Skip to main content

Colchicine/probenecid and Alcohol/Food Interactions

There is 1 alcohol/food/lifestyle interaction with colchicine / probenecid.


colchicine food

Major Food Interaction

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

GENERALLY AVOID: Coadministration with grapefruit juice may increase the serum concentrations of colchicine. Clinical toxicity including myopathy, neuropathy, multiorgan failure, and pancytopenia may occur. The proposed mechanism is inhibition of CYP450 3A4-mediated first-pass metabolism and P-glycoprotein efflux in the gut wall by certain compounds present in grapefruits. A published case report describes an eight-year-old patient with familial Mediterranean fever who developed acute clinical colchicine intoxication after ingesting approximately one liter of grapefruit juice per day for two months prior to hospital admission while being treated with colchicine 2 mg/day. Her condition progressed to circulatory shock and multiorgan failure, but she recovered with supportive therapy after 24 days in the hospital. In a study of 21 healthy volunteers, administration of 240 mL grapefruit juice twice a day for 4 days was found to have no significant effect on the pharmacokinetics of a single 0.6 mg dose of colchicine. However, significant interactions have been reported with other CYP450 3A4 inhibitors such as clarithromycin, diltiazem, erythromycin, ketoconazole, ritonavir, and verapamil.

MANAGEMENT: Patients treated with colchicine should be advised to avoid the consumption of grapefruit and grapefruit juice, and to contact their physician if they experience symptoms of colchicine toxicity such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, myalgia, asthenia, hyporeflexia, paresthesia, and numbness.


  1. Pettinger WA "Clonidine, a new antihypertensive drug." N Engl J Med 293 (1975): 1179-80
  2. Caraco Y, Putterman C, Rahamimov R, Ben-Chetrit E "Acute colchicine intoxication: possible role of erythromycin administration." J Rheumatol 19 (1992): 494-6
  3. Schiff D, Drislane FW "Rapid-onset colchicine myoneuropathy." Arthritis Rheum 35 (1992): 1535-6
  4. Putterman C, Ben-Chetrit E, Caraco Y, Levy M "Colchicine intoxication: clinical pharmacology, risk factors, features, and management." Semin Arthritis Rheum 21 (1991): 143-55
  5. Boomershine KH "Colchicine-induced rhabdomyolysis." Ann Pharmacother 36 (2002): 824-6
  6. "Severe colchicine-macrolide interactions." Prescrire Int 12 (2003): 18-9
  7. Tateishi T, Soucek P, Caraco Y, Guengerich FP, Wood AJ "Colchicine biotransformation by human liver microsomes. Identification of CYP3A4 as the major isoform responsible for colchicine demethylation." Biochem Pharmacol 53 (1996): 111-6
  8. Dogukan A, Oymak FS, Taskapan H, Guven M, Tokgoz B, Utas C "Acute fatal colchicine intoxication in a patient on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Possible role of clarithromycin administration." Clin Nephrol 55 (2001): 181-2
  9. Rollot F, Pajot O, Chauvelot-Moachon L, Nazal EM, Kelaidi C, Blanche P "Acute colchicine intoxication during clarithromycin administration." Ann Pharmacother 38 (2004): 2074-7
  10. Wilbur K, Makowsky M "Colchicine myotoxicity: case reports and literature review." Pharmacotherapy 24 (2004): 1784-92
  11. Hung IF, Wu AK, Cheng VC, et al. "Fatal interaction between clarithromycin and colchicine in patients with renal insufficiency: a retrospective study." Clin Infect Dis 41 (2005): 291-300
  12. Cheng VC, Ho PL, Yuen KY "Two probable cases of serious drug interaction between clarithromycin and colchicine." South Med J 98 (2005): 811-3
  13. Akdag I, Ersoy A, Kahvecioglu S, Gullulu M, Dilek K "Acute colchicine intoxication during clarithromycin administration in patients with chronic renal failure." J Nephrol 19 (2006): 515-7
  14. van der Velden W, Huussen J, Ter Laak H, de Sevaux R "Colchicine-induced neuromyopathy in a patient with chronic renal failure: the role of clarithromycin." Neth J Med 66 (2008): 204-6
  15. Goldbart A, Press J, Sofer S, Kapelushnik J "Near fatal acute colchicine intoxication in a child. A case report." Eur J Pediatr 159 (2000): 895-7
  16. "Colchicine: serious interactions." Prescrire Int 17 (2008): 151-3
  17. "Product Information. Colcrys (colchicine)." AR Scientific Inc (2009):
  18. Dahan A, Amidon GL "Grapefruit juice and its constitueants augment colchicine intestinal absorption: potential hazardous interaction and the role of p-glycoprotein." Pharm Res 26 (2009): 883-92
  19. McKinnell J, Tayek JA "Short term treatment with clarithromycin resulting in colchicine-induced rhabdomyolysis." J Clin Rheumatol 15 (2009): 303-5
View all 19 references

Colchicine/probenecid drug interactions

There are 395 drug interactions with colchicine / probenecid.

Colchicine/probenecid disease interactions

There are 12 disease interactions with colchicine / probenecid which include:

Report options

Share by QR Code
QR code containing a link to this page

Drug Interaction Classification

These classifications are only a guideline. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific individual is difficult to determine. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medication.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No interaction information available.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.