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What is botulinum toxin used to treat?

What is botulinum toxin? What are the uses of the FDA approved botulinum toxin products?

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Feb 26, 2019.

Official Answer


Botulinum toxin is used to treat overactive bladder, chronic migraines, spasticity (contractions causing muscle stiffness), cervical dystonia (neck muscles contracting involuntarily), severe underarm sweating, eyelid spasms, and crossed eyes.

What is botulinum toxin?
Botulinum toxin is a neurotoxin produced by Clostridium botulinum, the bacteria that causes botulism. The botulinum toxin was found to cause muscle paralysis in the body, and over time this led to the discovery and development of the pharmaceutical products we have available today.

What are the uses of the FDA approved botulinum toxin products?

Botox (onabotulinumtoxinA) for injection

  • overactive bladder
  • urinary incontinence
  • chronic migraine
  • spasticity
  • cervical dystonia
  • severe axillary hyperhidrosis (underarm sweating)
  • blepharospasm (spasm of the eyelids)
  • strabismus (crossed eyes)


Botox Cosmetic (onabotulinumtoxinA) for injection

  • glabellar lines (frown lines)
  • lateral canthal lines ("crow's feet")
  • forehead lines


Myobloc (rimabotulinumtoxinB) Injection

  • cervical dystonia


Dysport (abobotulinumtoxinA) for Injection

  • cervical dystonia
  • glabellar lines (frown lines)
  • spasticity
  • pediatric lower limb spasticity


Xeomin (incobotulinumtoxinA) for Injection

  • excessive salivation
  • upper limb spasticity
  • cervical dystonia
  • blepharospasm
  • glabellar lines (frown lines)


Jeuveau (prabotulinumtoxinA-xvfs) for Injection

  • glabellar lines (frown lines)


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