Insulin glargine and lixisenatide
Medically reviewed: January 9, 2018
What is insulin glargine and lixisenatide?
Insulin is a hormone that works by lowering levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Insulin glargine is a long-acting insulin that starts to work several hours after injection and keeps working evenly for 24 hours. Lixisenatide is a diabetes medicine that helps your pancreas produce insulin more efficiently.
Insulin glargine and lixisenatide is a combination medicine that is used together with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes. This medicine is not for treating type 1 diabetes.
Insulin glargine and lixisenatide may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Stop using this medicine and call your doctor at once if you have nausea and vomiting with severe pain in your upper stomach spreading to your back.
Never share an injection pen or syringe with another person, even if the needle has been changed.
Before taking this medicine
You should not use this medicine if you are allergic to insulin or lixisenatide, or if:
you are having an episode of low blood sugar;
you also use a short-acting mealtime insulin; or
To make sure insulin glargine and lixisenatide is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have ever had:
pancreatitis or gall stones;
problems with digestion;
liver or kidney disease;
low levels of potassium in your blood (hypokalemia);
diabetic ketoacidosis (call your doctor for treatment).
Tell your doctor if you also take pioglitazone or rosiglitazone (sometimes contained in combinations with glimepiride or metformin). Taking certain oral diabetes medicines while you are using insulin may increase your risk of serious heart problems.
Follow your doctor's instructions about using this medicine if you are pregnant or breast-feeding a baby. Blood sugar control is very important during pregnancy, and your dose needs may be different during each trimester of pregnancy. Your dose needs may also be different while you are breast-feeding.
How should I use insulin glargine and lixisenatide?
Follow all directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Do not use this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Insulin glargine and lixisenatide is injected under the skin, usually injected once per day. Use the injection within 60 minutes (1 hour) before your first meal of the day. Try to use the medicine at the same time each day.
This medicine comes in a prefilled injection pen that contains 14 pre-set doses. You will be shown how to use injections at home. Do not give yourself this medicine if you do not understand how to use the injection and properly dispose of used needles and syringes.
Your care provider will show you the best places on your body to inject this medicine. Use a different place each time. Do not inject into the same place two times in a row.
Read all patient information, medication guides, and instruction sheets provided to you. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
Never share an injection pen, cartridge, or syringe with another person, even if the needle has been changed. Sharing these devices can allow infections or disease to pass from one person to another.
Use a disposable needle only once. Follow any state or local laws about throwing away used needles. Use a puncture-proof "sharps" disposal container (ask your pharmacist where to get one and how to throw it away). Keep this container out of the reach of children and pets.
Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can happen to everyone who has diabetes. Symptoms include headache, hunger, sweating, irritability, dizziness, nausea, fast heart rate, and feeling anxious or shaky. To quickly treat low blood sugar, always keep a fast-acting source of sugar with you such as fruit juice, hard candy, crackers, raisins, or non-diet soda.
Your doctor can prescribe a glucagon emergency injection kit to use in case you have severe hypoglycemia and cannot eat or drink. Be sure your family and close friends know how to give you this injection in an emergency.
Also watch for signs of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) such as increased thirst or urination, blurred vision, headache, and tiredness.
Lixisenatide is only part of a complete treatment program that may also include diet, exercise, weight control, regular blood sugar testing, and special medical care. Follow your doctor's instructions very closely.
Storing unopened (not in use) insulin glargine and lixisenatide: Refrigerate and protect from light.
Do not freeze insulin glargine and lixisenatide, and throw away the medicine if it has been frozen.
Storing opened (in use) insulin glargine and lixisenatide: Store at room temperature with the pen cap attached, and use within 14 days.
Do not store an injection pen with the needle attached.
Do not use the medicine if it looks cloudy, has changed colors, or has any particles in it. Call your pharmacist for new medicine.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Use the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. An overdose can cause life-threatening hypoglycemia or hypokalemia (low levels of potassium in your blood).
Overdose symptoms include severe nausea and vomiting.
What should I avoid while using insulin glargine and lixisenatide?
Avoid medication errors by always checking the medicine label before injecting a dose.
Lixisenatide can slow your digestion, and it may take longer for your body to absorb any medicines you take by mouth.
If you also take any type of antibiotic, take it at least 1 hour before you use insulin glargine and lixisenatide.
If you also take a birth control pill, take it at least 1 hour before or 11 hours after you use insulin glargine and lixisenatide.
Avoid drinking alcohol. It can cause low blood sugar and may interfere with your diabetes treatment.
Insulin glargine and lixisenatide side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives, itching, severe rash; rapid heartbeats; trouble swallowing; difficult breathing; feeling light-headed; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Stop using this medicine and call your doctor at once if you have:
heart problems--shortness of breath (even with mild exertion), swelling in your feet or ankles, rapid weight gain;
pancreatitis--severe pain in your upper stomach spreading to your back, nausea and vomiting, fast heart rate;
low blood sugar--headache, hunger, sweating, irritability, dizziness, fast heart rate, and feeling anxious or shaky; or
Common side effects may include:
low blood sugar;
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
Insulin glargine and lixisenatide dosing information
Usual Adult Dose for Diabetes Type 2:
Insulin glargine 100 units/lixisenatide 33 mcg per mL (100/33); dosage is expressed in units
For Patients Inadequately Controlled on Less than 30 units of Basal Insulin or on Lixisenatide:
-Initial dose: 15 units subcutaneously once a day (insulin glargine 15 units/lixisenatide 5 mcg)
For Patients Inadequately Controlled on 30 to 60 units of Basal Insulin or on Lixisenatide:
-Initial dose: 30 units subcutaneously once a day (insulin glargine 30 units/lixisenatide 10 mcg)
Titrate dose in increments of 2 to 4 units weekly based on metabolic needs, blood glucose monitoring results, and glycemic goal until desired fasting plasma glucose is achieved.
-Maintenance dose: 15 to 60 units per day
-Maximum dose: Insulin glargine 60 units/lixisenatide 20 mcg once a day
-Discontinue lixisenatide or basal insulin prior to initiation of this drug.
-Administer subcutaneously once a day within the hour prior to the first meal of the day.
-Alternative antidiabetic products should be used in patients requiring a dose below 15 units or over 60 units per day.
-Product labeling includes a chart that displays units of insulin glargine and micrograms of lixisenatide in each dosage of 100/33.
Use: As an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus inadequately controlled on basal insulin (less than 60 units per day) or lixisenatide.
What other drugs will affect insulin glargine and lixisenatide?
Many other medicines can affect your blood sugar, and some medicines can increase or decrease the effects of insulin glargine and lixisenatide. Some drugs can also cause you to have fewer symptoms of hypoglycemia, making it harder to tell when your blood sugar is low. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
Copyright 1996-2018 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 1.02.
More about insulin glargine/lixisenatide
- Side Effects
- During Pregnancy
- Dosage Information
- Drug Interactions
- Support Group
- En Español
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- Drug class: antidiabetic combinations
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