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Medically reviewed by Last updated on Mar 5, 2023.

Hysterosalpingography is a procedure to look inside your uterus and fallopian tubes.

Female Reproductive System


Before your procedure:

  • Informed consent is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.
  • An IV is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.
  • Medicines may be given to prevent discomfort. Antibiotics may also be given to prevent an infection caused by bacteria.

During your procedure:

You will lie on a table. Your legs will be put up in stirrups. Your healthcare provider will insert a gloved hand to check your vagina and cervix. A warmed speculum will be gently inserted to widen and hold open your vagina. A catheter will be inserted into your cervix. Your healthcare provider will inject contrast liquid through the catheter and several x-ray pictures will be taken. After the x-rays are taken, the catheter will be removed. You will need to wear a sanitary pad to absorb blood or contrast liquid that drains after the procedure.

Treatment options

The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

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After your procedure:

You may stay in bed or sit until you are completely comfortable. Healthcare providers will monitor you closely for any problems. Do not get out of bed until your healthcare provider says it is okay. When your healthcare provider sees that you are okay, you will be able to go home. You will need to keep the sanitary pad in place after your procedure. Medicines may be given to relieve pain or to prevent an infection caused by bacteria.


You may bleed more than expected or get an infection. The procedure may not find the cause of your health problem.


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Treatment options

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.