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Cox-2 inhibitors

Other names: Cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitors

What are Cox-2 inhibitors

Cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors are a type of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that specifically blocks COX-2 enzymes.

There are two main types of COX enzymes: COX-1 and COX-2. Both types produce prostaglandins; however, the main function of COX-1 enzymes is to produce baseline levels of prostaglandins that activate platelets and protect the lining of the gastrointestinal tract, whereas COX-2 enzymes are responsible for releasing prostaglandins after infection or injury. Prostaglandins have a number of different effects, one of which is to regulate inflammation.

By specifically only blocking COX-2 enzymes, COX-2 inhibitors relieve inflammation and pain with less adverse gastrointestinal effects than NSAIDs that inhibit both COX-1 and COX-2 enzymes. However, they are not devoid of gastrointestinal effects entirely, and their use (like all NSAIDs) has been associated with a higher risk of stroke and heart attack.

List of Cox-2 inhibitors:

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Drug NameView by: Brand | Generic Reviews Avg. Ratings
valdecoxib systemic (More...)
11 reviews
celecoxib systemic (Pro, More...)
161 reviews