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Alogliptin

Dosage Form: tablet, film coated

Indications and Usage for Alogliptin

Monotherapy and Combination Therapy

Alogliptin tablets are indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus [see Clinical Studies (14)].

Important Limitations of Use

Alogliptin tablets is not indicated for the treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus or diabetic ketoacidosis, as it would not be effective in these settings.

Alogliptin Dosage and Administration

Recommended Dosing

The recommended dose of Alogliptin tablets is 25 mg once daily.

Alogliptin tablets may be taken with or without food.

Patients with Renal Impairment

No dose adjustment of Alogliptin tablets is necessary for patients with mild renal impairment (creatinine clearance [CrCl] ≥60 mL/min).

The dose of Alogliptin tablets is 12.5 mg once daily for patients with moderate renal impairment (CrCl ≥30 to <60 mL/min).

The dose of Alogliptin tablets is 6.25 mg once daily for patients with severe renal impairment (CrCl ≥15 to <30 mL/min) or with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) (CrCl <15 mL/min or requiring hemodialysis). Alogliptin tablets may be administered without regard to the timing of dialysis. Alogliptin tablets have not been studied in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Because there is a need for dose adjustment based upon renal function, assessment of renal function is recommended prior to initiation of Alogliptin tablets therapy and periodically thereafter.

Dosage Forms and Strengths

25 mg tablets are light red, oval, biconvex, film-coated, with "TAK ALG-25" printed on one side.
12.5 mg tablets are yellow, oval, biconvex, film-coated, with "TAK ALG-12.5" printed on one side.
6.25 mg tablets are light pink, oval, biconvex, film-coated, with "TAK ALG-6.25" printed on one side.

Contraindications

History of a serious hypersensitivity reaction to Alogliptin-containing products, such as anaphylaxis, angioedema or severe cutaneous adverse reactions.

Warnings and Precautions

Pancreatitis

Acute pancreatitis has been reported in the postmarketing setting and in randomized clinical trials. In glycemic control trials in patients with type 2 diabetes, acute pancreatitis was reported in 6 (0.2%) patients treated with Alogliptin tablets 25 mg and 2 (<0.1%) patients treated with active comparators or placebo. In the EXAMINE trial (a cardiovascular outcomes trial of patients with type 2 diabetes and high cardiovascular (CV) risk), acute pancreatitis was reported in 10 (0.4%) of patients treated with Alogliptin tablets and in 7 (0.3%) of patients treated with placebo.

It is unknown whether patients with a history of pancreatitis are at increased risk for pancreatitis while using Alogliptin tablets.

After initiation of Alogliptin tablets, patients should be observed for signs and symptoms of pancreatitis. If pancreatitis is suspected, Alogliptin tablets should promptly be discontinued and appropriate management should be initiated.

Heart Failure

In the EXAMINE trial which enrolled patients with type 2 diabetes and recent acute coronary syndrome, 106 (3.9%) of patients treated with Alogliptin tablets and 89 (3.3%) of patients treated with placebo were hospitalized for congestive heart failure. Consider the risks and benefits of Alogliptin tablets prior to initiating treatment in patients at risk for heart failure, such as those with a prior history of heart failure and a history of renal impairment, and observe these patients for signs and symptoms of heart failure during therapy. Patients should be advised of the characteristic symptoms of heart failure and should be instructed to immediately report such symptoms. If heart failure develops, evaluate and manage according to current standards of care and consider discontinuation of Alogliptin tablets.

Hypersensitivity Reactions

There have been postmarketing reports of serious hypersensitivity reactions in patients treated with Alogliptin tablets. These reactions include anaphylaxis, angioedema and severe cutaneous adverse reactions, including Stevens-Johnson syndrome. If a serious hypersensitivity reaction is suspected, discontinue Alogliptin tablets, assess for other potential causes for the event and institute alternative treatment for diabetes [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)]. Use caution in patients with a history of angioedema with another dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor because it is unknown whether such patients will be predisposed to angioedema with Alogliptin tablets.

Hepatic Effects

There have been postmarketing reports of fatal and nonfatal hepatic failure in patients taking Alogliptin tablets, although some of the reports contain insufficient information necessary to establish the probable cause [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)].

In glycemic control trials in patients with type 2 diabetes, serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) elevations greater than three times the upper limit of normal (ULN) were reported in 1.3% of patients treated with Alogliptin tablets 25 mg and 1.7% of patients treated with active comparators or placebo. In the EXAMINE trial (a cardiovascular outcomes trial of patients with type 2 diabetes and high cardiovascular (CV) risk), increases in serum alanine aminotransferase three times the upper limit of the reference range occurred in 2.4% of patients treated with Alogliptin tablets and in 1.8% of patients treated with placebo.

Measure liver tests promptly in patients who report symptoms that may indicate liver injury, including fatigue, anorexia, right upper abdominal discomfort, dark urine or jaundice. In this clinical context, if the patient is found to have clinically significant liver enzyme elevations and if abnormal liver tests persist or worsen, Alogliptin tablets should be interrupted and investigation done to establish the probable cause. Alogliptin tablets should not be restarted in these patients without another explanation for the liver test abnormalities.

Use with Medications Known to Cause Hypoglycemia

Insulin and insulin secretagogues, such as sulfonylureas, are known to cause hypoglycemia. Therefore, a lower dose of insulin or insulin secretagogue may be required to minimize the risk of hypoglycemia when used in combination with Alogliptin tablets.

Severe and Disabling Arthralgia

There have been postmarketing reports of severe and disabling arthralgia in patients taking DPP-4 inhibitors. The time to onset of symptoms following initiation of drug therapy varied from one day to years. Patients experienced relief of symptoms upon discontinuation of the medication. A subset of patients experienced a recurrence of symptoms when restarting the same drug or a different DPP-4 inhibitor. Consider DPP-4 inhibitors as a possible cause for severe joint pain and discontinue drug if appropriate.

Macrovascular Outcomes

There have been no clinical studies establishing conclusive evidence of macrovascular risk reduction with Alogliptin tablets or any other antidiabetic drug.

Adverse Reactions

The following serious adverse reactions are described below or elsewhere in the prescribing information:

Pancreatitis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]
Heart Failure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]
Hypersensitivity Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]
Hepatic Effects [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

A total of 14,778 patients with type 2 diabetes participated in 14 randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trials of whom 9052 subjects were treated with Alogliptin tablets, 3469 subjects were treated with placebo and 2257 were treated with an active comparator. The mean duration of diabetes was seven years, the mean body mass index (BMI) was 31 kg/m2 (49% of patients had a BMI ≥30 kg/m2), and the mean age was 58 years (26% of patients ≥65 years of age). The mean exposure to Alogliptin tablets was 49 weeks with 3348 subjects treated for more than one year.

In a pooled analysis of these 14 controlled clinical trials, the overall incidence of adverse reactions was 73% in patients treated with Alogliptin tablets 25 mg compared to 75% with placebo and 70% with active comparator. Overall discontinuation of therapy due to adverse reactions was 6.8% with Alogliptin tablets 25 mg compared to 8.4% with placebo or 6.2% with active comparator.

Adverse reactions reported in ≥4% of patients treated with Alogliptin tablets 25 mg and more frequently than in patients who received placebo are summarized in Table 1.

Table 1. Adverse Reactions Reported in ≥4% Patients Treated with Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg and More Frequently Than in Patients Given Placebo in Pooled Studies
Number of Patients (%)
Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg Placebo Active Comparator
N=6447 N=3469 N=2257

Nasopharyngitis

309 (4.8)

152 (4.4)

113 (5.0)

Upper Respiratory Tract Infection

287 (4.5)

121 (3.5)

113 (5.0)

Headache

278 (4.3)

101 (2.9)

121 (5.4)

Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemic events were documented based upon a blood glucose value and/or clinical signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia.

In the monotherapy study, the incidence of hypoglycemia was 1.5% in patients treated with Alogliptin tablets compared to 1.6% with placebo. The use of Alogliptin tablets as add-on therapy to glyburide or insulin did not increase the incidence of hypoglycemia compared to placebo. In a monotherapy study comparing Alogliptin tablets to a sulfonylurea in elderly patients, the incidence of hypoglycemia was 5.4% with Alogliptin tablets compared to 26% with glipizide (Table 2).

Table 2. Incidence and Rate of Hypoglycemia* in Placebo and Active-Controlled Studies when Alogliptin Tablets Were Used as Add-On Therapy to Glyburide, Insulin, Metformin, Pioglitazone or Compared to Glipizide or Metformin
*
Adverse reactions of hypoglycemia were based on all reports of symptomatic and asymptomatic hypoglycemia; a concurrent glucose measurement was not required; intent-to-treat population.
Severe events of hypoglycemia were defined as those events requiring medical assistance or exhibiting depressed level or loss of consciousness or seizure.

