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Resflor Gold

This page contains information on Resflor Gold for veterinary use.
The information provided typically includes the following:
  • Resflor Gold Indications
  • Warnings and cautions for Resflor Gold
  • Direction and dosage information for Resflor Gold

Resflor Gold

This treatment applies to the following species:
Manufacturer: Intervet/Merck Animal Health

Product Information

(Florfenicol and Flunixin Meglumine)

Antimicrobial/Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug

NADA 141-299, Approved by FDA.

300 mg/16.5 mg/mL

Sterile

For subcutaneous use in beef and non-lactating dairy cattle only.

Not for use in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older or in calves to be processed for veal.

Resflor Gold Caution

Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.

Description

RESFLOR GOLD® is an injectable solution of the synthetic antibiotic florfenicol and the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) flunixin. Each milliliter of sterile RESFLOR GOLD® contains 300 mg florfenicol, 16.5 mg flunixin as flunixin meglumine, 300 mg 2-pyrrolidone, 35 mg malic acid, and triacetin qs.

INDICATION: RESFLOR GOLD® is indicated for treatment of bovine respiratory disease (BRD) associated with Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida, Histophilus somni, and Mycoplasma bovis, and control of BRD-associated pyrexia in beef and non-lactating dairy cattle.

Dosage and Administration

RESFLOR GOLD® should be administered once by subcutaneous injection at a dose rate of 40 mg florfenicol/kg body weight and 2.2 mg flunixin/kg body weight (6 mL/100 lb). Do not administer more than 10 mL at each site. The injection should be given only in the neck. Injection sites other than the neck have not been evaluated. For the 500 mL vial, do not puncture the stopper more than 20 times.

RESFLOR GOLD® Dosage Guide*

ANIMAL WEIGHT
(lbs)

DOSAGE
(mL)

100

6.0

200

12.0

300

18.0

400

24.0

500

30.0

600

36.0

700

42.0

800

48.0

900

54.0

1000

60.0

Recommended Injection Location

* Do not administer more than 10 mL at each site.

Contraindications

Do not use in animals that have shown hypersensitivity to florfenicol or flunixin.

Warnings

NOT FOR HUMAN USE. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN. This product contains material that can be irritating to skin and eyes. Avoid direct contact with skin, eyes, and clothing. In case of accidental eye exposure, flush with water for 15 minutes. In case of accidental skin exposure, wash with soap and water. Remove contaminated clothing. Consult a physician if irritation persists. Accidental injection of this product may cause local irritation. Consult a physician immediately. The Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) contains more detailed occupational safety information.

For customer service or to obtain a copy of the MSDS, call 1-800-211-3573. For technical assistance or to report suspected adverse reactions, call 1-800-219-9286.

Precautions

As a class, cyclo-oxygenase inhibitory NSAIDs may be associated with gastrointestinal, renal, and hepatic toxicity. Sensitivity to drug-associated adverse events varies with the individual patient. Patients at greatest risk for adverse events are those that are dehydrated, on diuretic therapy, or those with existing renal, cardiovascular, and/or hepatic dysfunction. Concurrent administration of potentially nephrotoxic drugs should be carefully monitored. NSAIDs may inhibit the prostaglandins that maintain normal homeostatic function. Such anti-prostaglandin effects may result in clinically significant disease in patients with underlying or pre-existing disease that have not been previously diagnosed. Since many NSAIDs possess the potential to produce gastrointestinal ulceration, concomitant use of RESFLOR GOLD® with other anti-inflammatory drugs, such as NSAIDs or corticosteroids, should be avoided or closely monitored.

Flunixin is a cyclo-oxygenase inhibitory NSAID, and as with others in this class, adverse effects may occur with its use. The most frequently reported adverse effects have been gastrointestinal signs. Events involving suspected renal, hematologic, neurologic, dermatologic, and hepatic effects have also been reported for other drugs in this class.

Not for use in animals intended for breeding purposes. The effects of florfenicol on bovine reproductive performance, pregnancy, and lactation have not been determined. Toxicity studies in dogs, rats, and mice have associated the use of florfenicol with testicular degeneration and atrophy. NSAIDs are known to have potential effects on both parturition and the estrous cycle. There may be a delay in the onset of estrus if flunixin is administered during the prostaglandin phase of the estrous cycle. The effects of flunixin on imminent parturition have not been evaluated in a controlled study. NSAIDs are known to have the potential to delay parturition through a tocolytic effect.

