Generic Name: metformin and repaglinide (met FOR min and re PAG li nide)
Brand Names: PrandiMet
What is PrandiMet?
PrandiMet contains a combination of metformin and repaglinide. Metformin and repaglinide are oral diabetes medications that help control blood sugar levels. Repaglinide works by causing the pancreas to produce insulin. Metformin works by decreasing glucose (sugar) production in the liver and decreasing absorption of glucose by the intestines.
PrandiMet is used to improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes.
PrandiMet is not for treating type 1 diabetes.
You should not use PrandiMet if you are allergic to metformin or repaglinide, if you have severe kidney disease or type 1 diabetes, or if you are in a state of diabetic ketoacidosis (call your doctor for treatment with insulin).
You should not use PrandiMet together with gemfibrozil or NPH insulin (such as isophane insulin).
If you need to have any type of x-ray or CT scan using a dye that is injected into your veins, you will need to temporarily stop taking this medicine.
PrandiMet may cause a serious condition called lactic acidosis. Get emergency medical help if you have even mild symptoms such as: muscle pain or weakness, numb or cold feeling in your arms and legs, trouble breathing, stomach pain, nausea with vomiting, slow or uneven heart rate, dizziness, or feeling very weak or tired.
Before taking this medicine
You should not use PrandiMet if you are allergic to metformin (Actoplus Met, Avandamet, Fortamet, Glucophage, Glumetza, Glucovance, Invokamet, Janumet, Jentadueto, Kazano, Kombiglyze, Metaglip, PrandiMet, Riomet, Synjardy, Xigduo, and others) or repaglinide (Prandin), or if you have:
severe kidney disease;
if you also use gemfibrozil or NPH insulin (such as isophane insulin); or
if you are in a state of diabetic ketoacidosis (call your doctor for treatment with insulin).
Some people taking PrandiMet develop a serious condition called lactic acidosis. This may be more likely if you have liver or kidney disease, congestive heart failure, a severe infection, if you are dehydrated, or if you drink large amounts of alcohol. Talk with your doctor about your risk.
If you need to have any type of x-ray or CT scan using a dye that is injected into your veins, you will need to temporarily stop taking PrandiMet.
To make sure this medicine is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:
liver disease; or
a history of heart disease.
It is not known whether PrandiMet will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medicine
It is not known whether metformin and repaglinide passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while using this medicine.
How should I take PrandiMet?
Take PrandiMet exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results. Do not use this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
PrandiMet is usually taken 2 or 3 times daily, within 15 minutes before eating a meal. Follow your doctor's instructions. If you skip a meal, do not take your dose of PrandiMet. Wait until your next meal.
Your blood sugar will need to be checked often, and you may need other blood tests at your doctor's office.
Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can happen to everyone who has diabetes. Symptoms include headache, hunger, sweating, confusion, irritability, dizziness, or feeling shaky. Always keep a source of sugar with you in case you have low blood sugar. Sugar sources include fruit juice, hard candy, crackers, raisins, and non-diet soda. Be sure your family and close friends know how to help you in an emergency.
If you have severe hypoglycemia and cannot eat or drink, use a glucagon injection. Your doctor can prescribe a glucagon emergency injection kit and tell you how to use it.
Check your blood sugar carefully during times of stress, travel, illness, surgery or medical emergency, vigorous exercise, or if you drink alcohol or skip meals. These things can affect your glucose levels and your dose needs may also change. Do not change your medication dose or schedule without your doctor's advice.
Your doctor may have you take extra vitamin B12 while you are taking PrandiMet. Take only the amount of vitamin B12 that your doctor has prescribed.
PrandiMet is only part of a complete treatment program that may also include diet, exercise, weight control, and special medical care. Follow your doctor's instructions very closely.
Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light. Keep the bottle tightly closed when not in use.
PrandiMet dosing information
Usual Adult Dose for Diabetes Type 2:
Individualize based on current therapy, effectiveness, and tolerability
Patients inadequately controlled on metformin monotherapy: repaglinide 1 mg/metformin 500 mg orally twice a day with meals
Patients inadequately controlled on meglitinide monotherapy: current meglitinide dose with metformin 500 mg orally twice a day with meals
Patients receiving individual components concomitantly: current or similar dose of individual components without exceeding current dose
Titrate gradually based on glycemic control and tolerability
Maximum single dose: repaglinide 4 mg/metformin 1000 mg
Maximum daily dose: repaglinide 10 mg/metformin 2500 mg
-To be given 2 to 3 times a day within 15 minutes prior to meal; if a meal is skipped, a dose should not be given for that meal.
-Patients who have not been previously treated with a meglitinide should be started on the lowest dose of repaglinide to reduce the risk of hypoglycemia.
-Blood glucose monitoring should be performed to assess therapeutic response.
Use: As an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus who are already being treated with a meglitinide and metformin or who have inadequate glycemic control on a meglitinide alone or metformin alone.
See also: Dosage Information (in more detail)
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember, but only if you are getting ready to eat a meal. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. A PrandiMet overdose can cause life-threatening hypoglycemia. Symptoms of severe hypoglycemia include extreme weakness, blurred vision, sweating, trouble speaking, tremors, stomach pain, confusion, and seizure (convulsions).
What should I avoid while taking PrandiMet?
Avoid drinking alcohol. It lowers blood sugar and may increase your risk of lactic acidosis while taking PrandiMet.
PrandiMet side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to PrandiMet: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Early symptoms of lactic acidosis may get worse over time and this condition can be fatal. Get emergency medical help if you have even mild symptoms: muscle pain or weakness, numb or cold feeling in your arms and legs, trouble breathing, stomach pain, nausea with vomiting, slow or uneven heart rate, dizziness, or feeling very weak or tired.
Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, is the most common side effect of PrandiMet. Symptoms include headache, hunger, weakness, sweating, tremors, irritability, trouble concentrating, rapid breathing, fast heartbeat, fainting, or seizure (severe hypoglycemia can be fatal). Carry hard candy or glucose tablets with you in case you have low blood sugar.
Common PrandiMet side effects may include:
nausea, vomiting; or
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
What other drugs will affect PrandiMet?
There are many other medicines that can increase or decrease the effects of PrandiMet on lowering your blood sugar. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using.
More about PrandiMet (metformin / repaglinide)
Related treatment guides
Where can I get more information?
- Your pharmacist can provide more information about PrandiMet.
- Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use PrandiMet only for the indication prescribed.
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