Generic Name: prenatal multivitamins (PRE nay tal VYE ta mins)
Brand Name: Cenogen Ultra, Duet, Maternity, Mission Prenatal, OB Complete, PrenaCare, PrenaPlus, Prenatal H, Prenatal Plus, Stuart Prenatal with Beta Carotene, TheraNatal Lactation Support, TriCare, Trinate, Ultra-Natal, Vinate One, Vinate Ultra, vitaMed MD RediChew Rx, ...show all 485 brand namesVynatal F.A., Zenate, Materna, Pramilet FA, Stuartnatal Plus, Natalins Rx, Norlac RX, Neo-Forte, Mynatal, Zenate Advanced Formula, Prenatal MR 90, O-Cal-FA, Equi-Natal Plus, Pan OB Forte, Hi-Nate 90, Lactocal-F, Maternity-90, Prenatal Multivitamins, Prenazyme 1+1, Pre-H-Cal, Femnatal, Vynatal 1 Plus 1, Par-F, Niferex PN Forte, Prenavite, Mynatal PN, Obnate 90, Maternal 90, Mynatal Rx, Precare, Natarex, Ternamar, Aminatal Plus, Elemental Iron-90, Mynatal PN Forte, Mynatal FC, Mynate 90 Plus, Vitamed Prenatal Formula, Zitamin, Preterna, Vernate, Vernate Advanced, Prenate 90, Aminate, Mission Prenatal Rx, Niferex-PN, Marnatal-F, Prenate Ultra, Prenatal Z Advanced Formula, Zenate Prenatal, NatalCare, Prenatal Plus with Beta-Carotene, Prenatal Rx, Maternity plus Beta Carotene, Equi-Natal M, Equi-Natal Rx, Equinatal 90, Equi-Natal Z, Natalcare Pic Forte, Natalcare Pic, Natalins, Prenatal MR 90 Fe, Aminatal Plus One, Aminate with 90 mg Iron, Ultra NatalCare, Prenatal S, Natafort, Nestabs, Nestabs CBF, Vitafol PN, Fem-Natal, Ami-Natal Plus One Improved, Aminatal Plus New Formula, Prenatal Plus with 27 mg Iron, Obegyn, Mission Prenatal FA, Mission Prenatal HP, Mynatal Z, Mynatal Plus, Mynatal Ultracap, Prenatal Plus Iron, Prenatal 1 Plus 1, Natalcare Plus, Prenatal 1 Plus 1 (Low Iron), Prenatal MTR with Selenium, Natalcare Rx, Prenavite FC, Prenavite PC, Chromagen OB, Natatab CFe, Natatab FA, Vitelle Nestabs OTC, Natachew, Premesis Rx, Prenate Advanced Formula, Precare Conceive, Citracal Prenatal Rx, Advanced NatalCare, NutriNate, Nestabs Rx, Stuartnatal Plus 3, Strongstart, Anemagen OB, NatalCare Three, Natatab Rx, Equi-Natal Care, Inatal Advance, Inatal Ultra, Maternity Vitamin Low Iron, Ob-20, Prenatabs CBF, Prenatabs FA, Prenatal Rx Low Iron, Vinate 90, Vinate M, Prenate GT, Ferrex PC Forte, Prenatabs Rx, Prenatal AD, Prenatal 19 (obsolete), Natalcare(obsolete), PrimaCare, Duet Chewable, Natalfirst, Natelle, Prenatal-U, Nestabs FA, Vinate GT, Natafolic-PN, Cal-Nate, Icar Prenatal, Prenate Advance, Novastart (obsolete), Novanatal, Natacaps, O-Cal Prenatal, NatalCare Advanced-RF, Vitafol-OB, Duet DHA, Prenate Elite, Prenatabs OBN, Icare Prenatal Rx, Vinatal 600, Nutrispire, PrimaCare One, PrenaFirst, Natafolic-OB, Vinate Good Start, Vinate II (New Formula), Vinate Advanced (New Formula), New Advanced Formula Prenatal Z, Bright Beginnings, Prenatal Rx 1, Obtrex, Marnatal-F Plus, NatalCare CFE 60, Natelle Prefer, OptiNate, Select-OB, Citracal Prenatal + DHA, Natelle C, Natelle-ez, Tandem OB, NovaStart, Precare Premier, Neevo, Maxinate, Duet DHA EC, Citracal Prenatal 90+DHA, CareNatal DHA, Vitafol-OB+DHA, Vinate