Skip to Content

Tasigna

Generic Name: nilotinib
Dosage Form: capsule

Medically reviewed on July 1, 2018

WARNING: QT PROLONGATION AND SUDDEN DEATHS
  • Tasigna prolongs the QT interval. Prior to Tasigna administration and periodically, monitor for hypokalemia or hypomagnesemia and correct deficiencies (5.2). Obtain ECGs to monitor the QTc at baseline, seven days after initiation, and periodically thereafter, and following any dose adjustments (5.2, 5.3, 5.7, 5.12).
  • Sudden deaths have been reported in patients receiving Tasigna (5.3). Do not administer Tasigna to patients with hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, or long QT syndrome (4, 5.2).
  • Avoid use of concomitant drugs known to prolong the QT interval and strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (7.1, 7.2).
  • Avoid food 2 hours before and 1 hour after taking the dose (2.1).

1       INDICATIONS AND USAGE

      Adult and Pediatric Patients with Newly Diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP

Tasigna (nilotinib) is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients greater than or equal to 1 year of age with newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome positive chronic myeloid leukemia (Ph+ CML) in chronic phase.

      Adult Patients with Resistant or Intolerant Ph+ CML-CP and CML-AP

Tasigna is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with chronic phase and accelerated phase Philadelphia chromosome positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (Ph+ CML) resistant or intolerant to prior therapy that included imatinib.

      Pediatric Patients with Resistant or Intolerant Ph+ CML-CP

Tasigna is indicated for the treatment of pediatric patients greater than or equal to 1 year of age with chronic phase Philadelphia chromosome positive chronic myeloid leukemia (Ph+ CML) with resistance or intolerance to prior tyrosine-kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy.

2       DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

      Recommended Dosing

Tasigna should be taken twice daily at approximately 12-hour intervals and must be taken on an empty stomach. No food should be consumed for at least 2 hours before the dose is taken and for at least 1 hour after the dose is taken. Advise patients to swallow the capsules whole with water [see Boxed Warning, Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. 

For patients who are unable to swallow capsules, the contents of each capsule may be dispersed in 1 teaspoon of applesauce (puréed apple). The mixture should be taken immediately (within 15 minutes) and should not be stored for future use [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Tasigna may be given in combination with hematopoietic growth factors such as erythropoietin or G-CSF if clinically indicated. Tasigna may be given with hydroxyurea or anagrelide if clinically indicated.

Dosage in Adult Patients with Newly Diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP

The recommended dose of Tasigna is 300 mg orally twice daily.

Dosage in Adult Patients with Resistant or Intolerant Ph+ CML-CP and CML-AP

The recommended dose of Tasigna is 400 mg orally twice daily.

Dosage in Pediatric Patients with Newly Diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP or Resistant or Intolerant Ph+ CML-CP

The recommended dose of Tasigna for pediatric patients is 230 mg/m2 orally twice daily, rounded to the nearest 50 mg dose (to a maximum single dose of 400 mg) (see Table 1). If needed, attain the desired dose by combining different strengths of Tasigna capsules. Continue treatment as long as clinical benefit is observed or until unacceptable toxicity occurs.

Table 1: Pediatric dosing of Tasigna (230 mg/m2 twice daily, maximum single dose of 400 mg)
Body Surface Area (BSA) Single Dose Total Daily Dose
Up to 0.32 m2 50 mg 100 mg
0.33 - 0.54 m2 100 mg 200 mg
0.55 - 0.76 m2 150 mg 300 mg
0.77 - 0.97 m2 200 mg 400 mg
0.98 - 1.19 m2 250 mg 500 mg
1.20 - 1.41 m2 300 mg 600 mg
1.42 - 1.63 m2 350 mg 700 mg
≥1.64 m2 400 mg 800 mg

      Discontinuation of treatment after a sustained molecular response (MR4.5) on Tasigna

Patient Selection

Eligibility for Discontinuation of Treatment

Ph+ CML-CP patients with typical BCR-ABL transcripts who have been taking Tasigna for a minimum of 3 years and have achieved a sustained molecular response (MR4.5, corresponding to = BCR-ABL/ABL ≤ 0.0032% IS) may be eligible for treatment discontinuation [see Clinical Studies (14.3, 14.4)]. Information on FDA authorized tests for the detection and quantitation of BCR-ABL transcripts to determine eligibility for treatment discontinuation is available at http://www.fda.gov/CompanionDiagnostics.

Patients with typical BCR-ABL transcripts (i.e., 13a2/b2a2 or e14a2/b3a2) who achieve the sustained MR4.5 criteria are eligible for discontinuation of Tasigna treatment. Patients must continue to be monitored for possible loss of molecular remission after treatment discontinuation. Use the same FDA authorized test to consistently monitor molecular response levels while on and off treatment. 

Consider discontinuation of treatment in patients with newly diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP who have: 

      ● been treated with Tasigna for at least 3 years

      ● maintained a molecular response of at least MR4.0 (corresponding to = BCR-ABL/ABL ≤ 0.01% IS) for one year prior to discontinuation of therapy 

      ● achieved an MR4.5 for the last assessment taken immediately prior to discontinuation of therapy 

      ● been confirmed to express the typical BCR-ABL transcripts (e13a2/b2a2 or e14a2/b3a2)

      ● no history of accelerated phase or blast crisis

      ● no history of prior attempts of treatment-free remission discontinuation that resulted in relapse.

Consider discontinuation of treatment in patients with Ph+ CML-CP that are resistant or intolerant to treatment with imatinib who have achieved a sustained molecular response (MR4.5) on Tasigna who have: 

      ● been treated with Tasigna for a minimum of 3 years

      ● been treated with imatinib only prior to treatment with Tasigna

      ● achieved a molecular response of MR4.5 (corresponding to = BCR-ABL/ABL ≤ 0.0032% IS)

      ● sustained an MR4.5 for a minimum of one year immediately prior to discontinuation of therapy 

      ● been confirmed to express the typical BCR-ABL transcripts (e13a2/b2a2 or e14a2/b3a2)

      ● no history of accelerated phase or blast crisis

      ● no history of prior attempts of treatment-free remission discontinuation that resulted in relapse.

Monitor BCR-ABL transcript levels and complete blood count with differential in patients who have discontinued Tasigna therapy monthly for one year, then every 6 weeks for the second year, and every 12 weeks thereafter [see Warnings and Precautions (5.16)].

Upon the loss of MR4.0 (corresponding to = BCR-ABL/ABL ≤ 0.01%IS) during the treatment-free phase, monitor BCR-ABL transcript levels every 2 weeks until BCR-ABL levels remain lower than major molecular response (MMR, corresponding to MR3.0 or = BCR-ABL/ABL ≤ 0.1%IS) for 4 consecutive measurements. The patient can then proceed to the original monitoring schedule.

      Reinitiation of treatment in patients who lose molecular response after discontinuation of therapy with Tasigna.

      ● Newly diagnosed patients who lose MMR must reinitiate treatment within 4 weeks at the dose level prior to discontinuation of therapy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.16)]. Patients who reinitiate Tasigna therapy should have their BCR-ABL transcript levels monitored monthly until major molecular response is re-established and every 12 weeks thereafter.

      ● Patients resistant or intolerant to prior treatment that included imatinib with confirmed loss of MR4.0 (2 consecutive measures separated by at least 4 weeks showing loss of MR4.0) or loss of MMR must reinitiate treatment within 4 weeks at the dose level prior to discontinuation of therapy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.16)]. Patients who reinitiate Tasigna therapy should have their BCR-ABL transcript levels monitored monthly until previous major molecular response or MR4.0 is re-established and every 12 weeks thereafter.

      Dosage Modification for QT Interval Prolongation

See Table 2 for dose adjustments for QT interval prolongation [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)].

Table 2: Dose Adjustments for Adult and Pediatric Patients with QT Prolongation
Degree of QTc Prolongation Dose Adjustment
ECGs with a QTc
greater than 480 msec









1. Withhold Tasigna, and perform an analysis of serum potassium and magnesium, and if below lower limit of normal, correct with supplements to within normal limits. Concomitant medication usage must be reviewed.
2. Resume within 2 weeks at prior dose if QTcF returns to less than 450 msec and to within 20 msec of baseline.
3. If QTcF is between 450 msec and 480 msec after 2 weeks, reduce the dose to 400 mg once daily in adults and 230 mg/m2 once daily in pediatric patients.
4. Discontinue Tasigna if, following dose-reduction to 400 mg once daily in adults and 230 mg/m2 once daily in pediatric patients, QTcF returns to greater than 480 msec.
5. An ECG should be repeated approximately 7 days after any dose adjustment.

      Dosage Modifications for Myelosuppression

Withhold or reduce Tasigna dosage for hematological toxicities (neutropenia, thrombocytopenia) that are not related to underlying leukemia (Table 3).

Table 3: Dose Adjustments for Neutropenia and Thrombocytopenia
*ANC=absolute neutrophil count
Diagnosis Degree of
Myelosuppression
Dose Adjustment
Adult patients with:

- Newly diagnosed Ph+ CML in chronic phase at 300 mg twice daily


- Resistant or intolerant Ph+ CML in chronic phase or accelerated phase at 400 mg twice daily
ANC* less than 1.0 x 109/L and/or platelet counts less than 50 x 109/L







1. Stop Tasigna, and monitor blood counts
2. Resume within 2 weeks at prior dose if ANC greater than 1.0 x 109/L and platelets greater than 50 x 109/L
3. If blood counts remain low for greater than 2 weeks, reduce the dose to 400 mg once daily




Pediatric patients with:

- Newly diagnosed Ph+ CML in chronic phase at 230 mg/m2 twice daily


- Resistant or intolerant Ph+ CML in chronic phase at 230 mg/m2 twice daily
ANC* less than 1.0 x 109/L and/or platelet counts less than 50 x 109/L







1. Stop Tasigna and monitor blood counts
2. Resume within 2 weeks at prior dose if ANC greater than 1.5 x 109/L and/or platelets greater than 75 x 109/L
3. If blood counts remain low for greater than 2 weeks, a dose reduction to 230 mg/m2 once daily may be required
4. If event occurs after dose reduction, consider discontinuing treatment



See Table 4 for dose adjustments for elevations of lipase, amylase, bilirubin, and/or hepatic transaminases [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

Table 4: Dose Adjustments for Selected Non-Hematologic Laboratory Abnormalities
Degree of Non-Hematologic Laboratory Abnormalities Dose Adjustment
Elevated serum lipase or amylase greater than or equal to Grade 3 Adult patients:
1. Withhold Tasigna, and monitor serum lipase or amylase
2. Resume treatment at 400 mg once daily if serum lipase or amylase returns to less than or equal to Grade 1
Pediatric patients:
1. Interrupt Tasigna until the event returns to less than or equal to Grade 1
2. Resume treatment at 230 mg/m2 once daily if prior dose was 230 mg/m2 twice daily; discontinue treatment if prior dose was 230 mg/m2 once daily
Elevated bilirubin greater than or equal to Grade 3 in adult patients and greater than or equal to Grade 2 in pediatric patients Adult patients:
1. Withhold Tasigna, and monitor bilirubin
2. Resume treatment at 400 mg once daily if bilirubin returns to less than or equal to
Grade 1
Pediatric patients:
1. Interrupt Tasigna until the event returns to less than or equal to Grade 1
2. Resume treatment at 230 mg/m2 once daily if prior dose was 230 mg/m2 twice daily; discontinue treatment if prior dose was 230 mg/m2 once daily, and recovery to less than or equal to Grade 1 takes longer than 28 days
Elevated hepatic transaminases greater than or equal to Grade 3 Adult patients:
1. Withhold Tasigna, and monitor hepatic transaminases
2. Resume treatment at 400 mg once daily if hepatic transaminases returns to less than or equal to Grade 1
Pediatric patients:
1. Interrupt Tasigna until the event returns to less than or equal to Grade 1
2. Resume treatment at 230 mg/m2 once daily if prior dose was 230 mg/m2 twice daily; discontinue treatment if prior dose was 230 mg/m2 once daily, and recovery to less than or equal to Grade 1 takes longer than 28 days

      Dosage Modification for Other Non-Hematologic Toxicities

If clinically significant moderate or severe non-hematologic toxicity develops (including medically severe fluid retention), see Table 5 for dose adjustments [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

Table 5: Dose Adjustments for Other Non-hematologic Laboratory Abnormalities
Degree of “Other Non-Hematologic Toxicity” Dose Adjustment
Other clinically moderate or severe non-hematologic toxicity Adult patients:
1. Withhold Tasigna until toxicity has resolved.
2. Resume treatment at 400 mg once daily if previous dose was 300 mg twice daily in adult patients newly diagnosed with CML-CP or 400 mg twice daily in adult patients with resistant or intolerant CML-CP and CML-AP.
3. Discontinue treatment if the prior dose was 400 mg once daily in adult patients.
4. If clinically appropriate, consider re-escalation of the dose to 300 mg (newly diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP) or 400 mg (resistant or intolerant Ph+ CML-CP and CML-AP) twice daily.
Pediatric patients:
1. Interrupt Tasigna until toxicity has resolved.
2. Resume treatment at 230 mg/m2 once daily if previous dose was 230 mg/m2 twice daily; discontinue treatment if prior dose was 230 mg/m2 once daily.
3. If clinically appropriate, consider re-escalation of the dose to 230 mg/m2 twice daily.

