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Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is a procedure to look inside your uterus and fallopian tubes.


Before your procedure:

  • Informed consent is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.
  • An IV is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.

During your procedure:

You will lie on a table. Your legs will be put up in stirrups. Your healthcare provider will insert a gloved hand to check your vagina and cervix. A warmed speculum will be gently inserted to widen and hold open your vagina. A catheter will then be inserted into your cervix. Once the catheter is inserted, the speculum may be removed. Your healthcare provider will then inject a dye through the catheter and several x-ray pictures will be taken. After the x-rays are taken, the catheter will be removed. You will need to wear a sanitary pad to absorb blood or dye that drains after the procedure.

After your procedure:

You may stay in bed or sit until you are completely comfortable. Healthcare providers will monitor you closely for any problems. Do not get out of bed until your healthcare provider says it is okay. When your healthcare provider sees that you are okay, you will be able to go home. You will need to keep the vaginal pad in place after your procedure.

  • Medicines:
    • Pain medicine may be given. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you ask for more medicine.
    • Antibiotics help prevent infection caused by bacteria.


During your HSG procedure, your body may react to the dye. A reaction may cause nausea, skin itching, hives, or breathing problems. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have any of these symptoms after you have received the dye. You could also bleed more than expected or get an infection. Even after you have an HSG, you may need other tests to find the cause of your health problem. Without this procedure, healthcare providers may not know the cause of your medical condition. The signs and symptoms you presently have may continue and become worse.


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Hysterosalpingography (Inpatient Care)

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