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Tyvaso

Generic Name: treprostinil
Dosage Form: inhalation solution

Medically reviewed on October 1, 2017

Tyvaso® (treprostinil) inhalation solution

For Oral Inhalation Only

Indications and Usage for Tyvaso

Tyvaso is indicated for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) (WHO Group 1) to improve exercise ability. Studies establishing effectiveness included predominately patients with NYHA Functional Class III symptoms and etiologies of idiopathic or heritable PAH (56%) or PAH associated with connective tissue diseases (33%).

The effects diminish over the minimum recommended dosing interval of 4 hours; treatment timing can be adjusted for planned activities.

While there are long-term data on use of treprostinil by other routes of administration, nearly all controlled clinical experience with inhaled treprostinil has been on a background of bosentan (an endothelin receptor antagonist) or sildenafil (a phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor). The controlled clinical experience was limited to 12 weeks in duration [see Clinical Studies (14)].

Tyvaso Dosage and Administration

Usual Dosage in Adults

Tyvaso is intended for oral inhalation using the Tyvaso Inhalation System, which consists of an ultrasonic, pulsed delivery device and its accessories.

Tyvaso is dosed in 4 separate, equally spaced treatment sessions per day, during waking hours. Each treatment session will take 2 to 3 minutes. The treatment sessions should be approximately 4 hours apart.

Initial Dosage:

Therapy should begin with 3 breaths of Tyvaso (18 mcg of treprostinil), per treatment session, 4 times daily. If 3 breaths are not tolerated, reduce to 1 or 2 breaths and subsequently increase to 3 breaths, as tolerated.

Maintenance Dosage:

Dosage should be increased by an additional 3 breaths per treatment session at approximately 1- to 2- week intervals, if tolerated, until the target dose of 9 breaths (54 mcg of treprostinil) is reached, 4 times daily. If adverse effects preclude titration to target dose, Tyvaso should be continued at the highest tolerated dose.

If a scheduled treatment session is missed or interrupted, therapy should be resumed as soon as possible at the usual dose.

The maximum recommended dosage is 9 breaths per treatment session, 4 times daily.

Patients with Hepatic Insufficiency

Plasma clearance of treprostinil is reduced in patients with hepatic insufficiency. Patients with hepatic insufficiency may therefore be at increased risk of dose-dependent adverse reactions because of an increase in systemic exposure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), Use in Specific Populations (8.6) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Patients with Renal Insufficiency

Plasma clearance of treprostinil may be reduced in patients with renal insufficiency, since treprostinil and its metabolites are excreted mainly through the urinary route. Patients with renal insufficiency may therefore be at increased risk of dose-dependent adverse reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), Use in Specific Populations (8.7) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Administration

Tyvaso must be used only with the Tyvaso Inhalation System. Patients should follow the instructions for use for operation of the Tyvaso Inhalation System and for daily cleaning of the device components after the last treatment session of the day. To avoid potential interruptions in drug delivery because of equipment malfunction, patients should have access to a back-up Tyvaso Inhalation System device.

Do not mix Tyvaso with other medications in the Tyvaso Inhalation System. Compatibility of Tyvaso with other medications has not been studied.

The Tyvaso Inhalation System should be prepared for use each day according to the instructions for use. One ampule of Tyvaso contains a sufficient volume of medication for all 4 treatment sessions in a single day. Prior to the first treatment session, the patient should twist the top off a single Tyvaso ampule and squeeze the entire contents into the medicine cup. Between each of the 4 daily treatment sessions, the device should be capped and stored upright with the remaining medication inside.

At the end of each day, the medicine cup and any remaining medication must be discarded. The device must be cleaned each day according to the instructions for use.

Avoid skin or eye contact with Tyvaso solution. Do not orally ingest the Tyvaso solution.

Dosage Forms and Strengths

Sterile solution for oral inhalation: 2.9 mL ampule containing 1.74 mg of treprostinil (0.6 mg per mL).

Contraindications

None.

Warnings and Precautions

Patients with Pulmonary Disease or Pulmonary Infections

The efficacy of Tyvaso has not been established in patients with significant underlying lung disease (e.g., asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Patients with acute pulmonary infections should be carefully monitored to detect any worsening of lung disease and loss of drug effect.

Risk of Symptomatic Hypotension

Treprostinil is a pulmonary and systemic vasodilator. In patients with low systemic arterial pressure, treatment with Tyvaso may produce symptomatic hypotension.

Patients with Hepatic or Renal Insufficiency

Titrate slowly in patients with hepatic or renal insufficiency, because such patients will likely be exposed to greater systemic concentrations relative to patients with normal hepatic or renal function [see Dosage and Administration (2.2, 2.3), Use in Specific Populations (8.6, 8.7) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Risk of Bleeding

Tyvaso inhibits platelet aggregation and increases the risk of bleeding.

Effect of Other Drugs on Treprostinil

Co-administration of a cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C8 enzyme inhibitor (e.g., gemfibrozil) may increase exposure (both Cmax and AUC) to treprostinil. Co-administration of a CYP2C8 enzyme inducer (e.g., rifampin) may decrease exposure to treprostinil. Increased exposure is likely to increase adverse events associated with treprostinil administration, whereas decreased exposure is likely to reduce clinical effectiveness [see Drug Interactions (7.3) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Adverse Reactions

The following potential adverse reactions are described in Warnings and Precautions (5):

-
Decrease in systemic blood pressure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].
-
Bleeding [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].

Adverse Reactions Identified in Clinical Trials

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

In a 12-week placebo-controlled study (TRIUMPH I) of 235 patients with PAH (WHO Group 1 and nearly all NYHA Functional Class III), the most commonly reported adverse reactions on Tyvaso included: cough and throat irritation, headache, gastrointestinal effects, muscle, jaw or bone pain, dizziness, flushing and syncope. Table 1 lists the adverse reactions that occurred at a rate of at least 4% and were more frequent in patients treated with Tyvaso than with placebo.

Table 1: Adverse Events in ≥ 4% of PAH Patients Receiving Tyvaso and More Frequent* than Placebo
Adverse Event Treatment
n (%)
Tyvaso
n = 115
Placebo
n = 120
*
More than 3% greater than placebo
Cough 62 (54) 35 (29)
Headache 47 (41) 27 (23)
Throat Irritation / Pharyngolaryngeal Pain 29 (25) 17 (14)
Nausea 22 (19) 13 (11)
Flushing 17 (15) 1 (<1)
Syncope 7 (6) 1 (<1)

The safety of Tyvaso was also studied in a long-term, open-label extension study in which 206 patients were dosed for a mean duration of 2.3 years, with a maximum exposure of 5.4 years. Eighty-nine percent (89%) of patients achieved the target dose of nine breaths, four times daily. Forty-two percent (42%) achieved a dose of 12 breaths four times daily. The adverse events during this chronic dosing study were qualitatively similar to those observed in the 12-week placebo controlled trial.

In a prospective, observational study comparing patients taking Tyvaso (958 patient-years of exposure) and a control group (treatment with other approved therapies for PAH; 1094 patient-years), Tyvaso was associated with a higher rate of cough (16.2 vs. 10.9 per 100 patient-years), throat irritation (4.5 vs. 1.2 per 100 pt-years), nasal discomfort (2.6 vs. 1.3 per 100 pt-years), and hemoptysis (2.5 vs. 1.3 per 100 pt-years) compared to the control group.

Adverse Events Associated with Route of Administration

Adverse events in the treated group during the double-blind and open-label phase reflecting irritation to the respiratory tract included: cough, throat irritation, pharyngeal pain, epistaxis, hemoptysis and wheezing. Serious adverse events during the open-label portion of the study included pneumonia in fifteen subjects. There were three serious episodes of hemoptysis (one fatal) noted during the open-label experience.

Adverse Reactions Identified in Post-Marketing Experience

The following adverse reaction has been identified during the post-approval use of Tyvaso. Because this reaction is reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate the frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure:

Angioedema.

Drug Interactions

Bosentan

In a human pharmacokinetic study conducted with bosentan (250 mg/day) and an oral formulation of treprostinil (treprostinil diolamine), no pharmacokinetic interactions between treprostinil and bosentan were observed.

Sildenafil

In a human pharmacokinetic study conducted with sildenafil (60 mg/day) and an oral formulation of treprostinil (treprostinil diolamine), no pharmacokinetic interactions between treprostinil and sildenafil were observed.

Effect of Cytochrome P450 Inhibitors and Inducers

In vitro studies of human hepatic microsomes showed that treprostinil does not inhibit cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoenzymes CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1 and CYP3A. Additionally, treprostinil does not induce cytochrome P450 isoenzymes CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, and CYP3A.

Human pharmacokinetic studies with an oral formulation of treprostinil (treprostinil diolamine) indicated that co-administration of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C8 enzyme inhibitor gemfibrozil increases exposure (both Cmax and AUC) to treprostinil. Co-administration of the CYP2C8 enzyme inducer rifampin decreases exposure to treprostinil. It is unclear if the safety and efficacy of treprostinil by the inhalation route are altered by inhibitors or inducers of CYP2C8 [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

Effect of Other Drugs on Treprostinil

Drug interaction studies have been carried out with treprostinil (oral or subcutaneous) co-administered with acetaminophen (4 g/day), warfarin (25 mg/day), and fluconazole (200 mg/day), respectively in healthy volunteers. These studies did not show a clinically significant effect on the pharmacokinetics of treprostinil. Treprostinil does not affect the pharmacokinetics or pharmacodynamics of warfarin. The pharmacokinetics of R- and S- warfarin and the INR in healthy subjects given a single 25 mg dose of warfarin were unaffected by continuous subcutaneous infusion of treprostinil at an infusion rate of 10 ng/kg/min.

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

Pregnancy

Risk Summary

Limited case reports of treprostinil use in pregnant women are insufficient to inform a drug-associated risk of adverse developmental outcomes. However, there are risks to the mother and the fetus associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension (see Clinical Considerations). In animal studies, no adverse reproductive and developmental effects were seen for treprostinil at ≥9 and ≥145 times the human exposure when based on Cmax and AUC following a single treprostinil dose of 54 mcg, respectively.

The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated populations is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2 to 4% and 15 to 20%, respectively.

Clinical Considerations

Disease-associated maternal and embryo-fetal risk

Pulmonary arterial hypertension is associated with an increased risk of maternal and fetal mortality.

Data

Animal reproduction studies have been conducted with treprostinil via continuous subcutaneous administration and with treprostinil diolamine administered orally. In pregnant rats, continuous subcutaneous infusions of treprostinil during organogenesis and late gestational development, at doses as high as 900 ng treprostinil/kg/min (about 117 times the starting human subcutaneous infusion rate, on a ng/m2 basis and about 16 times the average rate achieved in clinical trials), resulted in no evidence of harm to the fetus. In pregnant rabbits, effects of continuous subcutaneous infusions of treprostinil during organogenesis were limited to an increased incidence of fetal skeletal variations (bilateral full rib or right rudimentary rib on lumbar 1) associated with maternal toxicity (reduction in body weight and food consumption) at a dose of 150 ng treprostinil/kg/min (about 41 times the starting human subcutaneous infusion rate, on a ng/m2 basis, and 5 times the average rate used in clinical trials). In rats, continuous subcutaneous infusion of treprostinil from implantation to the end of lactation, at doses of up to 450 ng treprostinil/kg/min, did not affect the growth and development of offspring. In studies with orally administered treprostinil diolamine, no adverse effect doses for fetal viability / growth, fetal development (teratogenicity), and postnatal development were determined in rats. In pregnant rats, no evidence of harm to the fetus was observed following oral administration of treprostinil diolamine at the highest dose tested (20 mg/kg/day), which represents about 154 and 1479 times the human exposure, when based on Cmax and AUC following a single Tyvaso dose of 54 mcg, respectively. In pregnant rabbits, external fetal and soft tissue malformations and fetal skeletal malformation occurred. The dose at which no adverse effects were seen (0.5 mg/kg/day) represents about 9 and 145 times the human exposure, when based on Cmax and AUC following a single Tyvaso dose of 54 mcg, respectively. No treprostinil treatment-related effects on labor and delivery were seen in animal studies. Animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response.

Lactation

Risk Summary

There are no data on the presence of treprostinil in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established. Clinical studies of Tyvaso did not include patients younger than 18 years to determine whether they respond differently from older patients.

Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of Tyvaso did not include sufficient numbers of patients aged 65 years and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, reflecting the greater frequency of hepatic, renal, or cardiac dysfunction, and of concomitant diseases or other drug therapy.

Patients with Hepatic Insufficiency

Plasma clearance of treprostinil, delivered subcutaneously, was reduced up to 80% in subjects with mild-to-moderate hepatic insufficiency. Uptitrate slowly when treating patients with hepatic insufficiency because of the risk of an increase in systemic exposure which may lead to an increase in dose-dependent adverse effects. Treprostinil has not been studied in patients with severe hepatic insufficiency [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3), Dosage and Administration (2.2) and Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

Patients with Renal Insufficiency

No studies have been performed in patients with renal insufficiency. Since treprostinil and its metabolites are excreted mainly through the urinary route, patients with renal insufficiency may have decreased clearance of the drug and its metabolites and consequently, dose-related adverse outcomes may be more frequent [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3), Dosage and Administration (2.3) and Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

Overdosage

In general, symptoms of overdose with Tyvaso include flushing, headache, hypotension, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Provide general supportive care until the symptoms of overdose have resolved.

Tyvaso Description

Tyvaso is a sterile formulation of treprostinil intended for administration by oral inhalation using the Tyvaso Inhalation System. Tyvaso is supplied in 2.9 mL low density polyethylene (LDPE) ampules, containing 1.74 mg treprostinil (0.6 mg/mL). Each ampule also contains 18.9 mg sodium chloride, 18.3 mg sodium citrate, 0.58 mg sodium hydroxide, 11.7 mg 1 N hydrochloric acid, and water for injection. Sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid may be added to adjust pH between 6.0 and 7.2.

