Dosage form: ointment
Drug class: Topical antipsoriatics
Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Nov 1, 2020.
On This Page
- Indications and Usage
- Dosage and Administration
- Dosage Forms and Strengths
- Warnings and Precautions
- Adverse Reactions/Side Effects
- Use In Specific Populations
- Clinical Pharmacology
- Nonclinical Toxicology
- Clinical Studies
- How Supplied/Storage and Handling
- Patient Counseling Information
Indications and Usage for Calcitriol Ointment
Calcitriol Ointment is indicated for the topical treatment of mild to moderate plaque psoriasis in adults and pediatric patients 2 years and older.
Limitations of Use
The safety and effectiveness of Calcitriol Ointment in patients with known or suspected disorders of calcium metabolism have not been evaluated.
Calcitriol Ointment Dosage and Administration
Apply Calcitriol Ointment to affected areas twice daily, morning and evening.
- the maximum weekly dose should not exceed 200 grams.
- 2 to 6 years of age: the maximum weekly dose should not exceed 100 grams.
- 7 years of age and older: the maximum weekly dose should not exceed 200 grams
Calcitriol Ointment should not be applied to the eyes, lips, or facial skin.
Calcitriol Ointment is for topical use only.
Calcitriol Ointment is not for oral, ophthalmic or intravaginal use.
Dosage Forms and Strengths
Ointment, 3mcg/g. Each gram of Calcitriol Ointment contains 3 micrograms (mcg/g) of calcitriol.
Warnings and Precautions
Effects on Calcium Metabolism
In controlled clinical trials hypercalcemia was observed in subjects exposed to Calcitriol Ointment. If aberrations in parameters of calcium metabolism occur, treatment should be discontinued until these parameters have normalized. The effects of Calcitriol Ointment on calcium metabolism following treatment durations greater than 52 weeks have not been evaluated. Increased absorption may occur with occlusive use. Calcitriol Ointment should be used with caution in patients receiving medications know to increase the serum calcium level, such as thiazide diuretics, and in patients receiving calcium supplements or high doses of vitamin D.
Clinical Trials Experience
Because clinical studies are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in clinical studies of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical studies of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
Calcitriol Ointment was studied in two vehicle-controlled trials and one open label trial, resulting in 743 subjects exposed to Calcitriol Ointment. Table 1 describes adverse events in subjects treated with Calcitriol Ointment twice daily for 8 weeks. The population included subjects ages 13 to 87 years, males (284) and females (135), Caucasians (372) and non-Caucasians (47); with mild (105) to moderate (313) chronic plaque psoriasis.
Among subjects having laboratory monitoring, hypercalcemia was observed in 24% (18/74) of subjects exposed to active drug and in 16% (13/79) of subjects exposed to vehicle, however the elevation were less than 10% above the upper limit of normal [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.1)]
The open label study enrolled 324 subjects with psoriasis who were then treated for up to 52 weeks and included 239 subjects exposed for 6 months and 116 subjects exposed for one year. Adverse events reported at a rate of greater than or equal to 3% of subjects treated with Calcitriol Ointment were lab test abnormality (8%), urine abnormality (4%), psoriasis (4%), hypercalciuria (3%), and discomfort of skin (3%). Kidney stones were reported in 3 subjects and confirmed in two.
The following adverse reactions have been identified during the world-wide post-approval use of Calcitriol Ointment: acute blistering dermatitis, erythema,and skin burning sensation. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
Available data from pregnancies that occurred during the clinical development of Calcitriol Ointment and published cases of oral and intravenous calcitriol use in pregnant women have not identified a drug associated risk for major birth defects, miscarriages, or adverse maternal or fetal outcomes.
In animal reproduction studies, topical administration of calcitriol to pregnant rabbits during the period organogenesis resulted in an increased incidence of fetal deaths, as well as an increased incidence of minor skeletal abnormalities (see Data). The available data do not allow the calculation of relevant comparisons between the systemic exposures of calcitriol observed in animal studies to the systemic exposures that would be expected in humans after topical use of Calcitriol Ointment.