Add-On to Glyburide
(26 Weeks)

Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg

Placebo

N=198

N=99

Overall (%)

19 (9.6)

11 (11.1)

Severe (%)

0

1 (1)

Add-On to Insulin (± Metformin)
(26 Weeks)

Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg

Placebo

N=129

N=129

Overall (%)

35 (27)

31 (24)

Severe (%)

1 (0.8)

2 (1.6)

Add-On to Metformin
(26 Weeks)

Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg

Placebo

N=207

N=104

Overall (%)

0

3 (2.9)

Severe (%)

0

0

Add-On to Pioglitazone (± Metformin or Sulfonylurea)
(26 Weeks)

Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg

Placebo

N=199

N=97

Overall (%)

14 (7.0)

5 (5.2)

Severe (%)

0

1 (1)

Compared to Glipizide
(52 Weeks)

Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg

Glipizide

N=222

N=219

Overall (%)

12 (5.4)

57 (26)

Severe (%)

0

3 (1.4)

Compared to Metformin
(26 Weeks)

Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg

Metformin 500 mg twice daily

N=112

N=109

Overall (%)

2 (1.8)

2 (1.8)

Severe (%)

0

0

Add-On to Metformin Compared to Glipizide
(52 Weeks)

Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg

Glipizide

N=877

N=869

Overall (%)

12 (1.4)

207 (23.8)

Severe (%)

0

4 (0.5)

In the EXAMINE trial, the incidence of investigator reported hypoglycemia was 6.7% in patients receiving Alogliptin tablets and 6.5% in patients receiving placebo. Serious adverse reactions of hypoglycemia were reported in 0.8% of patients treated with Alogliptin tablets and in 0.6% of patients treated with placebo.

Renal Impairment

In glycemic control trials in patients with type 2 diabetes, 3.4% of patients treated with Alogliptin tablets and 1.3% of patients treated with placebo had renal function adverse reactions. The most commonly reported adverse reactions were renal impairment (0.5% for Alogliptin tablets and 0.1% for active comparators or placebo), decreased creatinine clearance (1.6% for Alogliptin tablets and 0.5% for active comparators or placebo) and increased blood creatinine (0.5% for Alogliptin tablets and 0.3% for active comparators or placebo) [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6)].

In the EXAMINE trial of high CV risk type 2 diabetes patients, 23% of patients treated with Alogliptin tablets and 21% of patients treated with placebo had an investigator reported renal impairment adverse reaction. The most commonly reported adverse reactions were renal impairment (7.7% for Alogliptin tablets and 6.7% for placebo), decreased glomerular filtration rate (4.9% for Alogliptin tablets and 4.3% for placebo) and decreased renal clearance (2.2% for Alogliptin tablets and 1.8% for placebo). Laboratory measures of renal function were also assessed. Estimated glomerular filtration rate decreased by 25% or more in 21.1% of patients treated with Alogliptin tablets and 18.7% of patients treated with placebo. Worsening of chronic kidney disease stage was seen in 16.8% of patients treated with Alogliptin tablets and in 15.5% of patients treated with placebo.

Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during the postmarketing use of Alogliptin tablets. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Hypersensitivity reactions including anaphylaxis, angioedema, rash, urticaria and severe cutaneous adverse reactions, including Stevens-Johnson syndrome, hepatic enzyme elevations, fulminant hepatic failure, severe and disabling arthralgia acute pancreatitis diarrhea, constipation, nausea, and ileus [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.5)].

Drug Interactions

Alogliptin tablets are primarily renally excreted. Cytochrome (CYP) P450-related metabolism is negligible. No significant drug-drug interactions were observed with the CYP-substrates or inhibitors tested or with renally excreted drugs [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

Pregnancy

Risk Summary

Limited data with Alogliptin in pregnant women are not sufficient to determine a drug-associated risk for major birth defects or miscarriage. There are risks to the mother and fetus associated with poorly controlled diabetes in pregnancy [see Clinical Considerations].

No adverse developmental effects were observed when Alogliptin was administered to pregnant rats and rabbits during organogenesis at exposures 180- and 149-times the 25 mg clinical dose, respectively, based on plasma drug exposure (AUC)[see Data].

The estimated background risk of major birth defects is 6-10% in women with pre-gestational diabetes with a HbA1c >7 and has been reported to be as high as 20-25% in women with HbA1c >10. The estimated background risk of miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2-4% and 15-20%, respectively.

Clinical Considerations

Disease-associated maternal and/or embryo/fetal risk

Poorly controlled diabetes in pregnancy increases the maternal risk for diabetic ketoacidosis, pre-eclampsia, spontaneous abortions, preterm delivery, still birth and delivery complications. Poorly controlled diabetes increases the fetal risk for major birth defects, still birth, and macrosomia related morbidity.

Data

Animal Data

Alogliptin administered to pregnant rabbits and rats during the period of organogenesis did not cause adverse developmental effects at doses of up to 200 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg, or 149 times and 180 times, the 25 mg clinical dose, respectively, based on plasma drug exposure (AUC).Placental transfer of Alogliptin into the fetus was observed following oral dosing to pregnant rats.

No adverse developmental outcomes were observed in offspring when Alogliptin was administered to pregnant rats during gestation and lactation at doses up to 250 mg/kg (~ 95 times the 25 mg clinical dose, based on AUC).

Lactation

Risk Summary

There is no information regarding the presence of Alogliptin in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. Alogliptin is present in rat milk: however, due to species specific differences in lactation physiology, animal lactation data may not reliably predict levels in human milk. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for Alogliptin tablets and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from Alogliptin tablets or from the underlying maternal condition.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness of Alogliptin tablets in pediatric patients have not been established.

Geriatric Use

Of the total number of patients (N=9052) in clinical safety and efficacy studies treated with Alogliptin tablets, 2257 (24.9%) patients were 65 years and older and 386 (4.3%) patients were 75 years and older. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between patients 65 years and over and younger patients. While this clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients, greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.

Renal Impairment

A total of 602 patients with moderate renal impairment (eGFR ≥30 and <60 mL/min/1.73 m2) and 4 patients with severe renal impairment/end-stage renal disease (eGFR <30 mL/min/1.73 m2 or <15 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively) at baseline were treated with Alogliptin tablets in clinical trials in patients with type 2 diabetes. Reductions in HbA1c were generally similar in this subgroup of patients. The overall incidence of adverse reactions was generally balanced between Alogliptin tablets and placebo treatments in this subgroup of patients.

In the EXAMINE trial of high CV risk type 2 diabetes patients, 694 patients had moderate renal impairment and 78 patients had severe renal impairment or end-stage renal disease at baseline. The overall incidences of adverse reactions, serious adverse reactions and adverse reactions leading to study drug discontinuation were generally similar between the treatment groups.

Hepatic Impairment

No dose adjustments are required in patients with mild to moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Grade A and B) based on insignificant change in systemic exposures (e.g., AUC) compared to subjects with normal hepatic function in a pharmacokinetic study. Alogliptin tablets have not been studied in patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Grade C). Use caution when administering Alogliptin tablets to patients with liver disease [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

Overdosage

The highest doses of Alogliptin tablets administered in clinical trials were single doses of 800 mg to healthy subjects and doses of 400 mg once daily for 14 days to patients with type 2 diabetes (equivalent to 32 times and 16 times the maximum recommended clinical dose of 25 mg, respectively). No serious adverse reactions were observed at these doses.

In the event of an overdose, it is reasonable to institute the necessary clinical monitoring and supportive therapy as dictated by the patient's clinical status. Per clinical judgment, it may be reasonable to initiate removal of unabsorbed material from the gastrointestinal tract.

Alogliptin is minimally dialyzable; over a three-hour hemodialysis session, approximately 7% of the drug was removed. Therefore, hemodialysis is unlikely to be beneficial in an overdose situation. It is not known if Alogliptin tablets are dialyzable by peritoneal dialysis.

Alogliptin Description

Alogliptin tablets contain the active ingredient Alogliptin, which is a selective, orally bioavailable inhibitor of the enzymatic activity of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4).

Chemically, Alogliptin is prepared as a benzoate salt, which is identified as 2-({6-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydropyrimidin-1(2H)-yl}methyl)benzonitrile monobenzoate. It has a molecular formula of C18H21N5O2∙C7H6O2 and a molecular weight of 461.51 daltons. The structural formula is:

Alogliptin benzoate is a white to off-white crystalline powder containing one asymmetric carbon in the aminopiperidine moiety. It is soluble in dimethylsulfoxide, sparingly soluble in water and methanol, slightly soluble in ethanol and very slightly soluble in octanol and isopropyl acetate.