Treprostinil is (1R,2R,3aS,9aS)-[[2,3,3a,4,9,9a-hexahydro-2-hydroxy-1-[(3S)-3-hydroxyoctyl]-1H-benz[f]inden-5-yl]oxy]acetic acid. Treprostinil has a molecular weight of 390.52 and a molecular formula of C23H34O5.

The structural formula of treprostinil is:

Tyvaso - Clinical Pharmacology

Mechanism of Action

Treprostinil is a prostacyclin analogue. The major pharmacologic actions of treprostinil are direct vasodilation of pulmonary and systemic arterial vascular beds and inhibition of platelet aggregation.

Pharmacodynamics

In a clinical trial of 240 healthy volunteers, single doses of Tyvaso 54 mcg (the target maintenance dose per session) and 84 mcg (supratherapeutic inhalation dose) prolonged the corrected QTc interval by approximately 10 ms. The QTc effect dissipated rapidly as the concentration of treprostinil decreased.

Pharmacokinetics

Pharmacokinetic information for single doses of inhaled treprostinil was obtained in healthy volunteers in three separate studies. Treprostinil systemic exposure (AUC and Cmax) post-inhalation was shown to be proportional to the doses administered (18 mcg – 90 mcg).

Absorption and Distribution

In a three-period crossover study, the bioavailability of two single doses of Tyvaso (18 mcg and 36 mcg) was compared with that of intravenous treprostinil in 18 healthy volunteers. Mean estimates of the absolute systemic bioavailability of treprostinil after inhalation were approximately 64% (18 mcg) and 72% (36 mcg).

Treprostinil plasma exposure data were obtained from two studies at the target maintenance dose, 54 mcg. The mean Cmax at the target dose was 0.91 and 1.32 ng/mL with corresponding mean Tmax of 0.25 and 0.12 hr, respectively. The mean AUC for the 54 mcg dose was 0.81 and 0.97 hr∙ng/mL, respectively.

Following parenteral infusion, the apparent steady state volume of distribution (Vss) of treprostinil is approximately 14 L/70 kg ideal body weight.

In vitro treprostinil is 91% bound to human plasma proteins over the 330-10,000 mcg/L concentration range.

Metabolism and Excretion

Of subcutaneously administered treprostinil, only 4% is excreted unchanged in urine. Treprostinil is substantially metabolized by the liver, primarily by CYP2C8. Metabolites are excreted in urine (79%) and feces (13%) over 10 days. Five apparently inactive metabolites were detected in the urine, each accounting for 10-15% of the dose administered. Four of the metabolites are products of oxidation of the 3-hydroxyloctyl side chain and one is a glucuroconjugated derivative (treprostinil glucuronide).

The elimination of treprostinil (following subcutaneous administration of treprostinil) is biphasic, with a terminal elimination half-life of approximately 4 hours using a two compartment model.

Specific Populations

Hepatic Insufficiency

Plasma clearance of treprostinil, delivered subcutaneously, was reduced up to 80% in subjects presenting with mild-to-moderate hepatic insufficiency. Treprostinil has not been studied in patients with severe hepatic insufficiency [see Dosage and Administration (2.2), Warnings and Precautions (5.3) and Use in Specific Populations (8.6)].

Renal Insufficiency

No studies have been performed in patients with renal insufficiency; therefore, since treprostinil and its metabolites are excreted mainly through the urinary route, there is the potential for an increase in both parent drug and its metabolites and an increase in systemic exposure [see Dosage and Administration (2.3), Warnings and Precautions (5.3) and Use in Specific Populations (8.7)].

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

A two-year rat carcinogenicity study was performed with treprostinil inhalation at target doses of 5.26, 10.6, and 34.1 mcg/kg/day. There was no evidence for carcinogenic potential associated with treprostinil inhalation in rats at systemic exposure levels up to 35 times the clinical exposure at the target maintenance dose of 54 mcg. In vitro and in vivo genetic toxicology studies did not demonstrate any mutagenic or clastogenic effects of treprostinil. Treprostinil sodium did not affect fertility or mating performance of male or female rats given continuous subcutaneous (sc) infusions at rates of up to 450 ng treprostinil/kg/min [about 59 times the recommended starting human sc infusion rate (1.25 ng/kg/min) and 8 times the average rate (9.3 ng/kg/min) achieved in clinical trials, on a ng/m2 basis]. In this study, males were dosed from 10 weeks prior to mating and through the 2-week mating period. Females were dosed from 2 weeks prior to mating until gestational day 6.

Oral administration of treprostinil diolamine to Tg.rasH2 mice at 0, 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg/day in males and 0, 3, 7.5 and 15 mg/kg/day in females daily for 26 weeks did not significantly increase the incidence of tumors. The exposures, when based on AUC, obtained at the highest dose levels used in males and females are about 208- and 460-fold, respectively, the human exposure following a single inhaled dose of 54 mcg.

Treprostinil diolamine was tested in vivo in a rat micronucleus assay and did not induce an increased incidence of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes.

Inhalational Toxicity

Rats and dogs that received daily administrations of treprostinil by inhalation for 3 months developed respiratory tract lesions (respiratory epithelial degeneration, goblet cell hyperplasia/hypertrophy, epithelial ulceration, squamous epithelial degeneration and necrosis, and lung hemorrhage). Some of the same lesions seen in animals sacrificed at the end of treatment (larynx, lung and nasal cavity lesions in rats, and lesions of the larynx in dogs) were also observed in animals sacrificed after a 4-week recovery period. Rats also developed cardiac changes (degeneration/fibrosis). A no-effect dose level for these effects was not demonstrated in rats (doses as low as 7 µg/kg/day were administered); whereas 107 µg/kg/day was a no-effect dose level in dogs.

In a 2-year rat study with treprostinil inhalation at target doses of 5.26, 10.6, and 34.1 mcg/kg/day, there were more deaths (11) in the mid and high dose treprostinil groups during the first 9 weeks of the study, compared to 1 in control groups. At the high dose level, males showed a higher incidence of inflammation in teeth and preputial gland, and females showed higher incidences of inflammation and urothelial hyperplasia in the urinary bladder. The exposures in rats at mid and high dose levels were about 15 and 35 times, respectively, the clinical exposure at the target maintenance dose of 54 mcg.

Clinical Studies

Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (WHO Group I)

TRIUMPH I, was a 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled multi-center study of patients with PAH. The study population included 235 clinically stable subjects with pulmonary arterial hypertension (WHO Group 1), nearly all with NYHA Class III (98%) symptoms who were receiving either bosentan (an endothelin receptor antagonist) or sildenafil (a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor) for at least three months prior to study initiation. Concomitant therapy also could have included anticoagulants, other vasodilators (e.g., calcium channel blockers), diuretics, oxygen, and digitalis, but not a prostacyclin. These patients were administered either placebo or Tyvaso in four daily treatment sessions with a target dose of 9 breaths (54 mcg) per session over the course of the 12-week study. Patients were predominantly female (82%), had the origin of PAH as idiopathic/heritable (56%), secondary to connective tissue diseases (33%) or secondary to HIV or previous use of anorexigens (12%); bosentan was the concomitant oral medication in 70% of those enrolled, sildenafil in 30%.

The primary efficacy endpoint of the trial was the change in six-minute walk distance (6MWD) relative to baseline at 12 weeks. 6MWD was measured at peak exposure (between 10 and 60 minutes after dosing), and 3-5 hours after bosentan or 0.5-2 hours after sildenafil. Patients receiving Tyvaso had a placebo-corrected median change from baseline in peak 6MWD of 20 meters at Week 12 (p<0.001). The distribution of these 6MWD changes from baseline at Week 12 were plotted across the range of observed values (Figure 1). 6MWD measured at trough exposure (defined as measurement of 6MWD at least 4 hours after dosing) improved by 14 meters. There were no placebo-controlled 6MWD assessments made after 12 weeks.

Figure 1: Distributions of 6MWD Changes from Baseline at Week 12 during Peak Plasma Concentration of Tyvaso

The placebo-corrected median treatment effect on 6MWD was estimated (using the Hodges-Lehmann estimator) within various subpopulations defined by age quartile, gender, geographic region of the study site, disease etiology, baseline 6MWD quartile, and type of background therapy (Figure 2).

Figure 2. Placebo Corrected Median Treatment Effect (Hodges-Lehmann estimate with 95% CI) on 6MWD Change from Baseline at Week 12 During Peak Plasma Concentration of Tyvaso for Various Subgroups

Long-term Treatment of PAH

In long-term follow-up of patients who were treated with Tyvaso in the pivotal study and the open-label extension (N=206), Kaplan-Meier estimates of survival at 1, 2, and 3 years were 97%, 91%, and 82%, respectively. These uncontrolled observations do not allow comparison with a control group not given Tyvaso and cannot be used to determine the long-term effect of Tyvaso on mortality.

How Supplied/Storage and Handling

Tyvaso (treprostinil) inhalation solution is supplied in 2.9 mL clear LDPE ampules packaged as four ampules in a foil pouch. Tyvaso is a clear colorless to slightly yellow solution containing 1.74 mg treprostinil per ampule at a concentration of 0.6 mg/mL.

Ampules of Tyvaso are stable until the date indicated when stored in the unopened foil pouch at 25°C (77°F), with excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Once the foil pack is opened, ampules should be used within 7 days. Because Tyvaso is light-sensitive, unopened ampules should be stored in the foil pouch.

One ampule of Tyvaso should be used each day in the Tyvaso Inhalation System. After a Tyvaso ampule is opened and transferred to the medicine cup, the solution should remain in the device for no more than one day (24 hours). Any remaining solution should be discarded at the end of the day.

Tyvaso Inhalation System Starter Kit containing a 28 ampule carton of Tyvaso [seven foil pouches each containing four 2.9 mL ampules. Each ampule contains 1.74 mg treprostinil (0.6 mg per mL)] and the Tyvaso Inhalation System. (NDC 66302-206-01)

Tyvaso Inhalation System Refill Kit containing a 28 ampule carton of Tyvaso [seven foil pouches each containing four 2.9 mL ampules. Each ampule contains 1.74 mg treprostinil (0.6 mg per mL)] and accessories. (NDC 66302-206-02)

Tyvaso 4 Pack Carton with one foil pouch containing four 2.9 mL ampules. Each ampule contains 1.74 mg treprostinil (0.6 mg per mL). (NDC 66302-206-03)

Tyvaso Inhalation System Institutional Starter Kit containing a 4 ampule carton of Tyvaso [one foil pouch containing four 2.9 mL ampules. Each ampule contains 1.74 mg treprostinil (0.6 mg per mL)] and the Tyvaso Inhalation System. (NDC 66302-206-04)

Patient Counseling Information

Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information and Instructions for Use).

Train patients in the administration process for Tyvaso, including dosing, Tyvaso Inhalation System set up, operation, cleaning, and maintenance, according to the instructions for use [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)].

To avoid potential interruptions in drug delivery because of equipment malfunction, patients should have access to a back-up Tyvaso Inhalation System device [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)].

In the event that a scheduled treatment session is missed or interrupted, resume therapy as soon as possible [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)].

If Tyvaso comes in contact with the skin or eyes, instruct patients to rinse immediately with water [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)].

©Copyright 2017 United Therapeutics Corp. All rights reserved.

Tyvaso manufactured for:

United Therapeutics Corp.
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

PATIENT INFORMATION
Tyvaso (Tī-vāsō)
(treprostinil)
inhalation solution
This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Revised: 10/2017                        
What is Tyvaso?
Tyvaso is a prescription medicine used in adults to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), which is high blood pressure in the arteries of your lungs.
Tyvaso can improve the ability to exercise. Your ability to exercise decreases 4 hours after treatment with Tyvaso.
It is not known if Tyvaso is safe and effective in children under 18 years of age.
Before taking Tyvaso, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:
  • have lung disease, such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • have a lung infection
  • have liver problems or kidney problems
  • have low blood pressure
  • have bleeding problems
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if Tyvaso will harm your unborn baby.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if Tyvaso passes into your breast milk. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby during treatment with Tyvaso.
Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Tyvaso and other medicines may affect each other.
Especially tell your healthcare provider if you take:
  • medicines used to treat high blood pressure or heart disease
  • medicines that decrease blood clotting (anticoagulants)
  • water pills (diuretics)
  • gemfibrozil (Lopid)
  • rifampin (Rimactane, Rifadin, Rifamate, Rifater)
Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them and show it to your healthcare provider and specialty pharmacist when you get a new medicine.
How should I take Tyvaso?
  • See the detailed "Instructions for Use Manual" that comes with your Tyvaso Inhalation System for instructions on how to take Tyvaso the right way.
  • Tyvaso must be used only with the Tyvaso Inhalation System.
  • Do not mix Tyvaso with other medicines in the Tyvaso Inhalation System.
  • Take Tyvaso exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to. Your healthcare provider may change your dose if needed.
  • Do not swallow Tyvaso inhalation solution.
  • Tyvaso is breathed in (inhaled) through your mouth into your lungs. Tyvaso is taken in 4 separate treatment sessions every day during waking hours. The sessions should be at about 4 hours apart.
  • Each treatment session will take 2 to 3 minutes.
  • Avoid getting Tyvaso solution in your eyes or onto your skin. If you get Tyvaso in your eyes or on your skin, rinse your skin or eyes right away with water.
  • If you miss a dose of Tyvaso, take your usual dose as soon as possible.
  • If you take too much Tyvaso, call your healthcare provider or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away.
  • To avoid a possible delay in your Tyvaso treatment, you should always have access to a back-up Tyvaso Inhalation System device.
What are the possible side effects of Tyvaso?
Tyvaso can cause serious side effects, including:
  • Low blood pressure (symptomatic hypotension). If you have low blood pressure, Tyvaso may lower your blood pressure more.
  • Bleeding problems. Tyvaso may increase the risk of bleeding in people who take blood thinners (anticoagulants).
The most common side effects of Tyvaso include:
  • cough
  • nausea
  • dizziness
  • throat irritation and pain
  • headache
  • reddening of your face and neck (flushing)
  • diarrhea
  • fainting or loss of consciousness
These are not all the possible side effects of Tyvaso.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
How should I store Tyvaso?
  • Store at 25°C (77°F), with excursions permitted to 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].
  • Store Tyvaso ampules in the unopened foil pouch and out of the light until you are ready to use them.
  • If unopened and stored in the foil pouch, Tyvaso ampules can be used until the expiration date printed on the pouch. Do not use Tyvaso ampules past the expiration date printed on the pouch.
  • Tyvaso ampules should be used within 7 days after opening the foil pouch.
  • Tyvaso can be kept in the Tyvaso Inhalation System medicine cup for no more than 1 day. Throw away any remaining Tyvaso that is left in the medicine cup at the end of the day.
Keep Tyvaso and all medicines out of the reach of children.
General information about the safe and effective use of Tyvaso.
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use Tyvaso for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give Tyvaso to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them. You can ask your healthcare provider or specialty pharmacist for information about Tyvaso that is written for health professionals.
What are the ingredients in Tyvaso?
Active ingredient:
treprostinil
Inactive ingredients: sodium chloride, sodium citrate, sodium hydroxide, hydrochloric acid, and water for injection
Manufactured by: United Therapeutics Corp., Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 USA
Tyvaso is a registered trademark of United Therapeutics Corporation.
Copyright© 2017, United Therapeutics Corp. All rights reserved.
For more information, go to www.Tyvaso.com or call 1-877-864-8437.