      Dosage Modification for Hepatic Impairment

If possible, consider alternative therapies. If Tasigna must be administered to patients with hepatic impairment, consider the following dose reduction:

Table 6: Dose Adjustments for Adult Patients with Hepatic Impairment
[see Use in Specific Populations (8.7)].
Diagnosis Degree of Hepatic Impairment Dosage Adjustment
Newly diagnosed Ph+ CML in chronic phase Mild (Child-Pugh A), Moderate (Child-Pugh B), or Severe (Child-Pugh C) Reduce dosage to 200 mg twice daily. Increase dosage to 300 mg twice daily based on tolerability.



Resistant or intolerant Ph+ CML in chronic phase or accelerated phase
Mild or Moderate Reduce dosage to 300 mg twice daily. Increase dosage to 400 mg twice daily based on tolerability.
Severe Reduce dosage to 200 mg twice daily. Increase dosage to 300 mg twice daily and then to 400 mg twice daily based on tolerability.

      Dosage Modification with Concomitant Strong CYP3A4 Inhibitors

Avoid the concomitant use of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors. Should treatment with any of these agents be required, interrupt therapy with Tasigna. If patients must be coadministered a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor, reduce dosage to 300 mg once daily in patients with resistant or intolerant Ph+ CML or to 200 mg once daily in patients with newly diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP. However, there are no clinical data with this dose adjustment in patients receiving strong CYP3A4 inhibitors. If the strong inhibitor is discontinued, allow a washout period before adjusting Tasigna dose upward to the indicated dose. For patients who cannot avoid use of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors, monitor closely for prolongation of the QT interval [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.2), Drug Interactions (7.1, 7.2), and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

3       DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

50 mg red opaque cap and light yellow opaque body hard gelatin capsules with black radial imprint “NVR/ABL.”

150 mg red opaque hard gelatin capsules with black axial imprint “NVR/BCR.”

200 mg light-yellow opaque hard gelatin capsules with a red axial imprint “NVR/TKI.”

4       CONTRAINDICATIONS

Tasigna is contraindicated in patients with hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, or long QT syndrome [see Boxed Warning].

5       WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

      Myelosuppression

Treatment with Tasigna can cause Grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia, neutropenia and anemia. Perform complete blood counts every 2 weeks for the first 2 months and then monthly thereafter, or as clinically indicated. Myelosuppression was generally reversible and usually managed by withholding Tasigna temporarily or dose reduction [see Dosage and Administration (2.5)].

      QT Prolongation

Tasigna has been shown to prolong cardiac ventricular repolarization as measured by the QT interval on the surface ECG in a concentration-dependent manner [see Adverse Reactions (6.1), Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)]. Prolongation of the QT interval can result in a type of ventricular tachycardia called torsade de pointes, which may result in syncope, seizure, and/or death. ECGs should be performed at baseline, 7 days after initiation of Tasigna, and periodically as clinically indicated and following dose adjustments [see Warnings and Precautions (5.12)].

Tasigna should not be used in patients who have hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia or long QT syndrome. Before initiating Tasigna and periodically, test electrolyte, calcium and magnesium blood levels. Hypokalemia or hypomagnesemia must be corrected prior to initiating Tasigna and these electrolytes should be monitored periodically during therapy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.12)].

Significant prolongation of the QT interval may occur when Tasigna is inappropriately taken with food and/or strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and/or medicinal products with a known potential to prolong QT. Therefore, coadministration with food must be avoided and concomitant use with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and/or medicinal products with a known potential to prolong QT should be avoided [see Dosage and Administration (2.1), Drug Interactions (7.1, 7.2)]. The presence of hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia may further prolong the QT interval [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7, 5.12)].

      Sudden Deaths

Sudden deaths have been reported in 0.3% of patients with CML treated with Tasigna in clinical studies of 5,661 patients. The relative early occurrence of some of these deaths relative to the initiation of Tasigna suggests the possibility that ventricular repolarization abnormalities may have contributed to their occurrence.

      Cardiac and Arterial Vascular Occlusive Events

Cardiovascular events, including arterial vascular occlusive events, were reported in a randomized, clinical trial in newly diagnosed CML patients and observed in the postmarketing reports of patients receiving Tasigna therapy. With a median time on therapy of 60 months in the clinical trial, cardiovascular events, including arterial vascular occlusive events, occurred in 9.3% and 15.2% of patients in the Tasigna 300 and 400 mg twice daily arms, respectively, and in 3.2% in the imatinib arm. These included cases of cardiovascular events including ischemic heart disease-related cardiac events (5.0% and 9.4% in the Tasigna 300 mg and 400 mg twice daily arms respectively, and 2.5% in the imatinib arm), peripheral arterial occlusive disease (3.6% and 2.9% in the Tasigna 300 mg and 400 mg twice daily arms respectively, and 0% in the imatinib arm), and ischemic cerebrovascular events (1.4% and 3.2% in the Tasigna 300 mg and 400 mg twice daily arms respectively, and 0.7% in the imatinib arm). If acute signs or symptoms of cardiovascular events occur, advise patients to seek immediate medical attention. The cardiovascular status of patients should be evaluated and cardiovascular risk factors should be monitored and actively managed during Tasigna therapy according to standard guidelines [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)].

      Pancreatitis and Elevated Serum Lipase

Tasigna can cause increases in serum lipase. Patients with a previous history of pancreatitis may be at greater risk of elevated serum lipase. If lipase elevations are accompanied by abdominal symptoms, interrupt dosing and consider appropriate diagnostics to exclude pancreatitis. Test serum lipase levels monthly or as clinically indicated.

      Hepatotoxicity

Tasigna may result in hepatotoxicity as measured by elevations in bilirubin, AST, ALT, and alkaline phosphatase. Grade 3-4 elevations of bilirubin, AST, and ALT were reported at a higher frequency in pediatric than in adult patients. Monitor hepatic function tests monthly or as clinically indicated [see Warnings and Precautions (5.12)].

      Electrolyte Abnormalities

The use of Tasigna can cause hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, hyperkalemia, hypocalcemia, and hyponatremia. Correct electrolyte abnormalities prior to initiating Tasigna and during therapy. Monitor these electrolytes periodically during therapy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.12)].

      Tumor Lysis Syndrome 

Tumor lysis syndrome cases have been reported in Tasigna treated patients with resistant or intolerant CML. Malignant disease progression, high WBC counts and/or dehydration were present in the majority of these cases. Due to potential for tumor lysis syndrome, maintain adequate hydration and correct uric acid levels prior to initiating therapy with Tasigna.

      Hemorrhage

Serious hemorrhagic events, including fatal events, have occurred in patients with CML treated with Tasigna. In a randomized trial in patients with newly diagnosed Ph+ CML in chronic phase comparing Tasigna and imatinib, Grade 3 or 4 hemorrhage occurred in 1.1% of patients in the Tasigna 300 mg twice daily arm, in 1.8% of patients in the Tasigna 400 mg twice daily arm, and 0.4% of patients in the imatinib arm. GI hemorrhage occurred in 2.9% and 5.1% of patients in the Tasigna 300 mg twice daily and 400 mg twice daily arms and in 1.4% of patients in the imatinib arm, respectively. Grade 3 or 4 events occurred in 0.7% and 1.4% of patients in the Tasigna 300 mg twice daily and 400 mg twice daily arms, respectively, and in no patients in the imatinib arm. Monitor for signs and symptoms of bleeding and medically manage as needed.

      Total Gastrectomy

Since the exposure of Tasigna is reduced in patients with total gastrectomy, perform more frequent monitoring of these patients. Consider dose increase or alternative therapy in patients with total gastrectomy [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

      Lactose

Since the capsules contain lactose, Tasigna is not recommended for patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, severe lactase deficiency with a severe degree of intolerance to lactose-containing products, or of glucose-galactose malabsorption.

      Monitoring Laboratory Tests

Complete blood counts should be performed every 2 weeks for the first 2 months and then monthly thereafter. Perform chemistry panels, including electrolytes, calcium, magnesium, liver enzymes, lipid profile, and glucose prior to therapy and periodically. ECGs should be obtained at baseline, 7 days after initiation and periodically thereafter, as well as following dose adjustments [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. Monitor lipid profiles and glucose periodically during the first year of Tasigna therapy and at least yearly during chronic therapy. Should treatment with any HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor (a lipid lowering agent) be needed to treat lipid elevations, evaluate the potential for a drug-drug interaction before initiating therapy as certain HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors are metabolized by the CYP3A4 pathway [see Drug Interactions (7.1)]. Assess glucose levels before initiating treatment with Tasigna and monitor during treatment as clinically indicated. If test results warrant therapy, physician should follow their local standards of practice and treatment guidelines.

      Fluid Retention

In the randomized trial in patients with newly diagnosed Ph+ CML in chronic phase, severe (Grade 3 or 4) fluid retention occurred in 3.9% and 2.9% of patients receiving Tasigna 300 mg twice daily and 400 mg twice daily, respectively, and in 2.5% of patients receiving imatinib. Effusions (including pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, ascites) or pulmonary edema, were observed in 2.2% and 1.1% of patients receiving Tasigna 300 mg twice daily and 400 mg twice daily, respectively, and in 2.1% of patients receiving imatinib. Effusions were severe (Grade 3 or 4) in 0.7% and 0.4% of patients receiving Tasigna 300 mg twice daily and 400 mg twice daily, respectively, and in no patients receiving imatinib. Similar events were also observed in postmarketing reports. Monitor patients for signs of severe fluid retention (e.g., unexpected rapid weight gain or swelling) and for symptoms of respiratory or cardiac compromise (e.g., shortness of breath) during Tasigna treatment; evaluate etiology and treat patients accordingly.

      Effects on Growth and Development in Pediatric Patients

Adverse reactions associated with growth and development can occur in pediatric patients receiving BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The long-term effect of prolonged treatment with BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitors on growth and development in pediatric patients are unknown. Therefore, monitor growth and development in pediatric patients receiving BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor treatment.

      Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Based on findings from animal studies and its mechanism of action, Tasigna can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. In animal reproduction studies, administration of nilotinib to pregnant rats and rabbits during organogenesis caused adverse developmental outcomes including embryo-fetal lethality/fetal effects (small renal papilla, fetal edema, and skeletal variations) in rats and increased resorptions of fetuses and fetal skeletal variations in rabbits at maternal AUCs approximately 2 and 0.5 times, respectively, the AUC in patients receiving the recommended dose. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment and for at least 14 days after the last dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)].

      Monitoring of BCR-ABL Transcript Levels

Monitoring of BCR-ABL Transcript Levels in Patients Who Discontinued Tasigna

Monitor BCR-ABL transcript levels in patients eligible for treatment discontinuation using an FDA authorized test validated to measure molecular response levels with a sensitivity of at least MR4.5 (BCR-ABL/ABL ≤ 0.0032% IS). In patients who discontinue Tasigna therapy, assess BCR-ABL transcript levels monthly for one year, then every 6 weeks for the second year, and every 12 weeks thereafter during treatment discontinuation [see Clinical Studies (14.3,14.4) and Dosage and Administration (2.2)]

Newly diagnosed patients must reinitiate Tasigna therapy within 4 weeks of a loss of Major Molecular Response (MMR, corresponding to MR3.0 or = BCR-ABL/ABL ≤ 0.1%IS).

Patients resistant or intolerant to prior treatment which included imatinib must reinitiate Tasigna therapy within 4 weeks of a loss of MMR or confirmed loss of MR4.0 (two consecutive measures separated by at least 4 weeks showing loss of MR4.0, corresponding to = BCR-ABL/ABL ≤ 0.01%IS).

For patients who fail to achieve MMR after three months of treatment reinitiation, BCR-ABL kinase domain mutation testing should be performed.

Monitoring of BCR-ABL Transcript Levels in Patients who have Reinitiated Therapy after Loss of Molecular Response

Monitor CBC and BCR-ABL transcripts in patients who reinitiate treatment with Tasigna due to loss of molecular response quantitation every 4 weeks until a major molecular response is re-established, then every 12 weeks.

6       ADVERSE REACTIONS

The following serious adverse reactions can occur with Tasigna and are discussed in greater detail in other sections of labeling:

  • Myelosuppression [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]
  • QT Prolongation [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]
  • Sudden Deaths [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]
  • Cardiac and Arterial Vascular Occlusive Events [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]
  • Pancreatitis and Elevated Serum Lipase [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]
  • Hepatotoxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)]
  • Electrolyte Abnormalities [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.7)]
  • Hemorrhage [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9)]
  • Fluid Retention [see Warnings and Precautions (5.13)]

      Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

In Adult Patients with Newly Diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP

The data below reflect exposure to Tasigna from a randomized trial in patients with newly diagnosed Ph+ CML in chronic phase treated at the recommended dose of 300 mg twice daily (n=279). The median time on treatment in the Tasigna 300 mg twice daily group was 61 months (range 0.1 to 71 months). The median actual dose intensity was 593 mg/day in the Tasigna 300 mg twice daily group.

