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Loxitane Side Effects

Generic Name: loxapine

Note: This document contains side effect information about loxapine. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Loxitane.

For the Consumer

Applies to loxapine: oral capsule, oral solution, oral tablet

Other dosage forms:

Along with its needed effects, loxapine (the active ingredient contained in Loxitane) may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking loxapine:

More common
  • Difficulty with speaking or swallowing
  • lip smacking or puckering
  • loss of balance control
  • mask-like face
  • puffing of the cheeks
  • rapid or fine, worm-like movements of the tongue
  • restlessness or desire to keep moving
  • shuffling walk
  • slowed movements
  • stiffness of the arms and legs
  • trembling and shaking of the fingers and hands
  • uncontrolled chewing movements
  • uncontrolled movements of the arms or legs
Less common
  • Constipation (severe)
  • difficult urination
  • inability to move the eyes
  • muscle spasms, especially of the neck and back
  • skin rash
  • twisting movements of the body
Rare
  • Difficult or fast breathing
  • fast heartbeat or irregular pulse
  • fever (high)
  • high or low blood pressure
  • increased blinking or spasms of the eyelid
  • increased sweating
  • loss of bladder control
  • muscle stiffness (severe)
  • seizures
  • sore throat and fever
  • uncontrolled twisting movements of the neck, trunk, arms, or legs
  • unusual bleeding or bruising
  • unusual facial expressions or body positions
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
  • unusually pale skin
  • yellow eyes or skin

Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur while taking loxapine:

Symptoms of overdose
  • Dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when suddenly getting up from a lying or sitting position
  • drowsiness (severe)
  • irregular, fast or slow, or shallow breathing
  • loss of consciousness
  • muscle trembling, jerking, stiffness, or uncontrolled movements (severe)
  • pale or blue lips, fingernails, or skin
  • troubled breathing (severe)
  • unusual tiredness or weakness (severe)

Some side effects of loxapine may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
  • Blurred vision
  • confusion
  • dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting
  • drowsiness
  • dryness of the mouth
Less common
  • Constipation (mild)
  • decreased sexual ability
  • enlargement of the breasts (males and females)
  • headache
  • increased sensitivity of the skin to sunlight
  • missing menstrual periods
  • nausea or vomiting
  • trouble with sleeping
  • unusual secretion of milk
  • weight gain

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to loxapine: inhalation powder, intramuscular solution, oral capsule, oral concentrate

General

The most common adverse reactions reported with use of the inhaler were dysgeusia, sedation and throat irritation. Drowsiness, extrapyramidal reactions and akathisia have been reported frequently, especially during the first few days of oral therapy.[Ref]

Gastrointestinal

Very common (10% or more): Dysgeusia (up to 14%)
Common (1% to 10%): Dry mouth, throat irritation
Frequency not reported: Constipation, excessive salivation, paralytic ileus, nausea, tongue protrusion, vomiting[Ref]

Dysgeusia and throat irritation occurred with inhaled formulations.[Ref]

Nervous system

Very common (10% or more): Sedation/somnolence (up to 12%)
Common (1% to 10%): Dizziness
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Akathisia/restlessness, dystonia, dyskinesia, neck dystonia, tremor
Frequency not reported: Akinesia, drowsiness, extrapyramidal symptoms, faintness, headache, involuntary muscle contractions, lightheadedness, masked facies, numbness, paresthesia, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, parkinsonian-like symptoms, seizures, shuffling gait, slurred speech, staggering gait, tardive dyskinesia[Ref]

Sedation occurred in up to 12% of patients who used inhaled formulations.

Drowsiness occurred in patients who used oral formulations.

Drowsiness has been frequently reported at the beginning of therapy or when the dosage is increased. It is generally mild and usually subsides with continued therapy. The incidence of sedation has been reported as less than certain aliphatic phenothiazines, and more than the piperazine phenothiazines.[Ref]

Other

Common (1% to 10%): Fatigue, weakness
Frequency not reported: Hyperpyrexia[Ref]

Cardiovascular

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Hypotension
Frequency not reported: Tachycardia, hypertension, orthostatic hypotension, syncope, ECG changes, flushed facies[Ref]

A few cases of ECG changes similar to those seen with phenothiazines have been reported. It is not known if these were related to loxapine administration.[Ref]

Psychiatric

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Restlessness
Frequency not reported: Agitation, confusional state, insomnia, tension[Ref]

Ocular

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Oculogyration
Frequency not reported: Blurred vision, dry eyes, ptosis[Ref]

Respiratory

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Bronchospasm/shortness of breath
Frequency not reported: Dyspnea, nasal congestion[Ref]

Bronchospasm occurred with inhaled formulations.

Use of the inhaler was shown to cause bronchospasm in clinical pulmonary safety trials as measured by FEV1 and respiratory signs and symptoms. Additionally, patients with asthma or other pulmonary diseases were shown to be at higher risk and the effect of FEV1 was greater following the second dose (administered 10 hours later).[Ref]

Endocrine

Rare (less than 0.1%): Galactorrhea, amenorrhea, gynecomastia, menstrual irregularity[Ref]

Hematologic

Rare (less than 0.1%): Leukopenia, neutropenia, agranulocytosis[Ref]

Hepatic

Rare (less than 0.1%): Jaundice and/or hepatitis
Frequency not reported: Hepatocellular injury[Ref]

Hepatocellular injury described as AST/ALT elevation has been reported in association with loxapine administration; rarely, jaundice and/or hepatitis has been reported as possibly related to treatment.[Ref]

Dermatologic

Frequency not reported: Dermatitis, facial edema, pruritus, rash, alopecia, seborrhea[Ref]

Metabolic

Frequency not reported: Weight gain, weight loss, polydipsia[Ref]

Musculoskeletal

Frequency not reported: Muscle twitching, rigidity[Ref]

Hypersensitivity

Frequency not reported: Serious skin reactions[Ref]

Genitourinary

Frequency not reported: Urinary retention[Ref]

References

1. "Product Information. Loxitane C Oral Concentrate (loxapine)" Watson Laboratories Inc, Corona, CA.

2. "Product Information. Loxapine Succinate (loxapine)." Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc, Morgantown, WV.

3. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0

4. "Product Information. Adasuve (loxapine)." Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, North Wales, PA.

Some side effects of Loxitane may not be reported. Always consult your doctor or healthcare specialist for medical advice. You may also report side effects to the FDA.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. This information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill , knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate safety, effectiveness, or appropriateness for any given patient. Drugs.com does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of materials provided. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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