Each Alogliptin tablet contains 34 mg, 17 mg or 8.5 mg Alogliptin benzoate, which is equivalent to 25 mg, 12.5 mg or 6.25 mg, respectively, of Alogliptin and the following inactive ingredients: mannitol, microcrystalline cellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, croscarmellose sodium and magnesium stearate. In addition, the film coating contains the following inactive ingredients: hypromellose, titanium dioxide, ferric oxide (red or yellow) and polyethylene glycol, and is marked with printing ink (Gray F1).

Alogliptin - Clinical Pharmacology

Mechanism of Action

Increased concentrations of the incretin hormones such as glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) are released into the bloodstream from the small intestine in response to meals. These hormones cause insulin release from the pancreatic beta cells in a glucose-dependent manner but are inactivated by the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) enzyme within minutes. GLP-1 also lowers glucagon secretion from pancreatic alpha cells, reducing hepatic glucose production. In patients with type 2 diabetes, concentrations of GLP-1 are reduced but the insulin response to GLP-1 is preserved. Alogliptin is a DPP-4 inhibitor that slows the inactivation of the incretin hormones, thereby increasing their bloodstream concentrations and reducing fasting and postprandial glucose concentrations in a glucose-dependent manner in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Alogliptin selectively binds to and inhibits DPP-4 but not DPP-8 or DPP-9 activity in vitro at concentrations approximating therapeutic exposures.

Pharmacodynamics

Single-dose administration of Alogliptin tablets to healthy subjects resulted in a peak inhibition of DPP-4 within two to three hours after dosing. The peak inhibition of DPP-4 exceeded 93% across doses of 12.5 mg to 800 mg. Inhibition of DPP-4 remained above 80% at 24 hours for doses greater than or equal to 25 mg. Peak and total exposure over 24 hours to active GLP-1 were three- to four-fold greater with Alogliptin tablets (at doses of 25 to 200 mg) than placebo. In a 16-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, Alogliptin tablets 25 mg demonstrated decreases in postprandial glucagon while increasing postprandial active GLP-1 levels compared to placebo over an eight-hour period following a standardized meal. It is unclear how these findings relate to changes in overall glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. In this study, Alogliptin tablets 25 mg demonstrated decreases in two-hour postprandial glucose compared to placebo (-30 mg/dL versus 17 mg/dL, respectively).

Multiple-dose administration of Alogliptin to patients with type 2 diabetes also resulted in a peak inhibition of DPP-4 within one to two hours and exceeded 93% across all doses (25 mg, 100 mg and 400 mg) after a single dose and after 14 days of once-daily dosing. At these doses of Alogliptin tablets, inhibition of DPP-4 remained above 81% at 24 hours after 14 days of dosing.

Cardiac Electrophysiology

In a randomized, placebo-controlled, four-arm, parallel-group study, 257 subjects were administered either Alogliptin 50 mg, Alogliptin 400 mg, moxifloxacin 400 mg or placebo once daily for a total of seven days. No increase in corrected QT (QTc) was observed with either dose of Alogliptin. At the 400 mg dose, peak Alogliptin plasma concentrations were 19-fold higher than the peak concentrations following the maximum recommended clinical dose of 25 mg.

Pharmacokinetics

The pharmacokinetics of Alogliptin tablets has been studied in healthy subjects and in patients with type 2 diabetes. After administration of single, oral doses up to 800 mg in healthy subjects, the peak plasma Alogliptin concentration (median Tmax) occurred one to two hours after dosing. At the maximum recommended clinical dose of 25 mg, Alogliptin tablets were eliminated with a mean terminal half-life (T1/2) of approximately 21 hours.

After multiple-dose administration up to 400 mg for 14 days in patients with type 2 diabetes, accumulation of Alogliptin was minimal with an increase in total [e.g., area under the plasma concentration curve (AUC)] and peak (i.e., Cmax) Alogliptin exposures of 34% and 9%, respectively. Total and peak exposure to Alogliptin increased proportionally across single doses and multiple doses of Alogliptin ranging from 25 mg to 400 mg. The intersubject coefficient of variation for Alogliptin AUC was 17%. The pharmacokinetics of Alogliptin tablets were also shown to be similar in healthy subjects and in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Absorption

The absolute bioavailability of Alogliptin tablets is approximately 100%. Administration of Alogliptin tablets with a high-fat meal results in no significant change in total and peak exposure to Alogliptin. Alogliptin tablets may therefore be administered with or without food.

Distribution

Following a single, 12.5 mg intravenous infusion of Alogliptin to healthy subjects, the volume of distribution during the terminal phase was 417 L, indicating that the drug is well distributed into tissues.

Alogliptin is 20% bound to plasma proteins.

Metabolism

Alogliptin does not undergo extensive metabolism and 60% to 71% of the dose is excreted as unchanged drug in the urine.

Two minor metabolites were detected following administration of an oral dose of [14C] Alogliptin, N-demethylated, M-I (less than 1% of the parent compound), and N-acetylated Alogliptin, M-II (less than 6% of the parent compound). M-I is an active metabolite and is an inhibitor of DPP-4 similar to the parent molecule; M-II does not display any inhibitory activity toward DPP-4 or other DPP-related enzymes. In vitro data indicate that CYP2D6 and CYP3A4 contribute to the limited metabolism of Alogliptin.

Alogliptin exists predominantly as the (R)-enantiomer (more than 99%) and undergoes little or no chiral conversion in vivo to the (S)-enantiomer. The (S)-enantiomer is not detectable at the 25 mg dose.

Excretion

The primary route of elimination of [14C] Alogliptin-derived radioactivity occurs via renal excretion (76%) with 13% recovered in the feces, achieving a total recovery of 89% of the administered radioactive dose. The renal clearance of Alogliptin (9.6 L/hr) indicates some active renal tubular secretion and systemic clearance was 14.0 L/hr.

Special Populations

Renal Impairment

A single-dose, open-label study was conducted to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of Alogliptin 50 mg in patients with chronic renal impairment compared with healthy subjects.

In patients with mild renal impairment (creatinine clearance [CrCl] ≥60 to <90 mL/min), an approximate 1.2-fold increase in plasma AUC of Alogliptin was observed. Because increases of this magnitude are not considered clinically relevant, dose adjustment for patients with mild renal impairment is not recommended.

In patients with moderate renal impairment (CrCl ≥30 to <60 mL/min), an approximate two-fold increase in plasma AUC of Alogliptin was observed. To maintain similar systemic exposures of Alogliptin tablets to those with normal renal function, the recommended dose is 12.5 mg once daily in patients with moderate renal impairment.

In patients with severe renal impairment (CrCl ≥15 to <30 mL/min) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) (CrCl <15 mL/min or requiring dialysis), an approximate three- and four-fold increase in plasma AUC of Alogliptin were observed, respectively. Dialysis removed approximately 7% of the drug during a three-hour dialysis session. Alogliptin tablets may be administered without regard to the timing of the dialysis. To maintain similar systemic exposures of Alogliptin tablets to those with normal renal function, the recommended dose is 6.25 mg once daily in patients with severe renal impairment, as well as in patients with ESRD requiring dialysis.

Hepatic Impairment

Total exposure to Alogliptin was approximately 10% lower and peak exposure was approximately 8% lower in patients with moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Grade B) compared to healthy subjects. The magnitude of these reductions is not considered to be clinically meaningful. Patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Grade C) have not been studied. Use caution when administering Alogliptin tablets to patients with liver disease [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6) and Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

Gender

No dose adjustment of Alogliptin tablets is necessary based on gender. Gender did not have any clinically meaningful effect on the pharmacokinetics of Alogliptin.

Geriatric

No dose adjustment of Alogliptin tablets is necessary based on age. Age did not have any clinically meaningful effect on the pharmacokinetics of Alogliptin.

Pediatric

Studies characterizing the pharmacokinetics of Alogliptin in pediatric patients have not been performed.

Race

No dose adjustment of Alogliptin tablets is necessary based on race. Race (White, Black, and Asian) did not have any clinically meaningful effect on the pharmacokinetics of Alogliptin.

Drug Interactions

In Vitro Assessment of Drug Interactions

In vitro studies indicate that Alogliptin is neither an inducer of CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19 and CYP3A4, nor an inhibitor of CYP1A2, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP3A4 and CYP2D6 at clinically relevant concentrations.