The most common (greater than 10%) non-hematologic adverse drug reactions were rash, pruritus, headache, nausea, fatigue, alopecia, myalgia, and upper abdominal pain. Constipation, diarrhea, dry skin, muscle spasms, arthralgia, abdominal pain, peripheral edema, vomiting, and asthenia were observed less commonly (less than or equal to 10% and greater than 5%) and have been of mild-to-moderate severity, manageable and generally did not require dose reduction.

Increase in QTcF greater than 60 msec from baseline was observed in 1 patient (0.4%) in the 300 mg twice daily treatment group. No patient had an absolute QTcF of greater than 500 msec while on study drug.

The most common hematologic adverse drug reactions (all grades) were myelosuppression including: thrombocytopenia (18%), neutropenia (15%) and anemia (8%). See Table 9 for Grade 3/4 laboratory abnormalities.

Discontinuation due to adverse reactions, regardless of relationship to study drug, was observed in 10% of patients.

In Adult Patients with Resistant or Intolerant Ph+ CML-CP and CML-AP

In the single open-label multicenter clinical trial, a total of 458 patients with Ph+ CML-CP and CML-AP resistant to or intolerant to at least one prior therapy including imatinib were treated (CML-CP=321; CML-AP=137) at the recommended dose of 400 mg twice daily.

The median duration of exposure in days for CML-CP and CML-AP patients is 561 (range 1 to 1096) and 264 (range 2 to 1160), respectively. The median dose intensity for patients with CML-CP and CML-AP is 789 mg/day (range 151 to 1110) and 780 mg/day (range 150 to 1149), respectively and corresponded to the planned 400 mg twice daily dosing.

The median cumulative duration in days of dose interruptions for the CML-CP patients was 20 (range 1 to 345), and the median duration in days of dose interruptions for the CML-AP patients was 23 (range 1 to 234).

In patients with CML-CP, the most commonly reported non-hematologic adverse drug reactions (greater than or equal to 10%) were rash, pruritus, nausea, fatigue, headache, constipation, diarrhea, vomiting and myalgia. The common serious drug-related adverse reactions (greater than or equal to 1% and less than 10%) were thrombocytopenia, neutropenia and anemia.

In patients with CML-AP, the most commonly reported non-hematologic adverse drug reactions (greater than or equal to 10%) were rash, pruritus and fatigue. The common serious adverse drug reactions (greater than or equal to 1% and less than 10%) were thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, febrile neutropenia, pneumonia, leukopenia, intracranial hemorrhage, elevated lipase and pyrexia.

Sudden deaths and QT prolongation were reported. The maximum mean QTcF change from baseline at steady-state was 10 msec. Increase in QTcF greater than 60 msec from baseline was observed in 4.1% of the patients and QTcF of greater than 500 msec was observed in 4 patients (less than 1%) [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.2, 5.3), Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)].

Discontinuation due to adverse drug reactions was observed in 16% of CML-CP and 10% of CML-AP patients.

Most Frequently Reported Adverse Reactions

Tables 7 and 8 show the percentage of adult patients experiencing non-hematologic adverse reactions (excluding laboratory abnormalities) regardless of relationship to study drug. Adverse reactions reported in greater than 10% of adult patients who received at least 1 dose of Tasigna are listed.

Table 7: Most Frequently Reported Non-Hematologic Adverse Reactions (Regardless of Relationship to Study Drug) in Adult Patients with Newly Diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP (Greater than or equal to 10% in Tasigna 300 mg Twice Daily or Imatinib 400 mg Once Daily Groups) 60-Month Analysisa
Patients with Newly Diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP
Tasigna
300 mg
twice daily
Imatinib
400 mg
once daily
Tasigna
300 mg
twice daily
Imatinib
400 mg
once daily
N=279 N=280 N=279 N=280
Body System and Adverse Reaction All Grades (%) CTC Gradesb 3/4 (%)
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Rash 38 19 <1 2
Pruritus 21 7 <1 0
Alopecia 13 7 0 0
Dry skin 12 6 0 0
Gastrointestinal disorders Nausea 22 41 2 2
Constipation 20 8 <1 0
Diarrhea 19 46 1 4
Vomiting 15 27 <1 <1
Abdominal pain upper 18 14 1 <1
Abdominal pain 15 12 2 0
Dyspepsia 10 12 0 0
Nervous system disorders Headache 32 23 3 <1
Dizziness 12 11 <1 <1
General disorders and administration site conditions Fatigue 23 20 1 1
Pyrexia 14 13 <1 0
Asthenia 14 12 <1 0
Peripheral edema 9 20 <1 0
Face edema <1 14 0 <1
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders Myalgia 19 19 <1 <1
Arthralgia 22 17 <1 <1
Muscle spasms 12 34 0 1
Pain in extremity 15 16 <1 <1
Back pain 19 17 1 1
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders Cough 17 13 0 0
Oropharyngeal pain 12 6 0 0
Dyspnea 11 6 2 <1
Infections and infestations Nasopharyngitis                   27 21 0 0
Upper respiratory tract infection 17 14 <1 0
Influenza 13 9 0 0
Gastroenteritis 7 10 0 <1
Eye disorders Eyelid edema 1 19 0 <1
Periorbital edema <1 15 0 0
Psychiatric disorders Insomnia 11 9 0 0
Vascular disorder Hypertension 10 4 1 <1

aExcluding laboratory abnormalities
bNCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, Version 3.0

Table 8: Most Frequently Reported Non-Hematologic Adverse Reactions in Adult Patients with Resistant or Intolerant Ph+ CML Receiving Tasigna 400 mg Twice Daily (Regardless of Relationship to Study Drug) (Greater than or equal to 10% in any Group) 24-Month Analysisa
Body System and Adverse Reaction CML-CP CML-AP
N=321 N=137
All Grades (%) CTC Gradesb 3/4 (%) All Grades (%) CTC Gradesb 3/4 (%)
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Rash 36 2 29 0
Pruritus 32 <1 20 0
Night sweat 12 <1 27 0
Alopecia 11 0 12 0
Gastrointestinal disorders Nausea 37 1 22 <1
Constipation 26 <1 19 0
Diarrhea 28 3 24 2
Vomiting 29 <1 13 0
Abdominal pain 15 2 16 3
Abdominal pain upper 14 <1 12 <1
Dyspepsia 10 <1 4 0
Nervous system disorders Headache 35 2 20 1
General disorders and administration site conditions Fatigue 32 3 23 <1
Pyrexia 22 <1 28 2
Asthenia 16 0 14 1
Peripheral edema 15 <1 12 0
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders Myalgia 19 2 16 <1
Arthralgia  26 2 16 0
Muscle spasms 13 <1 15 0
Bone pain 14 <1 15 2
Pain in extremity 20 2 18 1
Back pain 17 2 15 <1
Musculoskeletal pain 11 <1 12 1
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders Cough 27 <1 18 0
Dyspnea 15 2 9 2
Oropharyngeal pain 11 0 7 0
Infections and infestations Nasopharyngitis 24 <1 15 0
Upper respiratory tract infection 12 0 10 0
Metabolism and nutrition disorders Decreased appetitec 15 <1 17 <1
Psychiatric disorders Insomnia 12 1 7 0
Vascular disorders Hypertension 10 2 11 <1

aExcluding laboratory abnormalities   bNCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, Version 3.0 cAlso includes preferred term anorexia

Laboratory Abnormalities

Table 9 shows the percentage of adult patients experiencing treatment-emergent Grade 3/4 laboratory abnormalities in patients who received at least one dose of Tasigna.

Table 9: Percent Incidence of Clinically Relevant Grade 3/4* Laboratory Abnormalities
Patient Population
Newly Diagnosed Adult Ph+ CML-CP Resistant or Intolerant Adult Ph+
CML-CP CML-AP
Tasigna 300 mg
twice daily
N=279
(%)
Imatinib 400 mg
once daily
N=280
(%)
Tasigna 400 mg
twice daily
N=321
(%)
Tasigna 400 mg
twice daily
N=137
(%)
Hematologic Parameters
Thrombocytopenia 10 9 301 423
Neutropenia 12 22 312 424
Anemia 4 6 11 27
Biochemistry Parameters
Elevated lipase 9 4 18 18
Hyperglycemia 7 <1 12 6
Hypophosphatemia 8 10 17 15
Elevated bilirubin (total) 4 <1 7 9
Elevated SGPT (ALT) 4 3 4 4
Hyperkalemia 2 1 6 4
Hyponatremia 1 <1 7 7
Hypokalemia <1 2 2 9
Elevated SGOT (AST) 1 1 3 2
Decreased albumin 0 <1 4 3
Hypocalcemia <1 <1 2 5
Elevated alkaline phosphatase 0 <1 <1 1
Elevated creatinine  0 <1 <1 <1

*NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 3.0

1CML-CP: Thrombocytopenia: 12% were Grade 3, 18% were Grade 4

2CML-CP: Neutropenia: 16% were Grade 3, 15% were Grade 4

3CML-AP: Thrombocytopenia: 11% were Grade 3, 32% were Grade 4

4CML-AP: Neutropenia: 16% were Grade 3, 26% were Grade 4

Elevated total cholesterol (all grades) occurred in 28% (Tasigna 300 mg twice daily) and 4% (imatinib). Elevated triglycerides (all grades) occurred in 12% and 8% of patients in the Tasigna and imatinib arms, respectively. Hyperglycemia (all Grades) occurred in 50% and 31% of patients in the Tasigna and imatinib arms, respectively.

Most common biochemistry laboratory abnormalities (all grades) were alanine aminotransferase increased (72%), blood bilirubin increased (59%), aspartate aminotransferase increased (47%), lipase increased (28%), blood glucose increased (50%), blood cholesterol increased (28%), and blood triglyceride increased (12%).

Treatment discontinuation in Ph+ CML-CP patients who have achieved a sustained molecular response (MR4.5)

In eligible patients who discontinued Tasigna therapy after attaining a sustained molecular response (MR4.5), musculoskeletal symptoms (e.g. myalgia, pain in extremity, arthralgia, bone pain, spinal pain, or musculoskeletal pain), were reported more frequently than before treatment discontinuation in the first year, as noted in Table 10. The rate of new musculoskeletal symptoms generally decreased in the second year after treatment discontinuation. 

In the newly diagnosed population in whom musculoskeletal symptoms occurred at any time during the TFR phase, 23/53 (43.4%) had not resolved by the TFR end date or data cut-off date. In the population previously treated with imatinib in whom musculoskeletal events occurred at any time during the TFR phase, 32/57 (56.1%) had not resolved by the data cut-off date.

The rate of musculoskeletal symptoms decreased in patients who entered the Tasigna treatment reinitiation (NTRI) phase, at 11/88 (12.5%) in the newly diagnosed population and 14/56 (25%) in the population previously treated with imatinib. Other adverse reactions observed in the Tasigna re-treatment phase were similar to those observed Tasigna use in patients with newly diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP and resistant or intolerant Ph+ CML-CP and CML-AP.

Table 10: Musculoskeletal symptoms occurring upon treatment discontinuation in the context of treatment-free remission (TFR)
Entire TFR period in all TFR patients By time interval, in subset of patients in TFR greater than 48 weeks
Ph+ CML-CP patients
N
Median follow-up in TFR Patients with
musculoskeletal
symptoms

N
Year prior to
Tasigna
discontinuation
1st year after 
Tasigna
discontinuation
2nd year after
Tasigna
discontinuation
All Grades Grade 3/4 All Grades Grade 3/4 All Grades Grade 3/4 All Grades Grade 3/4
Newly Diagnosed
190
76 weeks
28%

1%

100

17%

0%

34%

2%

9%

0%
Previously treated with imatinib
126

99 weeks

45%

2%

73

14%

0%

48%

3%

15%

1%

Additional Data from Clinical Trials

The following adverse drug reactions were reported in adult patients in the Tasigna clinical studies at the recommended doses. These adverse drug reactions are ranked under a heading of frequency, the most frequent first using the following convention: common (greater than or equal to 1% and less than 10%), uncommon (greater than or equal to 0.1% and less than 1%), and unknown frequency (single events). For laboratory abnormalities, very common events (greater than or equal to 10%), which were not included in Tables 7 and 8, are also reported. These adverse reactions are included based on clinical relevance and ranked in order of decreasing seriousness within each category, obtained from 2 clinical studies:

1. Adult patients with newly diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP 60 month analysis and,

2. Adult patients with resistant or intolerant Ph+ CML-CP and CMP-AP 24 months’ analysis.

Infections and Infestations: Common: folliculitis. Uncommon: pneumonia, bronchitis, urinary tract infection, candidiasis (including oral candidiasis). Unknown frequency: hepatitis B reactivation, sepsis, subcutaneous abscess, anal abscess, furuncle, tinea pedis.

Neoplasms Benign, Malignant, and Unspecified: Common: skin papilloma. Unknown frequency: oral papilloma, paraproteinemia.

Blood and Lymphatic System Disorders: Common: leukopenia, eosinophilia, febrile neutropenia, pancytopenia, lymphopenia. Unknown frequency: thrombocythemia, leukocytosis.