The background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2 to 4% and 15 to 20%, respectively.
Embryo-fetal development studies with calcitriol were performed in which rats were treated orally at dosages up to 0.9 mcg/kg/day (5.4 mcg/m2/day) and in which rabbits received topical application of Calcitriol Ointment (3ppm) to 6.4% of the body surface area. No effects on reproductive or fetal parameters were observed in rats. In rabbits, topically applied calcitriol induced a significantly elevated mean post-implantation loss and an increased incidence of minor skeletal abnormalities due to delayed ossification of the pubic bones. A slightly increased incidence of skeletal variation (extra 13th rib, reduced ossification of epiphyses) was also observed. These effects may have been secondary to maternal toxicity.
There are no data on the presence of calcitriol in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant or on milk production after treatment with Calcitriol Ointment. It is not known whether topical administration of calcitriol could result in sufficient systemic absorption to produce detectable quantities in human milk. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for Calcitriol Ointment and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from Calcitriol Ointment or from the underlying maternal conditions.
Advise breastfeeding women not to apply Calcitriol Ointment directly to the nipple and areola to avoid direct infant exposure.
The safety and effectiveness of Calcitriol Ointment have been established in pediatric patients age 2 years and older for topical treatment of mild to moderate plaque psoriasis. Use of Calcitriol Ointment in this age group is supported by two adequate and well-controlled 8-week trials and an open label trial in adult subjects, and additional data from trials conducted in pediatric subjects 2 to 17 years of age including:
- a vehicle controlled 8-week trial in 19 subjects 2 to 12 years of age with mild to moderate plaque psoriasis
- an open-label 8-week safety and pharmacokinetics (PK) trial in 25 subjects 12 to 17 years of age
- an open-label 14-day safety and PK trial in 18 subjects 2 to 17 years of age.
- an open-label 26-week safety and PK trial in 54 subjects 2 to 17 years of age.
Data from 63 subjects ages 2 to 12 years, and 42 subjects ages 13 to 17 years showed no significant effects on indices of calcium metabolism. The systemic exposure of calcitriol in the pediatric subjects was generally comparable to the endogenous levels observed at baseline. No new safety signals were identified in subjects 2 to 17 years [see Clinical Studies (14), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) and Adverse Reactions (6.1)].
The safety and effectiveness of Calcitriol Ointment in pediatric subjects below the age of 2 years has not been established.
Clinical studies of Calcitriol Ointment did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients.
Calcitriol Ointment Description
Calcitriol Ointment, 3 mcg/g is a vitamin D analog intended for topical application to the skin. The chemical name of the active ingredient is (5Z,7E)-9, 10-secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-triene-1α, 3β,25-triol. The structural formula is:
Calcitriol is a white or almost white crystalline solid. It is practically insoluble in water, soluble in alcohol and in fatty oils. The molecular formula is C27H44O3, and the molecular weight is 416.64.
Calcitriol Ointment is a translucent ointment containing 3 mcg/g (0.0003% w/w) of calcitriol, packaged in aluminum tubes with screw caps. Other components of the ointment are mineral oil, dl-α-tocopherol, and white petrolatum.
Calcitriol Ointment - Clinical Pharmacology
The contribution to efficacy of individual components of the vehicle has not been established.
Mechanism of Action
The mechanism of action of calcitriol in the treatment of psoriasis has not been established.
The systemic exposure of calcitriol was assessed in subjects with chronic, plaque psoriasis. In the pivotal pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic study, Calcitriol Ointment 3 mcg/g, was applied twice daily for 21 days (for a total dose of 30 g/day) to 35% of the body surface area (psoriatic + surrounding healthy skin) of subjects with at least 25% of body surface area involvement. At Day 21, the geometric mean plasma concentration values of Cmax increased by approximately 36% over baseline and the geometric mean value of AUC(0-12hr) increased by 44%. There was no correlation between the elevated calcitriol levels and the pharmacodynamic parameters or serum albumin adjusted calcium, serum phosphorus, urinary calcium and urinary phosphorus.
