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Fexofenadine / pseudoephedrine and Alcohol / Food Interactions

There is 1 alcohol/food/lifestyle interaction with fexofenadine / pseudoephedrine:

Moderate

fexofenadine ↔ food

Moderate Food Interaction

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

GENERALLY AVOID: Coadministration with large amounts of certain fruit juices, including grapefruit, orange and apple, may decrease the oral bioavailability of fexofenadine. The proposed mechanism is inhibition of drug efflux via intestinal organic anion transporting polypeptides (e.g., P-glycoprotein), of which fexofenadine is a substrate. In a five-way crossover study with 10 healthy volunteers, 1/4-strength grapefruit juice, grapefruit juice, orange juice and apple juice (300 mL with drug administration and 150 mL every 1/2 hour for up to 3 hours, total volume 1.2 L) reduced the mean area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) of a 120 mg dose of fexofenadine by 23%, 67%, 72% and 77%, respectively, compared to water. Mean peak plasma concentration (Cmax) was similarly affected. The clinical significance of these changes is unknown. However, results from studies using histamine-induced skin wheals and flares found that the size of wheal and flare was significantly larger when fexofenadine was administered with either grapefruit or orange juices compared to water.

MANAGEMENT: To maximize plasma levels and therapeutic effects, fexofenadine should be taken with water. In addition, patients should refrain from consuming large amounts of grapefruit, orange, or apple juice.

References

  1. Bailey DG, Dresser GK, Munoz C, Freemar DJ, Kim RB "Reduction of fexofenadine bioavailability by fruit juices." Clin Pharmacol Ther 69 (2001): PI-82
  2. Dresser GK, Bailey DG, Leake BF, et al. "Fruit juices inhibit organic anion transporting polypeptide-mediated drug uptake to decrease the oral availability of fexofenadine." Clin Pharmacol Ther 71 (2002): 11-20

fexofenadine / pseudoephedrine drug Interactions

There are 316 drug interactions with fexofenadine / pseudoephedrine

fexofenadine / pseudoephedrine disease Interactions

There are 7 disease interactions with fexofenadine / pseudoephedrine which include:

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Multum is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. Multum's information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Multum Information Services, Inc. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. Copyright 2000-2016 Multum Information Services, Inc. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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