Immune System Disorders: Unknown frequency: hypersensitivity.

Endocrine Disorders: Uncommon: hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism. Unknown frequency: hyperparathyroidism secondary, thyroiditis.

Metabolism and Nutrition Disorders: Very Common: hypophosphatemia. Common: electrolyte imbalance (including hypomagnesemia, hyperkalemia, hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypocalcemia, hypercalcemia, hyperphosphatemia), diabetes mellitus, hyperglycemia, hypercholesterolemia, hyperlipidemia, hypertriglyceridemia. Uncommon: gout, dehydration, increased appetite. Unknown frequency: hyperuricemia, hypoglycemia.

Psychiatric Disorders: Common: depression, anxiety. Unknown frequency: disorientation, confusional state, amnesia, dysphoria.

Nervous System Disorders: Common: peripheral neuropathy, hypoesthesia, paresthesia. Uncommon: intracranial hemorrhage, ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack, cerebral infarction, migraine, loss of consciousness (including syncope), tremor, disturbance in attention, hyperesthesia. Unknown frequency: basilar artery stenosis, brain edema, optic neuritis, lethargy, dysesthesia, restless legs syndrome.

Eye Disorders: Common: eye hemorrhage, eye pruritus, conjunctivitis, dry eye (including xerophthalmia). Uncommon: vision impairment, vision blurred, visual acuity reduced, photopsia, hyperemia (scleral, conjunctival, ocular), eye irritation, conjunctival hemorrhage. Unknown frequency: papilledema, diplopia, photophobia, eye swelling, blepharitis, eye pain, chorioretinopathy, conjunctivitis allergic, ocular surface disease.

Ear and Labyrinth Disorders: Common: vertigo. Unknown frequency: hearing impaired, ear pain, tinnitus.

Cardiac Disorders: Common: angina pectoris, arrhythmia (including atrioventricular block, cardiac flutter, extrasystoles, atrial fibrillation, tachycardia, bradycardia), palpitations, electrocardiogram QT prolonged. Uncommon: cardiac failure, myocardial infarction, coronary artery disease, cardiac murmur, coronary artery stenosis, myocardial ischemia, pericardial effusion, cyanosis. Unknown frequency: ventricular dysfunction, pericarditis, ejection fraction decrease.

Vascular Disorders: Common: flushing. Uncommon: hypertensive crisis, peripheral arterial occlusive disease, intermittent claudication, arterial stenosis limb, hematoma, arteriosclerosis. Unknown frequency: shock hemorrhagic, hypotension, thrombosis, peripheral artery stenosis.

Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders: Common: dyspnea exertional, epistaxis, dysphonia. Uncommon: pulmonary edema, pleural effusion, interstitial lung disease, pleuritic pain, pleurisy, pharyngolaryngeal pain, throat irritation. Unknown frequency: pulmonary hypertension, wheezing.

Gastrointestinal Disorders: Common: pancreatitis, abdominal discomfort, abdominal distension, dysgeusia, flatulence. Uncommon: gastrointestinal hemorrhage, melena, mouth ulceration, gastroesophageal reflux, stomatitis, esophageal pain, dry mouth, gastritis, sensitivity of teeth. Unknown frequency: gastrointestinal ulcer perforation, retroperitoneal hemorrhage, hematemesis, gastric ulcer, esophagitis ulcerative, subileus, enterocolitis, hemorrhoids, hiatus hernia, rectal hemorrhage, gingivitis.

Hepatobiliary Disorders: Very Common: hyperbilirubinemia. Common: hepatic function abnormal. Uncommon: hepatotoxicity, toxic hepatitis, jaundice. Unknown frequency: cholestasis, hepatomegaly.

Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders: Common: eczema, urticaria, erythema, hyperhidrosis, contusion, acne, dermatitis (including allergic, exfoliative and acneiform). Uncommon: exfoliative rash, drug eruption, pain of skin, ecchymosis. Unknown frequency: psoriasis, erythema multiforme, erythema nodosum, skin ulcer, palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia syndrome, petechiae, photosensitivity, blister, dermal cyst, sebaceous hyperplasia, skin atrophy, skin discoloration, skin exfoliation, skin hyperpigmentation, skin hypertrophy, hyperkeratosis.

Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders: Common: bone pain, musculoskeletal chest pain, musculoskeletal pain, back pain, neck pain, flank pain, muscular weakness. Uncommon: musculoskeletal stiffness, joint swelling. Unknown frequency: arthritis.

Renal and Urinary Disorders: Common: pollakiuria. Uncommon: dysuria, micturition urgency, nocturia. Unknown frequency: renal failure, hematuria, urinary incontinence, chromaturia.

Reproductive System and Breast Disorders: Uncommon: breast pain, gynecomastia, erectile dysfunction. Unknown frequency: breast induration, menorrhagia, nipple swelling.

General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions: Common: pyrexia, chest pain (including non-cardiac chest pain), pain, chest discomfort, malaise. Uncommon: gravitational edema, influenza-like illness, chills, feeling body temperature change (including feeling hot, feeling cold). Unknown frequency: localized edema.

Investigations: Very Common: alanine aminotransferase increased, aspartate aminotransferase increased, lipase increased, lipoprotein cholesterol (including very low density and high density) increased, total cholesterol increased, blood triglycerides increased. Common: hemoglobin decreased, blood amylase increased, gamma-glutamyltransferase increased, blood creatinine phosphokinase increased, blood alkaline phosphatase increased, weight decreased, weight increased, globulins decreased. Uncommon: blood lactate dehydrogenase increased, blood urea increased. Unknown frequency: troponin increased, blood bilirubin unconjugated increased, insulin C-peptide decreased, blood parathyroid hormone increased.

In Pediatric Patients with Newly Diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP or Resistant or Intolerant Ph+ CML-CP The data below reflect exposure to Tasigna from two studies in pediatric patients from 2 to less than 18 years of age with either newly diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP or imatinib/dasatinib resistant or intolerant Ph+ CML-CP treated at the recommended dose of 230 mg/m2 twice daily (n=69) [see Clinical Studies (14.5)]. The median time on treatment with Tasigna was 13.8 months (range: 0.7 to 30.9 months). The median actual dose intensity was 435.5 mg/m2/day (range: 149 to 517 mg/m2/day), and the median relative dose intensity was 94.7% (range: 32 to 112%). Forty patients (58.0%) had relative dose intensity superior to 90%.

In pediatric patients with Ph+ CML-CP, the most common (greater than 20%) non-hematologic adverse drug reactions were headache, rash, hyperbilirubinemia, alanine aminotransferase increased, pyrexia, nausea, upper respiratory tract infection, aspartate aminotransferase increased, and vomiting. The most common (greater than 5%) Grade 3/4 non-hematologic adverse drug reactions were alanine aminotransferase increased and hyperbilirubinemia.

Laboratory abnormalities of hyperbilirubinemia (Grade 3/4: 13%) and transaminase elevation (AST Grade 3/4: 1%, ALT Grade 3/4: 9%), were reported at a higher frequency than in adult patients.

The most common hematological adverse drug reactions (greater than or equal to 30% of patients, of all grades) were decreases in total white blood cells (54%), platelet count (44%), absolute neutrophils (41%), absolute lymphocytes (32%), and hemoglobin (30%).

Discontinuation due to adverse reactions occurred in 9 patients (13%). The adverse reactions leading to discontinuation were hyperbilirubinemia (6%) and rash (4%).

Increase in QTcF greater than 30 msec from baseline was observed in 17 patients (25%). No patient had an absolute QTcF of greater than 500 msec or QTcF increase of greater than 60 msec from baseline.

      Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post approval use of Tasigna. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Blood and Lymphatic System Disorders: thrombotic microangiopathy

7       DRUG INTERACTIONS 

      Effect of Other Drugs on Tasigna

Strong CYP3A Inhibitors

Concomitant use with a strong CYP3A inhibitor increased nilotinib concentrations compared to Tasigna alone [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)], which may increase the risk of Tasigna toxicities. Avoid concomitant use of strong CYP3A inhibitors with Tasigna. If patients must be coadministered a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor, reduce Tasigna dose [see Dosage and Administration (2.8)].

Strong CYP3A Inducers

Concomitant use with a strong CYP3A inducer decreased nilotinib concentrations compared to Tasigna alone [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)], which may reduce Tasigna efficacy. Avoid concomitant use of strong CYP3A inducers with Tasigna.

Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs)

Concomitant use with a PPI decreased nilotinib concentrations compared to Tasigna alone [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)], which may reduce Tasigna efficacy. Avoid concomitant use of PPI with Tasigna. As an alternative to PPIs, use H2 blockers approximately 10 hours before or approximately 2 hours after the dose of Tasigna, or use antacids approximately 2 hours before or approximately 2 hours after the dose of Tasigna.

      Drugs that Prolong the QT Interval

Avoid coadministration of Tasigna with agents that may prolong the QT interval such as anti-arrhythmic drugs [see Boxed Warning, Dosage and Administration (2.4), Warnings and Precautions (5.2), Drug Interactions (7.1), and Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)].

8       USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

      Pregnancy

Risk Summary

Based on findings from animal studies and the mechanism of action, Tasigna can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)].

There are no available data in pregnant women to inform the drug-associated risk. In animal reproduction studies, administration of nilotinib to pregnant rats and rabbits during organogenesis caused adverse developmental outcomes including embryo-fetal lethality, fetal effects, and fetal variations in rats and rabbits at maternal exposures (AUC) approximately 2 and 0.5 times, respectively, the exposures in patients at the recommended dose (see Data). Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus.

The background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies are 2-4% and 15-20%, respectively.

Data

Animal Data

In embryo-fetal development studies in rats and rabbits, pregnant animals received oral doses of nilotinib up to 100 mg/kg/day and 300 mg/kg/day, respectively, during the period of organogenesis.

In rats, oral administration of nilotinib produced embryo-lethality/fetal effects at doses ≥ 30 mg/kg/day. At ≥ 30 mg/kg/day skeletal variations of incomplete ossification of the frontals and misshapen sternebra were noted, and there was an increased incidence of small renal papilla and fetal edema. At 100 mg/kg/day, nilotinib was associated with maternal toxicity (decreased gestation weight, gravid uterine weight, net weight gain, and food consumption) and resulted in a single incidence of cleft palate and two incidences of pale skin were noted in the fetuses. A single incidence of dilated ureters was noted in a fetus also displaying small renal papilla at 100 mg/kg/day. Additional variations of forepaw and hindpaw phalanx unossified, fused sternebra, bipartite sternebra ossification, and incomplete ossification of the cervical vertebra were noted at 100 mg/kg/day.

In rabbits, oral administration of nilotinib resulted in the early sacrifice of two females, maternal toxicity and increased resorption of fetuses at 300 mg/kg/day. Fetal skeletal variations (incomplete ossification of the hyoid, bent hyoid, supernumerary short detached ribs and the presence of additional ossification sites near the nasals, frontals and in the sternebral column) were also increased at this dose in the presence of maternal toxicity. Slight maternal toxicity was evident at 100 mg/kg/day but there were no reproductive or embryo-fetal effects at this dose.

At 30 mg/kg/day in rats and 300 mg/kg/day in rabbits, the maternal systemic exposure (AUC) were 72700 ng*hr/mL and 17100 ng*hr/mL respectively, representing approximately 2 and 0.5 times the exposure in humans at the highest recommended dose 400 mg twice daily.

When pregnant rats were dosed with nilotinib during organogenesis and through lactation, the adverse effects included a longer gestational period, lower pup body weights until weaning and decreased fertility indices in the pups when they reached maturity, all at a maternal dose of 60 mg/kg (i.e., 360 mg/m2, approximately 0.7 times the clinical dose of 400 mg twice daily based on body surface area). At doses up to 20 mg/kg (i.e., 120 mg/m2, approximately 0.25 times the clinical dose of 400 mg twice daily based on body surface area) no adverse effects were seen in the maternal animals or the pups.

      Lactation

Risk Summary

No data are available regarding the presence of nilotinib or its metabolites in human milk or its effects on a breastfed child or on milk production. However, nilotinib is present in the milk of lactating rats. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in a nursing child, advise lactating women not to breastfeed during treatment with Tasigna and for at least 14 days after the last dose.

Animal Data

After a single 20 mg/kg of [14C] nilotinib dose to lactating rats, the transfer of parent drug and its metabolites into milk was observed. The overall milk-to-plasma exposure ratio of total radioactivity was approximately 2, based on the AUC0-24h or AUC0-∞ values. No rat metabolites of nilotinib were detected that were unique to milk.

      Females and Males of Reproductive Potential

Pregnancy Testing

Based on animal studies, Tasigna can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)]. Females of reproductive potential should have a pregnancy test prior to starting treatment with Tasigna.

Contraception

Females

Based on animal studies, Tasigna can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)]. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Tasigna and for at least 14 days after the last dose.

Infertility

The risk of infertility in females or males of reproductive potential has not been studied in humans. In studies in rats and rabbits, the fertility in males and females was not affected [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].