In Vivo Assessment of Drug Interactions

Effects of Alogliptin on the Pharmacokinetics of Other Drugs

In clinical studies, Alogliptin did not meaningfully increase the systemic exposure to the following drugs that are metabolized by CYP isozymes or excreted unchanged in urine (Figure 1). No dose adjustment of Alogliptin tablets is recommended based on results of the described pharmacokinetic studies.

Figure 1. Effect of Alogliptin on the Pharmacokinetic Exposure to Other Drugs

*Warfarin was given once daily at a stable dose in the range of 1 mg to 10 mg. Alogliptin had no significant effect on the prothrombin time (PT) or International Normalized Ratio (INR).

**Caffeine (1A2 substrate), tolbutamide (2C9 substrate), dextromethorphan (2D6 substrate), midazolam (3A4 substrate) and fexofenadine (P-gp substrate) were administered as a cocktail.

Effects of Other Drugs on the Pharmacokinetics of Alogliptin

There are no clinically meaningful changes in the pharmacokinetics of Alogliptin when Alogliptin tablets are administered concomitantly with the drugs described below (Figure 2).

Figure 2. Effect of Other Drugs on the Pharmacokinetic Exposure of Alogliptin

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Rats were administered oral doses of 75, 400 and 800 mg/kg Alogliptin for two years. No drug-related tumors were observed up to 75 mg/kg or approximately 32 times the maximum recommended clinical dose of 25 mg, based on area under the plasma concentration curve (AUC) exposure. At higher doses (approximately 308 times the maximum recommended clinical dose of 25 mg), a combination of thyroid C-cell adenomas and carcinomas increased in male but not female rats. No drug-related tumors were observed in mice after administration of 50, 150 or 300 mg/kg Alogliptin for two years, or up to approximately 51 times the maximum recommended clinical dose of 25 mg, based on AUC exposure.

Alogliptin was not mutagenic or clastogenic, with and without metabolic activation, in the Ames test with S. typhimurium and E. coli or the cytogenetic assay in mouse lymphoma cells. Alogliptin was negative in the in vivo mouse micronucleus study.

In a fertility study in rats, Alogliptin had no adverse effects on early embryonic development, mating or fertility at doses up to 500 mg/kg, or approximately 172 times the clinical dose based on plasma drug exposure (AUC).

Clinical Studies

Alogliptin tablets have been studied as monotherapy and in combination with metformin, a sulfonylurea, a thiazolidinedione (either alone or in combination with metformin or a sulfonylurea) and insulin (either alone or in combination with metformin).

A total of 14,053 patients with type 2 diabetes were randomized in 11 double-blind, placebo- or active-controlled clinical safety and efficacy studies conducted to evaluate the effects of Alogliptin tablets on glycemic control. The racial distribution of patients exposed to study medication was 70% Caucasian, 17% Asian, 6% Black and 7% other racial groups. The ethnic distribution was 30% Hispanic. Patients had an overall mean age of 57 years (range 21 to 91 years).

In patients with type 2 diabetes, treatment with Alogliptin tablets produced clinically meaningful and statistically significant improvements in hemoglobin A1c (A1C) compared to placebo. As is typical for trials of agents to treat type 2 diabetes, the mean reduction in A1C with Alogliptin tablets appears to be related to the degree of A1C elevation at baseline.

Alogliptin tablets had similar changes from baseline in serum lipids compared to placebo.

Patients with Inadequate Glycemic Control on Diet and Exercise

A total of 1768 patients with type 2 diabetes participated in three double-blind studies to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Alogliptin tablets in patients with inadequate glycemic control on diet and exercise. All three studies had a four-week, single-blind, placebo run-in period followed by a 26-week randomized treatment period. Patients who failed to meet prespecified hyperglycemic goals during the 26-week treatment periods received glycemic rescue therapy.

In a 26-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, a total of 329 patients (mean baseline A1C = 8%) were randomized to receive Alogliptin tablets 12.5 mg, Alogliptin tablets 25 mg or placebo once daily. Treatment with Alogliptin tablets 25 mg resulted in statistically significant improvements from baseline in A1C and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) compared to placebo at Week 26 (Table 3). A total of 8% of patients receiving Alogliptin tablets 25 mg and 30% of those receiving placebo required glycemic rescue therapy.

Improvements in A1C were not affected by gender, age or baseline body mass index (BMI).

The mean change in body weight with Alogliptin tablets was similar to placebo.

Table 3. Glycemic Parameters at Week 26 in a Placebo-Controlled Monotherapy Study of Alogliptin Tablets*
Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg Placebo
*
Intent-to-treat population using last observation on study
Least squares means adjusted for treatment, baseline value, geographic region and duration of diabetes
p<0.01 compared to placebo

A1C (%)

N=128

N=63

  Baseline (mean)

7.9

8.0

  Change from baseline (adjusted mean)

-0.6

0

  Difference from placebo (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-0.6 (-0.8, -0.3)

˗

  % of Patients (n/N) achieving A1C ≤7%

44% (58/131)

23% (15/64)

FPG (mg/dL)

N=129

N=64

  Baseline (mean)

172

173

  Change from baseline (adjusted mean)

-16

11

  Difference from placebo (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-28 (-40, -15)

˗

In a 26-week, double-blind, active-controlled study, a total of 655 patients (mean baseline A1C = 8.8%) were randomized to receive Alogliptin tablets 25 mg alone, pioglitazone 30 mg alone, Alogliptin tablets 12.5 mg with pioglitazone 30 mg or Alogliptin tablets 25 mg with pioglitazone 30 mg once daily. Coadministration of Alogliptin tablets 25 mg with pioglitazone 30 mg resulted in statistically significant improvements from baseline in A1C and FPG compared to Alogliptin tablets 25 mg alone and to pioglitazone 30 mg alone (Table 4). A total of 3% of patients receiving Alogliptin tablets 25 mg coadministered with pioglitazone 30 mg, 11% of those receiving Alogliptin tablets 25 mg alone and 6% of those receiving pioglitazone 30 mg alone required glycemic rescue.

Improvements in A1C were not affected by gender, age or baseline BMI.

The mean increase in body weight was similar between pioglitazone alone and Alogliptin tablets when coadministered with pioglitazone.

Table 4. Glycemic Parameters at Week 26 in an Active-Controlled Study of Alogliptin Tablets, Pioglitazone, and Alogliptin Tablets in Combination with Pioglitazone*
Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg Pioglitazone 30 mg Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg + Pioglitazone 30 mg
*
Intent-to-treat population using last observation carried forward
Least squares means adjusted for treatment, geographic region and baseline value
p<0.01 compared to Alogliptin tablets 25 mg or pioglitazone 30 mg

A1C (%)

N=160

N=153

N=158

  Baseline (mean)

8.8

8.8

8.8

  Change from baseline (adjusted mean)

-1.0

-1.2

-1.7

  Difference from Alogliptin tablets 25 mg (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-

˗

-0.8 (-1.0, -0.5)

  Difference from pioglitazone 30 mg (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-

˗

-0.6 (-0.8, -0.3)

  % of Patients (n/N) achieving A1C ≤7%

24% (40/164)

34% (55/163)

63% (103/164)

FPG (mg/dL)

N=162

N=157

N=162

  Baseline (mean)

189

189

185

  Change from baseline (adjusted mean)

-26

-37

-50

  Difference from Alogliptin tablets 25 mg (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-

˗

-24 (-34, -15)

  Difference from pioglitazone 30 mg (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-

˗

-13 (-22, -4)

In a 26-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, a total of 784 patients inadequately controlled on diet and exercise alone (mean baseline A1C = 8.4%) were randomized to one of seven treatment groups: placebo; metformin HCl 500 mg or metformin HCl 1000 mg twice daily; Alogliptin tablets 12.5 mg twice daily; Alogliptin tablets 25 mg daily; or Alogliptin tablets 12.5 mg in combination with metformin HCl 500 mg or metformin HCl 1000 mg twice daily. Both coadministration treatment arms (Alogliptin tablets 12.5 mg + metformin HCl 500 mg and Alogliptin tablets 12.5 mg + metformin HCl 1000 mg) resulted in statistically significant improvements in A1C and FPG when compared with their respective individual Alogliptin and metformin component regimens (Table 5). Coadministration treatment arms demonstrated improvements in two-hour postprandial glucose (PPG) compared to Alogliptin tablets alone or metformin alone (Table 5). A total of 12.3% of patients receiving Alogliptin tablets 12.5 mg + metformin HCl 500 mg, 2.6% of patients receiving Alogliptin tablets 12.5 mg + metformin HCl 1000 mg, 17.3% of patients receiving Alogliptin tablets 12.5 mg, 22.9% of patients receiving metformin HCl 500 mg, 10.8% of patients receiving metformin HCl 1000 mg and 38.7% of patients receiving placebo required glycemic rescue.

