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Calcium / vitamin d Disease Interactions

There are 11 disease interactions with calcium / vitamin d:

Major

Amine ergots (Includes calcium/vitamin d) ↔ cardiovascular adverse effects

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applies to: Tachyarrhythmia

The amine ergot alkaloids, ergonovine and methylergonovine, can cause serious cardiovascular complications because of their vasospastic effects. Hypertension (more often with ergonovine) has been most commonly reported, particularly when administered IV undiluted or at an excessive rate or when used in conjunction with regional anesthesia or vasoconstrictors. Headaches, seizures, cerebrovascular accidents and death have been associated with the hypertensive episodes. Other, less common adverse effects include acute myocardial infarction, transient chest pains, thrombophlebitis, tachycardia and palpitations. Therapy with ergot alkaloids should generally be avoided, except under special circumstances, in patients with chronic hypertension, preeclampsia or eclampsia, cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, or peripheral vascular disease. Caution is advised when these agents are administered to patients with venoatrial shunts, mitral valve stenosis, or sepsis. Close monitoring of cardiovascular status is highly recommended during therapy.

References

  1. "Product Information. Ergotrate Maleate (ergonovine)." Bedford, Bedford, OH.
  2. American Medical Association, Division of Drugs and Toxicology "Drug evaluations annual 1994." Chicago, IL: American Medical Association; (1994):
Major

Calcium salts (Includes calcium/vitamin d) ↔ calcium- phosphate calcifications

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility. Applies to: Phosphate Imbalance

Elevated serum concentrations of calcium and phosphate can exceed the solubility level and result in calcium- phosphate precipitates that deposit in vascular and renal systems as well as other soft tissues of the body. Therapy with calcium should be administered with extreme caution in patients with hyperphosphatemia (hypoparathyroidism or severe renal impairment). Administration of oral calcium acetate or calcium carbonate, in addition to providing calcium, complexes phosphates within the GI tract. These complexes are eliminated in the feces. Clinical monitoring of serum calcium and phosphate concentrations is necessary.

References

  1. "Product Information. Posture (calcium phosphate, triphasic)." Whitehall-Robbins, Madison, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. Neo-Calglucon (calcium glubionate)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
Major

Calcium salts (Includes calcium/vitamin d) ↔ cardiac contraction/conduction

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility. Applies to: Arrhythmias

Calcium is involved in cardiac muscle contraction and electrical impulse conduction. Therapy with calcium salt formulations (particularly IV) should be administered cautiously to patients with cardiac disease. Patients receiving cardiac glycosides and concomitant IV calcium may experience arrhythmias. Therapy with IV calcium should be administered slowly and at reduced dosages in patients with cardiac disease.

References

  1. "Product Information. Posture (calcium phosphate, triphasic)." Whitehall-Robbins, Madison, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. Neo-Calglucon (calcium glubionate)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
Major

Calcium salts (Includes calcium/vitamin d) ↔ malabsorption

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility. Applies to: Achlorhydria, Malabsorption Syndrome

Calcium is absorbed from the intestinal tract by active transport and passive diffusion. Malabsorption syndromes (celiac disease, GI resection), deficiency of vitamin D, parathyroid hormone, or calcitonin, or an alkaline gastric pH (achlorhydria, carbonate or phosphate salts) can decrease the absorption of oral formulations of calcium. Calcium is available in oral and parenteral formulations.

References

  1. "Product Information. Neo-Calglucon (calcium glubionate)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. Posture (calcium phosphate, triphasic)." Whitehall-Robbins, Madison, NJ.
Major

Calcium salts (Includes calcium/vitamin d) ↔ renal dysfunction

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility. Applies to: Renal Dysfunction

Absorption of oral calcium formulations may be altered and elimination of calcium by the kidney decreased with renal impairment. Hyperphosphatemia occurs during renal failure. Calcium acetate or calcium carbonate, in addition to providing calcium, complexes phosphates within the GI tract. Calcium carbonate can partially correct metabolic acidosis associated with chronic renal failure. Clinical monitoring of renal function and serum calcium and phosphate concentrations is necessary.

References

  1. "Product Information. Neo-Calglucon (calcium glubionate)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. Posture (calcium phosphate, triphasic)." Whitehall-Robbins, Madison, NJ.
Major

Calcium salts (Includes calcium/vitamin d) ↔ sarcoidosis

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility. Applies to: Sarcoidosis

Hypercalciuria, with or without hypercalcemia, may occasionally occur in patients with sarcoidosis. Elevated calcium levels may result from increased intestinal absorption of calcium, which is related to the extrarenal production of vitamin D by mononuclear phagocytes present within the sarcoid granuloma. Therapy with calcium salts should be administered cautiously and only if necessary in patients with sarcoidosis.

