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Paromomycin Disease Interactions

There are 3 disease interactions with paromomycin:

Major

Aminoglycosides (Oral) (Includes Paromomycin) ↔ Intestinal Obstruction

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Intestinal Obstruction

The use of oral aminoglycosides is contraindicated in patients with intestinal obstruction. Orally administered aminoglycosides are poorly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and primarily eliminated unchanged in the feces. Drug retention and enhanced systemic absorption may occur in the presence of intestinal obstruction, increasing the risk of oto- and nephrotoxicity associated with these drugs.

References

  1. "Product Information. Humatin (paromomycin)." Parke-Davis, Morris Plains, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. Mycifradin (neomycin)." Emerson Laboratories, Texarkana, TX.
  3. Ristuccia AM, Cunha BA "The aminoglycosides." Med Clin North Am 66 (1982): 303-12
Major

Paromomycin (Includes Paromomycin) ↔ Gi Inflammation

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Colonic Ulceration, Colitis/Enteritis (Noninfectious)

Like other aminoglycosides, paromomycin is potentially oto- and nephrotoxic. While it is poorly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, significant systemic absorption may occur if intestinal mucosal integrity is compromised. Therapy with paromomycin should be administered cautiously in patients with inflammatory or ulcerative gastrointestinal diseases because of the potential for enhanced absorption of the drug.

References

  1. Boston Collaborative Drug Surveillance Program "Drug-induced deafness." JAMA 224 (1973): 515-6
  2. Kunin CM "Nephrotoxicity of antibiotics." JAMA 202 (1967): 204-8
  3. Berk DP, Chalmers T "Deafness complicating antibiotic therapy of hepatic encephalopathy." Ann Intern Med 73 (1970): 393-6
View all 4 references
Moderate

Antibiotics (Includes Paromomycin) ↔ Colitis

Moderate Potential Hazard, Low plausibility

Applies to: Colitis/Enteritis (Noninfectious)

Pseudomembranous colitis has been reported with most antibacterial agents and may range in severity from mild to life-threatening, with an onset of up to two months following cessation of therapy. Antibiotic therapy can alter the normal flora of the colon and permit overgrowth of Clostridium difficile, whose toxin is believed to be a primary cause of antibiotic- associated colitis. The colitis is usually characterized by severe, persistent diarrhea and severe abdominal cramps, and may be associated with the passage of blood and mucus. The most common culprits are clindamycin, lincomycin, the aminopenicillins (amoxicillin, ampicillin), and the cephalosporins. Therapy with broad-spectrum antibiotics and other agents with significant antibacterial activity should be administered cautiously in patients with a history of gastrointestinal diseases, particularly colitis. There is some evidence that pseudomembranous colitis, if it occurs, may run a more severe course in these patients and that it may be associated with flares in their underlying disease activity. The offending antibiotic(s) should be discontinued if significant diarrhea occurs during therapy. Stool cultures for Clostridium difficile and stool assay for C. difficile toxin may be helpful diagnostically. A large bowel endoscopy may be considered to establish a definitive diagnosis in cases of severe diarrhea.

References

  1. Moriarty HJ, Scobie BA "Pseudomembranous colitis in a patient on rifampicin and ethambutol." N Z Med J 04/23/80 (1980): 294-5
  2. Thomas E, Mehta JB "Pseudomembranous colitis due to oxacillin therapy." South Med J 77 (1984): 532-3
  3. Harmon T, Burkhart G, Applebaum H "Perforated pseudomembranous colitis in the breast-fed infant." J Pediatr Surg 27 (1992): 744-6
View all 47 references

paromomycin drug Interactions

There are 52 drug interactions with paromomycin

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Multum is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. Multum's information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Multum Information Services, Inc. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. Copyright 2000-2016 Multum Information Services, Inc. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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