Medically reviewed on Oct 31, 2018
Commonly used brand name(s)
In the U.S.
- Restasis Multidose
Available Dosage Forms:
Therapeutic Class: Anti-Inflammatory
Pharmacologic Class: Calcineurin Inhibitor
Uses For cyclosporine
Cyclosporine eye drops are used to increase tear production in patients who have a certain eye condition (eg, keratoconjunctivitis sicca). The medicine belongs to a class of medicines known as immunosuppressants.
Cyclosporine is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Before Using cyclosporine
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For cyclosporine, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to cyclosporine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of Cequa™ in children or Restasis Multidose™ in children younger than 16 years of age. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of cyclosporine eye drops in the elderly.
|All Trimesters||C||Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.|
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Interactions with Medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your healthcare professional if you are taking any other prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicine.
Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Proper Use of cyclosporine
Take cyclosporine only as directed by your eye doctor (ophthalmologist). Do not use more of it, do not use it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered.
Cyclosporine should come with patient instructions. Read and follow the instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.
Cyclosporine can be used with lubricant eye drops (eg, artificial tears). After putting in your artificial tears, you must wait 15 minutes before putting the cyclosporine eye drops into your eyes.
If you or your child are wearing contact lenses, remove them while you are using cyclosporine. You can reinsert your contacts 15 minutes after you put the medicine in your eyes. Talk to your eye doctor about this if you have questions.
- First, wash your hands.
- Rotate the vial gently back and forth before use. Do not shake the vial.
- Tilt the head back and pressing your finger gently on the skin just beneath the lower eyelid, pull the lower eyelid away from the eye to make a space. Drop the medicine into this space. Let go of the eyelid and gently close the eyes. Do not blink.
- If you think you did not get the drop of medicine into your eye properly, use another drop.
- Immediately after using the eye drops, wash your hands to remove any medicine that may be on them.
- To keep the medicine as germ free as possible, do not touch the applicator tip to any surface (including the eye).
You might not use all of the medicine in each Cequa™ vial. Use each vial only one time. Do not save an open vial.
To help clear up your eye infection completely, keep using cyclosporine for the full time of treatment, even if your symptoms have disappeared and even if you feel better after the first few doses. Your infection may not clear up if you stop using the medicine too soon. Do not miss any doses.
The dose of cyclosporine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of cyclosporine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
- To increase tear production:
- For ophthalmic emulsion dosage form (eye drops):
- Adults and children 16 years of age and older—Put 1 drop in each eye every 12 hours.
- Children younger than 16 years of age—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
- For ophthalmic solution dosage form (eye drops):
- Adults—Put 1 drop in each eye 2 times a day (about 12 hours apart).
- Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
- For ophthalmic emulsion dosage form (eye drops):
If you miss a dose of cyclosporine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
Precautions While Using cyclosporine
It is very important that your eye doctor check your or your child's eyes at regular visits to make sure cyclosporine is working properly and to check for unwanted effects.
If your or your child's symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
Cyclosporine may cause blurred vision or other vision problems. If any of these occur, do not drive or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how cyclosporine affects you.
While applying cyclosporine, your eyes will probably sting or burn for a short time. This is to be expected.
Cyclosporine Side Effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:
- Bladder pain
- bloody or cloudy urine
- difficult, burning, or painful urination
- lower back or side pain
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:
- Burning or other discomfort of the eye
- pain upon instillation of drops
- redness of the white part of your eyes or inside of your eyelids
- Blurred vision
- clear or yellow fluid from the eye
- difficulty with reading
- eye pain or irritation
- feeling of having something in the eye
- halos around lights
- itching skin
- redness, swelling, or itching of the eyelid
- sticky or matted eyelashes
- watery eye
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
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More about cyclosporine ophthalmic
- Cyclosporine ophthalmic Side Effects
- During Pregnancy or Breastfeeding
- Dosage Information
- En Español
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- Drug class: ophthalmic anti-inflammatory agents