The systemic exposure of calcitriol was assessed in pediatric subjects ages 2 to 17 years with plaque psoriasis in two trials. In one trial, 25 subjects ages 12 to 17 applied Calcitriol Ointment 3 mcg/g twice a day for 8 weeks to a body surface area of 10% to 35%. The mean daily dose was 10.43 g/day. In the second trial, 17 subjects ages 2 to 12 applied Calcitriol Ointment 3 mcg/g twice a day for 14 days to a body surface area of 3% to 18%. The mean daily dose was 17.09 g/day. In both trials, the systemic concentrations of calcitriol post treatment were relatively flat and were generally comparable to the endogenous levels observed at baseline. The PK parameters could not be reliably estimated.
There was no correlation between the elevated calcitriol levels and the pharmacodynamic parameters of serum albumin adjusted calcium, serum phosphorus, urinary calcium and urinary phosphorus.
Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
When calcitriol was applied topically to mice for up to 24 months, no significant changes in tumor incidence were observed. Concentrations of calcitriol in ointment base of 0 (vehicle control), 0.3, 0.6 and 1.0 ppm were evaluated.
A two-year carcinogenicity study was conducted in which calcitriol was orally administered to rats at dosages of approximately0.005, 0.03, and 0.1 mcg/kg/day (0.03, 0.18, and 0.6 mcg/m2/day, respectively). The incidence of benign pheochromocytomas was significantly increased in female rats. No other significant differences in tumor incidence data were observed.
Calcitriol did not elicit genotoxic effects in the mouse lymphoma TK locus assay. Studies in which male and female rats received oral doses of calcitriol of up to 0.6 mcg/kg/day (3.6 mcg/m2/day) indicated no impairment of fertility or general reproductive performance.
In two, multicenter, double-blind, vehicle-controlled studies, a total of 839 subjects with psoriasis rated “mild” or “moderate” using an investigator global assessment scale were tested twice daily for 8 weeks. Subjects were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive either Calcitriol Ointment or vehicle ointment. The mean age of subjects was 48 years and 66% were male; most subjects were rated “moderate” at baseline.
Success was defined as "Clear or Minimal" (up to light red or pink coloration, surface dryness with some white coloration, and slight elevation above normal skin) with at least 2-grade change from baseline. The success rates are displayed in the Table 2.
|Study 1||Study 2|
How Supplied/Storage and Handling
Calcitriol Ointment 3 mcg/g is available in collapsible aluminum tubes of the following package sizes:
- 100 g tube (NDC 45802-608-01)
Store at controlled room temperature 68° - 77°F (20° - 25°C) with excursions permitted between 59° - 86°F (15° - 30°C). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Do not freeze or refrigerate.
Patient Counseling Information
Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information).
Patients using Calcitriol Ointment should receive the following information:
- This medication is to be used as directed by the physician. It is for external use only. This medication is to be applied only to areas of the skin affected by psoriasis, as directed. It should be gently rubbed into the skin so that no medication remains visible.
- This medication may affect calcium metabolism. Hypercalcemia has been observed in subjects exposed to this medicine. Increased absorption may occur with use of occlusive dressings.
- Avoid use of more than 100 grams per week in patients 2-6 years and use of more than 200 grams per week in patients 7 years and older.
- Instruct patients to report any signs of adverse reactions to their physician.
- Avoid contact with eyes, lips, and facial skin.
- Advise breastfeeding women not to apply Calcitriol Ointment directly to the nipple and areola to avoid direct infant exposure [see Use in Specific Populations (8.2)].
To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Perrigo at 866-634-9120 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.
G. Production Inc.
Baie d'Urfé, QC H9X 3S4 Canada
Allegan, MI 49010
Made in Canada.
