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  • Hysterosalpingography also called HSG, is a procedure to look inside the uterus and fallopian tubes. An HSG uses an x-ray and a dye to diagnose problems in the female reproductive system. These problems may include tumors, adhesions, blockages, injuries, deformities, and foreign bodies in the uterus and tubes. An HSG is commonly used to know what causes infertility and frequent miscarriages. It may also be used to check on the fallopian tubes after ligation.

  • During an HSG, caregivers use a special type of x-ray called fluoroscopy. A fluoroscopy shows moving pictures of your cervix, uterus, and fallopian tube while the HSG is being done. These real time movie-like images of the body are shown on a monitor. Dye is injected through the cervix to better outline the uterus and tubes. An HSG usually takes less than one hour and is done 4 to 12 days after your monthly period. With HSG, caregivers may correctly diagnose your health problem and proper treatment may be given.



  • Keep a current list of your medicines: Include the amounts, and when, how, and why you take them. Take the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency. Throw away old medicine lists. Use vitamins, herbs, or food supplements only as directed.
  • Take your medicine as directed: Call your primary healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not working as expected. Tell him about any medicine allergies, and if you want to quit taking or change your medicine.
  • Antibiotics: This medicine is given to fight or prevent an infection caused by bacteria. Always take your antibiotics exactly as ordered by your primary healthcare provider. Do not stop taking your medicine unless directed by your primary healthcare provider. Never save antibiotics or take leftover antibiotics that were given to you for another illness.
  • Pain medicine: You may need medicine to take away or decrease pain.
    • Learn how to take your medicine. Ask what medicine and how much you should take. Be sure you know how, when, and how often to take it.
    • Do not wait until the pain is severe before you take your medicine. Tell caregivers if your pain does not decrease.
    • Pain medicine can make you dizzy or sleepy. Prevent falls by calling someone when you get out of bed or if you need help.

Ask for information about where and when to go for follow-up visits:

For continuing care, treatments, or home services, ask for more information.

Vaginal care:

You may need vaginal pads for 1 to 2 days if you have some vaginal spotting. Some leftover dye after the procedure may also come out of your vagina. When you arrive home, carefully wash your vagina with soap and water. Afterwards, put on a clean, new vaginal pad. Change your vaginal pad any time it gets wet or dirty. Ask your caregivers for more information about vaginal care.


  • You have a fever.
  • You have chills, a cough, or feel weak and achy.
  • You have nausea or vomiting .
  • Your pads become soaked with blood.
  • Your skin is itchy, swollen, or has a rash.
  • You have questions or concerns about your procedure, condition, or care.
  • You are urinating less often than you usually do.


  • You have a fever.
  • You feel something is bulging out into your vagina and not going back in.
  • You have stomach pain that does not go away even after taking pain medicines.
  • You have sudden breathing problems, hives, or other signs of an allergic reaction to the dye.
  • You have any of the following problems:
    • Blood is present in your urine.
    • Pain when passing urine or having sex.
    • Pus or a foul-smelling odor is coming from your vagina.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Hysterosalpingography (Aftercare Instructions)

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