      Pediatric Use

The safety and effectiveness of Tasigna have been established in pediatric patients greater than or equal to 1 year of age with newly diagnosed and resistant or intolerant Ph+ CML in chronic phase [see Clinical Studies (14.5)]. There are no data for pediatric patients under 2 years of age. Use of Tasigna in pediatric patients 1 to less than 2 years of age is supported by efficacy in pediatric patients 2 to 6 years of age.

Use of Tasigna in pediatric patients 1 to less than 18 years of age is supported by evidence from two clinical trials [see Clinical Studies (14.5)]. The 25 patients with newly diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP were in the following age groups: 6 children (age 2 to less than 12 years) and 19 adolescents (age 12 to less than 18 years). The 44 patients with resistant or intolerant Ph+ CML-CP included 18 children (age 2 to less than 12 years) and 26 adolescents (age 12 to less than 18 years). All pediatric patients received Tasigna treatment at a dose of 230 mg/m2 twice daily, rounded to the nearest 50 mg dose (to a maximum single dose of 400 mg). No differences in efficacy or safety were observed between the different age subgroups in the two trials.

The frequency, type, and severity of adverse reactions observed were generally consistent with those observed in adults, with the exception of the laboratory abnormalities of hyperbilirubinemia (Grade 3/4: 13%) and transaminase elevation (AST Grade 3/4: 1%, ALT Grade 3/4: 9%), which were reported at a higher frequency in pediatric patients than in adults [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

The long-term effects of prolonged treatment with Tasigna in pediatric patients are unknown.

      Geriatric Use

In the clinical trials of Tasigna (patients with newly diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP and resistant or intolerant Ph+ CML-CP and CML-AP), approximately 12% and 30% of patients were 65 years or over respectively.

  • Patients with newly diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP: There was no difference in major molecular response between patients aged less than 65 years and those greater than or equal to 65 years.
  • Patients with resistant or intolerant CML-CP: There was no difference in major cytogenetic response rate between patients aged less than 65 years and those greater than or equal to 65 years.
  • Patients with resistant or intolerant CML-AP: The hematologic response rate was 44% in patients less than 65 years of age and 29% in patients greater than or equal to 65 years.

No major differences for safety were observed in patients greater than or equal to 65 years of age as compared to patients less than 65 years.

      Cardiac Disorders

In the clinical trials, patients with a history of uncontrolled or significant cardiovascular disease, including recent myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, unstable angina or clinically significant bradycardia, were excluded. Caution should be exercised in patients with relevant cardiac disorders [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

      Hepatic Impairment

Reduce the Tasigna dosage in patients with hepatic impairment and monitor the QT interval closely in these patients [see Dosage and Administration (2.7), and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

10       OVERDOSAGE

Overdose with nilotinib has been reported, where an unspecified number of Tasigna capsules were ingested in combination with alcohol and other drugs. Events included neutropenia, vomiting, and drowsiness. In the event of overdose, the patient should be observed and appropriate supportive treatment given.

11       DESCRIPTION

Tasigna contains nilotinib, which belongs to a pharmacologic class of drugs known as kinase inhibitors.

Nilotinib drug substance, in the form of monohydrochloride monohydrate, is a white to slightly yellowish to slightly greenish yellow powder with the molecular formula and weight, respectively, of C28H22F3N7O•HCl • H2O and 584 (corresponding molecular formula and weight of nilotinib base, anhydrous are C28H22F3N7O and 529 respectively). The solubility of nilotinib in aqueous solutions decreases with increasing pH. Nilotinib is not optically active. The pKa1 was determined to be 2.1; pKa2 was estimated to be 5.4.

The chemical name of nilotinib monohydrochloride monohydrate is 4-methyl-N-[3-(4-methyl-1H-imidazol-1-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3-[[4-(3-pyridinyl)-2-pyrimidinyl]amino]-benzamide, monohydrochloride, monohydrate. Its structure is shown below:

Tasigna (nilotinib) capsules, for oral use, contain 50 mg, 150 mg, or 200 mg nilotinib base, anhydrous (equivalent to 55 mg, 166 mg, and 221 mg nilotinib monohydrochloride monohydrate respectively) with the following inactive ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, crospovidone, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate and poloxamer 188. The capsules contain gelatin, iron oxide (red), iron oxide (yellow), iron oxide (black), and titanium dioxide.

12       CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

      Mechanism of Action

Nilotinib is an inhibitor of the BCR-ABL kinase. Nilotinib binds to and stabilizes the inactive conformation of the kinase domain of ABL protein. In vitro, nilotinib inhibited BCR-ABL mediated proliferation of murine leukemic cell lines and human cell lines derived from patients with Ph+ CML. Under the conditions of the assays, nilotinib was able to overcome imatinib resistance resulting from BCR-ABL kinase mutations, in 32 out of 33 mutations tested. Nilotinib inhibited the autophosphorylation of the following kinases at IC50 values as indicated: BCR-ABL (20 to 60 nM), PDGFR (69 nM), c-KIT (210 nM), CSF-1R (125 to 250 nM), and DDR1 (3.7 nM).

      Pharmacodynamics

Based on exposure-response analyses for efficacy, a relationship between drug exposure and a greater likelihood of response was observed in clinical studies. Based on exposure-response analyses for safety, a relationship between exposure and a greater likelihood of safety events, including a higher occurrence of total bilirubin elevations, was observed in clinical studies.

Cardiac Electrophysiology

Tasigna is associated with concentration-dependent QT prolongation. At a dose of Tasigna 400 mg twice daily given without food in healthy subjects, the maximum mean placebo-adjusted QTcF changes were 10.4 msec (90% CI: 2.85, 18.0). After a single dose of Tasigna 800 mg (two times the maximum approved recommended dosage) given with a high fat meal to healthy subjects, the maximum mean placebo-adjusted QTcF changes were) 18.0 msec (90% CI: 9.65, 25.8). Peak plasma concentrations in the QT study were 26% lower than or comparable with those observed in patients enrolled in the single-arm study [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.2), and Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

      Pharmacokinetics

Steady-state nilotinib exposure was dose-dependent with less than dose-proportional increases in systemic exposure at dose levels higher than 400 mg given as once or twice daily dosing. In adult patients with resistant or intolerant Ph+ CML given Tasigna 400 mg twice daily, the steady-state mean (%CV) Cmax and AUC0-12h were 2260 ng/ml (35%) and 18000 ng∙h/ml (33%), respectively. In adult patients with newly diagnosed Ph+ CML given Tasigna 300 mg twice daily, the steady-state mean (%CV) Cmax and AUC0-12h were 1540 ng/ml (48%) and 13337 ng∙h/ml (46%), respectively.

Steady state conditions were achieved by Day 8. An increase in serum exposure to nilotinib between the first dose and steady state was approximately 2-fold for daily dosing and 3.8-fold for twice daily dosing. The average steady state nilotinib trough and peak concentrations did not change over 12 months.

Absorption

Relative bioavailability of nilotinib capsule is approximately 50%, as compared to an oral drink solution (pH of 1.2 to 1.3). Peak concentrations of nilotinib are reached 3 hours after oral administration. Nilotinib is a substrate of P-gp in vitro.

Median steady-state trough concentration of nilotinib was decreased by 53% in patients with total gastrectomy compared to patients who had not undergone surgeries [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10)].

Effect of Food

Compared to the fasted state, the systemic exposure (AUC) increased by 82% when the dose was given 30 minutes after a high fat meal (meal of 800 to 1000 calories with fat being 50% of total caloric content; approximately: 150 calories from protein, 250 calories from carbohydrates, and 500-600 calories from fat).

Single dose administration of two 200 mg nilotinib capsules each dispersed in 1 teaspoon of applesauce and administered within 15 minutes was shown to be bioequivalent to a single dose administration of two 200 mg intact capsules.

Distribution

The blood-to-serum ratio of nilotinib is 0.68. Serum protein binding is approximately 98%.

Elimination

The mean (CV%) apparent elimination half-life is estimated to be approximately 17 hours (69%) and the mean (CV%) apparent clearance approximates 29 L/h (61%).

Metabolism

Nilotinib is primarily metabolized via CYP3A4-mediated oxidation and to a minor extent by CYP2C8. Nilotinib is the main circulating component in the serum. None of the metabolites contribute significantly to the pharmacological activity of nilotinib.

Excretion

After a single dose of radiolabeled nilotinib, more than 90% of the administered dose was eliminated within 7 days: 93% of the dose in feces. Parent drug accounted for 69% of the dose.

Specific Populations

Age, sex, race/ethnicity, or body weight did not significantly affect the pharmacokinetics of nilotinib. The effect of renal impairment on nilotinib pharmacokinetics is unknown.

Pediatric Patients

Following administration of the approved recommend pediatric dosage of nilotinib, steady-state exposure of nilotinib were within 2-fold to adult patients treated with 400 mg twice daily. Steady-state Cmin was comparable across all age groups (pediatric patients from ages 2 to less than 18 years), diseases (patients with newly diagnosed and resistant or intolerant Ph+ CML) and studies.

Body surface area correlated with nilotinib clearance and was the primary factor responsible for the PK differences between pediatrics and adults.

Patients with Hepatic Impairment

Following a single dose of Tasigna 200 mg (0.5 times the maximum approved recommended dosage), the mean AUC of nilotinib increased 1.4-fold, 1.4-fold, and 1.6-fold in subjects with mild (Child-Pugh class A), moderate (Child-Pugh class B) and severe (Child-Pugh class C) hepatic impairment, respectively, compared to subjects with normal hepatic function.

Drug Interaction Studies

Clinical Studies

Strong CYP3A Inhibitors: Coadministration of ketoconazole (a strong CYP3A inhibitor) 400 mg once daily for 6 days increased nilotinib AUC by approximately 3-fold. A single concurrent intake of double-strength grapefruit juice increased the nilotinib AUC by 1.3-fold.

Strong CYP3A Inducers: Coadministration of rifampicin (a strong CYP3A inducer) 600 mg daily for 12 days decreased nilotinib AUC by approximately 80%.

Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs): Tasigna displays pH-dependent aqueous solubility. Coadministration of multiple doses of esomeprazole (a PPI) at 40 mg daily decreased the nilotinib AUC by 34%. No significant change in nilotinib pharmacokinetics was observed when a single 400 mg dose of Tasigna was administered 10 hours after and 2 hours before famotidine (an H2 blocker), or administered 2 hours after and 2 hours before an antacid (e.g., aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, simethicone).

Moderate CYP3A inhibitors: Following coadministration of nilotinib 400 mg twice daily with imatinib (a moderate CYP3A inhibitor) 400 mg daily or 400 mg twice daily, the AUC increased 30% to 50% for nilotinib and approximately 20% for imatinib.

CYP3A4 Substrates: Multiple doses of Tasigna increased the systemic exposure of oral midazolam (a substrate of CYP3A4) 2.6-fold.

CYP2C9 Substrates: Single-dose of Tasigna did not change the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of warfarin (a CYP2C9 substrate).

In Vitro Studies Where Drug Interaction Potential Was Not Further Evaluated Clinically

CYP Substrates: Nilotinib is a competitive inhibitor of CYP2C8, CYP2D6, and is an inducer of CYP2B6 and CYP2C8.

Substrates of Transporters: Nilotinib is an inhibitor of UGT1A1 and P-gp.

      Pharmacogenomics

Tasigna can increase bilirubin levels. The (TA)7/(TA)7 genotype of UGT1A1 was associated with a statistically significant increase in the risk of hyperbilirubinemia relative to the (TA)6/(TA)6 and (TA)6/(TA)7 genotypes. However, the largest increases in bilirubin were observed in the (TA)7/(TA)7 genotype (UGT1A1*28) patients [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].

13       NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

      Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

A 2-year carcinogenicity study was conducted orally in rats at nilotinib doses of 5, 15, and 40 mg/kg/day. Exposures in animals at the highest dose tested were approximately 2- to 3-fold the human exposure (based on AUC) at the nilotinib dose of 400 mg twice daily. The study was negative for carcinogenic findings. A 26-week carcinogenicity study was conducted orally in Tg.rasH2 mice, a model genetically modified to enhance susceptibility to neoplastic transformation, at nilotinib doses of 30, 100, and 300 mg/kg/day. Nilotinib induced in the skin and subcutis statistically significant increases in the incidence of papillomas in females and of papillomas and combined papillomas and carcinomas in males at 300 mg/kg/day. The no-observed-adverse-effect-level (NOAEL) for skin neoplastic lesions was 100 mg/kg/day. 

Nilotinib was not mutagenic in a bacterial mutagenesis (Ames) assay, was not clastogenic in a chromosome aberration assay in human lymphocytes, did not induce DNA damage (comet assay) in L5178Y mouse lymphoma cells, nor was it clastogenic in an in vivo rat bone marrow micronucleus assay with two oral treatments at doses up to 2000 mg/kg/dose.

There were no effects on male or female rat and female rabbit mating or fertility at doses up to 180 mg/kg in rats (approximately 4- to 7-fold for males and females, respectively, the AUC in patients at the dose of 400 mg twice daily) or 300 mg/kg in rabbits (approximately one-half the AUC in patients at the dose of 400 mg twice daily). The effect of Tasigna on human fertility is unknown. In a study where male and female rats were treated with nilotinib at oral doses of 20 to 180 mg/kg/day (approximately 1- to 6.6-fold the AUC in patients at the dose of 400 mg twice daily) during the pre-mating and mating periods and then mated, and dosing of pregnant rats continued through gestation Day 6, nilotinib increased post-implantation loss and early resorption, and decreased the number of viable fetuses and litter size at all doses tested.

