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Intravenous Pyelogram


An intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is an x-ray of your urinary system that uses a dye. The urinary tract includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the urethra. Ureters carry urine from your kidneys to your bladder. The urethra carries urine out of your bladder when you urinate.


The week before your procedure:

  • Write down the correct date, time, and location of your procedure.
  • Arrange a ride home. Ask a family member or friend to drive you home after your surgery or procedure. Do not drive yourself home.
  • Ask your healthcare provider if you need to stop using aspirin or any other prescribed or over-the-counter medicine before your procedure or surgery.
  • Bring your medicine bottles or a list of your medicines when you see your healthcare provider. Tell your provider if you are allergic to any medicine. Tell your provider if you use any herbs, food supplements, or over-the-counter medicine.
  • You will be given a dye before the x-rays are taken to help healthcare providers see your urinary tract better. Tell the healthcare provider if you have ever had an allergic reaction to contrast dye.
  • You may need blood tests, urine tests, or other x-rays before your procedure. Talk to your healthcare provider about these or other tests you may need. Write down the date, time, and location for each test.

The night before your procedure:

Ask healthcare providers about directions for eating and drinking.

The day of your procedure:

  • Ask your healthcare provider before taking any medicine on the day of your procedure. These medicines include insulin, diabetic pills, high blood pressure pills, or heart pills. Bring a list of all the medicines you take, or your pill bottles, with you to the hospital.
  • You or a close family member will be asked to sign a legal document called a consent form. It gives healthcare providers permission to do the procedure or surgery. It also explains the problems that may happen, and your choices. Make sure all your questions are answered before you sign this form.
  • Healthcare providers may insert an intravenous tube (IV) into your vein. A vein in the arm is usually chosen. Through the IV tube, you may be given liquids and medicine.


What will happen:

Dye will be injected into your IV. A band may be put around your stomach. This band can be tightened to help keep the dye in your kidneys for a short time. Several x-rays will taken. Your healthcare provider may push on your stomach and ask you to change positions. You will be asked to go to the bathroom and empty your bladder. More x-rays will be taken after you have gone to the bathroom.

After your procedure:

You may need to drink liquids to help your body get rid of the dye. When your healthcare provider sees that you are okay, you will be able to go home. If you are staying in the hospital, you will be taken to your hospital room.


  • You cannot make it to your procedure.
  • You have a fever.
  • You get a cold or the flu.
  • You have questions or concerns about your procedure.

Seek Care Immediately if

  • Your symptoms get worse.
  • You are not able to eat or drink.
  • You are urinating less or not at all.
  • You are vomiting.
  • You have blood in your urine.


The dye may cause a headache, upset stomach, or vomiting. It can also cause you to feel itchy or hot. The dye can damage your kidneys. Without an IVP, your condition may not be diagnosed and you may not receive the treatment you need. Your signs and symptoms may get worse. You may have problems urinating or develop an infection.

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.