Generic Name: dabrafenib (da bRAF e nib)
Brand Name: Tafinlar
Medically reviewed on May 22, 2018
What is dabrafenib?
Dabrafenib is a cancer medication that interferes with the growth and spread of cancer cells in the body.
Dabrafenib is used alone or in combination with another medicine called trametinib (Mekinist) to treat certain types of cancer in people who have a "BRAF" gene mutation. dabrafenibs is for use in treating:
non-small cell lung cancer that has spread to other parts of the body; or
advanced or metastatic thyroid cancer that has spread and for which there are no other treatment options.
Dabrafenib may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Using dabrafenib with trametinib may increase your risk of developing a certain type of skin cancer. Ask your doctor about your specific risk. Tell your doctor if you notice any new skin symptoms.
Before taking this medicine
You should not use dabrafenib if you are allergic to it.
Tell your doctor if you have ever had:
liver or kidney disease;
diabetes (dabrafenib may raise your blood sugar);
eye problems (especially a problem with your retina); or
a genetic enzyme deficiency called glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency.
Using dabrafenib with trametinib may increase your risk of developing a certain type of skin cancer. Ask your doctor about your specific risk. Tell your doctor if you notice any new skin symptoms such as redness, warts, sores that will not heal, or a mole that has changed in size or color.
Do not use dabrafenib if you are pregnant. It could harm the unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you become pregnant during treatment. Use effective birth control to prevent pregnancy while you are using dabrafenib.
If you use dabrafenib alone: Keep using birth control for at least 2 weeks after your last dose.
If you use dabrafenib and trametinib together: Keep using birth control for at least 4 months after your last dose of these two medicines.
This medicine may affect fertility (ability to have children) in both men and women. However, it is important for women to use birth control to prevent pregnancy because dabrafenib can harm an unborn baby.
You should not breast-feed while using this medicine and for at least 2 weeks after your last dose (or 4 months after your last dose of dabrafenib with trametinib).
How should I take dabrafenib?
Your doctor will perform blood tests to make sure you have the correct tumor type to be treated with dabrafenib.
Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Use the medicine exactly as directed.
Take dabrafenib on an empty stomach, at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal.
Swallow the capsule whole and do not crush, chew, break, or open it.
If you need surgery, dental work, or a medical procedure, tell the doctor you currently use dabrafenib.
Your doctor will need to check your skin every 2 months while you are using dabrafenib, and for up to 6 months after your treatment ends.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the medicine as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if your next dose is due in less than 6 hours. Do not use two doses at one time.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
What should I avoid while taking dabrafenib?
dabrafenib can pass into body fluids (urine, feces, vomit). Caregivers should wear rubber gloves while cleaning up a patient's body fluids, handling contaminated trash or laundry or changing diapers. Wash hands before and after removing gloves. Wash soiled clothing and linens separately from other laundry.
Dabrafenib side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Some side effects are more likely to occur if you take dabrafenib and trametinib together. Call your doctor at once if you have:
fever, chills, feeling light-headed or short of breath;
pale or yellowed skin, dark colored urine;
eye pain or swelling, vision changes, seeing halos around lights, seeing color "dots" in your vision;
increased thirst or urination;
signs of a heart problem--shortness of breath (even with mild exertion), pounding heartbeats, swelling in your feet or ankles.
Common side effects may include:
headache, muscle or joint pain;
fever, chills, tiredness;
dry skin, thickened skin, warts, rash;
swelling in the legs, arms, and face;
cough, trouble breathing; or
temporary hair loss.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
What other drugs will affect dabrafenib?
Other drugs may affect dabrafenib, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any medicine you start or stop using.
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
Copyright 1996-2018 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 4.02.
More about dabrafenib
- Dabrafenib Side Effects
- During Pregnancy
- Dosage Information
- Drug Interactions
- En Español
- 1 Review
- Drug class: multikinase inhibitors
Other brands: Tafinlar