Tyvaso®
INHALATION SYSTEM
Instructions for Use

Tyvaso®
(treprostinil)
INHALATION
SOLUTION

Table of Contents

General Instructions 2
Introduction 3
Preparing for Treatment With Tyvaso 3
  Preparing the Use Environment for Treatment 3
  Markings, Indicators, and Symbols 4
  Gathering Supplies 6
Setting Up Your Tyvaso Inhalation System 8
  Filling the Inhalation Device Chamber and Medicine Cup 8
  Assembling the Inhalation Device 10
  Turning On the Inhalation Device 13
Setting the Number of Breaths in a Treatment Session 14
Inhaling Your Medicine (Tyvaso) 16
Storing the Tyvaso Inhalation System Between Treatment Sessions 20
Cleaning and Maintenance of the Tyvaso Inhalation System 24
  End of Day Cleaning of the Accessories 24
  Weekly Cleaning 27
  Monthly Refill Kit 27
  Device Replacement 27
Charging Your Tyvaso Inhalation System 28
  Rechargeable Battery 28
Troubleshooting the Tyvaso Inhalation System 30
Specifications 36
Glossary 38
Warranty Information 40

General Instructions

The Tyvaso Inhalation System should be handled with care.

Follow these important instructions to ensure proper use:

  • Always unplug the device after each use.
  • Do not immerse the device in water or other liquids.
  • Do not place the device in a microwave or regular oven.
  • Do not place the device or use the device in the presence of strong electric or magnetic fields (eg, microwave oven, magnetic imaging equipment).
  • Do not leave the device alone with a small child.
  • Do not use the device near flammable liquids and materials or heated surfaces.
  • Read the instructions carefully and completely to prevent damage to your Tyvaso Inhalation System and help you get the best results.
  • This device should only be used on the order of your doctor or licensed healthcare practitioner.
  • Ensure the breath counter is correctly programmed prior to beginning a treatment (see page 14).
  • Do not peel or remove the labels from device.
  • Do not drop the device.

Introduction

Your doctor has prescribed Tyvaso® (treprostinil) Inhalation Solution. Please see the accompanying Patient Package Insert for important safety information on Tyvaso.

Tyvaso is breathed in (inhaled) using the Tyvaso Inhalation System, which consists of the inhalation device and its accessories.

These Instructions for Use (IFU) for the Tyvaso Inhalation System provide important safety information. It is important that you read these instructions and the Tyvaso Patient Package Insert (PPI) before setting up and using the Tyvaso Inhalation System. If you have any questions, talk to your doctor or specialty pharmacy provider.

Before beginning treatment with Tyvaso, you will receive either a Patient Starter Kit containing a 28-day supply of Tyvaso or an Institutional Starter Kit containing a 4-day supply of medication. Both kits include two (2) complete inhalation devices (all accessories and supplies included). When you refill your prescription for Tyvaso each month, you will receive a Refill Kit that contains a 28-day supply of Tyvaso and new accessories. You will receive a replacement device every two (2) years.

Preparing for Treatment With Tyvaso

Preparing the Use Environment for Treatment

Follow these important instructions before setting up your treatment:

  • Use the device in a quiet, distraction-free area.
  • Try to use the device at times when your treatment will not be interrupted. If you encounter any distractions during treatment, you can pause your treatment (see page 19).
  • Use the device in a comfortable space where you can stand or sit in an upright position that allows you to take deep breaths.
  • Use the device in an area that provides enough space for the Tyvaso Inhalation System and its accessories.
  • Gather all necessary supplies before starting to prepare for treatment (see pages 6 and 7).
  • The Tyvaso Inhalation System is recommended for use indoors. Be sure to use and store the inhalation device in environments that match the specified temperature and humidity ranges (see Specifications on page 36).

Markings, Indicators, and Symbols

Device markings

The Tyvaso Inhalation System complies with the requirements of Protection Class II. Class II equipment provides additional precautions, over and above basic insulation, to provide protection against electric shock.
Please read the accompanying instructions and labels for important information regarding the Tyvaso Inhalation System.
The Tyvaso Inhalation System has a Type B Applied part. Type B Applied parts comply with specific requirements to provide protection against shock and are not suitable for direct cardiac applications.
The Tyvaso Inhalation System should only be used on the order of your doctor or licensed healthcare provider.
The Tyvaso Inhalation System requires a 12V DC power supply.

Gathering Supplies

Gather the following supplies before starting treatment. Use only the parts and accessories that are provided with your starter kit or in the monthly refill kit. Note: supplies are not shown to scale.

1. Inhalation device 2. Water Level Cup with 45 mL of distilled water 3. Pack of Tyvaso ampules

Use only distilled water to fill your inhalation device once per day. Use one (1) ampule per day.
4. One of the provided power sources

Note: Supplies are not shown to scale.
*
These accessories are replaced every month. Replacement accessories are included in the Monthly Refill Kit.
5. Accessories
Medicine cups* Dome assembly with baffle plate inside* Inhalation piece* Mouthpiece* Two (2) Filter shells*
Filter membranes (use two (2) per day)* Plugs* Treatment Tracker* Carrying case Distilled water carrier (optional)

Setting Up Your Tyvaso Inhalation System

Filling the Inhalation Device Chamber and Medicine Cup

Before using the Tyvaso Inhalation System, you should:

  • Wash your hands

  • Make sure the device is NOT connected to a power source
  • Make sure the device is resting on a stable, flat surface during assembly

ONLY USE DISTILLED WATER in the device. Distilled water is highly purified water that can be purchased at most grocery stores and pharmacies. It is necessary for the device to function properly. If you use another type of water (such as bottled or tap water), the device may not function properly.

1
Fill the white chamber inside the device with approximately 45 mL of distilled water (about 1.5 ounces), using the water level cup provided. Fill the cup until water level is between the two arrow markings.

There is a silver sensor on the inside wall of the chamber. The water level should be above the silver sensor and below the blue ring in the device chamber. DO NOT OVERFILL the chamber, or the medicine cup will not fit correctly. Check the water level after filling the chamber.

2
Obtain one (1) medicine cup and inspect it for any damage, holes, cracks, or dents. Do not use the medicine cup if it is damaged.

Insert the empty medicine cup into the chamber of the device, making sure that the cup's bottom tip is in the distilled water. The cup will sit on the blue ring.

3
Carefully cut open the top of the foil pouch, making sure not to cut the ampules. Each pouch contains four (4) ampules.

Remove one (1) ampule of Tyvaso. Keep unused ampules in the foil pouch because the Tyvaso medicine is sensitive to light.

One (1) ampule contains enough medicine for one (1) day of treatment no matter how many breaths your doctor has prescribed.

4
Gently hold the ampule in the upright (topup) position and twist off its top.

5
Point the ampule straight down toward the medicine cup's center to avoid spills.

Gently squeeze the medicine out of the ampule into the medicine cup. Squeeze until it is empty. Check to see that all of the medicine is in the medicine cup.

Assembling the Inhalation Device

The Tyvaso Inhalation System is designed so the parts only fit together properly one way.

When the device is assembled correctly, the parts should fit together easily.

Do not force the parts together.

1
Visually check to make sure the blue plastic baffle plate and black ring are correctly placed in the dome assembly. They should appear as they do in the images below.

In the unlikely event that the baffle plate is loose or disconnected, use a new dome assembly. If you need to order a new dome assembly, contact your specialty pharmacy provider.

2
Align the raised circle on the side of the dome assembly with the circle on the side of the device. Push down and screw the dome assembly onto the device clockwise (right) until you hear a click, indicating the dome assembly is fully connected to the medicine cup. When the dome assembly is properly aligned, the filter shell port will point to the back of the device.

3
Insert the inhalation piece into the upper opening of the dome assembly and rotate toward the front of the device. Gently push down the inhalation piece to make sure it is securely inserted in the dome assembly.

4
Insert the mouthpiece into the inhalation piece.

5
Each day you will need to use a new filter membrane in each filter shell.

To install a new filter membrane:

  • Open the filter shell by unscrewing the two (2) halves.
  • Place a new filter membrane in one (1) of the filter shell halves.
  • Close the filter shell by screwing the two (2) halves together until you can twist no further.

Note: New filter shells come with fresh filter membranes already installed.

6
Insert one (1) of the filter shells into the filter shell port on the side of the dome assembly and insert the other filter shell into the port on the bottom of the inhalation piece. The two (2) filter shells are identical and can be used in either opening.

Make sure to insert the filter shells straight into their ports, rather than at an angle. If necessary, rotate the inhalation piece so you can insert the filter shell without the device getting in the way.

7
When the device is fully assembled, it should appear as it does in the photo below.

For convenience, rotate the inhalation piece so you can best see the indicator lights and display screen, which provide important prompts during your treatment.

Turning On the Inhalation Device

1
Connect your device to one (1) of the power source options by plugging one end of the power cord into the back of the inhalation device and the other end into the power source.

If using the AC wall plug, make sure to plug the output cable into the device before plugging adapter into the power source.

If using the rechargeable battery, make sure it is not also plugged into the AC wall plug.

2
To turn on the device, press and hold the ON/OFF button for approximately three (3) seconds. When you hear a short beep and the yellow status light is illuminated, release the ON/OFF button. Remember to press the center of the ON/OFF button when powering the device on or off.

When the power is on, the display screen will show the last number of breaths programmed and a yellow light will appear next to the screen.

Make sure the number matches the prescribed number of breaths for that treatment session. If it does not match, see the next page for instructions on setting the number of breaths in a treatment session.

Setting the Number of Breaths in a Treatment Session

You will inhale Tyvaso during four (4) treatment sessions each day. During each treatment session, you will take a series of breaths through the mouthpiece of the Tyvaso Inhalation System.

Your doctor will prescribe the number of breaths you should inhale in each treatment session.

You should record the number of breaths in your Treatment Tracker.

1
Make sure the device is powered off. To power off the device, press and hold the ON/OFF button for three (3) seconds. When you hear a short beep and the display screen turns off, release the ON/ OFF button.

To set the number of breaths, press and hold both the START/STOP and ON/OFF buttons at the same time until the display flashes and the device emits three (3) short beeps.

The flashing display indicates the inhalation device is in breath programming mode. You cannot begin a treatment while the display is flashing.

2
To increase the number of breaths press the + (ON/OFF) button.

To decrease the number of breaths press the (START/STOP) button.

Remember to press in the center of the buttons.

3
Once you have entered your prescribed number of breaths, remove your hands from the device and wait approximately 15 seconds.

After approximately 15 seconds, the display will stop flashing and the device will emit three (3) short beeps, indicating that it has saved the new number of breaths. The new number of breaths will appear on the display.

Make sure the number of breaths on the display matches the number of breaths in your prescription. If the numbers do not match, repeat steps 1-3.

Inhaling Your Medicine, Tyvaso® (treprostinil) Inhalation Solution

You will inhale Tyvaso during four (4) treatment sessions each day. During each treatment session, you will take a series of breaths through the mouthpiece of the Tyvaso Inhalation System.

Inhalation Tips

Technique:

When breathing each Tyvaso treatment, be sure to keep the device level, directing the flow of medicine into the throat and not toward the roof of the mouth.

Seal your lips around the mouthpiece to ensure that you can inhale the full amount of Tyvaso after it is produced by the device.

Inhalation:

Each breath should last approximately three (3) seconds, breathing "normal full breaths." Do not hold your breath. Exhale normally and prepare for the next breath.

1
Hold the device upright as shown below. Make sure you can see the display screen and lights clearly and that your hands do not cover the display screen or lights while holding device. If the inhalation piece or mouthpiece block your view of the display screen or lights, move the inhalation piece so you can best see them.

2
Perform steps A-G to complete one (1) treatment session.
Follow the instructions exactly to make sure you receive the correct medication dose.

A B C D
Press the START/STOP button to begin treatment. The status light turns green and the device emits two (2) short beeps. While the device emits one (1) long beep, exhale completely. After the device emits a short beep and while the inhalation indicator light is flashing green, place your lips securely around the mouthpiece and inhale slowly for the duration of the beep (at least three (3) seconds). Exhale normally, mark a circle in the Treatment Tracker and prepare for the next breath.
E F G
Repeat steps B through D for the number of prescribed breaths and until the display counts down to "00". After the final breath, the display screen will show "00" then "En," indicating the treatment session is complete.

Check the number of breaths you inhaled on the Treatment Tracker.
To turn off the device, press and hold the ON/OFF button for three (3) seconds and then release.

If the device is left in "En" mode for more than 60 seconds, it will turn off automatically.