14       CLINICAL STUDIES

      Adult Newly Diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP

The ENESTnd (Evaluating Nilotinib Efficacy and Safety in clinical Trials-Newly Diagnosed patients) study (NCT00471497) was an open-label, multicenter, randomized trial conducted to determine the efficacy of Tasigna versus imatinib tablets in adult patients with cytogenetically confirmed newly diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP. Patients were within 6 months of diagnosis and were previously untreated for CML-CP, except for hydroxyurea and/or anagrelide. Efficacy was based on a total of 846 patients: 283 patients in the imatinib 400 mg once daily group, 282 patients in the Tasigna 300 mg twice daily group, 281 patients in the Tasigna 400 mg twice daily group.

Median age was 46 years in the imatinib group and 47 years in both Tasigna groups, with 12%, 13%, and 10% of patients greater than or equal to 65 years of age in imatinib 400 mg once daily, Tasigna 300 mg twice daily and Tasigna 400 mg twice daily treatment groups, respectively. There were slightly more male than female patients in all groups (56%, 56%, and 62% in imatinib 400 mg once daily, Tasigna 300 mg twice daily and Tasigna 400 mg twice daily treatment groups, respectively). More than 60% of all patients were Caucasian, and 25% were Asian.

The primary data analysis was performed when all 846 patients completed 12 months of treatment (or discontinued earlier). Subsequent analyses were done when patients completed 24, 36, 48, and 60 months of treatment (or discontinued earlier). The median time on treatment was approximately 61 months in all three treatment groups.

The primary efficacy endpoint was major molecular response (MMR) at 12 months after the start of study medication. MMR was defined as less than or equal to 0.1% BCR-ABL/ABL % by international scale measured by RQ-PCR, which corresponds to a greater than or equal to 3 log reduction of BCR-ABL transcript from standardized baseline. Efficacy endpoints are summarized in Table 12.

Two patients in the Tasigna arm progressed to either accelerated phase or blast crisis (both within the first 6 months of treatment) while 12 patients on the imatinib arm progressed to either accelerated phase or blast crisis (7 patients within first 6 months, 2 patients within 6 to 12 months, 2 patients within 12 to 18 months and 1 patient within 18 to 24 months).

Table 12: Efficacy (MMR and CCyR) of Tasigna Compared to Imatinib in Adult Newly Diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP (ENESTnd)
Tasigna
300 mg
twice daily
Imatinib
400 mg
once daily
N=282 N=283
MMR at 12 months (95% CI) 44% (38.4, 50.3) 22% (17.6, 27.6)
     P-Valuea  <0.0001
CCyRb by 12 months (95% CI) 80% (75.0, 84.6) 65% (59.2, 70.6)
MMR at 24 months (95% CI) 62% (55.8, 67.4) 38% (31.8, 43.4)
CCyRb by 24 months (95% CI) 87% (82.4, 90.6) 77% (71.7, 81.8)

aCMH test stratified by Sokal risk group

bCCyR: 0% Ph+ metaphases. Cytogenetic responses were based on the percentage of Ph+ metaphases among greater than or equal to 20 metaphase cells in each bone marrow sample.

By the 60 months, MMR was achieved by 77% of patients on Tasigna and 60% of patients on imatinib; MR4.5 was achieved by 53.5% of patients on Tasigna and 31.4% on imatinib. Median overall survival was not reached in either arm. At the time of the 60-month final analysis, the estimated survival rate was 93.7% for patients on Tasigna and 91.7% for patients on imatinib. 

      Adult Patients with Resistant or Intolerant Ph+ CML-CP and CML-AP

Study CAMN107A2101 (referred to as Study A2101) (NCT00109707) was a single-arm, open-label, multicenter study conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Tasigna (400 mg twice daily) in patients with imatinib-resistant or -intolerant CML with separate cohorts for chronic and accelerated phase disease. The definition of imatinib resistance included failure to achieve a complete hematologic response (by 3 months), cytogenetic response (by 6 months) or major cytogenetic response (by 12 months) or progression of disease after a previous cytogenetic or hematologic response. Imatinib intolerance was defined as discontinuation of treatment due to toxicity and lack of a major cytogenetic response at time of study entry. At the time of data cut-off, 321 patients with CML-CP and 137 patients with CML-AP with a minimum follow-up of 24 months were enrolled. In this study, about 50% of CML-CP and CML-AP patients were males, over 90% (CML-CP) and 80% (CML-AP) were Caucasian, and approximately 30% were age 65 years or older.

Overall, 73% of patients were imatinib resistant while 27% were imatinib intolerant. The median time of prior imatinib treatment was approximately 32 (CML-CP) and 28 (CML-AP) months. Prior therapy included hydroxyurea in 85% of patients, interferon in 56% and stem cell or bone marrow transplant in 8%. The median highest prior imatinib dose was 600 mg per day for patients with CML-CP and CML-AP, and the highest prior imatinib dose was greater than or equal to 600 mg/day in 74% of all patients with 40% of patients receiving imatinib doses greater than or equal to 800 mg/day.

Median duration of Tasigna treatment was 18.4 months in patients with CML-CP and 8.7 months in patients with CML-AP.

The efficacy endpoint in CML-CP was unconfirmed major cytogenetic response (MCyR) which included complete and partial cytogenetic responses.

The efficacy endpoint in CML-AP was confirmed hematologic response (HR), defined as either a complete hematologic response (CHR) or no evidence of leukemia (NEL). The rates of response for CML-CP and CML-AP patients are reported in Table 13.

Median durations of response had not been reached at the time of data analysis.

Table 13: Efficacy of Tasigna in Adult Resistant or Intolerant Ph+ CML-CP and CML-AP (Study A2101)
Cytogenetic Response Rate (Unconfirmed) (%)a
Chronic Phase
(n=321)
Major (95% CI) 51% (46%–57%)
Complete (95% CI) 37% (32%–42%)
Partial (95% CI) 15% (11%–19%)
Accelerated Phase
(n=137)
Hematologic Response Rate (Confirmed) (95% CI)b 39% (31%–48%)
Complete Hematologic Response Rate (95% CI) 30% (22%–38%)
No Evidence of Leukemia (95% CI) 9% (5%–16%)

aCytogenetic response criteria: Complete (0% Ph + metaphases) or partial (1% to 35%). Cytogenetic responses were based on the percentage of Ph-positive metaphases among greater than or equal to 20 metaphase cells in each bone marrow sample.

bHematologic response=CHR + NEL (all responses confirmed after 4 weeks).

CHR (CML-CP): WBC less than 10 x 109/L, platelets less than 450,000/mm3, no blasts or promyelocytes in peripheral blood, less than 5% myelocytes + metamyelocytes in bone marrow, less than 20% basophils in peripheral blood, and no extramedullary involvement.

CHR (CML-AP): neutrophils greater than or equal to 1.5 x 109/L, platelets greater than or equal to 100 x 109/L, no myeloblasts in peripheral blood, myeloblasts less than 5% in bone marrow, and no extramedullary involvement.

NEL: same criteria as for CHR but neutrophils greater than or equal to 1.0 x 109/L and platelets greater than or equal to 20 x 109/L without transfusions or bleeding.

Adult Patients with Chronic Phase

The MCyR rate in 321 CML-CP patients was 51%. The median time to MCyR among responders was 2.8 months (range 1 to 28 months). The median duration of MCyR cannot be estimated. The median duration of exposure on this single arm-trial was 18.4 months. Among the CML-CP patients who achieved MCyR, 62% of them had MCyR lasting more than 18 months. The CCyR rate was 37%.

Adult Patients with Accelerated Phase

The overall confirmed hematologic response rate in 137 patients with CML-AP was 39%. The median time to first hematologic response among responders was 1 month (range 1 to 14 months). Among the CML-AP patients who achieved HR, 44% of them had a response lasting for more than 18 months.

After imatinib failure, 24 different BCR-ABL mutations were noted in 42% of chronic phase and 54% of accelerated phase CML patients who were evaluated for mutations.

      Treatment discontinuation in newly diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP patients who have achieved a sustained molecular response (MR4.5)

The ENESTfreedom (Evaluating Nilotinib Efficacy and Safety in clinical Trials-freedom) study (NCT01784068) is an open-label, multicenter, single-arm study, where 215 adult patients with Ph+ CML-CP treated with Tasigna in first-line for ≥ 2 years who achieved MR4.5 as measured with the MolecularMD MRDx™ BCR-ABL Test were enrolled to continue Tasigna treatment for an additional 52 weeks (Tasigna consolidation phase).

Of the 215 patients, 190 patients (88.4%) entered the “Treatment-free Remission” (TFR) phase after achieving a sustained molecular response (MR4.5) during the consolidation phase, defined by the following criteria:

  • The 4 last quarterly assessments (taken every 12 weeks) were at least MR4 (BCR-ABL/ABL
    ≤ 0.01% IS), and maintained for 1 year
  • The last assessment being MR4.5 (BCR-ABL/ABL ≤ 0.0032% IS)
  • No more than two assessments falling between MR4 and MR4.5 (0.0032% IS < BCR-ABL/ABL ≤ 0.01% IS).

The median age of patients who entered the TFR phase was 55 years, 49.5% were females, and 21.1% of the patients were ≥ 65 years of age. BCR-ABL levels were monitored every 4 weeks during the first 48 weeks of the TFR phase. Monitoring frequency was intensified to every 2 weeks upon the loss of MR4.0. Biweekly monitoring ended at one of the following time points:

  • Loss of MMR requiring patient to reinitiate Tasigna treatment
  • When the BCR-ABL levels returned to a range between MR4.0 and MR4.5
  • When the BCR-ABL levels remained lower than MMR for 4 consecutive measurements (8 weeks from initial loss of MR4.0).

Any patient with loss of MMR during the TFR phase reinitiated Tasigna treatment at 300 mg twice daily or at a reduced dose level of 400 mg once daily if required from the perspective of tolerance, within 5 weeks after the collection date of the blood sample demonstrating loss of MMR. Patients who required reinitiation of Tasigna treatment were monitored for BCR-ABL levels every 4 weeks for the first 24 weeks and then every 12 weeks thereafter in patients who regained MMR.

Efficacy was based on the 96-week analysis data cut-off date, by which time, 91 patients (47.9%) discontinued from the TFR phase due to loss of MMR, and 1 (0.5%), 1 (0.5%), 1 (0.5%) and 3 patients (1.6%) due to death from unknown cause, physician decision, lost to follow-up and subject decision, respectively. Among the 91 patients who discontinued the TFR phase due to loss of MMR, 88 patients restarted Tasigna treatment and 3 patients permanently discontinued from the study.

By the 96-week data cut-off, of the 88 patients who restarted treatment due to loss of MMR in the TFR phase, 87 patients (98.9%) patients regained MMR (one patient discontinued study permanently due to subject decision after 7.1 weeks of retreatment without regaining MMR) and 81 patients (92.0%) regained MR4.5 by the time of the cut-off date. The cumulative rate of MMR and MR4.5 regained at 24 weeks since treatment reinitiation was 97.7% (86/88 patients) and 86.4% (76/88 patients), respectively.

Table 14: Efficacy Results for ENESTfreedom

Patients Who Entered the Treatment Free Remission (TFR) Phase (Full Analysis Set, N=190)
Patients in TFR phase1
at the specified time point
Loss of MMR2 by the specified time point
% 95% CI %
24 weeks 62.1 (54.8, 69.0) 35.8
48 weeks 51.6 (44.2, 58.9) 45.8
96 weeks 48.9 (41.6, 56.3) 47.9

1Patients in MMR at the specified time point in the TFR phase

2Based on the time to event (loss of MMR) data during the TFR phase 

Among the 190 patients in the TFR phase, 98 patients had a treatment-free survival (TFS) event (defined as discontinuation from TFR phase due to any reason, loss of MMR, death due to any cause, progression to AP/BC up to the end of TFR phase, or reinitiation of treatment due to any cause in the study) by the 96-week cut-off date.

Figure 14-1       Kaplan-Meier estimate of treatment-free survival after start of TFR (Full Analysis Set ENESTfreedom)

  1. For a given time point, the points on the dashed curves represent the 95% confidence limits for the associated KM estimate on the solid curve.
  2. By the time of the 96-week data cut-off date, one single patient lost MMR at week 120, at the time when only 8 patients were considered at risk. This explains the artificial drop at the end of the curve.