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Important: Calcitriol Ointment is for use on the skin only (topical use). Do not use Calcitriol Ointment in your mouth, eyes, or vagina.
What is Calcitriol Ointment? Calcitriol Ointment is a prescription medicine used on the skin (topical) to treat mild to moderate plaque psoriasis in adults and children 2 years and older. It is not known if Calcitriol Ointment is safe and effective in children under 2 years of age. It is not known if Calcitriol Ointment is safe and effective in people with known or suspected problems with calcium metabolism.
Before using Calcitriol Ointment, tell your healthcare provider about all your medical conditions, including if you:
- are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. It is not known if Calcitriol Ointment will harm your unborn baby.
- are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if Calcitriol Ointment passes into your breast milk. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby during treatment with Calcitriol Ointment.
- If you use Calcitriol Ointment and breastfeed, do not apply Calcitriol Ointment to your nipple and areola to avoid getting Calcitriol Ointment into your baby’s mouth.
Tell your healthcare provider about all of the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
Especially tell your healthcare provider if you take:
- medicines that can increase your calcium levels, such as water pills (thiazide diuretics)
- calcium or vitamin D supplements
Ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for a list of these medicines if you are not sure if you are taking any of the medicines listed above.
Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.
How should I use Calcitriol Ointment?
- Use Calcitriol Ointment exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to use it.
- Apply Calcitriol Ointment to the affected areas 2 times each day in the morning and evening.
- Adults and children 7 years of age and older should not use more than 200 grams in 1 week.
- Children 2 to 6 years of age should not use more than 100 grams in 1 week.
- Avoid applying Calcitriol Ointment to your eyes, lips, or facial skin.
- Apply only enough Calcitriol Ointment to cover your affected skin area.
- You should not cover the treated area(s) with a waterproof (occlusive) bandage or overdosage may occur.
- Gently rub Calcitriol Ointment into the affected area until it disappears into your skin.
- Wash your hands after using Calcitriol Ointment, unless you are using the medicine to treat your hands.
What are the possible side effects of Calcitriol Ointment?
Calcitriol Ointment may cause serious side effects, including:
- Too much calcium in your blood (hypercalcemia) may occur with Calcitriol Ointment. Your healthcare provider may tell you to stop using Calcitriol Ointment until your calcium levels become normal.
- The most common side effects of Calcitriol Ointment include increased urine calcium level, itching, and skin discomfort.
These are not all of the possible side effects of Calcitriol Ointment.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
You may also report side effects to Perrigo at 1-866-634-9120.
How should I store Calcitriol Ointment?
- Store Calcitriol Ointment at room temperature between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C).
- Do not freeze or refrigerate Calcitriol Ointment.
Keep Calctiriol Ointment and all medicines out of the reach of children.
General information about the safe and effective use of Calcitriol Ointment. Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use Calcitriol Ointment for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give Calcitriol Ointment to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about Calcitriol Ointment that is written for health professionals.
What are the ingredients in Calcitriol Ointment?
Active ingredient: calcitriol
Inactive ingredients: mineral oil, dl-α-tocopherol, and white petrolatum.
This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration
PACKAGE/LABEL PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL
Calcitriol Ointment, 3 mcg/g
For Topical Use Only
NET WT 100g
For topical use only. Not for ophthalmic, oral or intravaginal use.
Usual Dosage: Apply to affected areas twice daily. See package insert for complete prescribing information.
Each gram contains: calcitriol 3 mcg in an ointment base consisting of mineral oil, dl-α-tocopherol, and white petrolatum.
Storage: Store at controlled room temperature 68°-77°F (20°-25°C) with excursions permitted between 59°-86°F (15°-30°C). Do not freeze or refrigerate.
Made in Canada
Marketed by: Perrigo
Allegan, MI 49010 • www.perrigo.com Rev. 01/17
:6Z3C1 RC C3
|Labeler - Perrigo New York Inc (078846912)|
|G Production Inc.||251676961||manufacture(45802-608)|
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