3
To pause the treatment between breaths, press the START/STOP button. The display screen will show "PA."

To resume treatment, press START/ STOP again. "PA" will disappear and the display screen will show the number of breaths remaining.

If the device is disconnected from its power source for any reason (for example, a power failure), reconnect the device to a power source. Follow the instructions on page 13 to turn on the device. The display will show how many breaths are left in that treatment session. Press the START/STOP button to continue your treatment session.

Storing the Tyvaso Inhalation System Between Treatment Sessions

If you have more treatment sessions left in the day, perform the following steps.

If you have completed your last treatment session of the day, skip to Cleaning and Maintenance of the Tyvaso Inhalation System (see page 24).

Be sure to pack all parts, including a backup power supply, in the carry case whenever transporting your device.

1
Disconnect the device from its power source.

2
Remove both filter shells.

Do NOT remove the filter membranes from filter shells until after the last treatment session of the day.

3
Remove the mouthpiece.

4
Remove the inhalation piece.

5
Leave the dome assembly and medicine cup (with the medicine still in it) connected to the device.

6
Insert a plug into each of the open holes on the dome assembly to prevent the medicine from spilling out.

7
The inhalation device with the plugged dome assembly and all the accessories can be stored in the carrying case between treatment sessions.

Cleaning and Maintenance of the Tyvaso Inhalation System

End of Day Cleaning of the Accessories

1
Disconnect the device from the power source.

2
Remove both filter shells.

3
Open the filter shells by twisting in opposite directions.

Remove and discard the used filter membranes.

4
Remove the mouthpiece.

5
Remove the inhalation piece.

6
Remove the dome assembly by turning it counter-clockwise (to the left). The medicine cup should stay attached to the dome assembly.

7
Remove the medicine cup by gently squeezing on the sides where it is attached to the dome assembly. Empty the medicine cup into a sink or waste basket, then discard the medicine cup.

Be careful not to spill the medicine when removing or discarding the medicine cup.

8
Empty the distilled water from the chamber and let the inhalation device air dry upside down. You can wipe the chamber with a soft cloth or paper towel to collect water.

9
Clean the accessories (pictured below) by hand in mild, soapy, warm water, then rinse them thoroughly with water. Allow accessories to air dry.

10
Once all the items are dry, the filter shells, inhalation piece, mouthpiece, dome assembly, and inhalation device can be stored in the carrying case until the next day's treatment sessions.

Weekly Cleaning

  • Once a week, use a clean cloth to wipe the interior of the inhalation device chamber, be sure to wipe the disc in the bottom of the device. You may wipe the exterior of the device with a damp cloth if the lights or buttons become difficult to see. Proper cleaning will help to avoid corrosion and leaks and keep your device working properly.

Monthly Refill Kit

  • Once a month, you will receive a refill kit that will come with a new set of accessories from your specialty pharmacy provider. Inspect the shipment to be sure all parts are included (see page 7). Once the new kit has arrived, discard the used dome assembly, inhalation piece, mouthpiece, and two (2) filter shells. Do not recycle the used accessories.

Device Replacement

  • The inhalation device should be replaced every two (2) years from your first day of use. Replacement inhalation devices will be supplied by your specialty pharmacy provider.

Charging Your Tyvaso Inhalation System

Rechargeable Battery

The rechargeable battery is supplied with its own instructions for use. Refer to these instructions for more information.

  • Your Tyvaso Inhalation System is supplied with a portable, rechargeable battery. Do NOT use other batteries.
  • Your battery can only be charged by using one (1) of the AC wall plugs that comes with your inhalation device.
  • To check the battery's voltage level, press and hold the blue button on the front of the battery. You can only check the battery's voltage level when the battery is not plugged into a power source.

    The light below the button will turn on and indicate the battery's voltage level. A red light indicates the battery needs to be charged. A green light indicates the battery is ready to operate the device.
  • To charge the battery, connect the AC wall plug to the battery pack and plug the AC wall plug into an outlet.
    A yellow light on the front of the battery will turn on, indicating that the battery is charging.
  • Your battery may take up to 40 hours to fully charge. It is not possible to use the Tyvaso Inhalation System with the battery while it is recharging.

    A fully charged battery will typically last up to 200 inhalations. A battery charged for one (1) night (about 10 hours) will typically last up to one (1) day of therapy (about 40 inhalations).
  • You should connect the charged battery to the Tyvaso Inhalation System only for your treatment. When using the battery pack to power the device, make sure the battery is not plugged into a power source.
  • After your treatment session is complete, remove the power plug of the battery from the device.
  • Charge the battery whenever you are not using it to power the inhalation device.
  • Always have your AC wall plug or 12V DC adapter available for backup, in case the battery is not charged.

Troubleshooting the Tyvaso Inhalation System

Problem Possible causes Corrective actions
Low battery (LB)
  • Low battery
  • Unplug the battery from the device. Charge the battery by attaching it to the AC wall plug and outlet.
  • Use an alternative power source, such as the AC wall plug or 12V DC adapter, for treatment.
  • Defective adapter (AC wall plug or 12V DC adapter)
  • Ensure that the plug is properly connected to an outlet.
  • AC wall plug is still plugged into battery and battery is connected to device.
  • Turn off device (see page 14).
  • Disconnect AC wall plug from battery.
  • Check battery status, following instructions on page 28.
  • If device is properly powered and still does not function, contact your specialty pharmacy provider for a replacement.
Low hydrogen (LH)
  • Device chamber is empty or distilled water level in the device chamber is too low.
  • Unplug the device from its power source.
    Remove the dome assembly carefully, making sure not to spill its medicine. Empty the device chamber then refill it with distilled water (see page 8) and reconnect the dome assembly (see page 10).
  • The distilled water you are using is too purified
  • Empty device chamber. Add one (1) teaspoon of tap water to the water fill cup. Fill cup with distilled water up to level between the two arrow markings on cup (see page 8). Pour cup's contents into device chamber.
  • The sensor has a thin layer of build-up
  • Clean sensor and interior surfaces of water chamber with a clean cloth.
  • If device is properly powered and still does not function, contact your specialty pharmacy provider for a replacement.
No medicine comes out of the device during a treatment session
  • No Tyvaso® (treprostinil) Inhalation Solution in the medicine cup
  • Unplug the device from its power source. Fill medicine cup with one (1) ampule of Tyvaso.
  • Damaged medicine cup
  • Unplug the device from its power source. Replace the medicine cup.
  • Distilled water level in the device chamber is too high
  • Unplug the device from its power source. Empty the device chamber then refill it with 45 mL of distilled water.
  • Multiple medicine cups attached to the dome assembly
  • Unplug the device from its power source. Remove and dispose of all medicine cups in the device. Insert a single, new medicine cup into device chamber and fill with one (1) ampule of Tyvaso.
Difficult to breathe in medicine through the mouthpiece
  • Filter membrane is clogged
  • Unplug the device from its power source. Replace filter membrane (see page 11).
No "click" was heard when attaching the dome assembly
  • No medicine cup in the chamber of the device
  • Insert an empty medicine cup into the chamber of the device and fill it with one (1) ampule of Tyvaso.
  • Multiple medicine cups attached to the dome assembly
  • Unplug the device from its power source. Remove and dispose of all medicine cups in the device. Insert a single, new medicine cup into device chamber and fill with one (1) ampule of Tyvaso.
  • Dome assembly is not securely in place
  • Unplug the device from its power source. Align the circle on the side of the dome assembly with the circle on the side of the device. Push down and screw the dome assembly onto the device clockwise (right) until you hear a click, indicating the dome assembly is fully connected to the medicine cup.
Loss of power during treatment
  • Device is disconnected from its power source
  • Reconnect the device to a power source and press the ON/OFF button to turn on the device. The display will show how many breaths are left in that treatment session. Press the START/STOP button to continue your treatment session.
  • Power source is temporarily disrupted (for example, electricity interruption due to a storm)
  • Reconnect the device to a power source and turn on the device (see page 13). The display will show how many breaths are left in that treatment session. Press the START/ STOP button to continue your treatment session.

Specifications

Inhalation Device

Model TD-100/A
Size 98 × 66 × 105 mm
Weight, inhalation device 280 g (9.9 ounces)
Types of power supply AC wall plug
12V DC adapter
Rechargeable battery
Power input 12V DC, 1.5A maximum
Operating power consumption 18 Watt maximum
Ultrasonic frequency 2.4 MHz (nominal)
Nebulization rate 0.50 - 0.55 mg/min (0.9% Saline)
Medicine cup capacity 6 mL, nominal
Contact fluid chamber capacity 45 mL, nominal
Electric protection class II Type B
Storage temperature/humidity -5 to 40°C/20-80% relative humidity
Operating temperature/humidity 15 to 25°C/40-75% relative humidity

Packaging Dimensions (Approximate Length × Width × Height)

Patient Starter Kit (PSK) 12.2" × 14.3" × 16.0"
Monthly Refill Kit (MRK) 9.9" × 6.1" × 16.1"
Institutional Starter Kit (ISK) 12.2" × 14.3" × 16.0"

Tyvaso Mass and Particle Specifications for 9 breaths

*
n=108 data points from r=3 inhalation devices. Each data point was 9 breaths.
n=216 data points from r=6 inhalation devices. Each data point was 1 breath.
Mass Median Aerosol Diameter (MMAD)* mean = 2.0 μm
SD = 0.3
Total Emitted Dose per Breath mean = 6.0 μg
SD = 0.4
Total Aerosol Mass* mean = 58 μg
SD = 5.9
Total Respirable Dose* mean = 44.6 μg
SD = 3.5
Respirable Fraction* mean = 73%
SD = 5%
Geometric Standard Deviation (GSD)* mean = 2.6 μm
SD = 0.4

Accessories

Note: Part number subject to change.
ON-110HPA Rechargeable battery
ON-100Z 12V DC adapter
ON-100N-US AC wall plug
ON-102/1/C Medicine cup, Quantity-16
ON-109 Filter membranes
ON-120/C Plugs
ON-101/C Filter shell
TD-103/C Dome assembly with baffle plate
ON-104/C Inhalation piece
ON-105/C Mouthpiece
TD-118 Water level cup
TD-153 Carrying case
TD-155 Distilled water carrier

Glossary

Accessories: Parts of the Tyvaso Inhalation System. See pages 6 and 7.

Ampule: A sealed, lightweight clear plastic vial containing a 1-day supply of Tyvaso® (treprostinil) Inhalation Solution.

Control light for inhalation: A green LED on the top surface of the inhalation device that signals when you should inhale.

Baffle plate: A blue plastic piece that is inside the dome assembly. The baffle plate helps turn Tyvaso into particles that are the correct size to inhale.

Black ring: A round seal that fits on the bottom of the dome assembly. The seal helps ensure that Tyvaso does not mix with the distilled water in the device chamber.

Display screen: A small area on the inhalation device that displays number and letter prompts to guide you through your treatment sessions.

Distilled water: Water that is highly purified so that it contains only essential elements.

Dome assembly: The plastic accessory that contains the baffle plate and connects the mouthpiece, inhalation piece, and filter shells to the base of the inhalation device.

Filter membrane: The white pad that goes into the filter shells.

Filter shells: Plastic accessories that hold the filter membranes.

Inhalation piece: The plastic accessory that connects the mouthpiece with the dome assembly.

Inhalation device: The base of the Tyvaso Inhalation System to which the accessories connect. The inhalation device contains the display screen and lights.

Inhale: How you will breathe in Tyvaso with the Tyvaso Inhalation System.

Medicine cup: The disposable plastic cone-shaped cup into which Tyvaso is poured. The medicine cup fits inside the inhalation device chamber.

Mouthpiece: The plastic part that you will breathe through (using your mouth) to inhale Tyvaso.

ON/OFF button: A manually activated control on the front of the device that switches between fully on and fully off power states.

Plugs: Plastic accessories that are inserted into the openings of the dome assembly between treatment sessions. Plugs help keep Tyvaso from spilling if the inhalation device tips over.

Prompts: The audio and visual signals that help guide you through the treatment sessions.

Sensor: The silver object on the inside wall of the device chamber. The sensor must be covered with distilled water for the Tyvaso Inhalation System to function properly.

Status light: A multicolored LED on the front of the inhalation device that indicates the device's operational status.

Start/Stop treatment button: A manually activated control on the front of the device that begins or pauses treatment.

Specialty pharmacy provider: A pharmacy that carries only specialized medicines and medical devices. Your specialty pharmacy provider is a good source of information about Tyvaso and the Tyvaso Inhalation System.

Treatment session: One (1) of four (4) daily sessions during which you will take Tyvaso with a specific number of inhalations.

Tyvaso: The prescription medicine that you will use with the Tyvaso Inhalation System.

Water chamber: The white hollow portion in the center of the inhalation device into which distilled water and the medicine cup are placed.

Warranty Information

Your Tyvaso Inhalation System is granted a full replacement or repair warranty good for two (2) years from your date of receipt of the Tyvaso Inhalation System Starter Kit or five (5) years from the date of manufacture, whichever comes first. This warranty applies to the Tyvaso Inhalation System device only. Accessory components are not covered under warranty.

Circumstances that may void your warranty include:

  • Modification or disassembly of the Tyvaso Inhalation System device by anyone other than a factory-authorized technician
  • Failure to comply with the written Instructions for Use manual when operating the Tyvaso Inhalation System
  • Unapproved use of the Tyvaso Inhalation System

For all inquiries relating to service or warranty for your Tyvaso Inhalation System, contact your specialty pharmacy provider. You should have the following information available:

  • Device serial number (located on bottom of Tyvaso Inhalation System)
  • Date Tyvaso Inhalation System was acquired
  • Nature of the problem and any steps taken to fix it

Graphics in IFU are for representation only. Images may not be shown to scale

Tyvaso®
INHALATION SYSTEM
Instructions for Use

Tyvaso Inhalation Solution is for prescription use only.

Tyvaso is a registered trademark of United Therapeutics Corporation.

Literature Issued 2016-07-30

For further questions and information, or to report an adverse reaction, please call 1-877-UNITHER (1-877-864-8437).