      Treatment discontinuation in Ph+ CML-CP patients who have achieved a sustained molecular response (MR4.5) on Tasigna following prior imatinib therapy

The ENESTop (Evaluating Nilotinib Efficacy and Safety in clinical Trials-STop) study (NCT01698905) is an open-label, multicenter, single-arm study, where 163 adult patients with Ph+ CML-CP taking tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) for ≥ 3 years (imatinib as initial TKI therapy for more than 4 weeks without documented MR4.5 on imatinib at the time of switch to Tasigna, then switched to Tasigna for at least 2 years), and who achieved MR4.5 on Tasigna treatment as measured with the MolecularMD MRDx BCR-ABL Test were enrolled to continue Tasigna treatment for an additional 52 weeks (Tasigna consolidation phase). Of the 163 patients, 126 patients (77.3%) entered the TFR phase after achieving a sustained molecular response (MR4.5) during the consolidation phase, defined by the following criterion:

•       The 4 last quarterly assessments (taken every 12 weeks) showed no confirmed loss of MR4.5 (BCR-ABL/ABL ≤ 0.0032% IS) during 1 year.

The median age of patients who entered the TFR phase was 56 years, 55.6% were females, and 27.8% of the patients were ≥ 65 years of age. The median actual dose intensity during the 52-week Tasigna consolidation phase was 771.8 mg/day with 52.4%, 29.4%, 0.8%, 16.7% and 0.8% of patients receiving a daily Tasigna dose of 800 mg, 600 mg, 450mg, 400mg and 300mg just before entry into the TFR phase, respectively.

Patients who entered the TFR phase but experienced two consecutive measurements of BCR-ABL/ABL > 0.01% IS were considered having a confirmed loss of MR4.0, triggering reinitiation of Tasigna treatment. Patients with loss of MMR in the TFR phase immediately restarted Tasigna treatment without confirmation. All patients who restarted Tasigna therapy had BCR-ABL transcript levels monitored every 4 weeks for the first 24 weeks, then once every 12 weeks.

Efficacy was based on the 96-week analysis data cut-off date, by which time, 61 patients (48.4%) had discontinued from the TFR phase: 58 patients (46.0%) due to loss of MMR or confirmed loss of MR4.0, 2 patients (1.6%) due to subject/guardian decision and one patient (0.8%) due to pregnancy. Among the 58 patients who discontinued from the TFR phase due to confirmed loss of MR4.0 or loss of MMR, 56 patients restarted Tasigna therapy and 2 patients permanently discontinued from the study.

By the 96-week data cut-off, of the 56 patients who restarted Tasigna treatment due to confirmed loss of MR4.0 or loss of MMR in the TFR phase, 52 patients (92.9%) regained MR4.0 and MR4.5; 4 patients (7.1%) did not regain MR4.0 by the time of the cut-off date. The cumulative rate of MR4 and MR4.5 regained by 48-weeks since treatment reinitiation, was 92.9% (52/56 patients) and 91.1% (51/56 patients), respectively.

Table 15: Efficacy Results for ENESTop

Patients Who Entered the Treatment Free Remission (TFR) Phase (Full Analysis Set, N=126)
Patients in TFR phase1
at the specified time point
Loss of MMR or confirmed loss of MR42 by the specified time point 
% 95% CI %
24 weeks 60.3 (51.2, 68.9) 38.9
48 weeks 57.9 (48.8, 66.7) 41.3  
96 weeks 53.2 (44.1, 62.1)  43.7

1Patients without loss of MMR or confirmed loss of MR4 by specified time point of TFR phase

2Based on the time to event (loss of MMR or confirmed loss of MR4) data during the TFR phase

Among the 126 patients in the TFR phase, 61 patients (48.4%) had a treatment-free survival (TFS) event (defined as discontinuation from TFR phase due to any reason, loss of MMR, confirmed loss of MR4, death due to any cause, progression to AP/BC up to the end of TFR phase, or reinitiation of treatment due to any cause in the study) on or before the 96-month cut-off date. 

Figure 14-2       Kaplan-Meier estimate of treatment-free survival after start of TFR (Full Analysis Set ENESTop)

  1. For a given time point, the points on the dashed curves represent the 95% confidence limits for the associated KM estimate on the solid curve.

     Pediatric Patients with Newly Diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP or Resistant or Intolerant Ph+ CML-CP

The safety and efficacy of Tasigna in pediatric patients with Ph+ CML-CP have been investigated in two studies: Study CAMN107A2120 (NCT01077544), an open-label, single-arm, multi-center study that evaluated the pharmacokinetics, safety, and preliminary efficacy of Tasigna in pediatric patients with Ph+ CML resistant or intolerant to imatinib or dasatinib (n=11), and Study CAMN107A2203 (NCT01844765), an open-label, single-arm, multi-center study evaluating the efficacy and safety of Tasigna in pediatric patients with Ph+ CML-CP resistant or intolerant to imatinib or dasatinib (n=33) and newly diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP (n=25). In both studies, patients received Tasigna treatment at a dose of 230 mg/m2 twice daily, rounded to the nearest 50 mg dose (to a maximum single dose of 400 mg). Data was pooled from a total of 69 pediatric patients (from 2 to less than 18 years of age) with either newly diagnosed Ph+ CML-CP (n=25; 6 children from 2 to less than 12 years and 19 adolescents from 12 to less than 18 years) or imatinib/dasatinib resistant or intolerant Ph+ CML-CP (n=44; 18 children from 2 to less than 12 years and 26 adolescents from 12 to less than 18 years).

The median time on treatment with Tasigna was 13.80 months (range: 0.7 to 30.9 months).

In patients with resistant or intolerant CML, the major molecular response (MMR; BCR-ABL/ABL ≤0.1% IS) rate was 40.9% (18/44, 95% CI: 26.3%, 56.8%) at 12 cycles (28 days per cycle). In patients with newly diagnosed CML, the MMR rate was 60.0% (15/25, 95% CI: 38.7%, 78.9%) at 12 cycles. In patients with resistant or intolerant CML, the cumulative MMR rate was 47.7% (21/44) by cycle 12. In patients with newly diagnosed CML, the cumulative MMR rate was 64.0% (16/25) by cycle 12.

Among the 21 patients with resistant or intolerant CML who were in MMR at any time on treatment, the median time to first MMR was 2.8 months (range: 0.0 to 11.3). For the 17 patients with newly diagnosed CML who achieved MMR, the median time to first MMR was 5.6 months (range: 2.7 to 16.6).

Among patients with resistant or intolerant CML, 4.5% of patients achieved BCR-ABL/ABL ≤0.0032% IS (MR4.5) by the cut-off date. Among patients with newly diagnosed CML, the percentage of patients who achieved MR4.5 was 28.0%.

None of the 21 patients with resistant or intolerant CML who were in MMR on treatment had confirmed loss of MMR, with a median follow-up of 11.3 months. Among the 17 patients with newly diagnosed CML who achieved MMR, one patient had confirmed loss of MMR 3 months after achieving this response; in these patients, the median follow-up was 11.1 months. One patient with resistant or intolerant CML progressed to AP/BC after about 10 months on treatment.

16       HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

Tasigna (nilotinib) 50 mg capsules are red opaque cap and light yellow opaque body hard gelatin capsules, size 4 with black radial imprint “NVR/ABL.” Tasigna (nilotinib) 150 mg capsules are red opaque hard gelatin capsules, size 1 with black axial imprint “NVR/BCR.” Tasigna (nilotinib) 200 mg capsules are light yellow opaque hard gelatin capsules, size 0 with the red axial imprint “NVR/TKI.” Tasigna 50 mg capsules are supplied in bottles and Tasigna 150 mg and 200 mg capsules are supplied in blister packs.

50 mg

Bottle of 120 capsules………………………………………………………………NDC 0078-0951-66

150 mg

Carton of 4 blister packs of (4x28)…………………………………………………NDC 0078-0592-87

Blisters of 28 capsules………………………………………………………………NDC 0078-0592-51

200 mg

Carton of 4 blister packs of (4x28)…………………………………………………NDC 0078-0526-87

Blisters of 28 capsules………………………………………………………………NDC 0078-0526-51

Tasigna (nilotinib) capsules should be stored at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted between 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

17       PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Medication Guide).

A Medication Guide is required for distribution with Tasigna. The complete text of the Medication Guide is reprinted at the end of this document.

Myelosuppression

Advise patients that treatment with Tasigna can cause serious thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, and anemia. Advise patients to seek immediate medical attention if symptoms suggestive of low blood counts occur, such as fever, chills or other signs of infection, unexplained bleeding or bruising, or unexplained weakness or shortness of breath [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

QT Prolongation

Advise patients that Tasigna can cause possibly life-threatening, abnormal heart beat. Advise patients to seek immediate medical attention if symptoms of abnormal heart beat occur, such as feeling light-headed, faint or experiencing an irregular heartbeat [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

Cardiac and Arterial Vascular Occlusive Events

Advise patients that cardiovascular events (including ischemic heart disease, peripheral arterial occlusive disease, and ischemic cerebrovascular events) have been reported. Advise patients to seek immediate medical attention if any symptoms suggestive of a cardiovascular event occur, such as chest or leg pain, numbness or weakness, or problems walking or speaking occur suddenly [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].

Pancreatitis and Elevated Serum Lipase

Advise patients that Tasigna can increase the risk of pancreatitis and that patients with a previous history of pancreatitis may be at greater risk. Advise patients to seek immediate medical attention if symptoms suggestive of pancreatitis occur, such as sudden stomach area pain with accompanying nausea and vomiting [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

Hepatotoxicity

Advise patients that Tasigna can increase the risk of hepatotoxicity and that patients with previous history of liver diseases may be at risk. Advise patients to seek immediate medical attention if any symptoms suggestive of hepatotoxicity occur, such as stomach pain, yellow skin and eyes, and dark-colored urine [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].

Taking Tasigna

Advise patients to take Tasigna doses twice daily approximately 12 hours apart. The capsules should be swallowed whole with water.

Advise patients to take Tasigna on an empty stomach. No food should be consumed for at least 2 hours before the dose is taken and for at least 1 hour after the dose is taken. Patients should not consume grapefruit products and other foods that are known to inhibit CYP3A4 at any time during Tasigna treatment [see Dosage and Administration (2.1), Drug Interactions (7.1, 7.2) and Medication Guide].

If the patient missed a dose of Tasigna, the patient should take the next scheduled dose at its regular time. The patient should not take two doses at the same time. 

Should patients be unable to swallow capsules, the contents of each capsule may be dispersed in one teaspoon of applesauce and the mixture swallowed immediately (within 15 minutes).

Tumor Lysis Syndrome

Advise patients that Tasigna can cause tumor lysis syndrome and to seek immediate medical attention if any symptoms suggestive of tumor lysis syndrome occur such as an abnormal heartbeat or less urine production [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)].

Hemorrhage

Advise patients that serious hemorrhagic events, including fatal events, have occurred in patients with CML treated with Tasigna. Advise patients to seek immediate medical attention if symptoms suggestive of hemorrhage occur, such as uncontrolled bleeding, changes in eyesight, unconsciousness, or sudden headache or sudden confusion in surroundings [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9)].

Fluid Retention

Advise patients that Tasigna can cause fluid retention and to seek immediate medical attention if any symptoms suggestive of fluid retention such as shortness of breath, rapid weight gain, or swelling occur [see Warnings and Precautions (5.13)].

Effects on Growth and Development in Pediatric Patients

Inform pediatric patients and their caregivers of the possibility of developing growth abnormalities. Therefore, monitor growth and development in pediatric patients [see Warnings and Precautions (5.14)].

Treatment Free Remission (TFR)

Advise patients that frequent monitoring is required to detect possible loss of remission if TFR is attempted. Advise patients that musculoskeletal symptoms such as muscle pain, pain in extremity, joint pain, bone pain, or spinal pain, may occur more frequently than before treatment discontinuation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.16) and Medication Guide].

Drug Interactions

Advise patients that Tasigna and certain other medicines, including over the counter medications or herbal supplements (such as St. John’s Wort), can interact with each other [see Drug Interactions (7)].

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Advise females to inform their healthcare provider if they are pregnant or become pregnant. Inform female patients of the risk to a fetus and potential loss of the pregnancy [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment and for at least 14 days after receiving the last dose of Tasigna [see Warnings and Precautions (5.15) and Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3)].

Lactation

Advise lactating women not to breastfeed during treatment with Tasigna and for at least 14 days after the last dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.2)].

Compliance

Advise patients of the following:

  • Continue taking Tasigna every day for as long as their doctor tells them.
  • This is a long-term treatment.
  • Do not change dose or stop taking Tasigna without first consulting their doctor.
  • If a dose is missed, take the next dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose to make up for the missed capsules.

T2018-103

This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Revised: March 2018
Medication Guide
Tasigna® (ta-sig-na)
(nilotinib)
capsules
What is the most important information I should know about Tasigna?
Tasigna can cause a possible life-threatening heart problem called QTc prolongation.
QTc prolongation causes an irregular heartbeat, which may lead to sudden death.
Your healthcare provider should check the electrical activity of your heart with a test called an electrocardiogram (ECG):
• before starting Tasigna
• 7 days after starting Tasigna
• with any dose changes
• regularly during Tasigna treatment
You may lower your chances for having QTc prolongation with Tasigna if you:
  • Take Tasigna on an empty stomach:
    • Avoid eating food for at least 2 hours before the dose is taken, and
    • Avoid eating food for at least 1 hour after the dose is taken.
  • Avoid grapefruit, grapefruit juice, and any supplement containing grapefruit extract while taking Tasigna. Food and grapefruit products increase the amount of Tasigna in your body.
  • Avoid taking other medicines or supplements with Tasigna that can also cause QTc prolongation.
  • Tasigna can interact with many medicines and supplements and increase your chance for serious and life-threatening side effects.
  • Do not take any other medicine while taking Tasigna unless your healthcare provider tells you it is okay to do so.
  • If you cannot swallow Tasigna capsules whole, you may open the Tasigna capsule and sprinkle the contents of each capsule in 1 teaspoon of applesauce (puréed apple). Swallow the mixture right away (within 15 minutes). For more information, see “How should I take Tasigna?”

