Ergotamine and Alcohol/Food Interactions
There are 3 alcohol/food/lifestyle interactions with ergotamine.
Moderate Drug Interaction
Nicotine may increase the effects of ergotamine in narrowing the blood vessels and decreasing blood flow. A severe decrease in blood flow to the brain and other parts of the body can lead to dangerous side effects. Contact your doctor immediately if you experience coldness, paleness, discoloration, numbness, tingling, or pain in your hands or feet; muscle pain or weakness; severe or worsening headache; blurred vision; severe abdominal pain; chest pain; or shortness of breath while using these medications. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.
Moderate Food Interaction
Grapefruit juice may increase the blood levels of certain medications such as ergotamine. You may want to limit your consumption of grapefruit and grapefruit juice during treatment with ergotamine. However, if you have been regularly consuming grapefruit or grapefruit juice with the medication, then it is advisable for you to talk with your doctor before changing the amounts of these products in your diet, as this may alter the effects of your medication. Contact your doctor if your condition changes or you experience increased side effects. Orange juice is not expected to interact.
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
Major Potential Hazard, High plausibility
ergot alkaloids - vasospastic reactions
The use of ergot alkaloids is contraindicated in patients with conditions predisposing them to vasospastic reactions, including, ischemic heart disease (angina, history of myocardial infarction, silent ischemia), peripheral vascular disease, sepsis, shock, vascular surgery, uncontrolled hypertension, and severely impaired hepatic or renal function. The vasoconstriction produced be ergot alkaloids may exacerbate these conditions. Ergot alkaloids may cause vasospastic reactions other than coronary artery vasospasm such as peripheral vascular reactions, and colonic ischemia, causing muscle pains, numbness, coldness, pallor, and cyanosis of the digits. In patients with compromised circulation, persistent vasospasm may result in gangrene or death. Nitroprusside and heparin have been used to treat ergotamine- induced severe vasoconstriction.
- "Product Information. D.H.E. 45 (dihydroergotamine)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation (2002):
- "Product Information. Migranal (dihydroergotamine nasal)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals (2001):
Ergotamine drug interactions
There are 297 drug interactions with ergotamine.
Ergotamine disease interactions
There are 2 disease interactions with ergotamine which include:
More about ergotamine
- ergotamine consumer information
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- During pregnancy or Breastfeeding
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- Drug class: antimigraine agents
Related treatment guides
Drug Interaction Classification
|Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.|
|Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.|
|Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.|
|No interaction information available.|