RESFLOR GOLD®, when administered as directed, may induce a transient reaction at the site of injection and underlying tissues that may result in trim loss of edible tissue at slaughter.

RESIDUE WARNINGS: Animals intended for human consumption must not be slaughtered within 38 days of treatment. This product is not approved for use in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older, including dry dairy cows. Use in these cattle may cause drug residues in milk and/or in calves born to these cows. A withdrawal period has not been established in pre-ruminating calves. Do not use in calves to be processed for veal.

Adverse Reactions

Transient inappetence, diarrhea, decreased water consumption, and injection site swelling have been associated with the use of florfenicol in cattle. In addition, anaphylaxis and collapse have been reported post-approval with the use of another formulation of florfenicol in cattle. In cattle, rare instances of anaphylactic-like reactions, some of which have been fatal, have been reported, primarily following intravenous use of flunixin meglumine.

Clinical Pharmacology

The pharmacokinetics (PK) of florfenicol (Table 1) and flunixin (Table 2) after subcutaneous injection of RESFLOR GOLD® is described below:

Table 1. Mean (n=28) pharmacokinetic parameters for florfenicol in cattle after a single subcutaneous administration of RESFLOR GOLD (florfenicol dose of 40 mg/kg BW).

Mean Florfenicol PK parameters in Cattle

PK Parameter

AUC0-t1 (ng*hr/mL)

AUC0-inf 2 (ng*hr/mL)

Cmax3 (ng/mL)

Tmax4 (hr)

T1/25 (hr)

MRT0-inf 6 (hr)

Mean

242527

247577

11151

6.25

28.5

27.3

SD7

42741

41391

4194

3.87

9.91

11.6

Table 2. Mean (n=28) pharmacokinetic parameters for flunixin in cattle after a single subcutaneous administration of RESFLOR GOLD (flunixin dose of 2.2 mg/kg BW).

Mean Flunixin PK parameters in Cattle

PK Parameter

AUC0-t1 (ng*hr/mL)

AUC0-inf 2 (ng*hr/mL)

Cmax3 (ng/mL)

Tmax4 (hr)

T1/25 (hr)

MRT0-inf 6 (hr)

Mean

13370

14448**

1913

1.14

9.5**

11.4

SD7

4964

5116

791

0.97

3.27

4.41

1 AUC0-t = Area under the plasma-concentration-time curve (AUC) from time zero to the last quantifiable concentrations

2 AUC0-inf = AUC from time zero to infinity

3 Cmax = Maximum plasma concentration

4 Tmax = Time at which Cmax was observed

5 T1/2 = Terminal elimination half-life

6 MRT0-inf = Mean residence time from time zero to infinity

7 SD = Standard deviation

** n=27

MICROBIOLOGY: Florfenicol is a synthetic, broad-spectrum antibiotic active against many Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria isolated from domestic animals. It acts by binding to the 50S ribosomal subunit and inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis. Florfenicol is generally considered a bacteriostatic drug, but exhibits bactericidal activity against certain bacterial species. In vitro studies demonstrate that florfenicol is active against the BRD pathogens M. haemolytica, P. multocida, and H. somni, and M. bovis that florfenicol exhibits bactericidal activity against strains of M. haemolytica and H. somni.

The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of florfenicol were determined for non-mycoplasmal BRD isolates obtained from calves enrolled in BRD field studies in the U.S. in 2006 using methods recommended by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (M31-A2). MICs for M. bovis isolates were determined by an accepted method using Hayflick Broth with Alamar Blue (HBAN) medium under appropriate control. Isolates were obtained from pre-treatment nasal swabs from all calves enrolled at all four sites, post-treatment nasal swabs from treatment failures in the RESFLOR GOLD and saline control treatment groups at three sites, and lung tissue from one calf that died in the saline control treatment group. The results are shown in below Table 3.