Call your healthcare provider right away if you feel lightheaded, faint, or have an irregular heartbeat while taking Tasigna. These can be symptoms of QTc prolongation.

What is Tasigna?
Tasigna is a prescription medicine used to treat:
  • adults and children who have been newly diagnosed with a certain type of leukemia called Philadelphia chromosome positive chronic myeloid leukemia (Ph+ CML) in chronic phase.
  • adults with chronic phase Ph+ CML or accelerated phase Ph+ CML who:
    • are no longer benefiting from other treatments, including imatinib (Gleevec), or
    • have taken other treatments, including imatinib (Gleevec), and cannot tolerate them.
  • children with chronic phase Ph+ CML who:
    • are no longer benefiting from treatment with a tyrosine-kinase inhibitor medicine, or
    • have taken a tyrosine-kinase inhibitor medicine and cannot tolerate it.

It is not known if Tasigna is safe and effective in children younger than 1 year of age with newly diagnosed, resistant, or intolerant Ph+ CML in chronic phase.

The long-term effects of treating children with Tasigna for a long period of time are not known.

Who should not take Tasigna?
Do not take if you have:
  • low levels of potassium or magnesium in your blood
  • long QTc syndrome
Before taking Tasigna, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:
  • have heart problems
  • have had a stroke or other problems due to decreased blood flow to the brain
  • have problems with decreased blood flow to your legs
  • have irregular heartbeat
  • have QTc prolongation or a family history of it
  • have liver problems
  • have had pancreatitis
  • have low blood levels of potassium or magnesium in your blood
  • have a severe problem with lactose (milk sugar) or other sugars. Tasigna capsules contain lactose. Most people who have mild or moderate lactose intolerance can take Tasigna.
  • have bleeding problems
  • had a surgical procedure involving the removal of the entire stomach (total gastrectomy)
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Tasigna can harm your unborn baby. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you are pregnant, or if you become pregnant during treatment with Tasigna.
In females who are able to become pregnant:
  • Your healthcare provider should do a pregnancy test before you start treatment with Tasigna.
  • Use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment with Tasigna and for at least 14 days after the last dose.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if Tasigna passes into your breast milk. Do not breastfeed during treatment and for at least 14 days after your last dose of Tasigna.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins and herbal supplements.

If you need to take antacids (medicines to treat heartburn) do not take them at the same time that you take Tasigna. If you take:

  • a medicine to block the amount of acid produced in the stomach (H2 blocker): Take these medicines about 10 hours before you take Tasigna, or about 2 hours after you take Tasigna.
  • an antacid that contains aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, and simethicone to reduce the amount of acid in the stomach: Take these medicines about 2 hours before or about 2 hours after you take Tasigna.

Tasigna can interact with many medicines and supplements and increase your chance for serious and life-threatening side effects. See “What is the most important information I should know about Tasigna?”

How should I take Tasigna?
  • Take Tasigna exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to take it.
  • Do not change your dose or stop taking Tasigna unless your healthcare provider tells you.
  • Tasigna is a long-term treatment.
  • Your healthcare provider will tell you how many Tasigna capsules to take and when to take them.
  • If your child takes Tasigna, your healthcare provider will change the dose as your child grows.
  • Tasigna must be taken on an empty stomach.
    • Avoid eating food for at least 2 hours before the dose is taken, and
    • Avoid eating food for at least 1 hour after the dose is taken.
  • Swallow Tasigna capsules whole with water. If you cannot swallow Tasigna capsules whole, tell your healthcare provider.
  • If you cannot swallow Tasigna capsules whole:
    • Open the Tasigna capsules and sprinkle the contents in 1 teaspoon of applesauce (puréed apple).
    • • Do not use more than 1 teaspoon of applesauce.
    • • Only use applesauce. Do not sprinkle Tasigna onto other foods.
    • Swallow the mixture right away (within 15 minutes).
  • Do not drink grapefruit juice, eat grapefruit, or take supplements containing grapefruit extract at any time during treatment. See “What is the most important information I should know about Tasigna?”
  • If you miss a dose, just take your next dose at your regular time. Do not take 2 doses at the same time to make up for a missed dose.
  • If you take too much Tasigna, call your healthcare provider or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away. Symptoms may include vomiting and drowsiness.
  • During treatment with Tasigna your healthcare provider will do tests to check for side effects and to see how well Tasigna is working for you. The tests will check your:
    • heart
    • blood cells (white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets). Your blood cells should be checked every 2 weeks for the first 2 months and then monthly.
    • electrolytes (potassium, magnesium)
    • pancreas and liver function
    • bone marrow samples

Your healthcare provider may change your dose. Your healthcare provider may have you stop Tasigna for some time or lower your dose if you have side effects with it.

  • Your healthcare provider will monitor your CML during treatment with Tasigna to see if you are in a remission. After at least 3 years of treatment with Tasigna, your healthcare provider may do certain tests to determine if you continue to be in remission. Based on your test results, your healthcare provider may decide if you may be eligible to try stopping treatment with Tasigna. This is called Treatment Free Remission (TFR).
  • Your healthcare provider will carefully monitor your CML during and after you stop taking Tasigna. Based you your test results, your healthcare provider may need to re-start your Tasigna if your CML is no longer in remission.
  • It is important that you are followed by your healthcare provider and undergo frequent monitoring to find out if you need to re-start your Tasigna treatment because you are no longer in TFR. Follow your healthcare provider’s instructions about re-starting Tasigna if you are no longer in TFR.
What are the possible side effects of Tasigna?
Tasigna may cause serious side effects, including:
  • See “What is the most important information I should know about Tasigna?”
  • Low blood cell counts. Low blood cell counts (red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets) are common with Tasigna, but can also be severe. Your healthcare provider will check your blood counts regularly during treatment with Tasigna. Call your healthcare provider or get medical help right away if you develop any signs or symptoms of low blood counts including:
    • fever
    • chills or other signs of infection
    • unexplained bleeding or bruising
    • unexplained weakness
    • shortness of breath
  • Decreased blood flow to the leg, heart, or brain. People who have recently been diagnosed with Ph+ CML and take Tasigna may develop decreased blood flow to the leg, the heart, or brain.
    Get medical help right away if you suddenly develop any of the following symptoms:
    • chest pain or discomfort
    • numbness or weakness
    • problems walking or speaking
    • leg pain
    • your leg feels cold
    • change in the skin color of your leg
  • Pancreas inflammation (pancreatitis). Tell your healthcare provider right away if you develop any symptoms of pancreatitis including sudden stomach area pain with nausea and vomiting.
  • Liver problems. Tasigna can increase your risk of liver problems. People who have had liver problems in the past may be at risk for getting liver problems with Tasigna. Call your healthcare provider or get medical help right away if you develop any symptoms of liver problems including:
  • stomach area (abdominal) pain
  • yellow skin and eyes
  • dark-colored urine
  • Tumor Lysis Syndrome (TLS). TLS is caused by a fast breakdown of cancer cells. TLS can cause you to have:
    • kidney failure and the need for dialysis treatment
    • an abnormal heart beat

Your healthcare provider may do blood tests to check you for TLS.

  • Bleeding problems. Serious bleeding problems and death have happened during treatment with Tasigna. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you develop any signs and symptoms of bleeding during treatment with Tasigna.
  • Fluid retention. Your body may hold too much fluid (fluid retention). Symptoms of fluid retention include shortness of breath, rapid weight gain, and swelling.
  • Abnormal growth or development in children. Effects on growth and development in children being treated for chronic phase CML is possible. The long term effects of prolonged treatment with Tasigna on growth and development in children are unknown.
The most common side effects of Tasigna in adults and children include:
• nausea
• rash
• headache
• tiredness
• itching
• vomiting
• diarrhea
• cough
• constipation
• muscle and joint pain
• runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, sore throat
• fever
• night sweats

Side effects in adult patients attempting treatment free remission:
If you and your healthcare provider decide that you can stop taking Tasigna and try treatment free remission (TFR), you may have more muscle and bone (musculoskeletal) symptoms than before you stopped treatment. Symptoms may include:

• muscle pain
• arm and leg pain
• joint pain
• bone pain
• spine pain

Tell your healthcare provider if you or your child have any side effect that bothers you or does not go away.

These are not all of the possible side effects of Tasigna.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How should I store Tasigna?
  • Store Tasigna at room temperature between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C).
  • Safely throw away medicine that is out of date or no longer needed.

Keep Tasigna and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General information about the safe and effective use of Tasigna.
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use Tasigna for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give Tasigna to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about Tasigna that is written for health professionals.
What are the ingredients in Tasigna?
Active ingredient: nilotinib
Inactive ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, crospovidone, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate and poloxamer 188.
The capsules contain gelatin, iron oxide (red), iron oxide (yellow), iron oxide (black), and titanium dioxide.

Distributed by: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, New Jersey 07936

© Novartis

For more information, go to www.Tasigna.com or call 1-866-411-8274.

T2018-19

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

Package Label – 50 mg

NDC 0078-0951-66

120 Capsules

Rx Only

Tasigna® (nilotinib) capsules

50 mg

Dispense with Medication Guide

Novartis

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

Package Label – 150 mg

Rx Only             NDC 0078-0592-87

Tasigna® (nilotinib) capsules

Contents: 4 individual blister packs containing 28 capsules each.

For oral use.

Dosage: See package insert

Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F).

1 capsule contains 150 mg nilotinib

Keep this and all drugs out of the reach of children.

For more information, visit www.US.Tasigna.com or call 1-866-411-Tasigna

PHARMACIST: DISPENSE WITH MEDICATION GUIDE ATTACHED OR PROVIDED SEPARATELY.

Take Tasigna on empty stomach. Avoid food for at least 2 hours before taking a dose of Tasigna and at least 1 hour after the dose is taken.

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

Package Label – 200 mg

Rx Only             NDC 0078-0526-87

Tasigna® (nilotinib) capsules

Contents: 4 individual blister packs containing 28 capsules each.

For oral use.

Dosage: See package insert

Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F).

1 capsule contains 200 mg nilotinib

Keep this and all drugs out of the reach of children.

For more information, visit www.US.Tasigna.com or call 1-866-411-Tasigna

PHARMACIST: DISPENSE WITH MEDICATION GUIDE ATTACHED OR PROVIDED SEPARATELY.

Take Tasigna on empty stomach. Avoid food for at least 2 hours before taking a dose of Tasigna and at least 1 hour after the dose is taken.

Tasigna 
nilotinib capsule
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0078-0526
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
NILOTINIB (NILOTINIB) NILOTINIB 200 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
SILICON DIOXIDE  
CROSPOVIDONE  
LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE  
MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
POLOXAMER 188  
GELATIN  
FERRIC OXIDE RED  
FERRIC OXIDE YELLOW  
TITANIUM DIOXIDE  
Product Characteristics
Color YELLOW (light yellow opaque) Score no score
Shape CAPSULE Size 22mm
Flavor Imprint Code NVR;TKI
Contains     
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0078-0526-87 4 BLISTER PACK in 1 CARTON
1 28 CAPSULE in 1 BLISTER PACK
2 NDC:0078-0526-51 28 CAPSULE in 1 BLISTER PACK
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA022068 10/29/2007
Tasigna 
nilotinib capsule
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0078-0592
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
NILOTINIB (NILOTINIB) NILOTINIB 150 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
SILICON DIOXIDE  
CROSPOVIDONE  
LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE  
MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
POLOXAMER 188  
GELATIN  
FERRIC OXIDE RED  
FERRIC OXIDE YELLOW  
TITANIUM DIOXIDE  
Product Characteristics
Color RED Score no score
Shape CAPSULE Size 22mm
Flavor Imprint Code NVR;BCR
Contains     
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0078-0592-87 4 BLISTER PACK in 1 CARTON
1 28 CAPSULE in 1 BLISTER PACK
2 NDC:0078-0592-51 28 CAPSULE in 1 BLISTER PACK
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA022068 10/29/2007
Tasigna 
nilotinib capsule
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0078-0951
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
NILOTINIB (NILOTINIB) NILOTINIB 50 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
SILICON DIOXIDE  
CROSPOVIDONE  
LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE  
MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
POLOXAMER 188  
GELATIN  
FERRIC OXIDE RED  
FERRIC OXIDE YELLOW  
TITANIUM DIOXIDE  
Product Characteristics
Color RED (red opaque cap and light yellow opaque body) Score no score
Shape CAPSULE Size 12mm
Flavor Imprint Code NVR;ABL
Contains     
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0078-0951-66 120 CAPSULE in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA022068 10/29/2007
Labeler - Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation (002147023)
 
Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation
Hide