Emergency contact information

Clinician: ___________________________________

Nurse educator: ______________________________

Specialty pharmacist: __________________________

United Therapeutics: ___________________________

Distributed by:
United Therapeutics Corporation
Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709

Tyvaso®
(treprostinil)
INHALATION
SOLUTION

© 2016, United Therapeutics Corporation. All rights reserved.
RTP-1-00052 Rev. E

Tyvaso®
INHALATION SYSTEM

Instructions for Use Manual

Tyvaso®
(treprostinil)
INHALATION
SOLUTION

Contents

Overview of your Tyvaso Inhalation System 4
  Introduction 6
  Safety and general instructions 8
  Buttons, indicators, and markings 10
  Inhalation device display screens 16
Programming your Tyvaso Inhalation System before use 18
  Charging device before use 20
  Setting your prescribed dose 22
  Adjusting device's audio volume 24
Preparing and using your Tyvaso Inhalation System for daily treatments 26
  Prepare a proper environment 28
  Gather supplies 29
  Fill water chamber and medicine cup 32
  Assemble inhalation device 35
  Power on inhalation device 40
  Inhale your medicine 42
Cleaning and Storing your Tyvaso Inhalation System 46
  Storing between sessions during the day 48
  End of day cleaning 52
  Recharging the Battery 57
  Weekly Cleaning 59
  Monthly Refill Kit 60
  Replacing your devices 61
Help / More information about your Tyvaso Inhalation System 62
  Troubleshooting 64
  Specifications 76
  Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) 79
  Glossary 87
  Warranty information 90

Overview of your Tyvaso Inhalation System

Section overview

This section introduces you to your Tyvaso Inhalation System and provides important safety information about using your system.

What you will need:
  ▶ A clean place to review these instructions
  ▶ Tyvaso Inhalation System to refer to while reading instructions
What is covered in this section:
  A: Introduction 6
  B: Safety and general instructions 8
  C: Buttons, indicators, and markings 10
  D: Inhalation device display screens 16

Important:

Do not start treatment with Tyvaso until you have been trained to use the Tyvaso Inhalation System. Make sure you understand all of the directions. Always ask your doctor or specialty pharmacy provider if you have any questions or are unsure of anything you are taught.

A: Introduction

Your doctor has prescribed Tyvaso® (treprostinil) Inhalation Solution. Please see the accompanying Patient Information for important safety information on Tyvaso.

Tyvaso is a prescription medicine used in adults to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) (WHO Group 1), which is high blood pressure in the arteries of your lungs. Tyvaso can improve exercise ability. The effects decrease over 4 hours; treatment timing can be adjusted for planned activities.

Tyvaso is breathed in (inhaled) using the Tyvaso Inhalation System, which consists of the inhalation device and its accessories.

This Instructions for Use manual for the Tyvaso Inhalation System provides important safety information. It is important that you read these instructions and the Tyvaso Patient Information before setting up and using the Tyvaso Inhalation System. If you have any questions, talk to your doctor or specialty pharmacy provider.

Before beginning treatment with Tyvaso, you will receive either a Patient Starter Kit containing a 28-day supply of Tyvaso or an Institutional Starter Kit containing a 4-day supply of medication.

Both kits include 2 complete inhalation devices (all accessories and supplies included). When you refill your prescription for Tyvaso each month, you will receive a Refill Kit that contains a 28-day supply of Tyvaso and new accessories. You will receive 2 replacement devices every 2 years.

 CAUTION: Federal law restricts this device to sale by or on the order of a physician, or other licensed practitioner.

Important:

  • Keep this Instructions for Use manual in a safe place where you can easily get to it for reference. For example, store the booklet in the Tyvaso Inhalation System carrying case, along with your other supplies.
  • Tyvaso Inhalation System is intended solely for the delivery of Tyvaso (treprostinil) Inhalation Solution. Tyvaso is for administration only with the Tyvaso Inhalation System.
B: Safety and general instructions

The Tyvaso Inhalation System should be handled carefully. Take the following precautions and follow all instructions in this document to avoid injury and ensure proper use:

Delivering treatments:

  • Read the instructions carefully and completely to prevent damage to your Tyvaso Inhalation System and help you get the best results.
  • This device should only be used on the order of your doctor or licensed healthcare practitioner.
  • Conduct only the number of treatment sessions and inhalations you have been prescribed.
  • Ensure the breath counter is correctly programmed prior to beginning a treatment (see page 22).
  • Turn off the device when not in use.
  • Do not use the device with an anesthetic breathing system or ventilator breathing system.
  • Use only the supplies provided in the Starter Kit and Monthly Refill Kit for correct device function.

Handling the device:

  • Do not peel or remove the labels from the device.
  • Do not drop the device.
  • The device does not include internal, replaceable parts. Do not attempt to open the device, modify the device, or remove device labeling.

Your environment:

  • Do not leave the device alone with a small child.
  • Do not immerse the device in water or other liquids, or place in dishwasher.
  • Do not place any system components in a microwave, conventional oven, or dishwasher.
  • Do not use the device near flammable liquids and materials or heated surfaces.
  • Do not place the device or use the device in the presence of strong electric or magnetic fields (eg, microwave oven, magnetic imaging equipment).
  • Wireless communications equipment (eg, cell phone) can affect operation of the device and should be kept at least a distance of 3.3 meters (about 11 feet) away while using the device.
  • If the device performance is affected by exposure to any conditions listed here, see the Troubleshooting section, or contact your healthcare provider or specialty pharmacy provider.
C: Buttons, indicators, and markings

Inhalation device

Inhalation indicator lights

Lights on top of device flash green when you should inhale.

On/Off, Start/Pause (blue) button

Press and hold to power device on or off. Once device is on, press and immediately release (do not hold down) to start or pause treatment.

Device Display

Provides instructions and device information.

Run / Program switch

Slide up to Run mode when you are ready to deliver your dose. Slide down to Program mode to program the number of breaths for your dose.

Volume / Breaths switch

When set to Run mode, push + to increase beeping volume, or push - to decrease beeping volume.

When set to Program mode, push + to increase the number of breaths, or push - to decrease the number of breaths required for each dose.

Power status light

Lights green when power is connected and battery is charging.

Power port

Port for plugging into a power source using the AC wall plug.

Additional device markings
Manufacturer. Indicates the medical device manufacturer.
(Symbol 5.1.1 of ANSI/AAMI/ISO 15223-1: 2012 Medical devices - symbols to be used with medical devices labels, labeling, and information to be supplied - part 1: general requirements)
Equipment should not be disposed of in the trash.
(Figure 1 of BS EN 50419:2006 - Marking of Electrical and Electronic Equipment in accordance with Article 11(2) of Directive 2002/96/EC (WEEE))
Catalogue number. Indicates the manufacturer's catalogue number so that the medical device can be identified. (Symbol 5.1.6 of ANSI/AAMI/ISO 15223-1: 2012 Medical devices - symbols to be used with medical devices labels, labeling, and information to be supplied - part 1: general requirements)
Serial number. Indicates the manufacturer's serial number so that a specific medical device can be identified. (Symbol 5.1.7 of ANSI/AAMI/ISO 15223-1: 2012 Medical devices - symbols to be used with medical devices labels, labeling, and information to be supplied - part 1: general requirements)
Consult instructions for use. Please read the accompanying instructions and labels for important information regarding the Tyvaso Inhalation System. (Symbol 5.4.3 of ANSI/AAMI/ISO 15223-1: 2012 Medical devices - symbols to be used with medical devices labels, labeling, and information to be supplied - part 1: general requirements)
The Tyvaso Inhalation System has a Type BF Applied part. Type BF Applied parts comply with specific requirements to provide protection against shock and are not suitable for direct cardiac applications.
(Symbol 5333 of IEC 60417 Database Snapshot - Graphical symbols for use on equipment)
The Tyvaso Inhalation System requires a 14V DC power supply. Use only the power supply intended for the Tyvaso Inhalation System.
(Direct Current, Symbol 5031 of IEC 60417 Database Snapshot - Graphical symbols for use on equipment)
The Tyvaso Inhalation System complies with the requirements of Protection Class II. Class II equipment provides additional precautions, over and above basic insulation, to provide protection against electric shock. (Class II equipment, Symbol 5172 of IEC 60417 Database Snapshot - Graphical symbols for use on equipment)
The Tyvaso Inhalation Device provides level 2 solid particle protection and level 2 liquid ingress protection per IEC 60529 specifications.
The Tyvaso Inhalation System should only be used on the order of your doctor or licensed healthcare provider. (Symbol statement as provided under 21 CFR 801.109(b)(1).)
Power stand by. Indicates the control for powering on and off the Tyvaso Inhalation System. ("On" / "Off", Symbol 5010 of IEC 60417 Database Snapshot - Graphical symbols for use on equipment)
Start/Pause. Indicates the control for starting a treatment session once the device is powered on, and for pausing a treatment once a treatment session has started. (Play and Pause, Symbols 5107B and 5111B, respectively, of IEC 60417 Database Snapshot - Graphical symbols for use on equipment)
D: Inhalation device display screens
Splash screen
Device name and software version
Last Treatment
Time since your last treatment
Program Breaths
Number of breaths set in Program mode
Adjust Volume
Audio volume level set in Run mode
Breaths Left
Number of breaths left in a current dose
Exhale
Prompt to exhale during a dose
Inhale
Prompt to inhale during a dose
Done
Treatment session is complete
Pause
You have paused a treatment session
Call Support
Device is not working, call your specialty pharmacy provider for support
Add Water
Wrong or missing fluid in water chamber
Charge Battery
Battery not charged enough to deliver treatment
Status icons
Icons that might appear at bottom of the screen

Programming your Tyvaso Inhalation System before use

Section overview

This section provides instructions for charging your device, setting your dose, and adjusting the device's audio volume before you use the device for a treatment.

What you will need:
  ▶ A clean place to work with the device
  ▶ Tyvaso Inhalation Device
  ▶ The number of breaths your doctor prescribed for each dose
What is covered in this section:
  A: Charging device before use 20
  B: Setting your prescribed dose 22
  C: Adjusting device's audio volume 24

Important:

Do not start treatment with Tyvaso until you have been trained to use the Tyvaso Inhalation System. Make sure you understand all of the directions. Always ask your doctor or specialty pharmacy provider if you have any questions or are unsure of anything you are taught.

A: Charging device before use

1. Plug in device

Important: A new device might not be fully charged when you receive it. Always charge the device before you first use it. You can also charge the device overnight, when not in use and in between uses.

Plug the AC wall plug's white connector into the port on the back of the inhalation device. Then, plug the AC wall plug into the wall outlet.

The power status light above the port will light green when properly plugged in.

2. Check the battery's status

Make sure the Run / Program switch is set to Run. Press and hold the blue button to power on the device.

The battery icon at the bottom of the screen indicates battery status.

When you are done checking the battery status, press and hold the On/Off button until the display screen shuts off (note: letting the button go before the screen shuts off will start a treatment session).

If there is not enough charge to conduct a treatment session, "Charge battery" appears on screen.
B: Setting your prescribed dose

Your doctor will prescribe the number of breaths you should take in each treatment session. You should program this number into the inhalation device before you use the device.

1. Switch to Program

Slide the Run / Program switch on the side of the device down to Program mode. In Program mode you enter the prescribed number of breaths for each dose. You cannot begin a treatment in Program mode.

2. Power on

Press and hold the On/Off button until the display screen turns on. The Program Breaths screen appears. The number of breaths currently set for each treatment session will flash.

3. Set breaths

Use the Volume / Breaths toggle button to enter your prescribed number of breaths onto the program screen.

4. Switch to Run

Slide the Run / Program switch up to Run mode. Make sure your new breath count appears on screen.

5. Power off

Press and hold the On/Off button until the display screen shuts off (note: letting the button go before the screen shuts off will start a treatment session).

Note: You will not need to program the breath count again, unless your prescribed number of breaths changes.

C: Adjusting device's audio volume

You can use the Volume / Breaths toggle button to adjust the volume of the audible signals (beeps) that the device provides as feedback during treatment sessions.

1. Switch to Run

Slide the Run / Program switch up to Run mode, if it is not in this position already.

2. Power on

Press and hold the On/Off button until the display screen turns on, if it is not already turned on. The programmed number of breaths will appear with the words "Breaths left" and the battery icon at the bottom.

3. Adjust volume

With the Run / Program switch in the Run position, press the Volume / Breaths toggle button to access then Adjust Volume screen. Push + on the Volume / Breaths toggle button to increase beeping volume, or push - to decrease beeping volume.

audio off       mid-level volume maximum volume

4. Power off

After adjusting the beeping volume up or down, the screen will display your new setting for a couple of seconds then return to the screen displaying the breaths left.

Press and hold the On/Off button until the display screen shuts off (note: letting the button go before the screen shuts off will start a treatment session).

Preparing and using your Tyvaso Inhalation System for daily treatments

Section overview

This section provides instructions for preparing and using your Tyvaso Inhalation System for daily treatments.

What you will need:
▶ A clean place to take your medicine
▶ Tyvaso Inhalation device
▶ Tyvaso Inhalation supplies
▶ One ampule of Tyvaso Inhalation Solution
What is covered in this section:
  A: Prepare a proper environment 28
  B: Gather supplies 29
  C: Fill water chamber and medicine cup 32
  D: Assemble inhalation device 35
  E: Power on inhalation device 40
  F: Inhale your medicine 42

Important:

Before using the Tyvaso Inhalation System, you should:

  • Wash your hands.
  • Make sure the device is resting on a stable, flat surface during assembly.
A: Prepare a proper environment

Follow these important instructions before setting up your treatment:

  • Use the device in a quiet, distraction-free area.
  • Try to use the device at times when your treatment will not be interrupted. If needed, you can pause your treatment (see page 44).
  • Use the device in a comfortable space where you can stand or sit in an upright position.
  • Use the device in an area where you can access a power source if you need to use the AC wall plug.
  • The Tyvaso Inhalation System is recommended for use indoors.
  • Use the device in an area that provides enough space for the Tyvaso Inhalation System and its accessories.
  • Gather all necessary supplies on a stable, flat surface for assembly (see page 29 for list of supplies).
  • Store the inhalation device at 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F). Use at 15°C to 25°C (59°F to 77°F).
  • Use the device in a well-lit area where you can clearly read these instructions, labels on the device, and the device screen.
B: Gather supplies

Gather the following supplies before starting treatment. Use only the supplies provided in the starter kit and monthly refill kit for correct device function. Prior to use, inspect each part and do not use parts if they appear damaged or dirty.