Improvements in A1C were not affected by gender, age, race or baseline BMI. The mean decrease in body weight was similar between metformin alone and Alogliptin tablets when coadministered with metformin.

Table 5. Glycemic Parameters at Week 26 for Alogliptin Tablets and Metformin Alone and in Combination in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
Placebo Alogliptin Tablets 12.5 mg Twice Daily Metformin HCl 500 mg Twice Daily Metformin HCl 1000 mg Twice Daily Alogliptin Tablets 12.5 mg + Metformin HCl 500 mg Twice Daily Alogliptin Tablets 12.5 mg + Metformin HCl 1000 mg Twice Daily
*
Intent-to-treat population using last observation on study prior to discontinuation of double-blind study medication or sulfonylurea rescue therapy for patients needing rescue
Least squares means adjusted for treatment, geographic region and baseline value
p<0.05 when compared to metformin and Alogliptin tablets alone
§
Compared using logistic regression
Intent-to-treat population using data available at Week 26

A1C (%)*

N=102

N=104

N=103

N=108

N=102

N=111

Baseline (mean)

8.5

8.4

8.5

8.4

8.5

8.4

Change from baseline (adjusted mean)

0.1

-0.6

-0.7

-1.1

-1.2

-1.6

Difference from metformin (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-

-

-

-

-0.6
(-0.9, -0.3)

-0.4
(-0.7, -0.2)

Difference from Alogliptin Tablets (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-

-

-

-

-0.7
(-1.0, -0.4)

-1.0
(-1.3, -0.7)

% of Patients (n/N) achieving A1C <7%§

4%
(4/102)

20%
(21/104)

27%
(28/103)

34%
(37/108)

47%
(48/102)

59%
(66/111)

FPG (mg/dL)*

N=105

N=106

N=106

N=110

N=106

N=112

Baseline (mean)

187

177

180

181

176

185

Change from baseline (adjusted mean)

12

-10

-12

-32

-32

-46

Difference from metformin (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-

-

-

-

-20
(-33, -8)

-14
(-26, -2)

Difference from Alogliptin Tablets (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-

-

-

-

-22
(-35, -10)

-36
(-49, -24)

2-Hour PPG (mg/dL)

N=26

N=34

N=28

N=37

N=31

N=37

Baseline (mean)

263

272

247

266

261

268

Change from baseline (adjusted mean)

-21

-43

-49

-54

-68

-86

Difference from metformin (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-

-

-

-

-19
(-49, 11)

-32
(-58, -5)

Difference from Alogliptin Tablets (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-

-

-

-

-25
(-53, -3)

-43
(-70, -16)

Combination Therapy

Add-On Therapy to Metformin

A total of 2081 patients with type 2 diabetes participated in two 26-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Alogliptin tablets as add-on therapy to metformin. In both studies, patients were inadequately controlled on metformin at a dose of at least 1500 mg per day or at the maximum tolerated dose. All patients entered a four-week, single-blind placebo run-in period prior to randomization. Patients who failed to meet prespecified hyperglycemic goals during the 26-week treatment periods received glycemic rescue therapy.

In the first 26-week, placebo-controlled study, a total of 527 patients already on metformin (mean baseline A1C = 8%) were randomized to receive Alogliptin tablets 12.5 mg, Alogliptin tablets 25 mg or placebo. Patients were maintained on a stable dose of metformin (median dose = 1700 mg) during the treatment period. Alogliptin tablets 25 mg in combination with metformin resulted in statistically significant improvements from baseline in A1C and FPG at Week 26, when compared to placebo (Table 6). A total of 8% of patients receiving Alogliptin tablets 25 mg and 24% of patients receiving placebo required glycemic rescue.

Improvements in A1C were not affected by gender, age, baseline BMI or baseline metformin dose.

The mean decrease in body weight was similar between Alogliptin tablets and placebo when given in combination with metformin.

Table 6. Glycemic Parameters at Week 26 in a Placebo-Controlled Study of Alogliptin Tablets as Add-On Therapy to Metformin*
Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg + Metformin Placebo + Metformin
*
Intent-to-treat population using last observation on study
Least squares means adjusted for treatment, baseline value, geographic region and baseline metformin dose
p<0.001 compared to placebo

A1C (%)

N=203

N=103

  Baseline (mean)

7.9

8.0

  Change from baseline (adjusted mean)

-0.6

-0.1

  Difference from placebo (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-0.5 (-0.7, -0.3)

˗

  % of Patients (n/N) achieving A1C ≤7%

44% (92/207)

18% (19/104)

FPG (mg/dL)

N=204

N=104

  Baseline (mean)

172

180

  Change from baseline (adjusted mean)

-17

0

  Difference from placebo (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-17 (-26, -9)

˗

In the second 26-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, a total of 1554 patients already on metformin (mean baseline A1C = 8.5%) were randomized to one of 12 double-blind treatment groups: placebo; 12.5 mg or 25 mg of Alogliptin tablets alone; 15 mg, 30 mg or 45 mg of pioglitazone alone; or 12.5 mg or 25 mg of Alogliptin tablets in combination with 15 mg, 30 mg or 45 mg of pioglitazone. Patients were maintained on a stable dose of metformin (median dose = 1700 mg) during the treatment period. Coadministration of Alogliptin tablets and pioglitazone provided statistically significant improvements in A1C and FPG compared to placebo, to Alogliptin tablets alone or to pioglitazone alone when added to background metformin therapy (Table 7, Figure 3). In addition, improvements from baseline A1C were comparable between Alogliptin tablets alone and pioglitazone alone (15 mg, 30 mg and 45 mg) at Week 26. A total of 4%, 5% or 2% of patients receiving Alogliptin tablets 25 mg with 15 mg, 30 mg or 45 mg pioglitazone, 33% of patients receiving placebo, 13% of patients receiving Alogliptin tablets 25 mg and 10%, 15% or 9% of patients receiving pioglitazone 15 mg, 30 mg or 45 mg alone required glycemic rescue.

Improvements in A1C were not affected by gender, age or baseline BMI.

The mean increase in body weight was similar between pioglitazone alone and Alogliptin tablets when coadministered with pioglitazone.

Table 7. Glycemic Parameters in a 26-Week Study of Alogliptin Tablets, Pioglitazone and Alogliptin Tablets in Combination with Pioglitazone when Added to Metformin*
Placebo Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg Pioglitazone 15 mg Pioglitazone 30 mg Pioglitazone 45 mg Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg + Pioglitazone 15 mg Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg + Pioglitazone 30 mg Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg + Pioglitazone 45 mg
*
Intent-to-treat population using last observation on study
Least squares means adjusted for treatment, geographic region, metformin dose and baseline value
p≤0.01 when compared to corresponding doses of pioglitazone and Alogliptin tablets alone

A1C (%)

N=126

N=123

N=127

N=123

N=126

N=127

N=124

N=126

Baseline (mean)

8.5

8.6

8.5

8.5

8.5

8.5

8.5

8.6

Change from baseline (adjusted mean)

-0.1

-0.9

-0.8

-0.9

-1.0

-1.3

-1.4

-1.6

Difference from pioglitazone (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-

-

-

-

-0.5
(-0.7, -0.3)

-0.5
(-0.7, -0.3)

-0.6
(-0.8, -0.4)

Difference from Alogliptin Tablets (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-

-

-

-

-

-0.4
(-0.6, -0.1)

-0.5
(-0.7, -0.3)

-0.7
(-0.9, -0.5)

Patients (%) achieving A1C ≤7%

6%
(8/129)

27%
(35/129)

26%
(33/129)

30%
(38/129)

36%
(47/129)

55%
(71/130)

53%
(69/130)

60%
(78/130)

FPG (mg/dL)

N=129

N=126

N=127

N=125

N=129

N=130

N=126

N=127

Baseline (mean)

177

184

177

175

181

179

179

178

Change from baseline (adjusted mean)

7

-19

-24

-29

-32

-38

-42

-53

Difference from pioglitazone (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-

-

-

-

-

-14 (-24, -5)

-13 (-23, -3)

-20 (-30, -11)

Difference from Alogliptin Tablets (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-

-

-

-

-

-19 (-29, -10)

-23 (-33, -13)

-34 (-44, -24)

Figure 3. Change from Baseline in A1C at Week 26 with Alogliptin Tablets and Pioglitazone Alone and Alogliptin Tablets in Combination with Pioglitazone When Added to Metformin

Add-On Therapy to a Thiazolidinedione

In a 26-week, placebo-controlled study, a total of 493 patients inadequately controlled on a thiazolidinedione alone or in combination with metformin or a sulfonylurea (10 mg) (mean baseline A1C = 8%) were randomized to receive Alogliptin tablets 12.5 mg, Alogliptin tablets 25 mg or placebo. Patients were maintained on a stable dose of pioglitazone (median dose = 30 mg) during the treatment period; those who were also previously treated on metformin (median dose = 2000 mg) or sulfonylurea (median dose = 10 mg) prior to randomization were maintained on the combination therapy during the treatment period. All patients entered into a four-week, single-blind placebo run-in period prior to randomization. Patients who failed to meet prespecified hyperglycemic goals during the 26-week treatment period received glycemic rescue therapy.

