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Kegel Exercises for Women


Kegel exercises

help strengthen your pelvic muscles. Pelvic muscles hold your pelvic organs, such as your bladder and uterus, in place. Kegel exercises help prevent or control problems with urine incontinence (leakage). Incontinence may be caused by pregnancy, childbirth, or menopause.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • You cannot feel your muscles tighten or relax.
  • You continue to leak urine.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Use the correct muscles:

Pelvic muscles are the muscles you use to control urine flow. To target these muscles, stop and start the flow of urine several times. This will help you become familiar with how it feels to tighten and relax these muscles.

How to do Kegel exercises:

  • Empty your bladder. You may lie down, stand up, or sit down to do these exercises. When you first try to do these exercises, it may be easier if you lie down. Tighten or squeeze your pelvic muscles slowly. It may feel like you are trying to hold back urine or gas. Hold this position for 3 seconds. Relax for 3 seconds. Repeat this cycle 10 times.
  • Do 10 sets of Kegel exercises, at least 3 times a day. Do not hold your breath when you do Kegel exercises. Keep your stomach, back, and leg muscles relaxed.
  • As your muscles get stronger, you will be able to hold the squeeze longer. Your healthcare provider may ask that you increase your pelvic muscle squeeze to 10 seconds. After you squeeze for 10 seconds, relax for 10 seconds.

What else you should know:

  • Once you know how to do Kegel exercises, use different positions. You can do these exercises while you lie on the floor, sit at your desk or watch TV, and while you stand.
  • You may notice improved bladder control within about 6 weeks.
  • Tighten your pelvic muscles before you sneeze, cough, or lift to prevent urine leakage.

Follow up with your doctor as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.