Table 3. Florfenicol MIC values* of indicated pathogens isolated from cattle with naturally-occurring BRD

Indicated pathogens

Year of isolation

Number of isolates

MIC50**
(µg/mL)

MIC90**
(µg/mL)

MIC range
(µg/mL)

Mannheimia haemolytica

2006

183

1.0

1.0

0.5 to 32

Pasteurella multocida

2006

139

0.5

0.5

≤ 0.125 to 16

Histophilus somni

2006

84

≤ 0.125

≤ 0.125

≤ 0.125 to 0.25

Mycoplasma bovis

2006

60

1.0

1.0

0.5 to 1.0

* The correlation between in vitro susceptibility data and clinical effectiveness is unknown.

** The lowest MIC to encompass 50% and 90% of the most susceptible isolates, respectively.

Effectiveness

In a multi-site field study, calves with naturally-occurring BRD were treated with RESFLOR GOLD®, Nuflor Gold® (NADA 141-265), or saline. A treatment success was defined as a calf with normal respiration to mild respiratory distress, normal attitude to mildly depressed, and a rectal temperature < 104.0 °F on Day 11.

The treatment success rate for BRD for the RESFLOR GOLD® treatment group (68.4%) was statistically significantly greater (p = 0.0255) compared to the saline control treatment group (42.9%). RESFLOR GOLD® was non-inferior to Nuflor Gold® for the treatment of BRD, with a one-sided 95% lower confidence bound for the difference between the two treatments equal to -13.2%.

In the same study, the change in rectal temperature from pre-treatment to six hours post-treatment was evaluated to determine the effectiveness of RESFLOR GOLD® for the control of BRD-associated pyrexia. The proportion of calves whose rectal temperatures decreased by ≥ 2.0 °F from pre-treatment to six hours post-treatment was statistically significantly greater (p = 0.0019) in the RESFLOR GOLD® treatment group compared to the saline control treatment group. The mean decrease in rectal temperature from pre-treatment to six hours post-treatment was statistically significantly greater in the RESFLOR GOLD® treatment group compared to the Nuflor Gold® and saline control treatment groups (p = 0.0031 and 0.0002, respectively).

The effectiveness of RESFLOR GOLD for the treatment of BRD associated with Mycoplasma bovis was demonstrated by examining the M. bovis data from cattle enrolled in the BRD treatment study described above. There were numerically more treatment successes (6 of 8 calves, 75%) than treatment failures (2 of 8 calves, 25%) in RESFLOR GOLD-treated calves that cultured positive for M. bovis pre-treatment.

ANIMAL SAFETY: A target animal safety study was conducted to evaluate the effects of RESFLOR GOLD® when administered to cattle subcutaneously at 1X, 3X, or 5X the labeled dose for three consecutive days (3X the labeled duration). Decreased feed and water consumption, and decreased body weights (secondary to decreased feed consumption) were observed in the 1X, 3X, and 5X groups. Injection site swellings were noted in the 1X, 3X, and 5X groups.

A separate injection site study was conducted in cattle. The study demonstrated that RESFLOR GOLD®, when administered according to the label directions, may induce a transient local reaction in the subcutaneous and underlying muscle tissue.

STORAGE INFORMATION: Do not store above 30°C (86°F). Use within 28 days of first use.

How Supplied

RESFLOR GOLD® is available in 100, 250, and 500 mL sterile, multiple-dose, glass vials.

Made in Germany

Intervet Inc., a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Summit, NJ 07901

© 2009, Intervet Inc. All rights reserved.

Rev. 7/12

122996 R3

100mL Multiple-Dose Vial

 

250mL Multiple-Dose Vial

120610 R2

500mL Multiple-Dose Vial

124378 R3

NAC No.: 1047298.3

MERCK ANIMAL HEALTH
Intervet Inc.

2 GIRALDA FARMS, MADISON, NJ, 07940
Customer Service:   800-521-5767
Order Desk:   800-648-2118
Technical Service (Companion Animal):   800-224-5318
Technical Service (Livestock):   800-211-3573
Fax:   973-937-5557
Website:   www.merck-animal-health-usa.com
Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the Resflor Gold information published above. However, it remains the responsibility of the readers to familiarize themselves with the product information contained on the US product label or package insert.

Copyright © 2016 North American Compendiums. Updated: 2016-08-21

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