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Sodium iodide-i-131 Side Effects

For the Consumer

Applies to sodium iodide-i-131: oral capsule, oral kit, oral solution

Along with its needed effects, sodium iodide-i-131 may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking sodium iodide-i-131:

After treatment of overactive thyroid

Symptoms of an underactive thyroid

  • Changes in menstrual periods
  • clumsiness
  • coldness
  • drowsiness
  • dry, puffy skin
  • headache
  • listlessness
  • muscle aches
  • thinning of the hair (temporary)
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
  • weight gain

Rare

After treatment of overactive thyroid

  • Excessive sweating
  • fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse
  • fever
  • unusual irritability

After treatment of cancer of the thyroid

  • Black, tarry stools
  • blood in the urine or stools
  • cough or hoarseness
  • fever or chills
  • lower back or side pain
  • painful or difficult swallowing
  • painful or difficult urination
  • pinpoint red spots on the skin
  • unusual bleeding or bruising

Incidence Not Known

After treatment of overactive thyroid

  • Chest pain
  • fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse
  • hives, itching, and rash
  • nervousness
  • sensitivity to heat
  • sweating
  • tenderness of salivary glands
  • trouble sleeping
  • weight loss

After treatment of cancer of the thyroid

  • Abdominal or stomach cramps
  • bleeding gums
  • bone pain
  • diarrhea
  • feeling of discomfort
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea
  • sore throat
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
  • vomiting
  • weakness

Some side effects of sodium iodide-i-131 may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Less Common

After treatment of overactive thyroid or cancer of the thyroid

  • Neck tenderness or swelling
  • sore throat

After treatment of cancer of the thyroid

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to sodium iodide-i-131: compounding powder, oral capsule, oral liquid

Cardiovascular

Cardiovascular side effects have included chest pain and tachycardia.[Ref]

Dermatologic

Dermatologic side effects have included itching skin, rash, and hives.[Ref]

Endocrine

Endocrine side effects have included acute thyroid crisis.[Ref]

Gastrointestinal

Gastrointestinal side effects have included nausea and vomiting.[Ref]

Hematologic

Hematologic side effects have included blood dyscrasia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, depression of hematopoietic system, and anemia.[Ref]

Local

Local side effects have included tenderness and swelling of the neck, pain on swallowing, sore throat, and cough (usually around the third day after treatment).[Ref]

Oncologic

Oncologic side effects have included acute leukemia.[Ref]

Other

Other side effects have included temporary thinning of the hair (may occur 2 to 3 months after treatment), chromosomal abnormalities, radiation sickness, and death.[Ref]

References

1. "Product Information. Sodium Iodide-1-131 (sodium iodide-I-131)." Mallinckrodt Medical Inc, St. Louis, MO.

2. Saha GB. "Fundamentals of Nuclear Pharmacy. 4th ed." New York, NY: Springer-Verlag (1998):

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Some side effects may not be reported. You may report them to the FDA.

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