The addition of Alogliptin tablets 25 mg once daily to pioglitazone therapy resulted in statistically significant improvements from baseline in A1C and FPG at Week 26, compared to placebo (Table 8). A total of 9% of patients who were receiving Alogliptin tablets 25 mg and 12% of patients receiving placebo required glycemic rescue.

Improvements in A1C were not affected by gender, age, baseline BMI or baseline pioglitazone dose.

Clinically meaningful reductions in A1C were observed with Alogliptin tablets compared to placebo regardless of whether subjects were receiving concomitant metformin or sulfonylurea (-0.2% placebo versus -0.9% Alogliptin tablets) therapy or pioglitazone alone (0% placebo versus -0.52% Alogliptin tablets).

The mean increase in body weight was similar between Alogliptin tablets and placebo when given in combination with pioglitazone.

Table 8. Glycemic Parameters in a 26-Week, Placebo-Controlled Study of Alogliptin Tablets as Add-On Therapy to Pioglitazone*
Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg + Pioglitazone ± Metformin ± Sulfonylurea Placebo + Pioglitazone ± Metformin ± Sulfonylurea
*
Intent-to-treat population using last observation on study
Least squares means adjusted for treatment, baseline value, geographic region, baseline treatment regimen (pioglitazone, pioglitazone + metformin or pioglitazone + sulfonylurea) and baseline pioglitazone dose
p<0.01 compared to placebo

A1C (%)

N=195

N=95

  Baseline (mean)

8

8

  Change from baseline (adjusted mean)

-0.8

-0.2

  Difference from placebo (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-0.6 (-0.8, -0.4)

˗

  % of Patients (n/N) achieving A1C ≤7%

49% (98/199)

34% (33/97)

FPG (mg/dL)

N=197

N=97

  Baseline (mean)

170

172

  Change from baseline (adjusted mean)

-20

-6

  Difference from placebo (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-14 (-23, -5)

˗

Add-on Combination Therapy with Pioglitazone and Metformin

In a 52-week, active-comparator study, a total of 803 patients inadequately controlled (mean baseline A1C = 8.2%) on a current regimen of pioglitazone 30 mg and metformin at least 1500 mg per day or at the maximum tolerated dose were randomized to either receive the addition of Alogliptin tablets 25 mg or the titration of pioglitazone 30 mg to 45 mg following a four-week, single-blind placebo run-in period. Patients were maintained on a stable dose of metformin (median dose = 1700 mg). Patients who failed to meet prespecified hyperglycemic goals during the 52-week treatment period received glycemic rescue therapy.

In combination with pioglitazone and metformin, Alogliptin tablets 25 mg were shown to be statistically superior in lowering A1C and FPG compared with the titration of pioglitazone from 30 mg to 45 mg at Week 26 and at Week 52 (Table 9; results shown only for Week 52). A total of 11% of patients in the Alogliptin tablets 25 mg treatment group and 22% of patients in the pioglitazone up-titration group required glycemic rescue.

Improvements in A1C were not affected by gender, age, race or baseline BMI.

The mean increase in body weight was similar in both treatment arms.

Table 9. Glycemic Parameters in a 52-Week, Active-Controlled Study of Alogliptin Tablets as Add-On Combination Therapy to Metformin and Pioglitazone*
Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg + Pioglitazone 30 mg + Metformin Pioglitazone 45 mg + Metformin
*
Intent-to-treat population using last observation on study
Least squares means adjusted for treatment, baseline value, geographic region and baseline metformin dose.
Noninferior and statistically superior to metformin + pioglitazone at the 0.025 one-sided significance level
§
p<0.001 compared to pioglitazone 45 mg + metformin

A1C (%)

N=397

N=394

  Baseline (mean)

8.2

8.1

  Change from baseline (adjusted mean)

-0.7

-0.3

  Difference from pioglitazone 45 mg + metformin (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-0.4 (-0.5, -0.3)

-

  % of Patients (n/N) achieving A1C≤7%

33% (134/404)§

21% (85/399)

Fasting Plasma Glucose (mg/dL)

N=399

N=396

  Baseline (mean)

162

162

  Change from baseline (adjusted mean)

-15

-4

  Difference from pioglitazone 45 mg + metformin (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-11§ (-16, -6)

-

Add-On Therapy to a Sulfonylurea

In a 26-week, placebo-controlled study, a total of 500 patients inadequately controlled on a sulfonylurea (mean baseline A1C = 8.1%) were randomized to receive Alogliptin tablets 12.5 mg, Alogliptin tablets 25 mg or placebo. Patients were maintained on a stable dose of glyburide (median dose = 10 mg) during the treatment period. All patients entered into a four-week, single-blind, placebo run-in period prior to randomization. Patients who failed to meet prespecified hyperglycemic goals during the 26-week treatment period received glycemic rescue therapy.

The addition of Alogliptin tablets 25 mg to glyburide therapy resulted in statistically significant improvements from baseline in A1C at Week 26 when compared to placebo (Table 10). Improvements in FPG observed with Alogliptin tablets 25 mg were not statistically significant compared with placebo. A total of 16% of patients receiving Alogliptin tablets 25 mg and 28% of those receiving placebo required glycemic rescue.

Improvements in A1C were not affected by gender, age, baseline BMI or baseline glyburide dose.

The mean change in body weight was similar between Alogliptin tablets and placebo when given in combination with glyburide.

Table 10. Glycemic Parameters in a 26-Week, Placebo-Controlled Study of Alogliptin Tablets as Add-On Therapy to Glyburide*
Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg + Glyburide Placebo + Glyburide
*
Intent-to-treat population using last observation on study
Least squares means adjusted for treatment, baseline value, geographic region and baseline glyburide dose
p<0.01 compared to placebo

A1C (%)

N=197

N=97

  Baseline (mean)

8.1

8.2

  Change from baseline (adjusted mean)

-0.5

0

  Difference from placebo (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-0.5 (-0.7, -0.3)

-

  % of Patients (n/N) achieving A1C ≤7%

35% (69/198)

18% (18/99)

FPG (mg/dL)

N=198

N=99

  Baseline (mean)

174

177

  Change from baseline (adjusted mean)

-8

2

  Difference from placebo (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-11 (-22, 1)

-

Add-On Therapy to Insulin

In a 26-week, placebo-controlled study, a total of 390 patients inadequately controlled on insulin alone (42%) or in combination with metformin (58%) (mean baseline A1C = 9.3%) were randomized to receive Alogliptin tablets 12.5 mg, Alogliptin tablets 25 mg or placebo. Patients were maintained on their insulin regimen (median dose = 55 IU) upon randomization and those previously treated with insulin in combination with metformin (median dose = 1700 mg) prior to randomization continued on the combination regimen during the treatment period. Patients entered the trial on short-, intermediate- or long-acting (basal) insulin or premixed insulin. Patients who failed to meet prespecified hyperglycemic goals during the 26-week treatment period received glycemic rescue therapy.

The addition of Alogliptin tablets 25 mg once daily to insulin therapy resulted in statistically significant improvements from baseline in A1C and FPG at Week 26, when compared to placebo (Table 11). A total of 20% of patients receiving Alogliptin tablets 25 mg and 40% of those receiving placebo required glycemic rescue.

Improvements in A1C were not affected by gender, age, baseline BMI or baseline insulin dose. Clinically meaningful reductions in A1C were observed with Alogliptin tablets compared to placebo regardless of whether subjects were receiving concomitant metformin and insulin (-0.2% placebo versus -0.8% Alogliptin tablets) therapy or insulin alone (0.1% placebo versus -0.7% Alogliptin tablets).

The mean increase in body weight was similar between Alogliptin tablets and placebo when given in combination with insulin.

