Skip to Content

Ganirelix Side Effects

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on April 27, 2020.

For the Consumer

Applies to ganirelix: subcutaneous solution

Side effects requiring immediate medical attention

Along with its needed effects, ganirelix may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking ganirelix:

Less common

Rare

  • Cough
  • difficulty with swallowing
  • dizziness
  • fast heartbeat
  • puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
  • shortness of breath
  • skin rash, hives, or itching
  • tightness in the chest
  • unusual tiredness or weakness

Side effects not requiring immediate medical attention

Some side effects of ganirelix may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects.

Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Less common

  • Headache
  • redness, pain, or swelling at the injection site

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to ganirelix: subcutaneous solution

General

The more commonly reported adverse reactions have included injection site redness and/or swelling, abdominal pain, and headache; rare postmarketing cases of anaphylaxis have been reported.[Ref]

Endocrine

Among 283 newborns of mothers receiving this drug; 3 neonates had major congenital anomalies (i.e., hydrocephalus/meningocele, omphalocele, and Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome) and 18 neonates experienced minor anomalies (i.e., nevus, skin tags, sacral sinus, hemangioma, torticollis/asymmetric skull, talipes, supernumerary digit finger, hip subluxation, torticollis/high palate, occiput/abnormal hand crease, hernia umbilicalis, hernia inguinalis, hydrocele, undescended testis, and hydronephrosis). A subsequent analysis showed the incidence of congenital anomalies with this drug are comparable to another GnRH agonist.

The incidence of congenital malformations after Assisted Reproductive Technology appears to be slightly higher than after spontaneous conception; although this may be related to differences in parental characteristics and higher incidence of multiple gestations.

Common (1% to 10%): Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome, fetal death

Frequency not reported: Congenital anomalies

Genitourinary

Common (1% to 10%): Abdominal pain (gynecological), vaginal bleeding[Ref]

Local

Very common (10% or more): Injection site reaction (up to 15%)[Ref]

Following injection, between 10% and 15% of patients reported redness with or without swelling at the injection site. This normally disappeared within 4 hours after administration.[Ref]

Hypersensitivity

During the postmarketing period, rare reports of anaphylaxis (including anaphylactic shock), angioedema, and urticaria have been received, as early as with the first dose.

Postmarketing reports: Hypersensitivity reactions

Nervous system

Common (1% to 10%): Headache[Ref]

Gastrointestinal

Common (1% to 10%): Nausea[Ref]

Other

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Malaise[Ref]

Hematologic

Elevated neutrophil counts (8.3 x 10(9)/L or greater) and decreased hematocrit concentrations have been observed during therapy; however, the significance of these findings is not known.

Frequency not reported: Elevated neutrophil counts, decreased hematocrit

Hepatic

Decreased total bilirubin concentrations have been observed during therapy; however, the significance of this finding is not known.

Frequency not reported: Decreased total bilirubin concentrations

References

1. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0

2. "Product Information. Antagon (ganirelix)" Organon, West Orange, NJ.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Some side effects may not be reported. You may report them to the FDA.