Alinia Side Effects
Generic Name: nitazoxanide
Note: This document contains side effect information about nitazoxanide. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Alinia.
For the Consumer
Applies to nitazoxanide: oral powder for suspension, oral tablet
Along with its needed effects, nitazoxanide (the active ingredient contained in Alinia) may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking nitazoxanide:Incidence not known
Some side effects of nitazoxanide may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:Less common
- hives or welts, itching, or skin rash
- redness of the skin
- trouble breathing
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to nitazoxanide: oral powder for reconstitution, oral tablet
Gastrointestinal side effects have included abdominal pain (6.6% to 7.8%), diarrhea (2.1% to 4.2%), and nausea (3%). Side effects occurring in less than 1% of patients have included vomiting, anorexia, flatulence, dyspepsia, constipation, dry mouth, and thirst.[Ref]
The incidence of gastrointestinal side effects may be dose related. Abdominal pain, diarrhea and discolored urine occurred more often in subjects receiving higher doses (1 gram twice daily).[Ref]
Metabolic side effects have included increased creatinine and SGPT in less than 1% of patients.[Ref]
Ocular side effects have included pale yellow eye discoloration (<1%).[Ref]
In general, side effects have been mild and transient in nature. The most frequent side effects have included abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, and headache, and the rates of occurrence were not significantly different from placebo.[Ref]
1. "Product Information. Alinia (nitazoxanide)." Romark Laboratories L.C., Tampa, FL.
2. Fox LM, Saravolatz LD "Nitazoxanide: a new thiazolide antiparasitic agent." Clin Infect Dis 40 (2005): 1173-80
3. Stockis A, De Bruyn S, Gengler C, Rosillon D "Nitazoxanide pharmacokinetics and tolerability in man during 7 days dosing with 0.5 g and 1 g b.i.d." Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 40 (2002): 221-7
Some side effects of Alinia may not be reported. Always consult your doctor or healthcare specialist for medical advice. You may also report side effects to the FDA.
More about Alinia (nitazoxanide)
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- Drug class: amebicides
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