Table 11. Glycemic Parameters in a 26-Week, Placebo-Controlled Study of Alogliptin Tablets as Add-On Therapy to Insulin*
Alogliptin Tablets 25 mg + Insulin ± Metformin Placebo + Insulin ± Metformin
*
Intent-to-treat population using last observation on study
Least squares means adjusted for treatment, baseline value, geographic region, baseline treatment regimen (insulin or insulin + metformin) and baseline daily insulin dose
p<0.05 compared to placebo

A1C (%)

N=126

N=126

  Baseline (mean)

9.3

9.3

  Change from baseline (adjusted mean)

-0.7

-0.1

  Difference from placebo (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-0.6 (-0.8, -0.4)

-

  % of Patients (n/N) achieving A1C ≤7%

8% (10/129)

1% (1/129)

FPG (mg/dL)

N=128

N=127

  Baseline (mean)

186

196

  Change from baseline (adjusted mean)

-12

6

  Difference from placebo (adjusted mean with 95% confidence interval)

-18 (-33, -2)

-

Cardiovascular Safety Trial

A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled cardiovascular outcomes trial (EXAMINE) was conducted to evaluate the cardiovascular risk of Alogliptin tablets. The trial compared the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) between Alogliptin tablets (N=2701) and placebo (N=2679) when added to standard of care therapies for diabetes and atherosclerotic vascular disease (ASCVD). The trial was event driven and patients were followed until a sufficient number of primary outcome events accrued.

Eligible patients were adults with type 2 diabetes who had inadequate glycemic control at baseline (e.g., HbA1c >6.5%) and had been hospitalized for an acute coronary syndrome event (e.g., acute myocardial infarction or unstable angina requiring hospitalization) 15 to 90 days prior to randomization. The dose of Alogliptin tablets was based on estimated renal function at baseline per dosage and administration recommendations [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)]. The average time between an acute coronary syndrome event and randomization was approximately 48 days.

The mean age of the population was 61 years. Most patients were male (68%), Caucasian (73%), and were recruited from outside of the United States (86%). Asian and Black patients contributed 20% and 4% of the total population, respectively. At the time of randomization patients had a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus for approximately 9 years, 87% had a prior myocardial infarction and 14% were current smokers. Hypertension (83%) and renal impairment (27% with an eGFR ≤60 ml/min/1.73 m2) were prevalent co-morbid conditions. Use of medications to treat diabetes (e.g., metformin 73%, sulfonylurea 54%, insulin 41%), and ASCVD (e.g., statin 94%, aspirin 93%, renin-angiotensin system blocker 88%, beta-blocker 87%) was similar between patients randomized to Alogliptin tablets and placebo at baseline. During the trial, medications to treat diabetes and ASCVD could be adjusted to ensure care for these conditions adhered to standard of care recommendations set by local practice guidelines.

The primary endpoint in EXAMINE was the time to first occurrence of a MACE defined as the composite of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), or nonfatal stroke. The study was designed to exclude a pre-specified risk margin of 1.3 for the hazard ratio of MACE. The median exposure to study drug was 526 days and 95% of the patients were followed to study completion or death.

Table 12 shows the study results for the primary MACE composite endpoint and the contribution of each component to the primary MACE endpoint. The upper bound of the confidence interval was 1.16 and excluded a risk margin larger than 1.3.

Table 12. Patients with MACE in EXAMINE
Composite of first event of CV death, nonfatal MI or nonfatal stroke (MACE) Alogliptin Placebo Hazard Ratio
Number of Patients (%) Rate per 100 PY* Number of Patients (%) Rate per 100 PY* (98% CI)
N=2701 N=2679
305 (11.3) 7.6 316 (11.8) 7.9 0.96 (0.80, 1.16)
*
Patient Years (PY)

  CV Death

89 (3.3)

2.2

111 (4.1)

2.8

  Non-fatal MI

187 (6.9)

4.6

173 (6.5)

4.3

  Non-fatal stroke

29 (1.1)

0.7

32 (1.2)

0.8

The Kaplan-Meier based cumulative event probability is presented in Figure 4 for the time to first occurrence of the primary MACE composite endpoint by treatment arm. The curves for placebo and Alogliptin tablets overlap throughout the duration of the study. The observed incidence of MACE was highest within the first 60 days after randomization in both treatment arms (14.8 MACE per 100 PY), decreased from day 60 to the end of the first year (8.4 per 100 PY) and was lowest after 1 year of follow-up (5.2 per 100 PY).

Figure 4. Observed Cumulative Rate of MACE in EXAMINE

The rate of all cause death was similar between treatment arms with 153 (3.6 per 100 PY) recorded among patients randomized to Alogliptin tablets and 173 (4.1 per 100 PY) among patients randomized to placebo. A total of 112 deaths (2.9 per 100 PY) among patients on Alogliptin tablets and 130 among patients on placebo (3.5 per 100 PY) were adjudicated as cardiovascular deaths.

How Supplied/Storage and Handling

Alogliptin tablets are available as film-coated tablets containing 25 mg, 12.5 mg or 6.25 mg of Alogliptin as follows:

25 mg tablet: light red, oval, biconvex, film-coated, with "TAK ALG-25" printed on one side, available in:

  NDC 45802-150-65

Bottles of 30 tablets

12.5 mg tablet: yellow, oval, biconvex, film-coated, with "TAK ALG-12.5" printed on one side, available in:

  NDC 45802-103-65

Bottles of 30 tablets

6.25 mg tablet: light pink, oval, biconvex, film-coated, with "TAK ALG-6.25" printed on one side, available in:

  NDC 45802-087-65

Bottles of 30 tablets

Storage

Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

Patient Counseling Information

Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Medication Guide).

Inform patients of the potential risks and benefits of Alogliptin tablets.

Patients should be informed that acute pancreatitis has been reported during use of Alogliptin tablets. Patients should be informed that persistent, severe abdominal pain, sometimes radiating to the back, which may or may not be accompanied by vomiting, is the hallmark symptom of acute pancreatitis. Patients should be instructed to promptly discontinue Alogliptin tablets and contact their physician if persistent severe abdominal pain occurs.

Patients should be informed of the signs and symptoms of heart failure. Before initiating Alogliptin tablets, patients should be asked about a history of heart failure or other risk factors for heart failure including moderate to severe renal impairment. Patients should be instructed to contact their healthcare providers as soon as possible if they experience symptoms of heart failure, including increasing shortness of breath, rapid increase in weight, or swelling of the feet.

Patients should be informed that allergic reactions have been reported during use of Alogliptin tablets. If symptoms of allergic reactions (including skin rash, hives and swelling of the face, lips, tongue and throat that may cause difficulty in breathing or swallowing) occur, patients should be instructed to discontinue Alogliptin tablets and seek medical advice promptly.

Patients should be informed that postmarketing reports of liver injury, sometimes fatal, have been reported during use of Alogliptin tablets. If signs or symptoms of liver injury occur, patients should be instructed to discontinue Alogliptin tablets and seek medical advice promptly.

Inform patients that hypoglycemia can occur, particularly when an insulin secretagogue or insulin is used in combination with Alogliptin tablets. Explain the risks, symptoms and appropriate management of hypoglycemia.

Inform patients that severe and disabling joint pain may occur with this class of drugs. The time to onset of symptoms can range from one day to years. Instruct patients to seek medical advice if severe joint pain occurs.

Instruct patients to take Alogliptin tablets only as prescribed. If a dose is missed, advise patients not to double their next dose.

Instruct patients to read the Medication Guide before starting Alogliptin tablets therapy and to reread each time the prescription is refilled. Instruct patients to inform their healthcare provider if an unusual symptom develops or if a symptom persists or worsens.

Revised: May 2016
ALO332 R3

MEDICATION GUIDE

Alogliptin Tablets

Read this Medication Guide carefully before you start taking Alogliptin tablets and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking with your doctor about your medical condition or treatment. If you have any questions about Alogliptin tablets, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

What is the most important information I should know about Alogliptin tablets?

Serious side effects can happen to people taking Alogliptin tablets, including:

1. Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis): Alogliptin tablets may cause pancreatitis which may be severe.

Certain medical conditions make you more likely to get pancreatitis.

Before you start taking Alogliptin tablets:

Tell your doctor if you have ever had:

pancreatitis
kidney problems
liver problems

Stop taking Alogliptin tablets and call your doctor right away if you have pain in your stomach area (abdomen) that is severe and will not go away. The pain may be felt going from your abdomen through to your back. The pain may happen with or without vomiting. These may be symptoms of pancreatitis.

2. Heart failure:

Before you start taking Alogliptin tablets:

Tell your healthcare provider if you have ever had heart failure or have problems with your kidneys.

Contact your healthcare provider right away if you have any of the following symptoms:

increasing shortness of breath or trouble breathing especially when lying down
an unusually fast increase in weight
swelling of feet, ankles, or legs

These may be symptoms of heart failure.