*
These accessories are replaced every month. Replacement accessories are included in the Monthly Refill Kit.
Inhalation device
Powered off
Tyvaso ampules
Use 1 ampule per day
Water level cup
with 45 mL of distilled water
Filter membranes*
Use 2 per day
Medicine cups*
Use 1 per day
Dome assembly*
Mouthpiece* Inhalation piece* 2 filter shells*
2 Plugs*
(Used when storing the device)
Carrying case Pen or pencil (not provided) to record your treatment
Distilled water carrier AC wall plug Treatment Tracker
C: Fill water chamber and medicine cup

Important:

  • Wash your hands
  • Unplug device when filling to avoid damage to cords or connectors.
  • Only use distilled water in the device. Distilled water is highly purified water that is required for the device to function properly. If you use another type of water (such as bottled or tap water), the device might not function properly. You can purchase distilled water at most grocery stores and pharmacies.

1. Fill chamber

Fill the water level cup with distilled water up to the arrow markers on the water cup. Use fresh distilled water with each treatment (ie, do not use water left in the chamber from a previous treatment). Pour the distilled water into the water chamber.

Make sure the water level is above the upper, silver sensor and below the blue ring in the water chamber (about 45 mL of distilled water).

Do not overfill the water chamber, or else the medicine cup might not fit correctly.

2. Place medicine cup

Obtain 1 new medicine cup and inspect it. Do not use a medicine cup that is damaged (e.g., cracked or contains holes or dents), dirty, or was used before.

Place the empty medicine cup into the chamber of the device, making sure that the cup's bottom tip is in the distilled water.

 CAUTION: Make sure you place only one medicine cup. Placing multiple cups will prevent the flow of medicine.

3. Gather one ampule

Carefully cut open the top of the foil pouch, making sure not to cut the ampules. Each pouch contains 4 ampules. Remove 1 ampule of Tyvaso.

Keep unused ampules in the foil pouch because the Tyvaso medicine is sensitive to light. Write the date you first opened the pouch on the foil pouch.

One ampule contains enough medicine for one day of treatment no matter how many breaths your doctor has prescribed.

 CAUTION: Ampules must be used within 7 days of opening foil pouch. Open only 1 pouch at a time. Throw away (discard) any unused ampules after 7 days.

4. Open ampule

Gently hold the ampule in the upright (top up) position and twist off its top.

 CAUTION: If any medicine from the ampule spills on your hands, wash your hands right away. Medicine contact with the skin can cause irritation.

5. Squeeze ampule

Point the ampule straight down toward the medicine cup's center to avoid spills.

Gently squeeze the medicine out of the ampule into the medicine cup. Squeeze until it is empty. Check to see that all of the medicine is in the medicine cup.

D: Assemble inhalation device

Important: Do not force parts together.

The Tyvaso Inhalation System is designed so the parts only fit together properly one way. When the device is assembled correctly, the parts should fit together easily.

1. Check dome assembly

Visually check to make sure the black ring is securely placed in the dome assembly. The black ring should look like it does in the pictures below.

If the black ring is loose or missing, do not use the dome assembly. Throw it away and get a new one. If you need to order a new dome assembly, contact your specialty pharmacy provider.

2. Attach dome assembly

Align the raised circle on the side of the dome assembly with the raised circle on the side of the device.

Push down and screw the dome assembly onto the device clockwise (right) until the filter shell port is tight and pointed to the back of the device. You will hear clicks (or a slight crunching sound) as the dome assembly presses down on the medicine cup.

Important: The dome assembly "clicks" only the first time it connects to the medicine cup. If you then realign the dome assembly you will not hear another click.

3. Install new filter membrane

Each day you will need to use a new filter membrane in each filter shell.

Note: New filter shells come with fresh filter membranes already installed.

To install a new filter membrane:
▶ a. Open the filter shell by unscrewing the 2 halves.
▶ b. Place a new filter membrane in 1 of the filter shell halves.
▶ c. Close the filter shell by screwing the 2 halves together until you can twist no further.
▶ d. Repeat steps a-c for second filter shell.

4. Attach filter shells

Insert 1 filter shell into the filter shell port on the side of the dome assembly and insert the second filter shell into the port on the bottom of the inhalation piece. The filter shells are the same and can be used in either port. You can turn the filter shells around to fit into the ports, as needed.

Make sure to insert filter shells straight into ports, not at an angle.

5. Insert inhalation piece

Insert the inhalation piece with attached filter shell into the upper opening of the dome assembly and turn it toward the front of the device. Gently push down the inhalation piece to make sure it is securely inserted in the dome assembly.

6. Insert mouthpiece

Carefully insert the mouthpiece into the inhalation piece.

7. Check assembled device

When the device is fully assembled, it should look like it does below. Slightly turn the inhalation piece so you can see the display screen, which provides important prompts during your treatment.

Important: Do not use device if you see liquid leaking from bottom of the device.

E: Power on inhalation device

1. Power on device

Press and hold the On/Off button until the screen turns on and the device beeps once.

The screen will display the splash screen, then the time since your last treatment, then the current breaths programmed for each dose.

Important: Make sure the number on screen above "Breaths left" matches the prescribed number of breaths for that treatment session. If it does not match, see page 22 for instructions on setting the number of breaths for a treatment session.

2. Plug in device, if needed

If the device's internal battery is too low to deliver a full treatment, the screen will display an instruction to plug in the power to charge the device battery. If the battery is fully depleted, the screen will not turn on.

You can charge the battery at any time, before the screen displays "Charge battery."

You can conduct a treatment session with the power plugged in. First, plug the AC wall plug's white connector into the port on the back of the inhalation device. Then, plug the AC wall plug into the wall outlet. The power status light above the port will light green when properly plugged in.

F: Inhale your medicine

1. Before starting, confirm treatment

You will breathe in (inhale) Tyvaso during 4 treatment sessions each day (evenly spaced during your waking hours). During each treatment session, you will take a series of breaths through the mouthpiece of the Tyvaso Inhalation System.

Before inhaling your medicine, ensure the Run/Program switch is in the 'Run' position, and make sure the number displayed on screen matches your prescribed number of breaths for that treatment session. During the treatment the device counts down each breath after a set time interval. Once you complete all breaths, record the breath number in your Treatment Tracker.

Important: If the number of breaths displayed does not match the number of breaths in your prescription, see page 22 "Setting your prescribed dose" and repeat steps 1-4.

2. Hold the device upright

Hold the device upright and stand or sit in an upright position as shown below. Avoid covering the bottom of the device so that the audio speaker is not blocked.

Make sure you can see the display screen and lights clearly and that your hands do not cover the display screen or lights while holding device. If needed, you can move the inhalation piece and mouthpiece slightly to either side to see the screen and lights better.

See next page to start treatment.

Inhalation tips:

Technique:

When breathing each Tyvaso treatment, be sure to keep the device level, directing the flow of medicine into the throat and not toward the roof of the mouth.

Seal your lips around the mouthpiece to ensure that you can inhale the full amount of Tyvaso after it is produced by the device.

Inhalation:

Each breath should last approximately 3 seconds, breathing "normal full breaths." Do not hold your breath. Remove your lips from the mouthpiece, breathe out (exhale) normally and prepare for the next breath.

3. Press blue button to start treatment

If you need to pause treatment, you can press and immediately release (do not hold down) the blue button. Press the button again and immediately release to resume treatment. (Note: If you do not resume treatment after pausing, power off device.)

4. Wait

Look at the display screen for cues. Wait until you hear 2 short beeps. When you hear 1 long beep, exhale to prepare to inhale.

5. Inhale

When you hear 1 short beep and the indicator lights flash green, place your lips securely around the mouthpiece and inhale for 3 seconds. When lights stop flashing, remove lips from mouthpiece and exhale normally.

6. Repeat for each breath left

The screen will decrease the number of breaths left by 1. Repeat steps 4 and 5 for the number of prescribed breaths.

7. Finish session

After displaying the last breath sequence, the green Done screen appears, you will hear a beep, and your treatment is done.

If the device is left in the "✓ Done" mode for more than 60 seconds, it will turn off automatically.

8. Record breaths, turn off device

Record the number of breaths you inhaled on the Treatment Tracker.

Press and hold blue button until screen turns off.

 CAUTION: If medicine does not appear to be flowing properly, the system might be set up incorrectly. See "Troubleshooting", starting on page 64 for details.

Cleaning and Storing your Tyvaso Inhalation System

Section overview

This section provides instructions for storing your Tyvaso Inhalation System after each treatment and daily and weekly cleaning.

There is also information about your monthly refill kits, replacing your device, and recharging the device's battery.

What you will need:
  ▶ A clean place to work with the device
  ▶ Tyvaso Inhalation device
  ▶ Tyvaso Inhalation supplies
What is covered in this section:
  A: Storing between sessions during the day 48
  B: End of day cleaning 52
  C: Recharging the Battery 57
  D: Weekly Cleaning 59
  E: Monthly Refill Kit 60
  F: Replacing your devices 61

Important:

For further support, you can:

  • Fill out and refer to your emergency contact information on the back of this Instructions for Use manual.
  • Call 1-877-UNITHER (1-877-864-8437) for questions and information, or to report an adverse reaction.
A: Storing between sessions during the day

If you have more treatment sessions left in the day, perform the steps in this section.

If you have completed your last treatment session of the day, skip to "End of day cleaning" on page 52.

Be sure to pack all parts, including the AC wall plug, in the carry case whenever transporting your device.

1. Disconnect AC wall plug
(if it is currently connected)

2. Remove mouthpiece

3. Remove inhalation piece

Important: When removing accessories between treatment sessions, hold the device by its base to avoid spilling the medicine.

4. Remove both filter shells

Note: Do not remove the filter membranes from filter shells until after the last treatment session of the day.

5. Leave dome assembly

Leave dome assembly and medicine cup (with the medicine still in it) attached to the device.

6. Place plugs in dome assembly

Insert a plug into each of the two open holes on the dome assembly to prevent the medicine from spilling out.

Important: If the plugs are not in place, the medicine may spill. If you spill any medicine, start your next treatment with a new ampule.

7. Store in carry case

You can store the inhalation device with the plugged dome assembly and disassembled accessories in the carrying case between treatment sessions.

Keep the carry case upright while inserting the device and components so that water and medicine does not spill out of the device.

Important: Store the inhalation device in an upright position until the next treatment session. See "Specifications" on page 76 for additional storage and transport information.

B: End of day cleaning

If you have completed your last treatment session of the day, perform the steps in this section.

If you have more treatment sessions left in the day, refer back to "Storing between sessions during the day" on page 48.

1. Disconnect AC wall plug
(if it is currently connected)

2. Remove mouthpiece

3. Remove inhalation piece with attached filter shell

4. Remove both filter shells

5. Discard filter membranes

Open filter shells by twisting in opposite directions. Remove and discard used filter membranes in the trash.

6. Remove dome assembly

Remove the dome assembly by turning it counter-clockwise (to the left). The medicine cup should stay attached to the dome assembly.

7. Remove medicine cup

Remove the medicine cup by gently squeezing on the sides where it is attached to the dome assembly.

Be careful not to spill any leftover medicine.

 CAUTION: If any medicine from the medicine cup spills on your hands, wash your hands immediately. Medicine contact with the skin can cause irritation.

8. Empty medicine cup

Empty any leftover medicine in the medicine cup into a waste basket, and discard the medicine cup.

Important: Discard remaining Tyvaso® (treprostinil) Inhalation Solution in an appropriate waste receptacle. Discard plastic medicine cup in the trash.

Do not reuse or recycle medicine cup.

9. Empty and clean device

Empty distilled water from chamber and let inhalation device air dry upside down. You can wipe the chamber with a soft cloth or paper towel to remove any remaining water.

Important: Do not place the inhalation device in water or in a dishwasher.

10. Clean accessories

Clean accessories (pictured below) by hand in mild, soapy, warm water, then rinse them thoroughly with water. Allow accessories to air dry.

Dome assembly Inhalation piece
Mouthpiece Filter shells

Important: Do not place the inhalation device or its accessories in a microwave, conventional oven, or dishwasher.

11. Store components

Once all the items are dry, you can store the filter shells, inhalation piece, mouthpiece, dome assembly, AC wall plug, and inhalation device in the carrying case until the next day's treatment sessions.

You can also recharge the device for the next day of use (see page 57.)

C: Recharging the Battery

1. Checking the battery's status

You can recharge your battery at any time. Press and hold the blue button to power on the device to check battery status. Make sure the Run / Program switch is set to Run.

  • The battery icon at the bottom of the screen indicates battery status:
  • "Charge battery" appears on screen if there is not enough charge to conduct a treatment session.

Important: Always charge the device before you first use it. You should also charge the device when not in use and in between uses.

2. Charging the battery

Plug the AC wall plug's white connector into the port on the back of the inhalation device. Then, plug the AC wall plug into the wall outlet. The power status light above the port will light green when properly plugged in.

The device battery might take up to 8 hours to fully charge.

If the device is powered on, the battery charging icon appears next to the battery icon at the bottom of the screen.

Battery charging icon
D: Weekly Cleaning

Clean the device once a week to help avoid corrosion and leaks and to keep your device working properly.

Once a week, use a clean, dry cloth to wipe the interior of the inhalation device chamber. Make sure to wipe the two silver sensors and the white disc in the bottom of the device.

You may wipe the exterior of the device with a damp cloth if the lights or buttons become difficult to see.

