pyrogens, Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Most extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing and carbapenemase-producing isolates are resistant to cefuroxime.
  • Available as oral tablets, an oral suspension, and in an injectable form.
  • May be given twice or three times daily depending on the severity of the infection.
  • May be given with or without food.
  • Generic cefuroxime is available.

Downsides

If you are between the ages of 18 and 60, take no other medication or have no other medical conditions, side effects you are more likely to experience include:

  • Diarrhea, nausea or vomiting have been reported. May alter some laboratory tests. Rarely, may cause seizures (risk is higher with overdosage).
  • About 10% of people who are allergic to penicillin are also allergic to cephalosporins. Tell your doctor if you have ever had an allergy to antibiotics.
  • The dosage of cefuroxime may need reducing in severe renal impairment.
  • Severe diarrhea, caused by overgrowth of a bacteria called Clostridium difficile, is a potential side effect of almost all antibacterial agents, including cefuroxime. Symptoms include persistent, watery and sometimes bloody diarrhea.
  • May not be suitable for some people including those allergic to penicillin or other cephalosporins.
  • May interact with some drugs including oral contraceptives, drugs that reduce gastric acidity (such as antacids, omeprazole), probenecid, and some urinary glucose tests.

Notes: In general, seniors or children, people with certain medical conditions (such as liver or kidney problems, heart disease, diabetes, seizures) or people who take other medications are more at risk of developing a wider range of side effects. For a complete list of all side effects, click here.

Bottom Line

Cefuroxime is a second generation cephalosporin-type antibiotic that may be used for the treatment of bacterial infections caused by susceptible strains of bacteria. It is mainly effective against Streptococci, beta-lactamase producing bacteria, and gram-negative aerobes.

Tips

  • Can be taken with or without food.
  • Take exactly as directed and for the duration intended. Usually dosed every 12 hours.
  • Only use when prescribed by a doctor to treat infections caused by susceptible bacteria as improper use increases the chance of resistant bacteria developing. Cefuroxime will not treat viral infections such as the flu.
  • Seek urgent advice if you develop any allergy-like symptoms while taking cefuroxime.
  • Seek medical advice if chronic diarrhea develops during or following a course of cefuroxime.
  • Children or adults should be given the suspension if they cannot swallow tablets because cefuroxime tablets taste bitter when crushed.
  • If you take antacids, do not take them at the same time as cefuroxime because they may affect the absorption of cefuroxime. Take either an hour afterward or at least two hours before the cefuroxime.
  • Talk to your doctor if you develop any worrying side effects after taking cefuroxime such as abdominal pain, excessive bruising or bleeding, or a rash.

Response and Effectiveness

  • Peak concentrations are reached one hour after dosing; however, it may take up to 48 hours before infection-related symptoms start to abate.
  • Cefuroxime tablets and cefuroxime suspension are not equivalent in terms of dosage on a mg per mg basis.

References

  • Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use cefuroxime only for the indication prescribed.

Copyright 1996-2018 Drugs.com. Revision Date: 2017-11-29 00:51:01

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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