What is Alogliptin tablets?

Alogliptin tablets is a prescription medicine used along with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar (glucose) control in adults with type 2 diabetes.
Alogliptin tablets are unlikely by themselves to cause your blood sugar to be lowered to a dangerous level (hypoglycemia). However, hypoglycemia may still occur with Alogliptin tablets.
Alogliptin tablets are not for people with type 1 diabetes.
Alogliptin tablets are not for people with diabetic ketoacidosis (increased ketones in blood or urine).

It is not known if Alogliptin tablets are safe and effective in children under the age of 18.

Who should not take Alogliptin tablets?

Do not take Alogliptin tablets if you:

Are allergic to any ingredients in Alogliptin tablets or have had a serious allergic (hypersensitivity) reaction to Alogliptin tablets. See the end of this Medication Guide for a complete list of the ingredients in Alogliptin tablets.
 
Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction to Alogliptin tablets may include:
o
swelling of your face, lips, throat and other areas on your skin
o
raised, red areas on your skin (hives)
o
difficulty with swallowing or breathing
o
skin rash, itching, flaking or peeling

If you have any of these symptoms, stop taking Alogliptin tablets and contact your doctor or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away.

What should I tell my doctor before and during treatment with Alogliptin tablets?

Before you take Alogliptin tablets, tell your doctor if you:

have or have had inflammation of your pancreas (pancreatitis)
have kidney or liver problems
have other medical conditions
are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if Alogliptin tablets can harm your unborn baby. Talk with your doctor about the best way to control your blood sugar while you are pregnant or if you plan to become pregnant
are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known whether Alogliptin tablets pass into your breast milk. Talk with your doctor about the best way to feed your baby if you are taking Alogliptin tablets

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins and herbal supplements.

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them and show it to your doctor and pharmacist before you start any new medicine.

Alogliptin tablets may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how Alogliptin tablets work. Contact your doctor before you start or stop other types of medicines.

How should I take Alogliptin tablets?

Take Alogliptin tablets exactly as your doctor tells you to take it.
Take Alogliptin tablets 1 time each day with or without food.
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If you do not remember until it is time for your next dose, skip the missed dose, and take the next dose at your regular time. Do not take 2 doses of Alogliptin tablets at the same time.
If you take too many Alogliptin tablets, call your doctor or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away.
If your body is under stress, such as from fever, infection, accident or surgery, the dose of your diabetes medicines may need to be changed. Call your doctor right away.
Stay on your diet and exercise programs and check your blood sugar as your doctor tells you to.
Your doctor may do certain blood tests before you start Alogliptin tablets and during treatment as needed. Your doctor may change your dose of Alogliptin tablets based on the results of your blood tests due to how well your kidneys are working.
Your doctor will check your diabetes with regular blood tests, including your blood sugar levels and your hemoglobin A1C.

What are the possible side effects of Alogliptin tablets?

Alogliptin tablets can cause serious side effects, including:

See "What is the most important information I should know about Alogliptin tablets?"

Allergic (hypersensitivity) reactions such as:
o
swelling of your face, lips, throat and other areas on your skin
o
raised, red areas on your skin (hives)
o
difficulty swallowing or breathing
o
skin rash, itching, flaking or peeling
 
If you have these symptoms, stop taking Alogliptin tablets and contact your doctor right away.
Liver problems. Call your doctor right away if you have unexplained symptoms, such as:
o
nausea or vomiting
o
loss of appetite
o
stomach pain
o
dark urine
o
unusual or unexplained tiredness
o
yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes
Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). If you take Alogliptin tablets with another medicine that can cause low blood sugar, such as a sulfonylurea or insulin, your risk of getting low blood sugar is higher. The dose of your sulfonylurea medicine or insulin may need to be lowered while you take Alogliptin tablets. If you have symptoms of low blood sugar, you should check your blood sugar and treat if low, then call your doctor. Signs and symptoms of low blood sugar include:
o
shaking or feeling jittery
o
fast heartbeat
o
sweating
o
change in vision
o
hunger
o
confusion
o
headache
o
dizziness
o
change in mood
Joint pain. Some people who take medicines called DPP-4 inhibitors like Alogliptin tablets may develop joint pain that can be severe. Call your doctor if you have severe joint pain.

The most common side effects of Alogliptin tablets include stuffy or runny nose and sore throat, headache, or cold-like symptoms (upper respiratory tract infection).

Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of Alogliptin tablets. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How should I store Alogliptin tablets?

Store Alogliptin tablets at room temperature between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C).

Keep Alogliptin tablets and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General information about the safe and effective use of Alogliptin tablets

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in the Medication Guide. Do not take Alogliptin tablets for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give Alogliptin tablets to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them.

This Medication Guide summarizes the most important information about Alogliptin tablets. If you would like to know more information, talk with your doctor. You can ask your doctor or pharmacist for information about Alogliptin tablets that is written for health professionals.

For more information, go to www.perrigo.com or call 1-877-TAKEDA-7 (1-877-825-3327).

What are the ingredients in Alogliptin tablets?

Active ingredient: Alogliptin

Inactive ingredients: mannitol, microcrystalline cellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, croscarmellose sodium and magnesium stearate. In addition, the film-coating contains the following inactive ingredients: hypromellose, titanium dioxide, ferric oxide (red or yellow) and polyethylene glycol and is marked with gray F1 printing ink

Distributed By
Perrigo®
Allegan, MI 49010 • www.perrigo.com

All trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

ALO332 R3

This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
4/2016

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 6.25 mg Tablet Bottle Label

Rx Only

NDC 45802-087-65

Alogliptin
Tablets
6.25 mg

Dispense with
Medication Guide

30 Tablets
Perrigo®

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 12.5 mg Tablet Bottle Label

Rx Only

NDC 45802-103-65

Alogliptin
Tablets
12.5 mg

Dispense with
Medication Guide

30 Tablets
Perrigo®

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 25 mg Tablet Bottle Label

Rx Only

NDC 45802-150-65

Alogliptin
Tablets
25 mg

Dispense with
Medication Guide

30 Tablets
Perrigo®

Alogliptin 
Alogliptin tablet, film coated
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:45802-087
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
Alogliptin Benzoate (Alogliptin) Alogliptin 6.25 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
Mannitol  
Hydroxypropyl Cellulose (Type L)  
Cellulose, Microcrystalline  
Croscarmellose sodium  
Magnesium stearate  
Hypromellose 2910 (6 MPA.S)  
Titanium dioxide  
Polyethylene Glycol 8000  
Ferric oxide Red  
Ferrosoferric oxide  
Shellac  
Butyl Alcohol  
Alcohol  
Product Characteristics
Color PINK (Light pink) Score no score
Shape OVAL (biconvex) Size 9mm
Flavor Imprint Code TAK;ALG;6;25
Contains         
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:45802-087-65 30 TABLET, FILM COATED in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA authorized generic NDA022271 04/08/2016
Alogliptin 
Alogliptin tablet, film coated
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:45802-103
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
Alogliptin Benzoate (Alogliptin) Alogliptin 12.5 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
Mannitol  
Hydroxypropyl Cellulose (Type L)  
Cellulose, Microcrystalline  
Croscarmellose sodium  
Magnesium stearate  
Hypromellose 2910 (6 MPA.S)  
Titanium dioxide  
Polyethylene Glycol 8000  
Ferric oxide Yellow  
Ferrosoferric oxide  
Shellac  
Butyl Alcohol  
Alcohol  
Product Characteristics
Color YELLOW Score no score
Shape OVAL (biconvex) Size 9mm
Flavor Imprint Code TAK;ALG;12;5
Contains         
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:45802-103-65 30 TABLET, FILM COATED in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA authorized generic NDA022271 04/08/2016
Alogliptin 
Alogliptin tablet, film coated
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:45802-150
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
Alogliptin Benzoate (Alogliptin) Alogliptin 25 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
Mannitol  
Hydroxypropyl Cellulose (Type L)  
Cellulose, Microcrystalline  
Croscarmellose sodium  
Magnesium stearate  
Hypromellose 2910 (6 MPA.S)  
Titanium dioxide  
Polyethylene Glycol 8000  
Ferric oxide Red  
Ferrosoferric oxide  
Shellac  
Butyl Alcohol  
Alcohol  
Product Characteristics
Color RED (Light red) Score no score
Shape OVAL (biconvex) Size 9mm
Flavor Imprint Code TAK;ALG;25
Contains         
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:45802-150-65 30 TABLET, FILM COATED in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA authorized generic NDA022271 04/08/2016
Labeler - Perrigo New York Inc (078846912)
Revised: 06/2016
 
Perrigo New York Inc
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