AZ, Vinatal Forte, Prenate DHA, Vinate AZ Extra, CitraNatal Rx, CitraNatal DHA, CitraNatal 90 DHA, PreferaOB, Natelle Plus with DHA, Verotin-GR, Dualvit OB, Verotin-BY, Tandem DHA, Vitaphil, Vinate Calcium, Multifol Plus, Prenatal Elite, PrimaCare Advantage, OB Complete with DHA (obsolete), Foltabs, Folbecal, Vitaphil Aide, RightStep, ComBi Rx, Foltabs plus DHA, Viva DHA, Vinate IC, Pruet DHA, Renate DHA, Renate DHA Extra, Renate, CitraNatal Assure, Pruet DHA EC, Gesticare, Gesticare DHA, PreNexa, OB Natal One, Edge OB, RE OB 90 Plus DHA, Vitaphil Plus DHA, Vitaphil Plus DHA 90, RE OB Plus DHA, Trinatal Rx 1, Complete-RF, Advance Care Plus, Complete Natal DHA, Neevo DHA, CompleteNate, Vitaspire, Vinate C, Prenate Elite Plus Iron, Vinate III, Select-OB+DHA, Multinatal Plus, Folcaps Care One, Previte Rx, UltimateCare One, Se-Natal 90, Se-Natal One, Se-Care, Se-Care Conceive, Vinate PN Care, Vinate Care, Foltabs 90 plus DHA, Concept DHA, Nata 29 OB, Nata 29 Prenatal, Duet DHA with Ferrazone, Concept OB, UltimateCare One NF, UltimateCare Advance, Tri Rx, TriAdvance, Gesticare DHA DR, Se-Plete DHA, Seton ET, Seton ET-EC, Se-Natal 19, Se-Natal 16, Co Natal FA, Taron-PRX Plus DHA, Prefera OB Plus DHA, OB Complete 400, Obtrex DHA, PNV Select, Multi-Nate 30, Multi-Nate DHA Extra, Multi-Nate 30 DHA, Multi-Nate DHA, Cavan One, Natelle One, Trimesis Rx, NatalCare GlossTabs, PNV-DHA, Vinacal OR, Cavan EC DHA Plus, Multi-Nate 30 Kit, CitraNatal B-Calm, Folcal DHA (obsolete), Folivan-EC DHA, Folivan-PRX DHA, PreQue10 (obsolete), PreNexa with DHA, Folivan-OB, Taron-C DHA, Taron-EC Calc DHA Pack, Se-Tan DHA, Duet DHA Complete, Docosavit, Femecal OB, VitaNatal OB plus DHA, PR Natal 400 EC, PR Natal 400, PR Natal 430, TriCare DHA One, CitraNatal Harmony, Triveen-One, PR Natal 440, Prenate Essential, Folcaps Omega 3, Prefera OB-One, Femecal OB plus DHA, Kolnatal DHA, Rovin-NV, Rovin-NV DHA, Zatean-PN DHA, Zatean-PN, Natelle One DHA, PreNexa with DHA (obsolete), Zatean-PN Plus, Prenate Plus, Vol-Nate, Vol-Tab Rx, Cavan-Heme OB, Triveen-PRx RNF, VeNatal FA, PNV-DHA Plus, Cavan-Folate DHA, NeevoDHA, PreNexa premier with DHA, PreferaOB+DHA, Cavan-Heme Omega, Duet DHA Balanced, Folcal DHA, Elite OB 400, PNV-Total, Triveen Ten, Zatean-CH, Taron-BC, Cavan Folate, Infanate DHA, Vol-Plus (obsolete), Vemavite PRX 2, OB Complete Premier, OB Complete One with DHA, OB Complete Chewables, Nexa Select with DHA, Paire OB Plus DHA, Nestabs DHA, EzFe Forte, Vena-Bal DHA, Vitafol-One, LevomefolatePNV, TheraNatal Complete, TheraNatal Core Nutrition, PNV-Omega, VeNatal Complete DHA, Prenaissance Plus, Prenatal 1, OB Complete with DHA, OB Complete 400 with DHA, Prennaissance with DHA, Macnatal CN with DHA, Levomefolate DHA, B-Nexa (obsolete), ProFe Forte, PureFe OB Plus, PreQue 10, PreNata, VitaMedMD Plus Rx, Reaphirm, Bal-Care DHA, Prenaissance Next, Prenaissance Balance, PreNatal Low Iron, Relnate DHA, vitaMedMD One Rx, Prenate Mini with DHA, Natalvit, Nutri-Tab OB plus