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Repaglinide Disease Interactions

There are 5 disease interactions with repaglinide:

Major

Meglitinides (Includes Repaglinide) ↔ Type I Diabetes

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Diabetes Type 1, Diabetic Ketoacidosis

The use of meglitinides is contraindicated in patients with type I diabetes or for the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis, with or without coma.

Major

Oral Hypoglycemic Agents (Includes Repaglinide) ↔ Cardiovascular Risk

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Cardiovascular Disease

The use of oral hypoglycemic agents may be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality compared to treatment with diet alone or diet with insulin. This warning is based on the University Group Diabetes Program (UGDP) study, a long-term prospective clinical trial designed to evaluate the effectiveness of glucose-lowering drugs in preventing or delaying vascular complications in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes. Patients treated with diet plus a fixed dosage of either tolbutamide (a sulfonylurea) or phenformin (a biguanide) for 5 to 8 years had a cardiovascular mortality rate approximately 2.5 times that of patients treated with diet alone, resulting in discontinuation of both these treatments in the study. Despite controversy regarding interpretation of these results, clinicians and patients should be aware of the potential risk when making treatment decisions for diabetes, particularly in the presence of underlying cardiovascular disease. Data are not available for other sulfonylureas or biguanides, nor for hypoglycemic agents belonging to other classes. However, given the similarities in chemical structure and/or mode of action, the same caution should be applied.

References

  1. "Product Information. Glucotrol (glipizide)." Pfizer US Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY.
  2. "Product Information. Prandin (repaglinide)." Novo Nordisk Pharmaceuticals Inc, Princeton, NJ.
  3. "Product Information. Amaryl (glimepiride)." Hoechst Marion-Roussel Inc, Kansas City, MO.
View all 8 references
Moderate

Insulin/Oral Hypoglycemic Agents (Includes Repaglinide) ↔ Hypoglycemia

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Adrenal Insufficiency, Malnourished, Panhypopituitarism, Autonomic Neuropathy, Anorexia/Feeding Problems

Hypoglycemia may commonly occur during treatment with insulin and/or oral hypoglycemic agents. Care should be taken in patients who may be particularly susceptible to the development of hypoglycemic episodes during the use of these drugs, including those who are debilitated or malnourished, those with defective counterregulatory mechanisms (e.g., autonomic neuropathy and adrenal or pituitary insufficiency), and those receiving beta-adrenergic blocking agents.

References

  1. "Product Information. Glucotrol (glipizide)." Pfizer US Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY.
  2. Fauci AS, Braunwald E, Isselbacher KJ, Wilson JD, Martin JB, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Longo DL, eds. "Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 14th ed." New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Health Professionals Division (1998):
  3. "Product Information. Glucophage (metformin)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
View all 15 references
Moderate

Repaglinide (Includes Repaglinide) ↔ Liver Disease

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Liver Disease

Repaglinide is almost completely metabolized in the liver to pharmacologically inactive substances. Patients with impaired liver function may be exposed to higher concentrations of repaglinide and its associated metabolites. Higher serum drug levels, in addition to diminished gluconeogenic capacity secondary to hepatic insufficiency, may increase the potential for severe hypoglycemic episodes. Therapy with repaglinide should be administered cautiously in patients with liver disease. Longer intervals between dosage adjustments may be required.

References

  1. "Product Information. Prandin (repaglinide)." Novo Nordisk Pharmaceuticals Inc, Princeton, NJ.
Moderate

Repaglinide (Includes Repaglinide) ↔ Renal Impairment

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Renal Dysfunction, Diabetes Mellitus

Patients with severely reduced renal function treated with repaglinide had elevated plasma drug concentrations. Patients with type 2 diabetes who have severe renal function impairment should initiate repaglinide therapy with the 0.5 mg dose and subsequently, patients should be carefully titrated.

repaglinide drug Interactions

There are 905 drug interactions with repaglinide

repaglinide alcohol/food Interactions

There are 2 alcohol/food interactions with repaglinide

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Multum is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. Multum's information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Multum Information Services, Inc. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. Copyright 2000-2016 Multum Information Services, Inc. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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