E: Monthly Refill Kit

Once a month, you will receive a refill kit that will come with a new set of accessories from your specialty pharmacy provider.

  • Inspect the shipment to be sure all parts are included.
  • Once the new kit has arrived, discard the used dome assembly, inhalation piece, mouthpiece, and 2 filter shells.
  • Do not recycle the used accessories.
Dome assembly 2 filter shells
Mouthpiece Inhalation piece 2 plugs
Filter membranes Medicine cups
F: Replacing your devices

The inhalation devices should be replaced every 2 years from your first day of use. Replacement inhalation devices will be supplied by your specialty pharmacy provider.

When you receive a new inhalation device your specialty pharmacy provider will provide instructions for returning the old device.

Help / More information about your Tyvaso Inhalation System

Section overview

This section provides additional information about your device. Use this section to troubleshoot difficulties you have with the device, or to learn more about the device's specifications and warranty.

What you will need:
  ▶ Access to a phone (to contact support if troubleshooting steps do not resolve the problem)
  ▶ A clean place to work with the device
  ▶ Tyvaso Inhalation Device or supplies, as needed
What is covered in this section:
  A: Troubleshooting 64
  B: Specifications 76
  C: Glossary 87
  D: Warranty information 90

Important:

For further support, you can:

  • Fill out and refer to your emergency contact information on the back of this Instructions for Use manual.
  • Call 1-877-UNITHER (1-877-864-8437) for questions and information, or to report an adverse reaction.
A: Troubleshooting
Problem Possible causes Corrective actions
Charge Battery screen appears
Low battery Charge the device battery by attaching the AC wall plug to an outlet. You can conduct a treatment session with the device plugged in.
AC wall plug not properly connected
Ensure that the plug adapter piece (the detachable piece with the metal prongs) is securely attached to the AC wall plug. Then, make sure the AC wall plug is properly connected to an outlet and device. The status lights on the back of the AC wall plug and device should light green. You can conduct a treatment session with the device plugged in.
AC wall plug is defective
Use the replacement AC wall plug. Confirm that status light on AC wall plug is green when plugged in. You can conduct a treatment session with the device plugged in.
If device still does not function after taking corrective actions listed above, contact your specialty pharmacy provider for a replacement.
Screen does not turn on
Device battery is completely empty Charge the device battery by attaching the AC wall plug to an outlet. You can conduct a treatment session with the device plugged in.
AC wall plug not properly connected
Ensure that the plug adapter piece (the detachable piece with the metal prongs) is securely attached to the AC wall plug. Then, make sure the AC wall plug is properly connected to an outlet and device. The status lights on the back of the AC wall plug and device should light green. You can conduct a treatment session with the device plugged in.
AC wall plug is defective
Use the replacement AC wall plug. Confirm that status light on AC wall plug is green when plugged in. You can conduct a treatment session with the device plugged in.
If device still does not function after taking corrective actions listed above, contact your specialty pharmacy provider for a replacement.
Call Support screen appears
Temporary device failure. Unplug device, if plugged in, and power off device. Power on device and check that Call Support screen does not reappear. Continue treatment.
If device still does not function after taking corrective actions listed above, contact your specialty pharmacy provider for a replacement.
Loss of power during treatment Device is disconnected from power source and battery is empty Reconnect device to power source and confirm the power status light on back of device is green (battery is charging). Press and hold the blue On/Off button to turn on the device. The display will show how many breaths are left in that treatment session. Press and immediately release (do not hold down) the blue button again to continue your treatment session.
Power source is temporarily disrupted (for example, electricity interruption due to a storm) Reconnect device to power source and confirm the power status light on back of device is green (battery is charging). Press and hold the blue On/Off button to turn on the device. The display will show how many breaths are left in that treatment session. Press and immediately release (do not hold down) the blue button again to continue your treatment session.
If device still does not function after taking corrective actions listed above, contact your specialty pharmacy provider for a replacement.
Add Water screen appears
Chamber is empty or distilled water level is too low.
Unplug device, if plugged in, and power off device. Remove dome assembly (making sure not to spill medicine) and place it aside, keeping it upright. Then empty water chamber.
Refill chamber with distilled water using water level cup (see page 32). Reassemble device. Power the device on and continue treatment.
The distilled water is too pure. Unplug device, if plugged in, and power off device. Remove dome assembly (making sure not to spill medicine) and place it aside, keeping it upright. Then empty device chamber.
Add 1 teaspoon of tap water to the water level cup. Fill rest of cup with distilled water up to level between the two arrow markings on cup (see page 32). Pour cup's contents into device chamber. Reassemble device. Power the device on and continue treatment.
Water level sensors have a thin layer of build-up
Unplug device, if plugged in, and power off device. Remove dome assembly (making sure not to spill medicine) and place it aside, keeping it upright. Then empty device chamber.
Clean sensors and interior surfaces of water chamber with a clean cloth. Refill chamber with distilled water using water level cup (see page 32). Reassemble device. Power the device on and continue treatment.
If device still does not function after taking corrective actions listed above, contact your specialty pharmacy provider for a replacement.
No "click" (or crunch) was heard when attaching the dome assembly No medicine cup in the chamber of the device Unplug device, if plugged in, and power off device. Place an empty medicine cup into the water chamber of the device and fill it with 1 ampule of Tyvaso. Reassemble device. Power the device on and continue treatment.
Multiple medicine cups attached to the dome assembly
Unplug device, if plugged in, and power off device. Remove and dispose of all medicine cups in the device. Place a single, new medicine cup into device water chamber and fill with 1 ampule of Tyvaso. Reassemble device. Power the device on and continue treatment.
Dome assembly is not securely in place Unplug device, if plugged in, and power off device.
Align the raised circle on the side of the dome assembly with the raised circle on the side of the device.
Push down and screw the dome assembly onto the device clockwise (right) until the filter shell port is tight and pointed to the back of the device and the raised circles line up again. You will hear clicks (or crunch sound) as the dome assembly presses down on the medicine cup. Reassemble device. Power the device on and continue treatment.
If device still does not function after taking corrective actions listed above, contact your specialty pharmacy provider for a replacement.
No medicine comes out of the device during a treatment session No Tyvaso® (treprostinil) Inhalation Solution in the medicine cup
Unplug device, if plugged in, and power off device. Fill medicine cup with 1 ampule of Tyvaso. Reassemble device. Power the device on and continue treatment.
Damaged medicine cup
Unplug device, if plugged in, and power off device. Replace the medicine cup. Reassemble device. Power the device on and continue treatment.
Distilled water level in the device chamber is too high
Unplug device, if plugged in, and power off device. Empty the device chamber then refill it with 45 mL of distilled water (see page 32). Reassemble device. Power the device on and continue treatment.
Multiple medicine cups attached to the dome assembly
Unplug device, if plugged in, and power off device. Remove and dispose of all medicine cups in the device. Place a single, new medicine cup into device chamber and fill with 1 ampule of Tyvaso. Reassemble device. Power the device on and continue treatment.
If device still does not function after taking corrective actions listed above, contact your specialty pharmacy provider for a replacement.
Difficult to breathe in medicine through the mouthpiece Filter membrane is clogged
Unplug device, if plugged in, and power off device. Replace filter membrane (see page 37). Reassemble device. Power the device on and continue treatment.
If device still does not function after taking corrective actions listed above, contact your specialty pharmacy provider for a replacement.
B: Specifications
Inhalation Device
Model TD-300/A
Size 3.5" × 3.2" × 4.7" (90 × 82 × 120 mm)
Weight, inhalation device 365g (12.8 oz)
Types of power supply AC wall plug, 120V, 60 Hz
Power input 14V DC, 1.1A maximum
Operating power consumption 18 Watt maximum
Ultrasonic frequency 2.4 MHz (nominal)
Nebulization rate 0.50 - 0.55 mg/min (0.9% Saline)
Medicine cup capacity 6 mL, nominal
Contact fluid chamber capacity 45 mL, nominal
Electric protection class II, Type BF
Storage temperature/humidity 15 to 30ºC/20-80% relative humidity
Operating temperature/humidity 15 to 25ºC/40-75% relative humidity
A-weighted sound pressure level 75 dBA (1m), maximum
Packaging Dimensions (Approximate Length × Width × Height)
Patient Starter Kit (PSK) 12.2" × 14.3" × 16.0"
Monthly Refill Kit (MRK) 9.9" × 6.1" × 16.1"
Institutional Starter Kit (ISK) 12.2" × 14.3" × 16.0"
Tyvaso Mass and Particle Specifications for 9 breaths
*
n=108 data points from r=3 inhalation devices. Each data point was 9 breaths.
n=216 data points from r=6 inhalation devices. Each data point was 1 breath.
Mass Median Aerosol Diameter (MMAD)* mean = 2.0 µm
SD = 0.3
Total Emitted Dose per Breath mean = 6.0 µg
SD = 0.4
Total Aerosol Mass* mean = 58 µg
SD = 5.9
Total Respirable Dose* mean = 44.6 µg
SD = 3.5
Respirable Fraction* mean = 73%
SD = 5
Geometric Standard Deviation (GSD)* mean = 2.6
SD = 0.4
Accessories
Note: Part number subject to change.
TD-300N-US AC wall plug
ON-102/1/C Medicine cup, Quantity-16
ON-109 Filter membranes
ON-120/C Plugs
ON-101/C Filter shell
TD-103/C Dome assembly with baffle plate
ON-104/C Inhalation piece
ON-105/C Mouthpiece
TD-118 Water level cup
TD-158 Tyvaso case
TD-155 Distilled water carrier
C: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)

The Tyvaso Inhalation System has been tested and found to comply with the electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) limits for medical devices according to IEC 60601-1-2: (2007). Compliance is intended to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a typical user environment.

Table 1, Table 2 and Table 3 document the intended EMC use environment and established compliance levels for the Tyvaso Inhalation System. To ensure the intended performance, use the system in the environments described in these tables.

The Tyvaso Inhalation System is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified in this section.

Table 1: Guidance and manufacturer's declaration - electromagnetic emissions
Guidance and manufacturer's declaration - electromagnetic emissions
The Tyvaso Inhalation System is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below. The customer or the user of the Tyvaso Inhalation System should assure that it is used in such an environment.
Emissions test Compliance Electromagnetic environment - guidance
RF emissions CISPR 11 Group 1 The Tyvaso Inhalation System uses RF energy only for its internal function. Therefore, its RF emissions are very low and are not likely to cause any interference in nearby electronic equipment.
RF emissions CISPR 11 Class B The Tyvaso Inhalation System is suitable for use in all establishments, including domestic establishments and those directly connected to the public low voltage power supply network that supplies buildings used for domestic purposes.
Harmonic emissions IEC 61000-3-2 Class A
Voltage fluctuations/flicker emissions IEC 61000-3-3 Complies
Table 2: Guidance and manufacturer's declaration – electromagnetic immunity
NOTE UT is the a.c. mains voltage prior to application of the test level.
NOTE 1 At 80 MHz and 800 MHz, the higher frequency range applies.
NOTE 2 These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is affected by absorption and reflection from structures, objects and people.
*
Field strengths from fixed transmitters, such as base stations for radio (cellular/cordless) telephones and land mobile radios, amateur radio, AM and FM radio broadcast and TV broadcast cannot be predicted theoretically with accuracy. To assess the electromagnetic environment due to fixed RF transmitters, an electromagnetic site survey should be considered. If the measured field strength in the location in which the Tyvaso Inhalation System is used exceeds the applicable RF compliance level above, the Tyvaso Inhalation System should be observed to verify normal operation. If abnormal performance is observed, additional measures may be necessary, such as re-orienting or relocating the Tyvaso Inhalation System.
Over the frequency range 150 kHz to 80 MHz, field strengths should be less than [V1] V/m.
Guidance and manufacturer's declaration – electromagnetic immunity
The Tyvaso Inhalation System is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below. The customer or the user of the Tyvaso Inhalation System should assure that it is used in such an environment.
Immunity test IEC 60601 Test level Compliance level Electromagnetic environment guidance –
Electrostatic discharge (ESD)
IEC 61000-4-2
± 8 kV contact
± 15 kV air
± 8 kV contact
± 15 kV air
Floors should be wood, concrete or ceramic tile. If floors are covered with synthetic material, the relative humidity should be at least 30%.
Electrical fast transient/burst
IEC 61000-4-4
± 2 kV for power supply lines
± 1 kV for input/output lines
± 2 kV for power supply lines
± 1 kV for input/output lines
Mains power quality should be that of a typical commercial or hospital environment.
Surge
IEC 61000-4-5
± 1 kV line(s) to line(s)
± 2 kV line(s) to earth
± 1 kV line(s) to line(s)
± 2 kV line(s) to earth
Mains power quality should be that of a typical commercial or hospital environment.
Voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations on power supply input lines
IEC 61000-4-11
0 % UT (100 % dip in UT) for 0,5 cycle
0 % UT (100 % dip in UT) for 1 cycle
70 % UT (30 % dip in UT) for 25/30 cycles
0 % UT (100 % dip in UT) for 250/300 cycle
0 % UT (100 % dip in UT) for 0,5 cycle
0 % UT (100 % dip in UT) for 1 cycle
70 % UT (30 % dip in UT) for 25/30 cycles
0 % UT (100 % dip in UT) for 250/300 cycle
Mains power quality should be that of a typical commercial or hospital environment. If the user of the Tyvaso Inhalation System requires continued operation during power mains interruptions, it is recommended that the Tyvaso Inhalation System be powered from an uninterruptible power supply or the internal battery.
Power frequency (50/60 Hz) magnetic field
IEC 61000-4-8
30 A/m 30 A/m Power frequency magnetic fields should be at levels characteristic of a typical location in a typical commercial or hospital environment.
Conducted RF
IEC 61000-4-6
Radiated RF
IEC 61000-4-3
3 Vrms 150 kHz to 80 MHz
10 V/m 80 MHz to 2.6 GHz
3 Vrms 150 kHz to 80 MHz
10 V/m 80 MHz to 2.6 GHz
Portable and mobile RF communications equipment should be used no closer to any part of Tyvaso Inhalation System, including cables, than the recommended separation distance calculated from the equation applicable to the frequency of the transmitter.
Recommended separation distance
d = 1.2 √P
d = 1.2 √P 80 MHZ to 800 MHZ
d = 2.3 √P 800 MHZ to 2.5 GHZ
where P is the maximum output power rating of the transmitter in watts (W) according to the transmitter manufacturer and d is the recommended separation distance in meters (m).
Field strengths from fixed RF transmitters, as determined by an electromagnetic site survey*, should be less than the compliance level in each frequency range.
Interference may occur in the vicinity of equipment marked with the following symbol:
Table 3: Manufacturer's Declaration – Recommended separation distances between portable and mobile communications equipment and the Tyvaso Inhalation System
For transmitters rated at a maximum output power not listed above, the recommended separation distance d in meters (m) can be estimated using the equation applicable to the frequency of the transmitter, where P is the maximum output power rating of the transmitter in watts (W) according to the transmitter manufacturer.
NOTE 1 At 80 MHz and 800 MHz, the separation distance for the higher frequency range applies.
NOTE 2 These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is affected by absorption and reflection from structures, objects and people.
Recommended separation distances between portable and mobile RF communications equipment and the Tyvaso Inhalation System
The Tyvaso Inhalation System is intended for use in an electromagnetic environment in which radiated RF disturbances are controlled. The customer or the user of the Tyvaso Inhalation System can help prevent electromagnetic interference by maintaining a minimum distance between portable and mobile RF communications equipment (transmitters) and the Tyvaso Inhalation System as recommended below, according to the maximum output power of the communications equipment.
Rated maximum output power of transmitter
W
Separation distance according to frequency of transmitter
m
150 kHz to 80 MHz
d = 1.2 √P
80 MHz to 800 MHz
d = 1.2 √P
800 MHz to 2.5 GHz
d = 2.3 √P
0.01 0.12 0.12 0.23
0.1 0.38 0.38 0.73
1 1.2 1.2 2.3
10 3.8 3.8 7.3
100 12 12 23
D: Glossary