DHA, Nutri-Tab OB, Bal-Care DHA Essential, HemeNatal OB, HemeNatal OB + DHA, Viva CT, Virt-Bal DHA Plus, VP-GGR-B6, VP-CH-PNV, Nexa Plus with DHA, Vitafol Plus, B-Nexa (obsoleteA), Prena1 Plus, Prena1, Prena1 Chew, PNV OB+DHA, Virt-PN, Virt-PN DHA, OB Complete Petite with DHA, DuetDHA 400, DuetDHA 430, DuetDHA 400ec, DuetDHA 430ec, DuetDHA Balanced, Similac Prenatal, Vinate DHA, Nata Komplete, Classic Prenatal, V-Natal, Vert-Select DHA, Cavan-Alpha, Trinatal GT, Trinatal Ultra, V-Natal DHA, Natalvirt CA, Natalvirt 90, CorNate-DHA, OB Complete Petite, VP-Heme, Virt-PN Plus, TL-Care DHA, Mom's Choice Rx with DHA, PNV-First DHA, Choice OB plus DHA, VP-PNV-DHA, PNV-OB with DHA, Prenatal Plus Low Iron, PNV Prenatal Plus, Ultimate OB DHA, One Daily Combo Pack, Prenaissance DHA, TriCare Prenatal Compleat, Vitafol Ultra, Vinacal B, Natalvirt FLT, Expecta DHA, Prenate, Prenate AM, Prenate Enhance with DHA, Prenate Restore, Active OB DHA, VitaPearl with DHA, Prena1 Pearl, TheraNatal Plus, TheraNatal OvaVite, PrePlus, Triveen-Duo DHA, Nestabs ABC, VP-Heme OB, PreNatal 19 (obsolete), Vitafol Nano, Prenate Star, Prenate Pixie, Prenatal 19 (Cypress), PreNatal 19 (Nationwide), Folet One with DHA, Folet DHA, Virt-Nate, Virt-Vite GT, Provida OB, PNV Tabs 29-1, PreTAB, Obstetrix EC, Provida DHA, Focalgin 90 DHA, Focalgin CA, TheraNatal One DHA, TriStart DHA, Thrivite RX, Vitafol Fe Plus, VitaTrue plus DHA, Dothelle DHA, Enbrace HR, OB Complete Gold, Mteryti, Mteryti Folic 5, VP-Heme One, Virt-Nate DHA, Prena1 True plus DHA, Vitafol Gummies with DHA, Baby & Me, Obstetrix One, TheraNatal Lactation One, TheraNatal Lactation Complete, Niferex (prenatal), Prenatal Plus + DHA Minicaps, Chromagen (prenatal), PNV Prenatal
What are prenatal multivitamins?
There are many brands and forms of prenatal multivitamins available. Not all brands are listed on this leaflet.
Prenatal multivitamins are a combination of many different vitamins that are normally found in foods and other natural sources.
Prenatal multivitamins are used to provide the additional vitamins needed during pregnancy. Minerals may also be contained in prenatal multivitamins.
Prenatal multivitamins may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
What is the most important information I should know about prenatal multivitamins?
Never take more than the recommended dose of a multivitamin. Avoid taking any other multivitamin product within 2 hours before or after you take your prenatal multivitamins. Taking similar vitamin products together at the same time can result in a vitamin overdose or serious side effects.
Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine. An overdose of vitamins A, D, E, or K can cause serious or life-threatening side effects and can also harm your unborn baby. Certain minerals contained in a prenatal multivitamin may also cause serious overdose symptoms or harm to the baby if you take too much.
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking prenatal multivitamins?
