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Duraclon Side Effects

Generic Name: clonidine

Note: This page contains information about the side effects of clonidine. Some of the dosage forms included on this document may not apply to the brand name Duraclon.

In Summary

Common side effects of Duraclon include: hypotension. See below for a comprehensive list of adverse effects.

For the Consumer

Applies to clonidine: oral suspension extended release, oral tablet, oral tablet extended release

In addition to its needed effects, some unwanted effects may be caused by clonidine (the active ingredient contained in Duraclon). In the event that any of these side effects do occur, they may require medical attention.

Major Side Effects

You should check with your doctor immediately if any of these side effects occur when taking clonidine:

Less common:
  • Mental depression
  • swelling of the feet and lower legs
Rare
  • Anxiety
  • blistering, burning, crusting, dryness, or flaking of the skin
  • chest pain or discomfort
  • confusion as to time, place, or person
  • decreased urine output
  • dilated neck veins
  • drowsiness
  • dry mouth
  • fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse
  • fever
  • general feeling of discomfort or illness
  • holding false beliefs that cannot be changed by fact
  • hyperventilation
  • irregular breathing
  • irritability
  • itching, scaling, severe redness, soreness, or swelling of the skin
  • large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
  • lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting
  • mental depression
  • paleness or cold feeling in the fingertips and toes
  • pounding, slow heartbeat
  • problems in urination or increase in the amount of urine
  • raised red swellings on the skin, lips, tongue, or in the throat
  • restlessness
  • seeing or hearing things that are not there
  • shaking
  • shortness of breath
  • skin rash
  • swelling of the face, fingers, feet, or lower legs
  • tightness in the chest
  • tingling or pain in the fingers or toes when exposed to cold
  • trouble with sleeping
  • troubled breathing
  • unusual excitement, nervousness, or restlessness
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
  • vivid dreams or nightmares
  • weight gain
  • wheezing

If any of the following symptoms of overdose occur while taking clonidine, get emergency help immediately:

Symptoms of overdose:
  • Dizziness (extreme) or faintness
  • feeling cold
  • pinpoint pupils of the eyes
  • unusual tiredness or weakness (extreme)

Minor Side Effects

Some of the side effects that can occur with clonidine may not need medical attention. As your body adjusts to the medicine during treatment these side effects may go away. Your health care professional may also be able to tell you about ways to reduce or prevent some of these side effects. If any of the following side effects continue, are bothersome or if you have any questions about them, check with your health care professional:

More common:
  • Constipation
Less common:
  • Darkening of the skin
  • decreased sexual ability
  • dry, itching, or burning eyes
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea or vomiting
Rare
  • Blurred vision
  • decreased interest in sexual intercourse
  • hair loss or thinning of the hair
  • inability to have or keep an erection
  • leg cramps
  • loss in sexual ability, desire, drive, or performance
  • muscle or joint pain
  • pale skin
  • swelling of the breasts or breast soreness in both females and males
  • weakness

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to clonidine: compounding powder, injectable solution, oral suspension extended release, oral tablet, oral tablet extended release, transdermal film extended release

Cardiovascular

Very common (10% or more): Hypotension (45%), orthostatic hypotension (32%)
Common (1% to 10%): Chest pain, tachycardia
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Sinus bradycardia, Raynaud's phenomenon, palpitations
Rare (0.01% to 0.1%): Atrioventricular block, palpitations, bradycardia, syncope, congestive heart failure, electrocardiographic abnormalities (i.e., sinus node arrest, high degree AV block), cerebrovascular accident
Frequency not reported: Bradyarrhythmia, hypertension, rebound hypertension[Ref]

Dermatologic

Very common (10% or more): Contact dermatitis with the patch formulation (19%)
Common (1% to 10%): Sweating
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Pruritus, rash (localized or generalized), urticaria, erythema
Rare (0.01% to 0.1%): Alopecia, excoriation, burning
Very rare (less than 0.01%): Papules, throbbing, blanching, generalized macular rash, facial/tongue angioedema
Frequency not reported: Hives, localized hypo or hyper pigmentation[Ref]

Endocrine

Rare (0.01% to 0.1%): Gynecomastia[Ref]

Gastrointestinal

Very common (10% or more): Dry mouth (40%), upper abdominal pain (15%), nausea (13%), vomiting (10%)
Common (1% to 10%): Constipation, parotid gland pain
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Colonic pseudo-obstruction
Very rare (less than 0.01%): Parotitis[Ref]

Genitourinary

Common (1% to 10%): Erectile dysfunction
Frequency not reported: Micturition difficulty, loss of libido, decreased sexual activity, nocturia, urinary retention[Ref]

General

Most adverse effects are mild and diminish with continued therapy. The most frequent (which appear to be dose-related) are dry mouth (40%), drowsiness (33%), dizziness (16%), constipation (10%), and sedation (10%).[Ref]

Hematologic

Rare (0.01% to 0.1%): Peripheral blood flow disturbance, thrombocytopenia[Ref]

Hepatic

Frequency not reported: Mild transient abnormalities of liver function tests, hepatitis[Ref]

Metabolic

Rare (0.01% to 0.1%): Blood glucose increased, serum creatine phosphokinase increased
Frequency not reported: Weight gain, anorexia[Ref]

Musculoskeletal

Frequency not reported: Muscle pain, joint pain, leg cramps[Ref]

Nervous system

Very common (10% or more): Drowsiness (33%), dizziness (16%), somnolence (13%), sedation (10%)
Common (1% to 10%): Headache
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Paresthesia
Frequency not reported: Headache, localized numbness[Ref]

Ocular

Rare (0.01% to 0.1%): Lacrimation decreased (dry eyes)
Frequency not reported: Accommodation disorder, ocular burning, vision blurred[Ref]

Other

Common (1% to 10%): Fatigue, tinnitus
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Malaise
Frequency not reported: Fever, pallor, weakness, positive Coombs' test, increased sensitivity to alcohol[Ref]

Psychiatric

Very common (10% or more): Confusion (13%)
Common (1% to 10%): Depression, tearfulness, sleep disorder, hallucinations (both visual and auditory), nervousness, agitation
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%):
Rare (0.01% to 0.1%): Delusional perception, nightmare
Frequency not reported: Libido decreased, restlessness, anxiety, irritability, behavior changes[Ref]

Respiratory

Common (1% to 10%): Hypoventilation
Rare (0.01% to 0.1%): Nasal dryness[Ref]

References

1. "Product Information. CloNIDine Hydrochloride (cloNIDine)." Unichem Pharmaceuticals Inc, New Rochelle, NJ.

2. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0

3. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0

Not all side effects for Duraclon may be reported. You should always consult a doctor or healthcare professional for medical advice. Side effects can be reported to the FDA here.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. This information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill , knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate safety, effectiveness, or appropriateness for any given patient. Drugs.com does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of materials provided. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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