Accessories: Parts of the Tyvaso Inhalation System. See page 29.

Ampule: A sealed, lightweight clear plastic vial containing a 1-day supply of Tyvaso® (treprostinil) Inhalation Solution.

Black ring: A round seal that fits on the bottom of the dome assembly. The seal helps ensure that Tyvaso does not mix with the distilled water in the device chamber.

Display screen: A small area on the inhalation device that displays number and letter prompts to guide you through your treatment sessions.

Distilled water: Water that is highly purified so that it contains only essential elements.

Dome assembly: The plastic accessory that contains the baffle plate and connects the mouthpiece, inhalation piece, and filter shells to the base of the inhalation device.

Filter membrane: The white pad that goes into the filter shells.

Filter shells: Plastic accessories that hold the filter membranes.

Inhalation indicator lights: Two green lights on the top surface of the inhalation device that signals when you should inhale.

Inhalation piece: The plastic accessory that connects the mouthpiece with the dome assembly.

Inhalation device: The base of the Tyvaso Inhalation System to which the accessories connect. The inhalation device contains the display screen and lights.

Inhale: How you will breathe in Tyvaso with the Tyvaso Inhalation System.

Medicine cup: The disposable plastic cone-shaped cup into which Tyvaso is poured. The medicine cup fits inside the inhalation device chamber.

Mouthpiece: The plastic part that you will breathe through (using your mouth) to inhale Tyvaso.

On/Off, Start/Pause button: A manually activated control on the front of the device that switches between fully on and fully off power states. Once the device power is on, the button begins or pauses treatment.

Plugs: Plastic accessories that are inserted into the openings of the dome assembly between treatment sessions. Plugs help keep Tyvaso from spilling if the inhalation device tips over.

Power status light: LED on the back of the device that lights green when power is connected and battery is charging.

Power port: Port on back of device for plugging into a power source using the AC wall plug.

Prompts: The audio and visual signals that help guide you through the treatment sessions.

Run / Program switch: A manually activated control on the side of the device that switches between the modes for delivering treatment (Run) and programming breaths (Program).

Sensors: The silver objects on the inside wall of the device chamber. The sensors must be covered with distilled water for the Tyvaso Inhalation System to function properly.

Specialty pharmacy provider: A pharmacy that carries only specialized medicines and medical devices. Your specialty pharmacy provider is a good source of information about Tyvaso and the Tyvaso Inhalation System.

Treatment session: 1 of 4 daily sessions during which you will take Tyvaso with a specific number of inhalations.

Tyvaso: The prescription medicine that you will use with the Tyvaso Inhalation System.

Volume / Breaths switch: A manually activated control on the side of the device that increases or decreases audio volume (when in Run mode) and programmed breaths (when in Program mode).

Water chamber: The white hollow portion in the center of the inhalation device into which distilled water and the medicine cup are placed.

E: Warranty information

Your Tyvaso Inhalation System is granted a full replacement or repair warranty good for 2 years from your date of receipt of the Tyvaso Inhalation System Starter Kit or 5 years from the date of manufacture, whichever comes first. This warranty applies to the Tyvaso Inhalation System device only. Accessory components are not covered under warranty.

Circumstances that may void your warranty include:
▶ Modification or disassembly of the Tyvaso Inhalation System device by anyone other than a factory-authorized technician
▶ Failure to comply with this written Instructions for Use manual when operating the Tyvaso Inhalation System
▶ Unapproved use of the Tyvaso Inhalation System

For all inquiries relating to service or warranty for your Tyvaso Inhalation System, contact your specialty pharmacy provider.

You should have the following information available:
▶ Device serial number (located on bottom of Tyvaso Inhalation System)
▶ Date Tyvaso Inhalation System was acquired
▶ Nature of the problem and any steps taken to fix it

Tyvaso ®
INHALATION SYSTEM

Tyvaso®
(treprostinil)
INHALATION
SOLUTION

Tyvaso Inhalation Solution is for prescription use only.

Emergency contact information
▶ Clinician:
▶ Nurse educator:
▶ Specialty pharmacist:
▶ United Therapeutics:

For further questions and information, or to report a problem with your device or an adverse event with your Tyvaso Inhalation System, please call 1-877-UNITHER (1-877-864-8437).

Distributed by:
United Therapeutics Corporation
Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709

© 2017, United Therapeutics Corporation.
All rights reserved.

Tyvaso is a registered trademark of
United Therapeutics Corporation.

Literature issued 2017-10-31
RTP-4-00104, Rev. E

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 4 Ampule Carton

Tyvaso®
(treprostinil)
INHALATION
SOLUTION

Treprostinil 1.74 mg / 2.9 mL (0.6 mg/mL)

Four 2.9 mL ampules

For oral inhalation use only

See package insert and
Instructions For Use manual
for dosage and administration

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 28 Ampule Carton

Tyvaso®
(treprostinil)
INHALATION
SOLUTION

Treprostinil 1.74 mg / 2.9 mL (0.6 mg/mL)

Seven foil pouches each containing four
2.9 mL ampules

For oral inhalation use only

See package insert and
Instructions For Use manual
for dosage and administration.

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - Patient Starter Kit

Tyvaso Inhalation System

Patient Starter Kit

Tyvaso®
(treprostinil)
INHALATION
SOLUTION

Treprostinil 1.74 mg/2.9 mL (0.6 mg/mL)

Tyvaso is for oral inhalation use only and is intended for administration with the Tyvaso Inhalation System.
See package insert and Instructions for Use manual for dosage and administration.

CONTENTS QTY CONTENTS QTY
+
28 ampule carton of Tyvaso
(seven foil pouches each containing four 2.9 mL ampules)
1
+
AC wall plugs
2
+
Tyvaso Inhalation Device
2
+
Water level cup
1
+
Tyvaso Inhalation System Instructions for Use manual
1
+
Plugs for storage between treatment sessions
2
+
Treatment Tracker
1
+
Carrying case
1
+
Sets of Dome assembly, Inhalation piece,
Mouthpiece, and 2 Filter shells
2
+
Distilled water carrier
1
+
Medicine cups
32
+
Filter membranes
65

Each ampule of Tyvaso contains: treprostinil 1.74 mg. Each ampule also contains 18.9 mg sodium chloride,
18.3 mg sodium citrate, 0.6 mg sodium hydroxide, 11.7 mg 1N hydrochloric acid, and water for injection.
Hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide may have been added to adjust pH.

+
One new ampule should be used each day. Each ampule of Tyvaso (once opened and transferred to the
medicine cup) should remain in the device for no more than 1 day. Any remaining Tyvaso and the medicine
cup should be discarded at the end of each day.
+
Once a foil pouch is opened, use ampules within 7 days.
+
Store unused ampules of Tyvaso in the foil pouch until use, protected from light.
+
Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room
Temperature].

Patient Starter Kit For Single Patient Use Only.

Keep out of the reach of children.
NDC 66302-206-01 Rx only

Manufactured by United Therapeutics Corporation
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

EXP
LOT
RTP-4-00156 Rev B

United
Therapeutics

CORPORATION

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - Refill Kit

Tyvaso®
(treprostinil)
INHALATION
SOLUTION

Treprostinil 1.74 mg/2.9 mL (0.6 mg/mL)

Tyvaso is for oral inhalation use only and is intended for administration with the Tyvaso Inhalation System.

See package insert and Instructions for Use manual for dosage and administration.

Tyvaso Inhalation System Refill Kit

CONTENTS QTY
  • 28 ampule carton of Tyvaso (seven foil pouches each containing
    four 2.9 mL ampules)
1
  • Set of Dome assembly, Inhalation piece, Mouthpiece, and
    2 Filter shells
1
  • Medicine cups
32
  • Filters membranes
65
  • Plugs for storage between treatment sessions
2
  • Treatment Tracker
1

Each ampule of Tyvaso contains: treprostinil 1.74 mg. Each ampule also contains 18.9 mg sodium chloride,
18.3 mg sodium citrate, 0.6 mg sodium hydroxide, 11.7 mg 1N hydrochloric acid, and water for injection.
Hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide may have been added to adjust pH.

One new ampule should be used each day. Each ampule of Tyvaso (once opened and transferred to
the medicine cup) should remain in the device for no more than 1 day. Any remaining Tyvaso and the
medicine cup should be discarded at the end of each day.
Once a foil pouch is opened, use ampules within 7 days.
Store unused ampules of Tyvaso in the foil pouch until use, protected from light.
Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F)
[see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

Keep out of the reach of children.

NDC 66302-206-02
Rx only

Manufactured for United Therapeutics Corporation
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

United
Therapeutics

CORPORATION

EXP
LOT
RTP3088 Rev. 01

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - Institutional Starter Kit

Tyvaso Inhalation System
Institutional Starter Kit

Tyvaso®
(treprostinil)
INHALATION
SOLUTION

Treprostinil 1.74 mg/2.9 mL (0.6 mg/mL)

Tyvaso is for oral inhalation use only and is intended for administration with the Tyvaso Inhalation System.
See package insert and Instructions for Use manual for dosage and administration.

CONTENTS QTY CONTENTS QTY
+
4 ampule carton of Tyvaso
(one foil pouch containing four 2.9 mL ampules)
1
+
AC wall plugs
2
+
Tyvaso Inhalation Device
2
+
Water level cup
1
+
Tyvaso Inhalation System Instructions for Use manual
1
+
Plugs for storage between treatment sessions
2
+
Treatment Tracker
1
+
Carrying case
1
+
Sets of Dome assembly, Inhalation piece,
Mouthpiece, and 2 Filter shells
2
+
Distilled water carrier
1
+
Medicine cups
32
+
Filter membranes
65

Each ampule of Tyvaso contains: treprostinil 1.74 mg. Each ampule also contains 18.9 mg sodium chloride,
18.3 mg sodium citrate, 0.6 mg sodium hydroxide, 11.7 mg 1N hydrochloric acid, and water for injection.
Hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide may have been added to adjust pH.

+
One new ampule should be used each day. Each ampule of Tyvaso (once opened and transferred to the
medicine cup) should remain in the device for no more than 1 day. Any remaining Tyvaso and the medicine
cup should be discarded at the end of each day.
+
Once a foil pouch is opened, use ampules within 7 days.
+
Store unused ampules of Tyvaso in the foil pouch until use, protected from light.
+
Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room
Temperature].

Institutional Starter Kit For Single Patient Use Only.

Keep out of the reach of children.
NDC 66302-206-04 Rx only

Manufactured by United Therapeutics Corporation
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

EXP
LOT
RTP-4-00157 Rev B

United
Therapeutics

CORPORATION

Tyvaso 
treprostinil inhalant
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:66302-206
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
treprostinil (treprostinil) treprostinil 1.74 mg  in 2.9 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
sodium chloride 18.9 mg  in 2.9 mL
sodium citrate, unspecified form 18.3 mg  in 2.9 mL
sodium hydroxide 0.6 mg  in 2.9 mL
hydrochloric acid 11.7 mg  in 2.9 mL
water  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:66302-206-01 1 BOX in 1 KIT
1 28 AMPULE in 1 BOX
1 2.9 mL in 1 AMPULE
2 NDC:66302-206-02 1 BOX in 1 KIT
2 28 AMPULE in 1 BOX
2 2.9 mL in 1 AMPULE
3 NDC:66302-206-03 4 AMPULE in 1 BOX
3 2.9 mL in 1 AMPULE
4 NDC:66302-206-04 1 BOX in 1 KIT
4 4 AMPULE in 1 BOX
4 2.9 mL in 1 AMPULE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA022387 08/14/2009
Labeler - United Therapeutics Corp. (965460025)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
United Therapeutics Corp. 015718364 MANUFACTURE(66302-206), LABEL(66302-206), PACK(66302-206)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
United Therapeutics Corporation 965460025 MANUFACTURE(66302-206), LABEL(66302-206), ANALYSIS(66302-206), API MANUFACTURE(66302-206)
 
United Therapeutics Corp.
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