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Medications for Epilepsy

Drugs associated with Epilepsy

The following drugs and medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

What is Epilepsy: Epilepsy is a brain disorder involving recurrent seizures.

Drug name Rx / OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol Reviews Rating Popularity
lamotrigine Rx C N X 1 review
10

Generic name: lamotrigine systemic

Brand names:  Lamictal, Lamictal CD, Lamictal ODT, Lamictal XR

Drug class: triazine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Diamox Rx C N 1 review
9.0

Generic name: acetazolamide systemic

Drug class: carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, carbonic anhydrase inhibitor anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
felbamate Rx C N X 6 reviews
9.0

Generic name: felbamate systemic

Brand name:  Felbatol

Drug class: carbamate anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Felbatol Rx C N X 4 reviews
9.0

Generic name: felbamate systemic

Drug class: carbamate anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Carbatrol Rx D N X 8 reviews
8.0

Generic name: carbamazepine systemic

Drug class: dibenzazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Keppra XR Rx C N X 5 reviews
8.0

Generic name: levetiracetam systemic

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Phenytoin Sodium Rx D N X Add review
8.0

Generic name: phenytoin systemic

Drug class: hydantoin anticonvulsants, group I antiarrhythmics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
carbamazepine Rx D N X 53 reviews
7.0

Generic name: carbamazepine systemic

Brand names:  Tegretol, Carbatrol, Tegretol XR, Epitol

Drug class: dibenzazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Depakote Rx D N X 33 reviews
7.0

Generic name: divalproex sodium systemic

Drug class: fatty acid derivative anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Depakote ER Rx D N X 14 reviews
7.0

Generic name: divalproex sodium systemic

Drug class: fatty acid derivative anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Dilantin Rx D N X 18 reviews
7.0

Generic name: phenytoin systemic

Drug class: hydantoin anticonvulsants, group I antiarrhythmics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
divalproex sodium Rx D N X 49 reviews
7.0

Generic name: divalproex sodium systemic

Brand names:  Depakote, Depakote ER, Depakote Sprinkles

Drug class: fatty acid derivative anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
gabapentin Rx C N X 7 reviews
7.0

Generic name: gabapentin systemic

Brand names:  Neurontin, Fanatrex

Drug class: gamma-aminobutyric acid analogs

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Keppra Rx C N X 34 reviews
7.0

Generic name: levetiracetam systemic

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
levetiracetam Rx C N X 52 reviews
7.0

Generic name: levetiracetam systemic

Brand names:  Keppra, Keppra XR, Roweepra, Spritam

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Phenytek Rx D N X 1 review
7.0

Generic name: phenytoin systemic

Drug class: hydantoin anticonvulsants, group I antiarrhythmics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
phenytoin Rx D N X 23 reviews
7.0

Generic name: phenytoin systemic

Brand names:  Dilantin, Phenytoin Sodium, Phenytek

Drug class: hydantoin anticonvulsants, group I antiarrhythmics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Tegretol Rx D N X 26 reviews
7.0

Generic name: carbamazepine systemic

Drug class: dibenzazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
acetazolamide Rx C N 1 review
6.0

Generic name: acetazolamide systemic

Brand names:  Diamox, Diamox Sequels

Drug class: carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, carbonic anhydrase inhibitor anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Neurontin Rx C N X 2 reviews
6.0

Generic name: gabapentin systemic

Drug class: gamma-aminobutyric acid analogs

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Tegretol XR Rx D N X 9 reviews
6.0

Generic name: carbamazepine systemic

Drug class: dibenzazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

 
Epitol Rx D N X 3 reviews
5.0

Generic name: carbamazepine systemic

Drug class: dibenzazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Fycompa Rx C 3 X 4 reviews
5.0

Generic name: perampanel systemic

Drug class: AMPA receptor antagonists

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Lyrica Rx C 5 X 3 reviews
5.0

Generic name: pregabalin systemic

Drug class: gamma-aminobutyric acid analogs

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
pregabalin Rx C 5 X 3 reviews
5.0

Generic name: pregabalin systemic

Brand name:  Lyrica

Drug class: gamma-aminobutyric acid analogs

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph

 
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Topics under Epilepsy

Alternative treatments for Epilepsy

The following products are considered to be alternative treatments or natural remedies for Epilepsy. Their efficacy may not have been scientifically tested to the same degree as the drugs listed in the table above. However there may be historical, cultural or anecdotal evidence linking their use to the treatment of Epilepsy.

Learn more about Epilepsy

Legend

Off Label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
Prescription Only / Over the Counter
Rx Prescription Only
OTC Over the Counter
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter
Pregnancy
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use of the drug in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act Schedule
N The drug is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 The drug has a high potential for abuse. The drug has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use of the drug under medical supervision.
2 The drug has a high potential for abuse. The drug has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse of the drug may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 The drug has a potential for abuse less than the drugs in schedules 1 and 2. The drug has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse of the drug may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 The drug has a low potential for abuse relative to the drugs in schedule 3. The drug has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse of the drug may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs in schedule 3.
5 The drug has a low potential for abuse relative to the drugs in schedule 4. The drug has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse of the drug may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

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