Fexofenadine/pseudoephedrine and Alcohol/Food Interactions
There is 1 alcohol/food/lifestyle interaction with fexofenadine / pseudoephedrine.
Moderate Food Interaction
Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.
GENERALLY AVOID: Coadministration with large amounts of certain fruit juices, including grapefruit, orange and apple, may decrease the oral bioavailability of fexofenadine. The proposed mechanism is inhibition of drug efflux via intestinal organic anion transporting polypeptides (e.g., P-glycoprotein), of which fexofenadine is a substrate. In a five-way crossover study with 10 healthy volunteers, 1/4-strength grapefruit juice, grapefruit juice, orange juice and apple juice (300 mL with drug administration and 150 mL every 1/2 hour for up to 3 hours, total volume 1.2 L) reduced the mean area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) of a 120 mg dose of fexofenadine by 23%, 67%, 72% and 77%, respectively, compared to water. Mean peak plasma concentration (Cmax) was similarly affected. The clinical significance of these changes is unknown. However, results from studies using histamine-induced skin wheals and flares found that the size of wheal and flare was significantly larger when fexofenadine was administered with either grapefruit or orange juices compared to water.
MANAGEMENT: To maximize plasma levels and therapeutic effects, fexofenadine should be taken with water. In addition, patients should refrain from consuming large amounts of grapefruit, orange, or apple juice.
- Bailey DG, Dresser GK, Munoz C, Freemar DJ, Kim RB "Reduction of fexofenadine bioavailability by fruit juices." Clin Pharmacol Ther 69 (2001): PI-82
- Dresser GK, Bailey DG, Leake BF, et al. "Fruit juices inhibit organic anion transporting polypeptide-mediated drug uptake to decrease the oral availability of fexofenadine." Clin Pharmacol Ther 71 (2002): 11-20
Fexofenadine/pseudoephedrine drug interactions
There are 243 drug interactions with fexofenadine / pseudoephedrine.
Fexofenadine/pseudoephedrine disease interactions
There are 7 disease interactions with fexofenadine / pseudoephedrine which include:
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Drug Interaction Classification
|Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.|
|Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.|
|Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.|
|No interaction information available.|
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