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Siponimod Disease Interactions

There are 7 disease interactions with siponimod:

Major

Siponimod (applies to siponimod) cardiovascular disease

Major Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Heart Disease, History - Cerebrovascular Disease, History - Myocardial Infarction

Siponimod is contraindicated in patients who in the last 6 months experienced myocardial infarction, unstable angina, stroke, TIA, decompensated heart failure requiring hospitalization, or Class III or IV heart failure. It is also contraindicated in presence of Mobitz type II second- degree, third-degree AV block, or sick sinus syndrome, unless the patient has a functioning pacemaker. Siponimod causes a transient decrease in heart rate and atrioventricular conduction delays, and has not been studied in patients with significant QT prolongation (greater than 500 msec) or arrhythmias requiring Class Ia or Class III antiarrhythmic drugs. If treatment with siponimod is considered in these patients or in patients with ischemic heart disease, heart failure, history of myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular disease or uncontrolled hypertension, an advice from a cardiologist should be sought. It is recommended to obtain a baseline EKG, and to monitor patients very closely.

Moderate

S1P (applies to siponimod) encephalopathy

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: CNS Disorder

Rare cases of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) have been reported in patients receiving a sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor modulator. It is recommended to promptly schedule a complete physical and neurological examination and should consider an MRI, if a patient develops any unexpected neurological or psychiatric symptoms/signs, any symptom/sign suggestive of an increase of intracranial pressure, or accelerated neurological deterioration. Delay in diagnosis and treatment may lead to permanent neurological sequelae. Exercise care when using this agent in patients with a history of ischemic stroke or cerebral hemorrhage. Treatment should be discontinued if PRES is suspected.

Moderate

S1P (applies to siponimod) MS

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Multiple Sclerosis

Rare cases of severe exacerbation of multiple sclerosis (MS), including disease rebound, have been reported after discontinuation of sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor modulator in MS treated patients. The possibility of severe exacerbation of disease should be considered after stopping treatment with these agents. Patients should be observed for a severe increase in disability upon discontinuation and appropriate treatment should be instituted, as required.

Moderate

Siponimod (applies to siponimod) infections

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Infection - Bacterial/Fungal/Protozoal/Viral

Siponimod causes a dose-dependent reduction in peripheral lymphocyte count to 20%-30% of baseline values because of reversible sequestration of lymphocytes in lymphoid tissues. Initiation of treatment should be delayed in patients with severe active infection until resolution. Before initiating treatment with siponimod, results from a recent complete blood count (i.e., within 6 months or after discontinuation of prior therapy) should be reviewed. Effective diagnostic and therapeutic strategies should be employed in patients with symptoms of infection while on therapy. Suspension of treatment should be considered if a patient develops a serious infection.

Moderate

Siponimod (applies to siponimod) liver disease

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility.

Elevations of transaminases may occur in siponimod- treated patients, therefore, transaminase and bilirubin levels should be reviewed before initiation of therapy. Patients who develop symptoms suggestive of hepatic dysfunction, such as unexplained nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fatigue, anorexia, rash with eosinophilia, or jaundice and/or dark urine during treatment, should have liver enzymes checked. Siponimod should be discontinued if significant liver injury is confirmed. Although there are no data to establish that patients with preexisting liver disease are at increased risk to develop elevated liver function test values when taking siponimod, caution should be exercised when using the medication in patients with a history of significant liver disease.

Moderate

Siponimod (applies to siponimod) macular edema

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Diabetes Mellitus, Uveitis

Macular edema was reported in 1.8% of patients receiving siponimod treatment, the majority of cases occurring within the first four months of therapy. Patients with a history of uveitis and patients with diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of macular edema during therapy. An ophthalmic evaluation of the fundus, including the macula, is recommended in all patients before starting treatment and at any time if there is any change in vision while taking siponimod. Patients with diabetes mellitus or a history of uveitis should have regular follow-up examinations during treatment. Continuation of therapy in patients with macular edema has not been evaluated, therefore, a decision on whether or not to discontinue treatment needs to take into account the potential benefits and risks for the individual patients.

Moderate

Siponimod (applies to siponimod) vaccinations

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility.

The use of live attenuated vaccines should be avoided while patients are taking siponimod and for 4 weeks after stopping treatment. Vaccinations may be less effective if administered during treatment. Siponimod treatment discontinuation 1 week prior to and until 4 weeks after a planned vaccination is recommended. Additionally, patients without a healthcare professional confirmed history of chickenpox or without documentation of a full course of vaccination against varicella zoster virus (VZV) should be tested for antibodies to VZV before initiating siponimod treatment. A full course of vaccination for antibody- negative patients with varicella vaccine is recommended prior to commencing treatment, following which initiation of treatment with siponimod should be postponed for 4 weeks to allow the full effect of vaccination to occur.

Siponimod drug interactions

There are 629 drug interactions with siponimod

Drug Interaction Classification

These classifications are only a guideline. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific individual is difficult to determine. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medication.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No interaction information available.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.