Many vitamins can cause serious or life-threatening side effects if taken in large doses. Do not take more of this medication than directed on the label or prescribed by your doctor.
Before taking prenatal multivitamins, tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions.
You may need to continue taking prenatal multivitamins if you breast-feed your baby. Ask your doctor about taking this medication while breast-feeding.
How should I take prenatal multivitamins?
Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Never take more than the recommended dose of prenatal multivitamins.
Many multivitamin products also contain minerals such as calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, and zinc. Minerals (especially taken in large doses) can cause side effects such as tooth staining, increased urination, stomach bleeding, uneven heart rate, confusion, and muscle weakness or limp feeling. Read the label of any multivitamin product you take to make sure you are aware of what it contains.
Take your prenatal multivitamin with a full glass of water.
Swallow the regular tablet or capsule whole. Do not break, chew, crush, or open it.
The chewable tablet must be chewed or allowed to dissolve in your mouth before swallowing. You may also allow the chewable tablet to dissolve in drinking water, fruit juice, or infant formula (but not milk or other dairy products). Drink this mixture right away.
Use prenatal multivitamins regularly to get the most benefit. Get your prescription refilled before you run out of medicine completely.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep prenatal multivitamins in their original container. Storing vitamins in a glass container can ruin the medication.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. An overdose of vitamins A, D, E, or K can cause serious or life-threatening side effects and can also harm your unborn baby. Certain minerals contained in a prenatal multivitamin may also cause serious overdose symptoms or harm to the baby if you take too much.
Overdose symptoms may include stomach pain, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, loss of appetite, hair loss, peeling skin, tingly feeling in or around your mouth, changes in menstrual periods, weight loss, severe headache, muscle or joint pain, severe back pain, blood in your urine, pale skin, and easy bruising or bleeding.
What should I avoid while taking prenatal multivitamins?
Avoid taking any other multivitamin product within 2 hours before or after you take your prenatal multivitamins. Taking similar vitamin products together at the same time can result in a vitamin overdose or serious side effects.
Avoid the regular use of salt substitutes in your diet if your multivitamin contains potassium. If you are on a low-salt diet, ask your doctor before taking a vitamin or mineral supplement.
Do not take this medication with milk, other dairy products, calcium supplements, or antacids that contain calcium. Calcium may make it harder for your body to absorb certain ingredients of the prenatal multivitamin.
Prenatal multivitamins side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
When taken as directed, prenatal multivitamins are not expected to cause serious side effects. Common side effects may include:
unusual or unpleasant taste in your mouth.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
Prenatal multivitamins dosing information
Usual Adult Dose for Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation:
Prenatal vitamin oral kit: 1 tablet and 1 softgel capsule daily or as directed by physician.
Prenatal vitamin oral bar: 1 bar daily.
Prenatal vitamin oral capsule:
1 capsule orally daily.
Prenatal vitamin oral tablet:
1 tablet orally daily.
Prenatal Multivitamins with Folic Acid 0.5 mg oral tablet:
2 tablets orally daily or 1 tablet orally twice daily.
Prenatal Multivitamins with Folic Acid 0.5 mg and Docusate oral tablet:
2 tablets orally daily or 1 tablet orally twice daily.
Prenatal Multivitamins with Folic Acid 1.2 mg oral tablet:
1 or 2 tablets orally daily in divided doses.
What other drugs will affect prenatal multivitamins?
Vitamin and mineral supplements can interact with certain medications, or affect how medications work in your body. Tell your doctor about all medicines you use, and those you start or stop using during your treatment with prenatal multivitamins, especially:
a diuretic or "water pill";
heart or blood pressure medications;
trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole (SMX-TMP or SMZ-TMP); or
NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) such as ibuprofen, naproxen, celecoxib, diclofenac, indomethacin, meloxicam, and others.
This list is not complete. Other drugs may interact with prenatal multivitamins, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible interactions are listed in this medication guide.
More about Prenatal Multivitamins (multivitamin, prenatal)
- Side Effects
- Drug Interactions
- En Español
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- Drug class: iron products
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Where can I get more information?
- Your pharmacist can provide more information about prenatal multivitamins.
- Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
- Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.
Copyright 1996-2012 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 7.11.
Date modified: July 24, 2017
Last reviewed: October 10, 2016