References

  1. "Product Information. Neo-Calglucon (calcium glubionate)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. Posture (calcium phosphate, triphasic)." Whitehall-Robbins, Madison, NJ.
  3. Fauci AS, Braunwald E, Isselbacher KJ, Wilson JD, Martin JB, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Longo DL, eds. "Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 14th ed." New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Health Professionals Division (1998):
Major

Vitamin D analogs (Includes calcium/vitamin d) ↔ arrhythmia

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility. Applies to: Arrhythmias

Vitamin D analogs function to increase serum calcium concentrations and can exacerbate arrhythmias, particularly in patients receiving cardiac glycosides. Therapy with vitamin D analogs should be administered cautiously in patients with or predisposed to cardiac arrhythmias. Clinical monitoring of serum electrolyte concentrations and cardiac function is recommended.

References

  1. "Product Information. Rocaltrol (calcitriol)." Roche Laboratories, Nutley, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. Calciferol (ergocalciferol)." Schwarz Pharma, Mequon, WI.
  3. "Product Information. Calderol (calcifediol)." Organon, West Orange, NJ.
Major

Vitamin D analogs (Includes calcium/vitamin d) ↔ electrolyte imbalance

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility. Applies to: Phosphate Imbalance

Vitamin D analogs administered in the presence of hyperphosphatemia can result in precipitation of calcium-phosphate deposits within the vascular or renal systems or other soft tissue calcifications. A solubility product (Serum Calcium X Phosphate) should not exceed 70. Serum electrolyte concentrations should be corrected prior to vitamin D analog therapy and monitored during therapy.

References

  1. "Product Information. Calciferol (ergocalciferol)." Schwarz Pharma, Mequon, WI.
  2. "Product Information. Calderol (calcifediol)." Organon, West Orange, NJ.
  3. "Product Information. Zemplar (paricalcitol)." Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
  4. "Product Information. Rocaltrol (calcitriol)." Roche Laboratories, Nutley, NJ.
View all 4 references
Major

Vitamin D analogs (Includes calcium/vitamin d) ↔ hypercalcemia

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applies to: Hypercalcemia, Malabsorption Syndrome

Vitamin D analogs such as calciferol and ergocalciferol should not be given to patients with hypercalcemia, malabsorption syndrome, or evidence of vitamin D toxicity.

Major

Vitamin D analogs (Includes calcium/vitamin d) ↔ renal dysfunction

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility. Applies to: Renal Dysfunction

Ergocalciferol, cholecalciferol, and calcifediol undergo renal biotransformation during metabolic activation. Renal impairment can alter metabolic and therapeutic activity of certain vitamin D analogs. Alternative vitamin D analogs such as dihydrotachysterol (hepatic activation) and calcitriol (active form) may be considered in patients with compromised renal function.

References

  1. "Product Information. Calciferol (ergocalciferol)." Schwarz Pharma, Mequon, WI.
  2. "Product Information. Calderol (calcifediol)." Organon, West Orange, NJ.
  3. "Product Information. Rocaltrol (calcitriol)." Roche Laboratories, Nutley, NJ.
Moderate

Vitamin D analogs (Includes calcium/vitamin d) ↔ hepatobiliary dysfunction

Moderate Potential Hazard, High plausibility. Applies to: Biliary Obstruction, Liver Disease

Vitamin D analogs are fat soluble and oral formulations require bile for adequate intestinal absorption. Hepatic and/or biliary dysfunction decrease the absorption of vitamin D analogs. Metabolites of vitamin D analogs are primarily excreted in bile and feces. Ergocalciferol, cholecalciferol, and dihydrotachysterol undergo hepatic hydroxylation during metabolic activation. Hepatic impairment can alter the metabolic and therapeutic activity of certain vitamin D analogs. Alternative vitamin D analogs such as calcifediol (requires renal activation) and calcitriol (active form) may be considered in patients with compromised hepatic function.

References

  1. "Product Information. Calderol (calcifediol)." Organon, West Orange, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. Calciferol (ergocalciferol)." Schwarz Pharma, Mequon, WI.
  3. "Product Information. Rocaltrol (calcitriol)." Roche Laboratories, Nutley, NJ.

Calcium / vitamin d drug interactions

There are 454 drug interactions with calcium / vitamin d

Drug Interaction Classification

These classifications are only a guideline. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific individual is difficult to determine. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medication.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No interaction information available.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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